Neurobionics book cover

Neurobionics

An Interdisciplinary Approach to Substitute Impaired Functions of the Human Nervous System

The goal of neurobionics is to elaborate methods for the repairment and substitution of impaired functions of the human nervous system. This publication contains contributions from internationally recognized scientists exploring the structure of this novel interdisciplinary research field. The structure consists of theoretical sciences (philosophy, mathematics, neuroinformatics, computational neuroscience), basic biological sciences (molecular biology, cell biology, biological network neuroscience, neurophysiology), technical engineering (microelectronics, micromechanics, robotics, microsystems), and clinical neurosciences (neurodiagnostics, neurology, neurosurgery, neurorehabilitation).

It is hoped the book indicates that a new kind of partnership across these various disciplines is mandatory if emerging problems in the field are to be solved. It also aims to set the coordinates for an international and interdisciplinary research field dealing with a subject intrinsic to man's mind and its biological carrier which may be partially replaced by artificial means in the future.

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Published: May 1993

Imprint: North-holland

ISBN: 978-0-444-89958-3

Contents

  • Preface. Acknowledgement of Sponsorship. General Introduction. Neurobionics - a Novel Faculty Between Ethics, Neurobiology, Computational Technologies, and Clinical Neurosciences (H.-W. Bothe, M. Samii). Concerning the Challenge of Neurotechnology (R. Eckmiller). Philosophical and Mathematical Prerequisites. Philosophical Foundations of Neurobionics (K. Mainzer). Cellular Automata, a Simple Approach to Complexity (A.W.M. Dress). Hamiltonian Dynamics of Neural Networks (U. Ramacher). Evaluation of Biological Neural Networks. Dynamics of Burst Patterns Generated by Monolayer Networks in Culture (G.W. Gross, B.K. Rhoades, J.K. Kowalski). Designed Neuron-Network on the Solid Matrix (M. Aizawa). Neurochemical and Metabolic Dysfunction Following Concussive Brain Injury (D.A. Hovda). Theory of Artificial Neural Networks. Artificial Neural Networks of the Perceptron, Madaline and Backpropagation Family (B. Widrow, M.A. Lehr). Concepts and Methods in Neural Control (S. Miesbach, B. Schürmann). Microelectronics for Artificial Neural Networks. Emulation of Biology-Oriented Neural Networks on Specific Hardware (S. Prange, H. Klar). The Simulation and Implementation Challenges for Neural Implants (U. Ramacher). Biotechnical Interfaces. Neural Prosthetic Interfaces Between Neural and Electronic Computing (G. Loeb). Neural Cuff Electrode Recordings as a Replacement of Lost Sensory Feed-back in Paraplegic Patients (T. Sinkjaer, M. Haugland, J. Haase). Ultramicro-biosensors for Monitoring of Neurotransmitters (E. Tamiya, I. Karube). Cortical Control of Robotic Devices and Neuromuscular Stimulators (E.M. Schmidt). Clinical Approaches for Substitution of Neurological Deficits. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) in the Rehabilitation of Paraplegic Patients (K.-H. Mauritz). Electrical Neurostimulation and Neuromodulation of Voiding Dysfunctions and Pelvic Pain (W. Thon, U. Jonas). Therapeutic Aspects for Functional Recovery from Paraplegia in Spina Bifida - Bridging the Central - Peripheral Gap (S. Oi, S. Matsumoto, S. Urui, T. Kondo, N. Tamaki, A. Miki, M. Yamaguchi). Computer-Assisted Technologies for Neurosurgical Procedures (E.R. Cosman). Discussion about the Organization of the New Partnership. List of Contributors.

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