Cerebral Palsy in Infancy book cover

Cerebral Palsy in Infancy

targeted activity to optimize early growth and development

Cerebral Palsy in Infancy is a thought-provoking book which introduces a new way of thinking on the development and use of interventions. Relevant to current practice, it advocates early, targeted activity that is focused on increasing muscle activation, training basic actions and minimizing (or preventing) mal-adaptive changes to muscle morphology and function. The authors present recent scientific findings in brain science, movement sciences (developmental biomechanics, motor control mechanisms, motor learning, exercise science) and muscle biology. This knowledge provides the rationale for active intervention, underpinning the need for an early referral to appropriate services. The book features methods for promoting relatively intensive physical activity in young infants without placing a burden on parents which include assistive technologies such as robotics, electronic bilateral limb trainers and baby treadmills.

Cerebral Palsy in Infancy begins by specifying the guidelines for training and exercise, outlining the rationale for such intervention. It goes on to cover the fundamentals of neuromotor plasticity and the development and negative effects of limited motor activity on brain organization and corticospinal tract development. Neuromuscular adaptations to impairments and inactivity are discussed along with the General Movement assessment that can provide early diagnosis and prognosis, facilitating very early referral from paediatric specialists to training programs. The book ends with a section featuring various methods of training with the emphasis on preventing/minimizing muscle contracture, stimulating biomechanically critical muscle activity and joint movement.

An ideal clinical reference for those working to improve the lives of infants suffering from cerebral palsy.

CONTRIBUTORS: Adel Abdullah Alhusaini (Saudi Arabia); David I. Anderson (USA); Nicolas Bayle (France); Roslyn Boyd (Australia); Giovanni Cioni (Italy); Diane L. Damiano (USA); Janet Eyre (UK); Linda Fetters (USA); Mary Galea (Australia); Andrew M Gordon (USA); Martin Gough (UK); Richard L Lieber (USA); Jens Bo Nielsen (Denmark); Micah Perez (Australia); Caroline Teulier (France).

Hardbound, 356 Pages

Published: September 2013

Imprint: Churchill Livingstone

ISBN: 978-0-7020-5099-2


  • Part 1: Introduction

    1 The changing face of intervention in infants with cerebral palsy
    Roberta Shepherd
    Annotation A: Aspects of motor training
    Roberta Shepherd

    Part 2: Neuromotor Plasticity & Development

    2 Corticospinal tract development and activity-dependent plasticity
    Janet Eyre

    3 Re-thinking the brain: New insights into early experience and brain development
    Mary Galea

    Part 3: Impairments & Neuromuscular Adaptations to Impairments & Inactivity

    4 The syndrome of deforming spastic paresis: pathophysiology, assessment & treatment
    Nicolas Bayle, Jean-Michel Gracies

    5 Functional effects of neural impairments & subsequent adaptations in cerebral palsy
    Annotation B: Findings from a series of studies of passive mechanical properties of muscle in young children with cerebral palsy
    Adel Abdullah Alhusaini

    6 Skeletal muscle changes due to cerebral palsy
    Richard L Lieber, Lucas Smith

    7 Early muscle development in children with cerebral palsy: the consequences for further muscle growth, muscle function, and long-term-mobility
    Martin Gough, Adam P Shortland

    Part 4: Early and Active Intervention to Optimize Growth, Development & Functional Motor Performance

    8 Early diagnosis and prognosis in cerebral palsy
    Giovanni Cioni, Vittorio Belmonti, Christa Einspieler

    9 Effects of motor activity on brain and muscle development in cerebral palsy
    Diane Damiano

    10 The consequences of independent locomotion for brain and psychological development
    David I Anderson, Joseph J Campos, Monica Rivera, Audun Dahl, Ichiro Uchiyama, Marianne Barbu-Roth

    Part 5: Specific Methods of Motor Training for Infants

    11 Training lower limb performance in early infancy: support, balance and propulsion
    Roberta Shepherd
    Annotation C: Kick Start: Using the mobile infant learning paradigm to promote early leg action
    Linda Fetters

    12 Treadmill training in early infancy- sensory & motor effects
    Caroline Teulier, Marianne Barbu-Roth, David Anderson

    13 Very early upper limb interventions for infants with asymmetric brain lesions
    Roslyn Boyd. Micah Perez, Andrea Guzzetta

    14 Constraint-induced therapy and bimanual training in children with unilateral cerebral palsy
    Andrew M Gordon

    15 Interactive technologies for diagnosis and treatment in infants with cerebral palsy
    Jens Bo Nielsen


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