Perfume Engineering

Design, Performance & Classification


  • Miguel Teixeira, University of Porto, Portugal
  • Oscar Rodriguez, University of Porto, Portugal
  • Paula Gomes, i-sensis, CTC-Centro Tecnológico do Calçado, Portugal
  • Vera Mata, i-sensis, CTC-Centro Tecnológico do Calçado, Portugal
  • Alirio Rodrigues, Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering, Associate, Laboratory Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal

Perfume Engineering is a must-have reference for engineers who design any products that require fragrances, such as perfumes, cosmetics, healthcare and cleaning products.

This book provides the reader with practical guidance on perfume design, performance and classification, from its beginnings as a liquid mixture to the vapour phase, by way of odorant dispersion and olfactory perception. It does this through the application of development and validation models to account for fragrance evaporation, propagation and perception.

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Chemical engineers working in the flavour and fragrance market.


Book information

  • Published: December 2012
  • ISBN: 978-0-08-099399-7


"Researchers at the University of Porto present their perfumery ternary diagram (PTD) methodology as a tool for the prediction and mapping of the odor character of ternary to quaternary mixtures of fragrance ingredients."--Reference & Research Book News, October 2013

Table of Contents



Chapter 1A Product Engineering Approach in the Perfume Industry

1.1 The Flavor and Fragrance Market

1.2 FromtheIdeatoMarket:ProductEngineering


Chapter 2 Design of Perfumes

2.1 The Perfumery Ternary Diagram

2.2 Application of the PTD® Methodology: Effect of BaseNotes

2.3 The Perfumery Quaternary-Quinary Diagram (PQ2D®)

2.4 Perfumery Octonary System

2.5 Conclusion


Chapter 3 Performance of Perfumes

3.1 Fragrance Performance

3.2 The Relevance of the Selection of Fragrance Ingredients

3.3 Evaporation of Fragrance Chemicals

3.4 Diffusion of Fragrances

3.5 Conclusion


Chapter 4 Classification of Perfumes-Perfumery Radar

4.1 The Perception of Odors

4.2 Classification of Perfumes

4.3 The Perfumery Radar(PR)Methodology

4.4 Applications of the PR Methodology

4.5 Experimental Validation of the PR Methodology

4.6 Evolution of the PR with Evaporation and Diffusion

4.7 Final Considerations on the PR Methodology

4.8 Conclusion


Chapter 5 Looking Ahead

5.1 Unraveling the Sense of Olfaction

5.2 The Role of Perfume Engineering

5.3 Fragrance Performance: DifferentRoutes

5.4 Fragrance Stability

5.5 Integrative Approach for Product Development: The Role of Microeconomics and Planning Strategies