1st Edition - February 1, 2019

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  • Author: Frank Crundwell
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444633514

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Hydrometallurgy describes the aqueous chemistry, thermodynamics, kinetics, reactor design and engineering of extracting metals by hydrometallurgical routes. The book includes the techniques by which gold, copper, nickel, cobalt and the platinum-group metals are produced as highly-pure metals to meet the exact needs of the market. In addition, the book covers the scientific and engineering principles of these types of processes, the industrial practice used to produce such high-value metals, and the factors that make these processes so successful. Finally, the recovery of valuable metals through recycling of waste materials is discussed.

Key Features

  • Presents a clear introduction for students and engineers, describing individual unit operations, eg Leaching, dissolution, digestion, electrowinning, electrorefining, solution purification, precipitation and solvent extraction
  • Provides a quick reference on the basics of metallurgy, including the chemistry, modeling and design of hydrometallurgical processes
  • Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic not covered in academic studies, but necessary for the design of working process


Metallurgical engineers, mining engineers, chemical engineers, chemists and all studying and doing research on metallurgical engineering topics

Table of Contents

  • Part 1 Foundations
    1. Introduction
    2. Chemistry
    3. Thermodynamics
    4. Kinetics
    5. Reaction engineering

    Part 2 Unit Operations
    6. Leaching
    7. Precipitation
    8. Solvent Extraction
    9. Carbon Adsorption
    10. Electrowinning and Electrorefining
    11. Crystallisation
    12. Heap leaching
    13. Bacterial Leaching

    Part 3 Process Design
    14. Principles of circuit design
    15. Mass and energy balances
    16. Effect of kinetics and thermodynamics on circuit performance

    Part 4 Environmental
    17. Water management
    18. Energy management

Product details

  • No. of pages: 664
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2030
  • Published: February 1, 2019
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444633514

About the Author

Frank Crundwell

Editorial board of the journal “Hydrometallurgy” and been an assistant editor.

I lectured hydrometallurgy for ten years while at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

I have numerous publications in the fields that make up hydrometallurgy - leaching, electrometallurgy, electrochemistry, bacterial leaching.

I have worked in the field for nearly thirty years. I have run a professional consultancy working in the field of hydrometallurgy for the last ten years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director, CM Solutions, Parklands, South Africa

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