Handbook of Pulping and Papermaking
- Christopher Biermann, Oregon State University
In its Second Edition, Handbook of Pulping and Papermaking is a comprehensive reference for industry and academia. The book offers a concise yet thorough introduction to the process of papermaking from the production of wood chips to the final testing and use of the paper product. The author has updated the extensive bibliography, providing the reader with easy access to the pulp and paper literature. The book emphasizes principles and concepts behind papermaking, detailing both the physical and chemical processes.View full description
Applied Chemists, Foresters, Chemical Engineers, Wood Scientists, and Paper Engineers, and anyone else interested or involved in the pulp and paper industry.
- Published: July 1996
- Imprint: ACADEMIC PRESS
- ISBN: 978-0-12-097362-0
"The first 20 chapters of this second edition are virtually unchanged from the first, Essentials of Pulping ad Papermaking (1993). This first eleven chapters provide an overview of the pulp and papermaking processes from raw material to finished product. A technical background in not necessary to understand this material. The next nine chapters require familiarity with chemistry, physics, and mathematics to understand topics such as paper chemistry, pulping calculations, leaching, etc. The next 14 chapters form an excellent overall technical reference; they include topics such as surface chemistry, wet end chemistry, graphic arts, optical properties of paper, wood anatomy and characteristics, nonwood pulping materials, process control, and hydraulics. All chapters are well referenced and contain excellent drawings, photos and/or color plates. Many study problems are included at the end of each chapter. This is the most complete, up-to-date single-volume pulp and paper work known to his reviewer. First edition owners who found only the first 11 chapters useful or accessible will not need the newer edition; those more technically oriented should consider its purchase."
--K.I. Mumme, University of Maine, in CHOICE
"Overall, the book is orderly, and assembled in a manner that permits the reader to extract what is needed. The combination of information on topics, and the relevant literature cited will provide the student and professional a solid basis for learning what is needed in the given area...The book is valuable in that the concepts are applicable and necessary to the professional or student of recycling. This book will be a key addition to the library of those working in the paper industry."--Jeffrey Dyer in PROGRESS IN PAPER RECYCLING
"Whether as a textbook for an introductory/survey course, or as a reference book for the mill process engineer, Essentials of Pulping and Papermaking is a worthwhile addition to the Pulp and Paper Science literature."--WOOD AND FIBER SCIENCE
Table of ContentsIntroduction and the Literature: Introduction to Papermaking. Introduction to the Literature. Abstract Indices. Technical and Trade Journals. Reference Books. Textbooks. Chemistry Reference Books. Other References. Wood and Fiber Fundamentals: Wood and Bark. Wood Chips and Sawdust. Wood Chip Preparation and Handling at the Pulp Mill. Solid Wood Measurement. Wood Chip Measurement. Wood Chemistry. Wood and Fiber Physics. Properties of Selected Wood Species. Nonwood and Recycled Fiber Considerations. Pulping Fundamentals: Introduction to Pulping. Mechanical Pulping. Chemi-Mechanical Pulping. Related Pulping Methods. Semi-Chemical Pulping. General Chemical Pulping. Soda Pulping. Kraft Pulping. Sulfite Pulping. OtherPulping Methods. Market Pulp. Kraft Spent Liquor Recovery: Chemical Recovery. Pulp Washing. Liquor Evaporation. Recovery Boiler. Cooking Liquor Regeneration--The Causticizing Process. Pulp Bleaching: Bleaching Mechanical Pulps. Measurement ofLignin Content. Bleaching Chemical Pulps. Refining and Pulp Characterization: Introduction to Refining. Refining. Pulp Characterization. Pulp Properties versus Performance. Paper and its Properties: General Grades of Paper. Specific Types of Paper. Basic Paper Properties. Physical Properties of Paper. Mechanical Properties of Paper. Chemical Analysis of Paper. Basic Optical Tests of Paper. Sheet Splitting of Paper. Stock Preparation and Additives for Papermaking: Fiber Preparation and Approach. Raw Materials. Functional Additives. Control Additives. Wet End Chemistry. Paper Manufacture:The Paper Machine. The Headbox. The Fourdrinier Wet End. Twin Wire Formers. The Cylinder Machine. The Press Section. The Dryer Section. Post DryingOperations. Paper Machine Broke System. Conversion. Coating. Fiber From Recycled Paper:Reycled Fiber Preparation. Recycled Fiber Recovery. Environmental Impact: Water Pollution. Water Quality Tests. Aqueous Effluent Treatments. Air Pollution.Air Quality Tests and Control. Solid Waste Disposal. U.S. Regulations. Metric and English Units and Unit Analysis: Metric Units. English and Metric Units. Unit Analysis. Introductory Chemistry Review: The Elements. Ionic and Covalent Bonds. Hydrogen Bonding. The Mole and Mass Percentage. Equivalency, Molarity, and Normality. Acids, Bases, and the pH Scale. The Law of Mass Action. Solubility Products. