Pathways to a Hydrogen FutureBy
- Thomas Drennen
- Jennifer Rosthal
Hydrogen may someday fuel our cars and power and heat our homes and businesses and revolutionize the way we use energy. Moving to a hydrogen economy could help reduce our reliance on foreign oil, improve local air quality, and reduce the risk of climate change. Despite the potential of hydrogen, there is no guarantee that the hydrogen economy will happen as the obstacles are considerable and the competing visions are many. Pathways to a Hydrogen Future seeks to untangle the competing visions of a hydrogen economy, explain the trade-offs and obstacles and offer recommendations for a path forward. The results are based on a detailed simulation model developed at Sandia National Laboratories: "The Hydrogen Futures Simulation Model (H2Sim)". The H2Sim is a high-level strategic tool for evaluating the economic and environmental trade-offs of alternative hydrogen production, storage, transport, and end use options in the year 2020. An executive version of H2Sim is included with the book allowing readers to explore the various scenarios discussed. H2Sims ease of use and its ability to provide answers to these types of questions make it a powerful educational and policy making tool. The model's structure is ideal for exploring "what-if" questions, such as: Can fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) compete economically with current cars if the FCVs are 2.5 times as efficient? Should the hydrogen be produced at fueling stations or at central locations and transported to fueling stations?
Researchers in the hydrogen and fuel cell field and also applicable to graduate courses on the economic aspects of hydrogen systems
Energy analysts and modellers, and those in the long-term planning parts of the energy industry and automotive industry.
Hardbound, 304 Pages
Published: August 2007
Section I: Overview Chapter 1: The Hydrogen Futures Simulation Model (H2Sim): Pathways to a Hydrogen Future.
Interest in the Hydrogen Economy.
Global Energy Demand and Resource Availability.
Pathways to a Hydrogen Future.
Centralized vs. Decentralized Hydrogen Production Options.
Hydrogen Futures Simulation Model. Section II: Why Hydrogen? Chapter 2: Justifications for Hydrogen.
Growing Energy Consumption.
Fueling the World.
The United States.
Adequacy of Reserves.
Chapter 3: Energy Security Strategic Value of Oil.
Economic Oil Security.
Modeling and Forecasts of Future Oil Price Shocks.
Historic Price Instability.
Current Areas of Instability.
Chapter 4: Environmental Concerns Climate Change.
Other Environmental Concerns.Section III: On the Road to Hydrogen Chapter 5: Progress towards a Hydrogen Future.
Fuel Cell Cars.
Other Hydrogen Vehicles.
Stationary Applications.Section IV: The Hydrogen Futures Simulation Model (H2Sim) Chapter 6: Hydrogen Production.
Carbon Capture and Sequestration.
Chapter 7: Hydrogen Distribution.Chapter 8: End Use.
End Use Costs.
Sensitivity Analysis.Chapter 9: User's GuideSystem Requirements.
Starting the Model and Running a Base Case.
Capital Cost Sensitivity.
Storage and Delivery.
End Use.Section V: Conclusion and Discussion Chapter 10: From Here to There: the Transition to a Hydrogen Future.
A Decentralized Approach to Hydrogen Production for the United States.
A Push from Carbon Markets in the European UnionThe Push from Rapidly Developing Countries.