Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Skeletal Regeneration book cover

Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Skeletal Regeneration

This book covers our current understanding of the role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and other mesenchymal progenitors in skeletal regeneration, encompassing bone, cartilage and whole joint regeneration. The expansion reflects developments in the field to include data on the use of MSCs in drug development, growth factors, scaffolds and biomechanical manipulations for skeletal trauma and diseases, including osteoporosis and arthritis.

Written for an audience of clinicians and young researchers who are exposed to MSCs in their work, this work summarizes recent findings pertaining to the definition and characterization of MSCs in skeletal tissues and discusses the mechanisms of their actions in regeneration of bone in vivo. The authors describe recent findings pertaining to the efficacy of MSC therapies in animal models and in human clinical trials and bring together literature showing that the ways MSCs are extracted, expanded and implanted can considerably affect bone formation outcomes. Finally, it presents the latest knowledge on the nature of native MSCs in skeletal tissues, which provide a platform for novel in situ tissue regeneration approaches for systemic bone disease such as osteoporosis.

Audience

young researchers and clinicians

Paperback, 70 Pages

Published: March 2013

Imprint: Academic Press

ISBN: 978-0-12-407915-1

Reviews

  • "Researchers in the fields of musculoskeletal disease and molecular medicine, tissue engineering, and trauma and orthopedic surgery discuss how mesenchymal stem cells offer advantages over current clinical approaches for bone regeneration, animal models with MSCs, and remaining challenges. The concise monograph includes a summary table of clinical trials…"--Reference and Research Book News, August 2013


Contents


  • Chapter 1 Current Strategies for Skeletal Regeneration in the Early Twenty-First Century

    1.1 The Economic and Social Burden of Diseases Affecting Bone and Cartilage

    1.2 Current Clinical Approaches for Bone Regeneration: The Diamond Concept

    Chapter 2 Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Discovery in Bone Marrow and Beyond

    2.1 Discovery

    2.2 “Explosion” of Interest in MSCs

    2.3 MSC Tissue Heterogeneity

    Chapter 3 Traditional Bone Tissue Engineering Using MSCs

    3.1 Proof-of-Principle Experiments in Animal Models

    3.2 Cell Therapy Using MSCs

    3.3 Bone Tissue Engineering

    3.4 Serum-Free MSC Expansion

    3.5 Osteochondral Tissue Repair

    Chapter 4 Challenges for Cartilage Regeneration

    4.1 Osteoarthritis (OA) Development and the Loss of Cartilage

    4.2 Current Cartilage Repair Strategies

    4.3 Spontaneous Cartilage Repair

    4.4 Harnessing the Potential of Synovial Fluid MSCs for Cartilage Repair Applications

    Chapter 5 Animal Models for Investigating MSC Involvement in Bone and Cartilage Repair

    5.1 Small Animal Models

    5.2 Large Animal Models for Bone Repair and Regeneration

    5.3 Animal Models for Osteochondral Tissue Engineering

    5.4 Animal Models for Cartilage Tissue Engineering

    Chapter 6 Native MSCs

    6.1 MSCs and Marrow Reticular Cells

    6.2 Nonadherent MSCs

    6.3 Solid Tissues: MSCs and Fibroblasts

    6.4 MSC as a Pericyte

    Chapter 7 “Trophic” Actions of MSCs

    7.1 Discovery of the Trophic Action of MSCs in Cardiac Repair Trials

    7.2 Other Disease Applications

    Chapter 8 Novel Approaches for Bone Regeneration Targeting Native MSCs

    8.1 Medical Devices Allowing MSC Concentration

    8.2 Host MSC “Modifiers”

    8.3 “In vivo” Bioreactors and Periosteum-Like Membranes

    8.4 Targeting MSCs in Systemic Bone Diseases: Novel Bone Anabolics

    Concluding Remarks

    References


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