Nuclear and Radiochemistry


  • Jozsef Konya, Isotope Laboratory, Department of Colloid and Environmental Chemistry, University of Debrecen, Hungary
  • Noémi Nagy, Isotope Laboratory, Department of Colloid and Environmental Chemistry, University of Debrecen, Hungary

The field of nuclear and radiochemistry is wide-reaching, with results having functions and use across a variety of disciplines. Drawing on 40 years of experience in teaching and research, this concise book explains the basic principles and applications of the primary areas of nuclear and radiochemistry. Separate chapters cover each main area of recent radiochemistry. This includes nuclear medicine and chemical aspects of nuclear power plants, namely the problems of nuclear wastes and nuclear analysis (both bulk and surface analysis), with the analytical methods based on the interactions of radiation with matter. Furthermore, special attention is paid to thermodynamics of radioisotope tracer methods, the very diluted system (carrier-free radioactive isotopes) and the principles of chemical processes with unsealed radioactive sources. This book will be helpful to students and researchers in chemistry, chemical engineering, environmental sciences, and specialists working in all fields of radiochemistry.
View full description


Students and researchers in chemistry, chemical engineering, and specialists working in any fields of radiochemistry such as agriculture, geology, medicine, or physics.


Book information

  • Published: May 2012
  • Imprint: ELSEVIER
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-391430-9


"There are many good points in the new book…the list of events in the history of nuclear science with links to the sections where they are explained is useful. The radiotracer chapters are also well described and detailed…"--Chemistry World, May 2013

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 Basic concepts

2.1 Atomic nuclei

2.2 Forces in nucleus

2.3 Other properties of nuclei

2.4 Elementary particles

2.5 Models of nuclei

3 Isotopes

3.1. Isotopic effects

3.2 Separation of isotopes

3.3 Isotope composition in the Nature

3.4 Study of geological formations and processes by stable isotope ratios

4 Radioactive decay

4.1 Kinetics of radioactive decay

4.2 Radioactive decay series

4.3. Radioactive dating

4.4 Mechanism of radioactive decay

5 Interaction of radiation with matter

5.1 Basic concepts

5.2 Interaction of alpha particles with matter

5.3 Interaction of beta radiation with matter

5.4 Interaction of y-radiation with matter

5.5 Interaction of neutrons with matter

6 Nuclear reactions

6.1 Kinetics of nuclear reactions

6.2 Classification of nuclear reactions

6.3 General scheme of radionuclide production by nuclear reactions and radioactive decay

6.4 Chemical effects of nuclear reactions

7 Nuclear energy production

7.1. Nuclear power plants

7.2 Accidents in nuclear power plants

7.3 Storage and treatment of spent fuel and other radioactive waste

7.4 New trends in nuclear energy production

7.5 Nuclear weapons

8 Radioactive tracer methods

8.1 History of radioactive tracer methods

8.2 Basic concepts

8.3. Selection of tracer

8.4. Position of labeling atom in molecule

8.5 General methods for preparation of radioactive tracers

8.6 Radioactive isotopes in tracer methods

8.7 Main steps of the production of unsealed radioactive preparations

8.8 Production of encapsulated radioactive preparations (sealed sources)

9 Physico-chemical application of radiotracer methods

9.1 Thermodynamic concept of classification (distribution of radioactive and stable isotopes)

9.2 Classification of tracer methods

9.3Physico-chemical applications of tracer methods

10 Nuclear analysis

10.1 Radioactive isotopes as tracers

10.2 Nuclear analytical methods using the interaction of radiation with matter

11 Industrial application of radioisotopes (Lajos Baranyai)

11.1 Tracer investigations with open radioisotopes

11.2 Absorption and scattering measurements with sealed radioactive sources

12 An Introduction to Nuclear Medicine (József Varga)

12.1 Fields of nuclear medicine

12.2 Role and aspects of applying radiotracers in medicine

12.3 In vitro diagnostics with radioisotopes

12.4 Radionuclide imaging

12.5 Some examples of gamma camera imaging procedures

12.6 Positronemission tomography

13 Environmental radioactivity

13.1 Natural radioactive isotopes

13.2 Anthropogenic radioactive isotopes

13.3. Occurrence of radioactive isotopes in the environment

13.4. Biological effects of radiation

14 Detection and measurement of radioactivity

14.1 Gas-filled tubes

14.2 Scintillation detectors

14.3 Semiconductor detectors

14.4 Electric circuits connected to detectors

14.5 Track and other detectors

14.6 Absolute measurement of decompositions

14.7 Statistics of radioactive decay