Forest Canopies


  • Margaret Lowman, New College of Florida, Sarasota, U.S.A.
  • H. Bruce Rinker, Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, Florida, U.S.A.

The treetops of the world's forests are where discovery and opportunity abound, however they have been relatively inaccessible until recently. This book represents an authoritative synthesis of data, anecdotes, case studies, observations, and recommendations from researchers and educators who have risked life and limb in their advocacy of the High Frontier. With innovative rope techniques, cranes, walkways, dirigibles, and towers, they finally gained access to the rich biodiversity that lives far above the forest floor and the emerging science of canopy ecology. In this new edition of Forest Canopies, nearly 60 scientists and educators from around the world look at the biodiversity, ecology, evolution, and conservation of forest canopy ecosystems.
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Graduate, undergraduate and advanced high school students, technicians, professors, teachers, resource managers, naturalists, libraries, NGO's, government workers, foundations, natural resource professionals and ecologists in the fields of Zoology, Botany, Ecology and Evolution, Environmental Studies, Wildlife Resources, Forestry, Conservation.


Book information

  • Published: September 2004
  • ISBN: 978-1-4933-0151-5


"An unequaled panorama of the rapidly developing insights of the once unobtainable canopy frontier...where exploration and discovery are at their most exciting...anyone interested in understanding forests can only do so with this valuable book." - Thomas E. Lovejoy, President, The Heinz Center for Science Economics and the Environment "A better understanding of forest canopies, their biodiversity and canopy processes is crucial to understanding and addressing many of today's environmental issues..[this volume] is a must-read for all those interested in forest canopies." -Nigel E. Stork, Rainforest CRC, James Cook University, TRENDS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, June 2005 "Each chapter is extensively referenced and accompanied by numerous figures and tables...This text is suitable for scientists, students, policy makers, conservationists, and educators." - SOUTHEASTERN NATURALIST

Table of Contents

SECTION I: Structures of Forest CanopiesChapter 1: The Nature of Forest Canopies Side Bar: Verticality and Habitat Analysis: MacArthur and Wilson"s Biogeography Theory Revisited Side Bar: Empty Space: Another View of Forest Canopy StructureChapter 2: Tropical Microclimate Considerations Chapter 3: Quantifying and Visualizing Canopy Structure in Tall Forests: Methods and a Case Study Side Bar: "Canopy Trekking": A Ground-Independent, Rope-Based Method for Horizontal Movement Chapter 4: Vertical Organization of Canopy Biota Side Bar: Macaws: Dispersers in a Tropical Habitat Side Bar: Vertical Stratification Among Neotropical Migrants Chapter 5: Age-Related Development of Canopy Structure and Its Ecological FunctionsSide Bar: Measuring Canopy Structure: The Forest Canopy Database Project Chapter 6: A History of Tree Canopies Side Bar: The Evolution of Rain Forest Animals Side Bar: The Botanical Ghosts of Evolution SECTION II: Organisms in Forest CanopiesChapter 7: What Is Canopy Biology? A Microbial Perspective Side Bar: Arboreal Stromatolites: A 230 Million Year Old Record Chapter 8: Lichens and Bryophytes in Forest Canopies Chapter 9: Vascular Epiphytes Side Bar: Orchid Adaptations to an Epiphytic LifestyleSide Bar: Tank Bromeliads—Faunal EcologySide Bar: Strangler Fig Trees: Demons or Heroes of the Canopy?Chapter 10: Mistletoes: A Unique Constituent of Canopies Worldwide Chapter 11: Hidden in Plain Sight: Mites in the Canopy Chapter 12: Soil Microarthopods: Belowground Fauna that Sustain Forest Systems Chapter 13: Tardigrades: Bears of the Canopy Side Bar: Rotifers in the Water Film Chapter 14: The Biodiversity Question: How Many Species of Terrestrial Arthropods Are There? Side Bar: Insect Zoos as Windows into Forest Canopies Chapter 15: Physical Transport, Heterogeneity, and Interactions Involving Canopy Anoles Side Bar: The Color of Poison: Flamboyant Frogs in the Rain Forest Canopy Chapter 16: Ecology and Conservation of Canopy Mammals Side Bar: Vertical Stratification of Small Mammals in Lowland Rain Forest of the Australian Wet Tropics Side Bar: Body Mass of Gliding Mammals: An Energetic Approach Side Bar: Orangutans: The Largest Canopy Dwellers SECTION III: Ecological Processes in Forest CanopiesChapter 17: Photosynthesis in Forest Canopies Chapter 18: Insect Herbivory in Tropical Forests Side Bar: Measuring Forest Herbivory Levels Using Canopy Cranes Side Bar: The Leipzig Canopy Crane Project: Biodiversity, Ecology, and Function in a Temperate Decidious Forest Chapter 19: Nutrient CyclingChapter 20: Reproductive Biology and Genetics of Tropical Trees from a Canopy Perspective Side Bar: DNA Sequences and Orchid Classification Chapter 21: Decomposition in Forest Canopies Chapter 22: Survival Strategies: A Matter of Life and Death SECTION IV: Conservation and Forest CanopiesChapter 23: Tarzan or Jane? A Short History of Canopy Biology Side Bar: Canopy Walkways: Highways in the Sky Side Bar: International Canopy Crane Network Chapter 24: Economics and the Forest Canopy Side Bar: Ethnobotany in Forest Canopies Side Bar: The Value of Herbaria for Plant Conservation Chapter 25: Ecotourism and the Treetops Side Bar: A Climb for Conservation Side Bar: Florida From the Treetops Chapter 26: The Reintegration of Wonder into the Emerging Science of Canopy Ecology Side Bar: Global Canopy Programme: A Worldwide Alliance for Forest Studies Side Bar: International Canopy Network (ICAN)