Clinical Interpretation of the WAIS-III and WMS-III


  • David Tulsky, Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research and Education Corporation and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, West Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A.
  • Donald Saklofske, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada
  • Gordon Chelune, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.
  • Robert Heaton, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, U.S.A.
  • Robert Ivnik, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, U.S.A.
  • Robert Bornstein, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.
  • Aurelio Prifitera, Pearson Assessment, San Antonio, TX, USA
  • Mark Ledbetter, Trinity Clinical Associates, San Antonio, Texas, USA

This guide to the WAIS-III and WMS-III tests is written to help clinical practitioners achieve efficient and accurate interpretations of test results. The only interpretive guide to be based on data obtained while standardizing the tests, this reference source provides new models for interpreting results, as well as practical information on the diagnostic validity, demographically corrected norms, and accuracy of the tests in measuring intelligence and memory. The focus of information is to allow clinicians to reduce variance in the interpretations of scores, indicating how best to factor in socio-economic status of respondents, interpreting meaningful change in serial assessments, and scoring with alternate or omitted sub-tests. Also included in the book are chapters on accommodating clients with disabilities. The final chapter discusses frequently asked questions (with answers) on the use and interpretation of the tests, as well as practical issues to help make scoring time-efficient and accurate.
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Clinical psychologists, neuropsychologists, school psychologists, educational psychologists, psychometricians.


Book information

  • Published: May 2003
  • ISBN: 978-0-12-703570-3


"Tulsky and colleagues have prepared a most interesting and informative volume on the development and clinical interpretation of the WAIS-III and WMS-III... In summary, I found this to be a most informative and enjoyable book." -JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY "Overall, this is a well-edited book that presents in a coherent and consistent manner a new framework for interpretation of the WAIS–III and WMS–III, along with valuable applied normative, base rate, and related psychometric information, that will be of considerable value to a wide range of neuropsychologists... this book fills an important void in the assessment area, especially with regard to the WMS–III. Anyone who uses the WAIS–III and WMS–III on a regular basis should have this text on his or her bookshelf." -APPLIED NEUROPSYCHOLOGY "This is an edited collection of papers that focuses on various aspects of the most recent revision of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS–III) and Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS–III). The papers in this volume fall into three broad areas. The first section of the book (and part of one of the subsequent chapters) provides an overview of the history of the development of measures of memory and intelligence, with particular emphasis on the Wechsler scales. These chapters are thoroughly delightful, and the only shortcoming is that they are too brief." -JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY

Table of Contents

Introduction.Preface.Contributors.Part I: The Evolution of the Weschler Scales.D.S. Tulsky, D.H. Saklofske, and J.H. Ricker, Historical Overview of Intelligence and Memory: Factors Influencing the Wechsler Scales.D.S. Tulsky, D.H. Saklofske, and J. Zhu, Revising a Standard: An Evaluation of the Origin and Development of the WAIS-III.D.S. Tulsky, N.D. Chiaravalloti, B. Palmer, and G.J. Chelune, The Wechsler Memory Scale, Third Edition: A New Perspective.Part II: Reducing Variance When Interpreting WAIS-III and WMS-III Scores: Introduction to Chapters 4-8.D.S. Tulsky, R.J. Ivnik, L. Price, and C. Wilkins, Assessment of Cognitive Functioning with the WAIS-III and WMS-III: Development of a Six-Factor Model.R.K. Heaton, M.J. Taylor, and J. Manly, Demographic Effects and Use of Demographically Corrected Norms with the WAIS-III and WMS-III.K. Hawkins and D.S. Tulsky, WAIS-III WMS-III Discrepancy Analysis: Six-Factor Model Index Discrepancy Base Rates, Implications, and a Preliminary Consideration of Utility.G. Smith, J.H. Cerhan, and R.J. Ivnik, Diagnostic Validity.T. Lineweaver and G.J. Chelune, Use of the WAIS-III and WMS-III in the Context of Serial Assessments: Interpreting Reliable and Meaningful Change.Part III: Dealing with "curveballs" when using the WAIS-III and WMS-III: The interpretation of unstandardized administration.J. Harris, D.S. Tulsky, and M. Schultheis, Assessment of the Non-Native English Speaker: Assimilating History and Research Findings to Guide Clinical Practice.B. Palmer, M. Taylor, and R.K. Heaton, Accuracy of WAIS-III-WMS-III Joint Factor Scores When One or More Subtest is Omitted or an Alternate Subtest is Employed.J. Braden, Accommodating Clients with Disabilities on the WAIS-III and WMS.Part IV: Training Others to Admister the WAIS-III and WMS-III: A Guide to Practical Issues.L. Lacritz and C.M. Cullum, The WAIS-III and WMS-III: Practical Issues and Frequently Asked Questions.Appendix 1.Appendix 2.Index.