Neurobiology of Attention book cover

Neurobiology of Attention

A key property of neural processing in higher mammals is the ability to focus resources by selectively directing attention to relevant perceptions, thoughts or actions. Research into attention has grown rapidly over the past two decades, as new techniques have become available to study higher brain function in humans, non-human primates, and other mammals. Neurobiology of Attention is the first encyclopedic volume to summarize the latest developments in attention research.

An authoritative collection of over 100 chapters organized into thematic sections provides both broad coverage and access to focused, up-to-date research findings. This book presents a state-of-the-art multidisciplinary perspective on psychological, physiological and computational approaches to understanding the neurobiology of attention. Ideal for students, as a reference handbook or for rapid browsing, the book has a wide appeal to anybody interested in attention research.

Students and researchers studying computational, perceptual, and cognitive neuroscience, as well as neuropsychologists.

Hardbound, 744 Pages

Published: March 2005

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-375731-9


  • "4 STARS! - If there is one book to own on the topic of attention, this is it. Although it is not difficult to find books written on more specific attention topics, this is probably the most complete single volume on the market dedicated to attention." --Christopher J. Graver, PhD, University of Michigan Health SysteM, in DOODY'S (2005) "This book will be a standard reference for some time to come in this fascinating and important field." --Donlin M. Long, in NEUROSURGERY QUARTERLY (2005) "... this volume would be a valuable addition to the bookshelf of any laboratory concerned with perception and attentional issues. The extensive index also ensures the book is an excellent reference volume, showing once again how issues are represented across each section of the book, from their historical foundations to their standing in computational neuroscience and all of the human neuroscience that transpired in-between. Owing to the immense coverage and depth of this book, it should grab the attention of researchers concerned with neurobiology,experienced and naive alike." Amanda Ellison, Department of Psychology, Oxford in PERCEPTION, Vol 35 (2006)


  • Contributors

    Foreword: Neurobiology of Attention


    A Brief and Selective History of Attention

    A Tour of This Volume

    Section I: Foundations

    Chapter 1: Computational Foundations for Attentive Processes

    Chapter 2: Capacity Limits for Spatial Discrimination

    Chapter 3: Directed Visual Attention and the Dynamic Control of Information Flow

    Chapter 4: Selective Attention as an Optimal Computational Strategy

    Chapter 5: Surprise: A Shortcut for Attention?

    Chapter 6: A Heteromodal Large-Scale Network for Spatial Attention

    Chapter 7: Parietal Mechanisms of Attentional Control: Locations, Features, and Objects

    Chapter 8: Visual Cortical Circuits and Spatial Attention

    Chapter 9: Psychopharmacology of Human Attention

    Chapter 10: Neuropharmacology of Attention

    Chapter 11: Identifying the Neural Systems of Top-Down Attentional Control: A Meta-analytic Approach

    Chapter 12: Attention Capture: The Interplay of Expectations, Attention, and Awareness

    Chapter 13: Change Blindness

    Chapter 14: Development of Covert Orienting in Young Infants

    Chapter 15: Prior Entry

    Chapter 16: Inhibition of Return

    Chapter 17: Guidance of Visual Search by Preattentive Information

    Chapter 18: The Top in Top-Down Attention

    Chapter 19: Allocation of Attention in Three-Dimensional Space

    Chapter 20: Covert Attention and Saccadic Eye Movements

    Chapter 21: Prefrontal Selection and Control of Covert and Overt Orienting

    Chapter 22: Dissociation of Selection from Saccade Programming

    Chapter 23: Space- and Object-Based Attention

    Chapter 24: Attention and Binding

    Chapter 25: Top-Down Facilitation of Visual Object Recognition

    Chapter 26: Spatial Processing of Environmental Representations

    Chapter 27: Decision and Attention

    Chapter 28: Visual Attention and Emotional Perception

    Chapter 29: The Difference between Visual Attention and Awareness: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

    Chapter 30: Reaching Affects Saccade Trajectories

    Chapter 31: The Premotor Theory of Attention

    Chapter 32: Cross-Modal Consequences of Human Spatial Attention

    Chapter 33: Attention and Scene Understanding

    Section II: Functions

    Chapter 34: Visual Search and Popout in Infancy

    Chapter 35: Attention in Conditioning

    Chapter 36: Electrophysiology of Reflexive Attention

    Chapter 37: Natural Scene Statistics and Salient Visual Features

    Chapter 38: Salience of Feature Contrast

    Chapter 39: Stimulus-Driven Guidance of Visual Attention in Natural Scenes

    Chapter 40: Contextual Guidance of Visual Attention

    Chapter 41: Gist of the Scene

    Chapter 42: Temporal Orienting of Attention

    Chapter 43: Visual Search: The Role of Memory for Rejected Distractors

    Chapter 44: The Neuropsychology of Visual Feature Binding

    Chapter 45: Visual Saliency and Spike Timing in the Ventral Visual Pathway

    Chapter 46: Object Recognition in Cortex: Neural Mechanisms, and Possible Roles for Attention

