Global Ecology

Edited by

  • Sven Erik Jørgensen, Emeritus Professor, Copenhagen University, Denmark

Global Ecology focuses on the perception of the biosphere or the ecosphere as a unified cooperative system with numerous synergistic effects, which describe the distinctive properties of this sphere. This book is subdivided into five parts dealing with diverse aspects in global ecology. The first part of the book provides comprehensive description of the biosphere, including its unique characteristics and evolution. This part also describes various spheres in the biosphere, such as the hydrosphere, noosphere, and pedosphere as well as their composition. The next part focuses on the global cycles, including calcium, carbon, iron, microbial nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur, and water cycles. In addition, global balances and flows are explained. Presented in the third part are the results of the global cycles and flows as well as the patterns of the climatic factors and marine currents. There is also a part discussing the climate interactions, climatic changes, and its effect on the living organisms. The book concludes by covering the application of stoichiometry in the biosphere and in ecosystems. The book offers a comprehensive view of global ecology and ecological stoichiometry, which will aid in the processes of global ecology.
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Audience

Ecologists and Ecological Engineers

 

Book information

  • Published: April 2010
  • Imprint: ACADEMIC PRESS
  • ISBN: 978-0-444-53626-6


Table of Contents


Contents

List of Contributors

Preface

Part A: Global Ecology, The Biosphere and its Evolution

    Introduction

    Abiotic and Biotic Diversity in the Biosphere

    Anthropospheric and Antropogenic Impact on the Biosphere

    Astrobiology

    Biogeocoenosis as an Elementary Unit of Biogeochemical Work in the Biosphere

    Biosphere. Vernadsky’s Concept

    Deforestation

    Environmental and Biospheric Impacts of Nuclear War

    Evolution of Oceans

    Evolution of ‘Prey-Predator’ Systems

    Fungi and Their Role in the Biosphere

    Gaia Hypothesis

    Hydrosphere

    Noosphere

    Pedosphere

    Phenomenon of Life: General Aspects

    Structure and History of Life

Part B: Global Cycles, Balances and Flows

    Calcium Cycle

    Carbon Cycle

    Energy Balance

    Energy Flows in the Biosphere

    Entropy and Entropy Flows in the Biosphere

    Information and Information Flows in the Biosphere

    Iron Cycle

    Matter and Matter Flows in the Biosphere

    Microbial Cycles

    Nitrogen Cycle

    Oxygen Cycle

    Phosphorus Cycle

    Radiation Balance and Solar Radiation Spectrum

    Radionuclides: Their Biochemical Cycles and the Impacts on the Biosphere

    Sulphur Cycle

    Water Cycle

    Xenobiotics Cycles

Part C: Global Patterns and Processes

    Agriculture

    Material and Metal Ecology

    Methane in the Atmosphere

    Monitoring, Observations, and Remote Sensing - Global Dimensions

    Ocean Currents and Their Role in the Biosphere

    Precipitation Pattern

    Temperature Patterns

    Urbanization as a Global Process

    Weathering

Part D: Climate Change

    Climate Change 1: Short-Term Dynamics

    Climate Change 2: Long-Term Dynamics

    Climate Change 3: History and Current State

    Coevolution of the Biosphere and Climate

    Global Change Impacts on the Biosphere

Part E: Ecological Stoichiometry

    Ecological Stoichiometry: Overview

    Ecosystem Patterns and Processes

    Evolutionary and Biochemical Aspects

    Organisal Ecophysiology

    Population and Community Interactions

    Trace Elements

Index