NMR Quantum Information Processing
- Ivan Oliveira, Centro Brasileiro De Pesquisas Fisicas, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
- Roberto Sarthour Jr., Centro Brasileiro De Pesquisas Fisicas, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Tito Bonagamba, Sao Paulo State University At Sao Carlos, Physics and Computing Science Department Sao Paulo, Brazil
- Eduardo Azevedo, Sao Paulo State University at Sao Carlos, Physics and Computing Science Department, Sao Paulo, Brazil
- Jair C. C. Freitas, Federal Universitty of Espirito Santo, Brazil
Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (QIP) deals with the identification and use of quantum resources for information processing. This includes three main branches of investigation: quantum algorithm design, quantum simulation andquantum communication, including quantum cryptography. Along the past few years, QIP has become one of the most active area ofresearch in both, theoretical and experimental physics, attracting students and researchers fascinated, not only by the potentialpractical applications of quantum computers, but also by the possibility of studying fundamental physics at the deepest level of quantum phenomena.NMR Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Processing describes the fundamentals of NMR QIP, and the main developments which can lead to a large-scale quantum processor.
The text starts with a general chapter onthe interesting topic of the physics of computation. The very first ideas which sparkled the development of QIP came from basic considerations of the physical processes underlying computational actions. In Chapter 2 it is made an introduction to NMR, including the hardware and other experimental aspects of the technique. InChapter 3 we revise the fundamentals of Quantum Computation and Quantum Information. The chapter is very much based on the extraordinary book of Michael A. Nielsen and Isaac L. Chuang, withan upgrade containing some of the latest developments, such as QIP in phase space, and telecloning. Chapter 4 describes how NMRgenerates quantum logic gates from radiofrequency pulses, upon which quantum protocols are built. It also describes the important technique of Quantum State Tomography for both, quadrupole and spin1/2 nuclei. Chapter 5 describes some of the main experiments of quantum algorithm implementation by NMR, quantum simulation and QIP in phase space. The important issue of entanglement in NMR QIPexperiments is discussed in Chapter 6. This has been a particularly exciting topic in the literature. The chapter contains a discussionon the theoretical aspects of NMR entanglement, as well as some of the main experiments where this phenomenon is reported. Finally, Chapter 7 is an attempt to address the future of NMR QIP, based invery recent developments in nanofabrication and single-spin detection experiments. Each chapter is followed by a number of problems and solutions.
For senior undergraduate students and graduates. It can also be used as a reference book inadvanced quantum mechanics courses and will be useful as a reference for research in the area of QIP, andother correlated areas.