Engineering Materials 2 book cover

Engineering Materials 2

An Introduction to Microstructures and Processing

Engineering Materials: An Introduction to Microstructures and Processing is a comprehensive introduction to microstructures and processing of materials for engineering students and other related courses. It is composed of chapters that are arranged into four sections: metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites, which are the distinct generic classes of materials. The materials are presented in an easy-to-read style, while establishing the main concepts and providing details on how processing, microstructures, and physicochemical characters are interrelated. The book emphasizes the relationship between structure, processing and properties, of both conventional and innovative materials. It provides detailed discussions of the different aspects of transformations, including interface kinetics, nucleation and growth, and constitutional undercooling. The book also presents new case studies and examples to illustrate, develop and consolidate the different topics. The text features new photographs and links to Google Earth, websites and video clips, and a companion site with access to instructors' resources: solution manual, image bank of figures from the book and a section of interactive materials science tutorials. The text aims to provide detailed discussions about engineering materials to senior-level and postgraduate students of mechanical engineering, manufacturing, materials science, engineering design, products design, aeronautical engineering, and other engineering sciences.

Audience
Senior level and postgraduate study in departments of mechanical engineering; materials sciences; manufacturing; engineering design; materials design; product design; aeronautical engineering; engineering sciences.

Paperback, 576 Pages

Published: December 2012

Imprint: Butterworth Heinemann

ISBN: 978-0-08-096668-7

Contents


  • Preface to the Fourth Edition

    Acknowledgements

    General Introduction

    Part A Metals

        Chapter 1 Metals

             1.1 Introduction

             1.2 Metals for a Model Steam Engine

             1.3 Metals for Drinks Cans

             1.4 Metals for Hip Joints

             1.5 Data for Metals

        Chapter 2 Metal Structures

             2.1 Introduction

             2.2 Crystal and Glass Structures

             2.3 Structures of Solutions and Compounds

             2.4 Phases

             2.5 Grain and Phase Boundaries

             2.6 Shapes of Grains and Phases

             2.7 Summary-Constitution and Structure

             Worked Example

        Chapter 3 Phase Diagrams1

             3.1 Introduction

             3.2 Source Books

             3.3 Components, Phases, and Structures

             Worked Example

             Worked Example

             3.4 One-and Two-Component Systems

             Worked Example

             3.5 Solutions to Examples

        Chapter 4 Phase Diagrams 2

             4.1 Eutectics, Eutectoids, and Peritectics

             4.2 Test Examples

             4.3 Solutions to Examples

        Chapter 5 Case Studies in Phase Diagrams

             5.1 Introduction

             5.2 Choosing Soft Solders

             5.3 Pure Silicon for Microchips

             5.4 Making Bubble-Free Ice

             Worked Example

        Chapter 6 Driving Force for Structural Change

             6.1 Introduction

             6.2 Driving Forces

             6.3 Reversibility

             6.4 Stability, Instability, and Metastability

             6.5 Driving Force for Solidification

             6.6 Solid-State Phase Changes

             6.7 Precipitate Coarsening

             6.8 Grain Growth

             6.9 Recrystallization

             6.10 Sizes of Driving Forces

             Worked Example

        Chapter 7 Kinetics 1-Diffusive Transformations

             7.1 Introduction

             7.2 Solidification

             7.3 Heat-Flow Effects

             7.4 Solid-State Phase Changes

             7.5 Diffusion-Controlled Kinetics

             7.6 Shapes of Grains and Phases

             Worked Example

        Chapter 8 Kinetics 2-Nucleation

             8.1 Introduction

             8.2 Nucleation in Liquids

             8.3 Heterogeneous Nucleation

             8.4 Nucleation in Solids

             8.5 Summary

             8.6 Nucleation Everywhere

             Worked Example

        Chapter 9 Kinetics 3-Displacive Transformations

             9.1 Introduction

             9.2 Diffusive f.c.c. to b.c.c.Transformation in Pure Iron

             9.3 Time Temperature Transformation Diagram

             9.4 Displacive f.c.c.to b.c.c.Transformation

             9.5 Details of Martensite Formation

             9.6 Martensite Transformation in Steels

             Worked Example

        Chapter 10 Case Studies in Phase Transformations

             10.1 Introduction

             10.2 Making Rain

             10.3 Fine-Grained Castings

             10.4 Single Crystals for Semiconductors

             10.5 Amorphous Metals

             Worked Example

        Chapter 11 Light Alloys

             11.1 Introduction

             11.2 Solid Solution Hardening

             11.3 Age (Precipitation) Hardening

             11.4 Work Hardening

             Worked Example

        Chapter 12 Steels 1-Carbon Steels