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. Electrochemistry. Practical Aspects of Electrochemistry. Properties of Gases. Analytical and Coordinate Chemistry: Strong Acid--Strong Base Titrations. pH Properties of Weak Acid-Conjugate Base Pairs. pH Indicators. Titration of a Weak Acid With a Strong Base of Weak Base with a Strong Acid. Reduction-Oxidation Titrations. Colorimetric Analysis. Coordinate Chemistry. Miscellaneous Considerations. Calculations of Wood, Paper and Other Materials: Wood Moisture Content and Density. Pulpwood Measurement. Tensile Strength and Breaking Length of Materials. Paper Properties. Pulping Calculations: General Chemical Pulping Definitions. Kraft Liquor--Chemical Calculations. Kraft Liquor--Chemical Analysis. Specific Gravity and Viscosity of Kraft Liquors. Importance of Black Liquor pH. Kraft H-Factor andOther Process Control Equations. Sulfite Liquor Calculations. Sulfite Liquor Analysis. The Chemistry of Sulfur. Calcining Equations. Bleaching and Pulp Properties Calculations: Dilution Water Calculations. Chlorine Bleaching. Chlorine Dioxide. Chemical Analysis of Bleaching Liquors and Chlorine Equivalency. CSF Correction Equations. Computer Simulation of Fiber Cleaning Systems. Paper Maching Calculations. Properties of Dilute Pulp Slurries, Flocculation. Strength of Wet Fiber Mats. Fiber Physics.Polymer Chemistry: Introduction and Types of Polymers. Addition Polymers. Condensation Polymers. Molecular Weights of Polymers. Carbohydrate Chemistry: Nomenclature. Forms of Monosaccharides. Selected Reactions of Carbohydrates. Total Quality Management: Introduction to TQM and SPC. Statistical Process (Quality) Control, SPC, SQC. Statistical Process Control Tools. Implementing TQC and SPC. Miscellaneous Topics. Equations. Appendix -- Generating Random Data With a Normal Distribution.Colloid and Surface Chemistry: Colloid Chemistry. Polyelectrolytes. Surface Tension and Sizing. Surfactants. Foam. Emulsions. Light Scattering by Colloids. Appendix. Papermaking Chemistry: Polymeric Additives. Colloid Chemistry. Retention, Formation, & Drainage. Internal Sizing. Wet and Dry Strength. Monitoring Wet End Chemistry. Papermaking Chemistry Control. Other Considerations. Printing and the Graphic Arts: Letterpress. Lithography. Gravure. Screen Printing. Other Printing Methods. Halftone Printing. Color Printing. Common Aspects of Printing. Ink and Ink Application. Paper Properties and Printing. Specific Products. Computers and Printing. Bindery Operations. Appendix. Optical Properties of Paper: Behavior of Light Rays. Color. Tristimulus Systems. Blackbody Radiation and Other Light Sources. Kubelka-Munk Theory. Appendix. Wood and Fiber--Growth and Anatomy: Sample Preparation for Identification or Microscopy. Wood Variation. Silviculture and Wood Quality. Softwood Anatomy: Gross Anatomy of Softwoods. Microscopic Anatomy of Softwoods. Anatomy of Softwood Species. Non American Species. Hardwood Anatomy: Gross Anatomy of Hardwoods. Microscopic Anatomy of Hardwoods. Anatomy of Hardwood Species. Wood Fiber Anatomy and Identification: Fiber Analysis. Softwood Fiber. Hardwood Fiber. Nonwood Fiber Use in Pulp and Paper: Pulping Methods for Nonwood Fibers. Considerations for Nonwood Fiber Use. Other Fiber Types. Hydraulics: Flow of Liquids. Pump Basics. Positive Displacement Pumps. Centrifugal (Dynamic) Pumps. Valves. Hydraulic Power Systems. Troubleshooting Hydraulic Power Systems. Process Control: Sensors. Temperature Sensors. Mechanical Sensors. Controllers. Actuators. Corrugated Containers: Manufacture. Test Methods. Miscellaneous Topics: Viscosity and Surface Tension of Water from 1 to 100 deg.C. Vapor Pressure of Water From 0 to 280 deg.C. Properties of Air and Water. Water Conditioning. Boiler Feedwater Treatment. Corrosion. Safety Practices for Hazardous Chemicals. Transportation Safety. Operations Management. Process Simulation. Superabsorbency. Bearings. Electric Circuit Symbols. Appendix. Updates and Bibliography: General Pulp and Paper. Wood. Roundwood Properties. Wood Chemistry. Recycling and Secondary Fiber. Properties of Pulps. Mechanical Pulping. Chemical Pulping. Kraft Recovery. Bleaching. Fiber Physics and Preparation. Papermaking. Paper. Converting and Coating. Flexible Packaging.Environmental. Information Systems and Millwide Systems. Testing Methods. Answers to Selected Problems. Index.