Lymphocyte Differentiation, Recognition, and Regulation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124016408, 9781483274072

Lymphocyte Differentiation, Recognition, and Regulation

1st Edition

Authors: David H. Katz
Editors: F. J. Dixon Henry G. Kunkel
eBook ISBN: 9781483274072
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 772
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Description

Lymphocyte Differentiation, Recognition, and Regulation provides an overview of the state of knowledge on cellular immunology. The focus is on animal work than on studies in man, although in certain areas human lymphocyte biology has been discussed in some detail. The book attempts to integrate information from diverse areas of cellular immunology, immunogenetics, and immunochemistry to form some cohesive concepts that can be perhaps utilized as a working foundation for students and investigators in various areas of immunology.
The book begins with a general description of some of techniques and principles underlying the systems frequently employed in cellular immunology. This is followed by detailed analyses of lymphocyte differentiation, receptor function, and regulatory processes. The main points that emerge from such analyses are that the immune system is an infinitely complex and finely tuned network of cells, receptors, and molecules which interact with one another in a genetically controlled manner that is manifested ultimately in the process known as differentiation.

Table of Contents


Preface

I Introduction

The Two Major Classes of Immunocompetent Lymphocytes

II Surface Antigens and Markers on T Lymphocytes

A. Antigens Found Exclusively on T Cells

B. Antigens on T Lymphocytes and on Other Nonlymphoid Cells, but Not Present on B Lymphocytes

III Surface Antigens and Markers on B Lymphocytes

A. Antigens Found Exclusively on Cells of the B Lymphocyte Lineage

B. Antigens on B Lymphocytes and on Other Nonlymphoid Cells, but Not Present on T Lymphocytes

IV Surface Antigens Present on L Lymphocytes and also on B Lymphocytes

A. The Major Histocompatibility Antigens

B. The I-Region-Associated (Ia) Antigens

C. The Fc Receptor (FcR)

D. The Thymus-B Cell Common Antigen (Th-B)

E. The LY-8 Antigen

V Ontogeny of the Two Major Classes of Lymphocytes

A. General Considerations

B. Ontogeny of T Lymphocytes

C. Ontogeny of B Lymphocytes

VI Surface Immunoglobulin on Lymphocytes

A. Introduction

B. Detection of Surface Immunoglobulin

C. Quantitation of Surface Ig

D. Tissue Distribution of Surface Ig+ Lymphocytes

E. Ontogeny of Ig+ Lymphocytes

F. Immunoglobulin Class Expression of Surface Ig on Lymphocytes

G. Movement and Redistribution of Surface Immunoglobulin Molecules on B Lymphocytes

H. Surface Immunoglobulin on T Lymphocytes

I. Properties of Surface Immunoglobulin Isolated from B Lymphocytes

VII Immunological Specificity of Immunocompetent Lymphocytes

A. Functional Evidence for Specificity in T and B Lymphocytes

B. Comparative Specificities of the T and B Cell Repertoires

C. Determinant Specificity of T and B Cell Receptors

D. Antigen Receptors on B Lymphocytes

E. Antigen Receptors on T Lymphocytes

VIII Functional Properties of T Lymphocytes

A. Regulatory T Lymphocytes

B. Effector T Lymphocytes

C. Differential Sensitivities of T Cell Subpopulations to Chemical and Physical Manipulations

IX Functional Properties of B Lymphocytes

A. Antibody-Forming Cell Precursors (AFCP)

B. Functional Subpopulations of B Lymphocytes Distinguished by Relative Dependence on T Cells

C. Other Criteria for Functional Subpopulations of B Lymphocytes

D. Genetic Defects in T Lymphocyte Function

X Regulatory Cellular Interactions in Immune Responses

A. Basic Models of T-B Cell Interactions

B. Nature of the Regulatory Influence of Activated T Cells on Antibody Production

C. Suppressive Effects of T Lymphocytes on Antibody Production

D. T Cell Regulation of IgE Antibody Synthesis

E. Basic Models of T-T Cell Interactions

F. Suppressive Effects of T Cells on Cell-Mediated Immune Responses

XI The Allogeneic Effect on Immune Responses

A. Essential Features of the Allogeneic Effect on Antibody Responses

B. Mediation of the Allogeneic Effect via Development of the Graft-versus-Host Reaction

C. The Allogeneic Effect In Vitro

D. Relevance of the Allogeneic Effect to the Mechanism of Regulatory Physiological Interactions between T and B Lymphocytes in Immune Responses

E. Pathophysiological Significance of the Allogeneic Effect

F. Conclusions

XII Genetic Control of Immune Responses and Cellular Interactions

A. Histocompatibility-Linked Ir Genes

B. Histocompatibility-Linked Immune Suppression (Is) Genes

C. The Role of Products of the Major Histocompatibility Complex in Cellular Interactions Which Regulate Immune Responses

D. Relationship of Histocompatibility Gene Products to Each Other in Nature and Function

E. General Conclusions

XIII Mechanisms of Regulatory Cellular Interactions

A. General Considerations

B. Properties of Biologically Active Products of Activated T Cells and Macrophages Mediating Helper or Suppressor Activities

C. Hypothetical Models for Cellular Interactions

XIV Immunological Tolerance

A. Historical Perspective

B. Target Cells for Tolerance Induction

C. Mechanisms of Tolerance Induction in Either T or B Lymphocytes

D. Interrelationships among the Alternative Pathways to Unresponsiveness

E. Relationships of the Alternative Pathways to Induction and Maintenance of Self-Tolerance

F. Concluding Remarks

XV Concluding Remarks

Glossary

Bibliography

Index

Details

No. of pages:
772
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483274072

About the Author

David H. Katz

About the Editor

F. J. Dixon

Henry G. Kunkel

Affiliations and Expertise

The Rockefeller University New York, New York