    Chapter 47: Binding Contour Segments into Spatially Extended Objects

    Chapter 48: Scanpath Theory, Attention, and Image Processing Algorithms for Predicting Human Eye Fixations

    Chapter 49: The Feature Similarity Gain Model of Attention: Unifying Multiplicative Effects of Spatial and Feature-based Atte

    Chapter 50: Biasing Competition in Human Visual Cortex

    Chapter 51: Nonsensory Signals in Early Visual Cortex

    Chapter 52: Effects of Attention on Auditory Perceptual Organization

    Chapter 53: Attention in Language

    Chapter 54: Attention and Spatial Language

    Chapter 55: The Sustained Attention to Response Test (SART)

    Chapter 56: ERP Measures of Multiple Attention Deficits Following Prefrontal Damage

    Chapter 57: Nonspatially Lateralized Mechanisms in Hemispatial Neglect

    Chapter 58: Visual Extinction and Hemispatial Neglect after Brain Damage: Neurophysiological Basis of Residual Processing

    Chapter 59: Attention in Split-Brain Patients

    Chapter 60: Divided Attention in the Normal and the Split Brain: Chronometry and Imaging

    Section III: Mechanisms

    Chapter 61: Neurophysiological Correlates of the Attentional Spotlight

    Chapter 62: Spatially-Specific Attentional Modulation Revealed by fMRI

    Chapter 63: The Neural Basis of the Attentional Blink

    Chapter 64: Neurophysiological Correlates of the Reflexive Orienting of Spatial Attention

    Chapter 65: Specifying the Components of Attention in a Visual Search Task

    Chapter 66: Neural Evidence for Object-based Attention

    Chapter 67: Location- or Feature-based Targeting of Spatial Attention

    Chapter 68: Dimension-based Attention in Pop-out Search

    Chapter 69: Irrelevant Singletons Capture Attention

    Chapter 70: Attentional Modulation of Apparent Stimulus Contrast

    Chapter 71: Attentional Suppression Early in the Macaque Visual System

    Chapter 72: Attentional Modulation in the Human Lateral Geniculate Nucleus and Pulvinar

    Chapter 73: Transient Covert Attention Increases Contrast Sensitivity and Spatial Resolution: Support for Signal Enhancement

    Chapter 74: External Noise Distinguishes Mechanisms of Attention

    Chapter 75: Attentional Modulation and Changes in Effective Connectivity

    Chapter 76: Attentional Modulation of Surround Inhibition

    Chapter 77: Attentional Processes in Texture Perception

    Chapter 78: Mechanisms of Perceptual Learning

    Chapter 79: Lateral Interactions between Targets and Flankers Require Attention

    Chapter 80: Attention and Changes in Neural Selectivity

    Chapter 81: Attentional Effects on Motion Processing

    Chapter 82: ERP Studies of Selective Attention to Nonspatial Features

    Chapter 83: Effects of Attention on Figure-Ground Responses in the Primary Visual Cortex during Working Memory

    Chapter 84: Electrophysiological and Neuroimaging Approaches to the Study of Visual Attention

    Chapter 85: The Timing of Attentional Modulation of Visual Processing as Indexed by ERPs

    Chapter 86: Selective Visual Attention Modulates Oscillatory Neuronal Synchronization

    Chapter 87: Putative Role of Oscillations and Synchrony in Cortical Signal Processing and Attention

    Chapter 88: Attention to Tactile Stimuli Increases Neural Synchrony in Somatosensory Cortex

    Chapter 89: Crossmodal Attention in Event Perception

    Section IV: Systems

    Chapter 90: The FeatureGate Model of Visual Selection

    Chapter 91: Probabilistic Models of Attention Based on Iconic Representations and Predictive Coding

    Chapter 92: The Selective Tuning Model for Visual Attention

    Chapter 93: The Primary Visual Cortex Creates a Bottom-up Saliency Map

    Chapter 94: Models of Bottom-up Attention and Saliency

    Chapter 95: Saliency in Computer Vision

    Chapter 96: Contextual Influences on Saliency

    Chapter 97: A Neurodynamical Model of Visual Attention

    Chapter 98: How the Detection of Objects in Natural Scenes Constrains Attention in Time

    Chapter 99: Memory-Driven Visual Attention: An Emergent Behavior of Map-Seeking Circuits

    Chapter 100: The Role of Short-Term Memory in Visual Attention

    Chapter 101: Scene Segmentation through Synchronization

    Chapter 102: Attentive Wide-Field Sensing for Visual Telepresence and Surveillance

    Chapter 103: Neuromorphic Selective Attention Systems

    Chapter 104: The Role of Visual Attention in the Control of Locomotion

    Chapter 105: Attention Architectures for Machine Vision and Mobile Robots

    Chapter 106: Attention for Computer Graphics Rendering

    Chapter 107: Linking Attention to Learning, Expectation, Competition, and Consciousness

    Chapter 108: Attention-Guided Recognition Based on “What” and “Where” Representations:

    Chapter 109: A Model of Attention and Recognition by Information Maximization


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