Light-Weight Materials for Transportation and Batteries and Fuel Cells for Electric VehiclesBy
- R. Ciach, Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Reymonta 25, PL-30-059 Krakow, Poland;
- A. Moretti, Renault, Research Department, Dept. 0072, 14 avenue Albert Einstein, Z.A. Trappes-Elancourt, F-78190 Trappes, France;
- H. Wallentowitz, Institut für Kraftfahrwesen, RWTH, D-52056 Aachen, Germany;
- M. Wakihara, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan.
- T. Hartkopf, Technische Hochschule, Fachbereich 17, Landgraf Georg Str. 4, D-64283 Darmstadt, Germany;
- J.G. Wurm, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, Belgium
This hardbound volume covers Symposia J 'Light-Weight Materials for Transportation' and E 'Material Aspects for Electric Vehicles including Batteries and Fuel Cells' which were presented at the combined 1997 International Conference on Applied Materials/European Materials Research Society Spring meeting (ICAM'97/E-MRS'97) held in Strasbourg (France) from 16-20 June 1997.
Modern materials are the basis for further progress in industry and in our life. Among them the light-advanced materials with desired ratios of weight/properties and cost/properties are of special value for transportation for almost all applications. Progress in this area depends on cooperation and development of metallurgy, casting and solidification techniques, plastic and superplastic deformation, heat and surface treatment. When dealing with common alloys there are well-defined materials with a wide data base available. However, designing materials based on composites still requires thorough research in order to establish data bases to avoid not only high costs, but also inefficient designs and less than optimal structures. But, however difficult and problematic the composites are they bear the inherent potential of new materials.
Materials science in the field of light materials is now transforming from an empirical approach to a more quantitative scientific stage. The revolution in materials has begun with the emergence of supercomputer simulation and computer-enhanced quantitative microscopic image analysis.The advanced materials applied previously in the defence and aerospace area should expand over the commercial market including air transportation and civil engineering. The new generation of modern cars and trains as well as aircraft (Boeing 777) are good examples for the application of new materials.
For scientists from academic institutions and industrial organisations involved in the research and production of light materials development and implementation.
European Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings
- Part headings and selected papers: Part 1. Microstructure and properties of a new super-high-strength Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy C912 (Y.L. Wu et al.). Lightweight carbon fibre rods and truss structures (R. Schütze). Hot isostatic processing of metal matrix composites (H.V. Atkinson et al.). Pre-aging of AlSiCuMg alloys in relation to structure and mechanical properties (W. Reif et al.). Behaviour of bubbles in welding for repairs in space (K.Nogi, Y. Aoki). Abnormal grain growth in Al of different purity (B.B. Straumal et al.). Influence of the heat treatment on the structure and mechanical properties of the AlZnMgLi alloy (A. Klyszewski). Hypereutectic Al-Si based alloys with a thixotropic microstructure produced by ultrasonic treatment (V.O. Abramov et al.). Formation and relative stability of interstitial solid solutions at interfaces in metal matrix composites (S. Dorfman, D. Fuks). Structure and mechanical properties of age-hardened directionally solidified AlSiCu alloys (J. Król). Effect of forging conditions and annealing temperature on fatigue strength of two-phase titanium alloys (K. Kubiak, J. Sieniawski). Investigation of annealing behavior of nanocrystalline NiAl (L.Z. Zhou et al.). The effect of copper addition on the structure and strength of an Al-Li alloy (O. Kabisch et al.). Technological aspects of particle-reinforced composites production (M. Cholewa et al.). Part 2. Electrochemical performance and chemical properties of oxidic cathode material for 4 v rechargeable Li-ion batteries (A. Ott et al.). Bipolar plate materials development using Fe-based alloys for solid polymer fuel cells (R. Hornung, G. Kappelt). Alkaline batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles (F. Haschka et al.). Industrial awareness of lithium batteries in the world, during the past two years (H. Katz et al.).