Forest Monitoring book cover

Forest Monitoring

Methods for terrestrial investigations in Europe with an overview of North America and Asia

The demand for comparable, long-term, high quality data on forest ecosystems' status and changes is increasing at the international and global level. Yet, sources for such data are limited and in many case it is not possible to compare data from different monitoring initiatives across space and time because of methodological differences. Apart from technical manuals, there is no comprehensive multidisciplinary, scientific, peer-reviewed reference for forest monitoring methods that can serve and support the user community. This book provides in a single reference the state-of-the-art of monitoring methods as applied at the international level.

The book present scientific concepts and methods that form the basis of the transnational, long-term forest monitoring in Europe and looks at other initiatives at the global level. Standardized methods that have been developed over two decades in international forest monitoring projects are presented. Emphasis is put on trans-nationally harmonized methods, related data quality issues, current achievements and on remaining open questions.

The forest research and monitoring community, as well as environmental protection agencies and environmental organizations

Hardbound, 536 Pages

Published: March 2013

Imprint: Elsevier

ISBN: 978-0-08-098222-9


  • Preface
    Section 1 - Introduction to Forest Monitoring
    Ch. 1.1 Forest monitoring: an introduction
    Ch. 1.2 Pan European Forest monitoring - an overview
    Ch. 1.3 Forest and related-ecosystem monitoring in Acid Deposition Monitoring in East Asia (EANET)
    Ch. 1.4 Forest Monitoring methods in the US and Canada - an overview
    Section 2. Designing Forest Monitoring
    Ch. 2.1 A Quality Assurance framework for designing forest monitoring programmes
    Ch. 2.2 Concepts and design principles adopted in the International Co-operative Programme on the Assessment and Monitoring Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests)
    Ch. 2.3 A statistical perspective for designing a large-scale European forest monitoring network, combining country estimates and for integration with National Forest Inventories - example for defoliation
    Section 3. Monitoring methods for above-ground vegetation
    Ch. 3.1 Assessment of tree condition
    Ch. 3.2 Tree phenology
    Ch. 3.3 Tree growth measurements in long-term forest monitoring in Europe
    Ch. 3.4 Assessment of visible foliar injury due to ozone
    Ch. 3.5 Tree foliage - sampling and chemical analysis
    Ch. 3.7 Litterfall - biomass, chemistry, leaf area and links with wider ecosystem functioning
    Section 4. Monitoring methods for soil
    Ch. 4.1 Forest soil - characterization, sampling, physical and chemical analyses
    Ch. 4.2 Soil solution - sampling and chemical analysis
    Section 5. Monitoring methods for atmospheric-related variables in forests
    Ch. 5.1 Meteorology
    Ch. 5.2 Atmospheric deposition to forest ecosystems
    Ch. 5.3 Methods for measuring gaseous air pollutants in forests
    Section 6. Methods to ensure monitoring quality
    Ch. 6.1 Quality Assurance in international forest monitoring in Europe
    Ch. 6.2 Data quality in field surveys: methods and results for tree condition, phenology, growth, plant diversity and foliar injury due to ozone
    Ch. 6.3 Data quality assessment in laboratories: methods and results for soil, foliar, water and chemical analyses
    Ch. 6.4 Methods for database quality assessment
    Ch. 6.5 Reporting forest monitoring
    Section 7 - Forest monitoring: synthesis and outlook
    Ch. 7.1 Terrestrial methods in forest monitoring: achievements, problems, perspectives


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