Neurological Rehabilitation

Optimizing motor performance

  • Julie Bernhardt
    • Colleen Canning, BPhty, MA, PhD, Senior Lecturer, Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, Australia Senior Lecturer
      • Leanne Hassett, PhD, Research Officer & Senior Physiotherapist, Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, Australia
        • Phu Hoang, PhD, Research Officer, Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Randwick, Sydney, Australia
          • Anne Moseley, PhD, Senior Research Fellow, Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for International Health, Camperdown, Sydney, Australia. Co-ordinator of the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro).
          • By

            • Janet Carr, MA, EdD (Columbia), FACP, Honorary Associate Professor, Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Australia
            • Roberta Shepherd, MA, EdD (Columbia), FACP, Honorary Professor, Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Australia

            Janet Carr and Roberta Shepherd head up a new team of eminent authors for the second edition of this definitive text on neurological physiotherapy. In the first edition, the authors described a model of neurological rehabilitation for individuals with motor dysfunction based on scientific research in the areas of neuromuscular control, biomechanics, motor skill learning, and the link between cognition and action, together with developments in pathology and adaptation.

            The new edition continues to advance this model while identifying and incorporating the many advances that have occurred in the last decade in the understanding and treatment of adults with neurological conditions, whether caused by accident or disease. Among these advances is the knowledge that the brain retains a plastic potential to reorganize, even in old and/or lesioned brains, and that neural plasticity can be influenced by task-related mental and physical practice in a stimulating environment. There is also an increasing body of knowledge related to the musculoskeletal system’s adaptability and the need to prevent length and stiffness- related changes in muscle contractility, together with loss of aerobic fitness and endurance. There is an expanding body of clinical research that appears to support the model provided here.

            The training guidelines outlined in Neurological Rehabilitation are based on biomechanical constructs and motor relearning research, applied to enhance brain reorganization and muscle contractility, and encourage functional recovery of the patient. It connects science and clinical practice enabling students and practitioners to develop their knowledge and use new clinical methods based on modern scientific understanding.

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            Audience

            Physiotherapy students including master and doctoral students; physiotherapy clinicians

 

Book information

  • Published: July 2010
  • Imprint: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE
  • ISBN: 978-0-7020-4051-1


Table of Contents

Contributors
Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
Acknowledgements

Part One Introduction: Adaptation, Training and Measurement
Chapter 1 The adaptive system: plasticity and recovery
Chapter 2 Training motor control, increasing strength and fitness and promoting skill acquisition
Chapter 3 Measurement

Part Two Task-Related Exercise and Training
Chapter 4 Standing up and sitting down
Chapter 5 Walking
Chapter 6 Reaching and manipulation
Chapter 7 Balance

Part Three Body Function and Structure, Limitations in Activities and Participation
Chapter 8 Upper motor neuron lesions
Chapter 9 Cerebellar ataxia
Chapter 10 Somatosensory and perceptual-cognitive impairments
Chapter 11 Stroke
Chapter 12 Traumatic brain injury
Chapter 13 Parkinson’s Disease
Chapter 14 Multiple Sclerosis

Index