Catalysis by Nonmetals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124272507, 9781483191751

Catalysis by Nonmetals

1st Edition

Rules for Catalyst Selection

Authors: Oleg V. Krylov
Editors: Ernest M. Loebl
eBook ISBN: 9781483191751
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1970
Page Count: 296
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Description

Catalysis by Non-metals: Rules of Catalyst Selection presents the development of scientific principles for the collection of catalysts. It discusses the investigation of the mechanism of chemosorption and catalysis. It addresses a series of properties of solid with catalytic activity. Some of the topics covered in the book are the properties of a solid and catalytic activity in oxidation-reduction reactions; the difference of electronegativities and the effective charges of atoms; the role of d-electrons in the catalytic properties of a solid; the color of solids; and proton-acid and proton-base properties of a surface. The catalytic activity and structure of solids are covered. The type of crystal lattice and crystalline lattice parameters are discussed. The text describes the decomposition of alcohols. A study of the dehydrogenation and hydrogenation reactions is presented. A chapter is devoted to the decomposition of inorganic hydrides. Another section focuses on the hydrogen-deuterium exchange and other simple reactions. The book can provide useful information to scientists, physicists, students, and researchers.

Table of Contents


Preface

Part I General Methods of Catalyst Selection

Introduction

1. Properties of a Solid and Catalytic Activity in Oxidation Reduction Reactions

1.1. Electroconductivity

1.2. Work Function

1.3. Width of the Forbidden Zone

1.4. Doped Levels

1.5. The DifiFerence of Electronegativities and the Effective Charges of Atoms

1.6. The Role of J-Electrons in the Catalytic Properties of a Solid

1.7. The Color of Solids

2. Solid Properties and Catalytic Activity in Acid-Base Reactions

2.1. Proton-Acid and -Base Properties of a Surface

2.2. Coordination Capacity of Metals

2.3. Dielectric Constant

3. Catalytic Activity and Structure of Solids

3.1. Crystalline Lattice Parameter

3.2. Type of Crystal Lattice

Part II Principles of Selection of Catalysts for Various Reactions

Introduction

4. Decomposition of Alcohols and Acids

4.1. Decomposition of Alcohols

4.2. Decomposition of Acids

5. Dehydrogenation and Hydrogenation Reactions

5.1. Dehydrogenation of Hydrocarbons

5.2. Hydrogenation

5.3. Decomposition of Inorganic Hydrides

6. Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange and other Simple Reactions

7. Reactions of Oxidation and Decomposition of Oxygen-Containing Compounds

7.1. Simple Oxidation Reactions

7.2. Oxidation of Organic Compounds

7.3. The Decomposition of Oxygen-Containing Substances

8. Acid-Base Reactions

8.1. Addition and Removal of Water and Hydrogen Halides

8.2. The Reactions of Condensation and Polycondensation

8.3. Isomerization Reactions

8.4. Cracking and Alkylation of Hydrocarbons

9. Polymerization Reactions

Conclusions

Appendix Physical Properties of Some Nonmetalic Compounds Used as Catalysts

References

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
296
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1970
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483191751

About the Author

Oleg V. Krylov

About the Editor

Ernest M. Loebl