1. Formulation-the Main Issues Case Formulation in Context
Different Models of Case Formulation
"Good and Bad" Therapists
Case Formulation and the Medical Model
Reasoning about Individual Cases
2. Conceptual Frameworks for Case Formulation
Reconciling Nomothetic Principles with an Idiographic Analysis
Is a Therapistâs Competence Related to Therapeutic Success?
Has Progress Been Made in Psychotherapy?
A Framework for Describing Problems
Literal Description versus Interpretation/Hypothesis
Who Owns the Formulation: Therapist or Client?
A Common Language for Problem Description
How Do Therapists Acquire Their Skills?
Different Models of Formulation and Their Relationship to Intervention
Some Initial Proposals for ICF
3. Evidence-Based Practice: Diagnostic and Transdiagnostic Approaches
Clientâs Problems as an Expression of Natural Dysfunctions (Disorders)
The Effect of Disorder-Specific Models on Practice
A Critique of Randomized Control Trials and Manuals as the Basis for Practice
Manuals as a Model for Routine Practice (MEBP)
Does MEBP Serve Best Practice or Other Purposes?
The Move Toward Transdiagnostic Models
4. Theory and Evidence in Individual Case Formulation
Grounds for Emphasizing Common Factors in Therapy
Arguments for Change Methods Based on Specific Theoretical Principles
Current Status of Individualized Approaches to Therapy
5. The Process of Reasoning in Individual Case Formulation
Are Practitioners Able to Think Objectively?
Ways of Learning about Single Individuals
Common Errors in Processing Information about Clients
Different Types of Logical Reasoning
6. Narrative and Textual Analysis in Formulation
Social Constructionist Narrative Therapy
Discourse: A Different Paradigm for Formulation?
The Inadequacy of Textual Analysis Alone
Constructing New Narratives and the Process of Formulation
Dialogical Sequence Analysis (Stiles et al., 2006)
A Narrative Approach to the Formulation of Obsessions (OâConnor, Aardema, & PÃ©lissier, 2005)
7. Formulation Skills and the Therapeutic Relationship
The Therapist as Healer or Shaman
Correlational Research on Predictors of Outcome
What Accounts for Differences in Therapist Effectiveness?
8. A Functional/Systemic Framework for Case Formulation
Basic Components of a Behavioral Description
Conventions for Producing a Functional Case Formulation Diagram
9. Future Prospects for Individual Case Formulation
Do Mental Health Professionals Really Take Case Formulation Seriously?
Is "Good-Enough" Therapy Good Enough?
Training in Case Formulation
The Dissemination of Evidence-Based Practice
The Future of Diagnostic-Led Formulation
The Trend Toward Positive Psychology
Guidelines for Assessment and Constructing an Individual Case Formulation (ICF)
Section A. Gathering Information for the Initial Formulation
Section B. Hypothesis-Driven Interviewing
Section C. Conventions for an ICF Diagram
Section D. Extended Assessment and ICF
Section E. Choice of Intervention: Revising the Formulation When an Intervention Fails