             12.1 Introduction

             12.2 Microstructures After Slow Cooling (Normalizing)

             12.3 Mechanical Properties of Normalized Steels

             12.4 Quenched-and-Tempered Steels

             12.5 Notes on the TTT Diagram

        Chapter 13 Steels 2 - Alloy Steels

             13.1 Introduction

             13.2 Hardenability

             13.3 Solution Hardening

             13.4 Precipitation Hardening

             13.5 Corrosion Resistance

             13.6 Stainless Steels

             13.7 Phases in Stainless Steels

             13.8 Improving Stainless Steels

             Worked Example

        Chapter 14 Case Studies in Steels

             14.1 Detective Work After a Boiler Explosion

             14.2 Welding Steels Safely

             14.3 The Case of the Broken Hammer

        Chapter 15 Processing Metals 1

             15.1 Introduction

             15.2 Casting

             15.3 Deformation Processing

             15.4 Recrystallization

             Worked Example

        Chapter 16 Processing Metals 2

             16.1 Machining

             16.2 Joining

             16.3 Heat Treating

             16.4 Special Topics

             Worked Example

    Part B Ceramics

        Chapter 17 Ceramics

             17.1 Introduction

             17.2 Generic Ceramics

             17.3 Ceramic Composites

             17.4 Data for Ceramics

        Chapter 18 Ceramic Structures

             18.1 Introduction

             18.2 Ionic and Covalent Ceramics

             18.3 Simple Ionic Ceramics

             18.4 Simple Covalent Ceramics

             18.5 Silica and Silicates

             18.6 Silicate Glasses

             18.7 Ceramic Alloys

             18.8 Microstructures of Ceramics

             18.9 Vitreous Ceramics

             18.10 Stone and Rock

             18.11 Ceramic Composites

             Worked Example

        Chapter 19 Mechanical Properties of Ceramics

             19.1 Introduction

             19.2 Elastic Moduli

             19.3 Strength, Hardness, and Lattice Resistance

             19.4 Fracture Strength of Ceramics

             19.5 Modulus of Rupture

             19.6 Compression Test

             19.7 Thermal Shock Resistance

             19.8 Time Dependence of Strength

             19.9 Creep of Ceramics

        Chapter 20 Processing Ceramics

             20.1 Introduction

             20.2 Production of Engineering Ceramics

             20.3 Forming Engineering Ceramics

             20.4 Production and Forming of Glass

             20.5 Processing Pottery, Porcelain, and Brick

             20.6 Improving Ceramics

             20.7 Joining Ceramics

             Worked Example

        Chapter 21 Cement and Concrete

             21.1 Introduction

             21.2 Chemistry of Cement

             21.3 Structure of Portland Cement

             21.4 Concrete

             21.5 Strength of Cement and Concrete

             21.6 High-Strength Cement

             21.7 Reinforcing Cement and Concrete

             Worked Example

        Chapter 22 Case Studies in Ceramics

             22.1 Hard as Flint

             22.2 Slate - Natural Roofing Material

             22.3 Glass Roof Beams

             Worked Example

    Part C Polymers

        Chapter 23 Polymers

             23.1 Introduction

             23.2 Generic Polymers

             23.3 Material Data

             Worked Example

        Chapter 24 Polymer Structures

             24.1 Introduction

             24.2 Molecular Length

             24.3 Molecular Architecture

             24.4 Molecular Packing and Glass Transition

             Worked Example

        Chapter 25 Mechanical Properties of Polymers

             25.1 Introduction

             25.2 Stiffness-Time and Temperature Dependent Modulus

             25.3 Strength-Cold Drawing and Crazing

        Chapter 26 Processing Polymers

             26.1 Introduction

             26.2 Polymer Synthesis

             26.3 Polymer Alloys

             26.4 Forming Polymers

             26.5 Joining Polymers

             Worked Example

        Chapter 27 Case Studies in Polymers

             27.1 Fatal Bungee Jumping Accident

             27.2 Polyethylene Gas Pipes

             27.3 Ultra strong Fibers for Yacht Rigging

    Part D Composites

        Chapter 28 Properties of Composites and Foams

             28.1 Introduction

             28.2 Fiber Composites

             28.3 Modulus

             28.4 Tensile Strength

             28.5 Toughness

             28.6 Foams and Cellular Solids

             28.7 Properties of Foams

             28.8 Materials that are Engineered

        Chapter 29 Wood Structure and Properties

             29.1 Introduction

             29.2 Structure of Wood

             29.3 Mechanical Properties of Wood

             29.4 Elasticity

             29.5 Tensile and Compressive Strength.

             29.6 Toughness

             29.7 Wood Compared to Other Materials

             Worked Example

        Chapter 30 Case Studies in Composites

             30.1 Materials for Violin Bodies

             30.2 Failure of a GFRP Surgical Instrument

             30.3 Cork-A Unique Natural Foam

             Worked Example

    Appendix Symbols and Formulae

    References

    Index






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