## Description

While the PSE community continues its focus on understanding, synthesizing, modeling, designing, simulating, analyzing, diagnosing, operating, controlling, managing, and optimizing a host of chemical and related industries using the systems approach, the boundaries of PSE research have expanded considerably over the years. While early PSE research was largely concerned with individual units and plants, the current research spans wide ranges of scales in size (molecules to processing units to plants to global multinational enterprises to global supply chain networks; biological cells to ecological webs) and time (instantaneous molecular interactions to months of plant operation to years of strategic planning). The changes and challenges brought about by increasing globalization and the the common global issues of energy, sustainability, and environment provide the motivation for the theme of PSE2012: Process Systems Engineering and Decision Support for the Flat World.

## Key Features

- Each theme includes an invited chapter based on the plenary presentation by an eminent academic or industrial researcher
- Reports on the state-of-the-art advances in the various fields of process systems engineering
- Addresses common global problems and the research being done to solve them

## Readership

Process Systems Engineering academics, researchers, and practitioners

## Table of Contents

Preface

PSE2012 Committees

A Perspective on Energy and Sustainability

1 Introduction

2 Carbon Management

3 Emissions Reduction

4 Smart Manufacturing

5 Fuel Switching

6 Biofuel

7 Conclusions

Optimizing the end-to-end value chain through demand shaping and advanced customer analytics

1 Introduction

2 Related Literature

3 Customer Choice Model

4 Demand Shaping Optimization

5 Numerical Experiments

6 Conclusion

Bio-based Value Chains of the Future - An Opportunity for Process Systems Engineering

1 Introduction

2 Designing bio-based processes - need for a paradigm shift?

3 Toward an incremental strategy for integrated design of value chains

4 Conclusions

Process Systems Engineering

Process Intensification in Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems

1 Introduction

2 Surface Water Treatment

3 Desalination

4 Wastewater Treatment and Reuse

5 Waste-to-value

6 Zero Liquid Discharge

7 Integrated System Design Framework

8 Conclusion

Applications of Technology Roadmapping to Planning and Building Systems for Medicine and Vaccine Manufacturing

1 Introduction

2 Global Operations Level Systems Views

3 Stakeholder maps, trends, drivers and key performance indicators

4 Technology inventories

5 Technology Management Process

6 The Technology and PSE portfolio and network management

7 Conclusion

Multi-scale Optimization for Advanced Energy Processes

1 Introduction and Motivation

2 Paradigm for Reduced Order Models

3 ROM-based Optimization with Detailed Model Gradients

4 ROM-based Optimization without Detailed Model Gradients

5 Conclusions and Future Work

PSE in China

1 Introduction

2 Retrospect on 20 years of PSE developments in China

3 Challenges for future development of PSE

4 Future Prospects

Recent Developments on Pse Education and Research in Malaysia

1 Introduction

2 PSE Education in Malaysia

3 Showcase Innovation in PSE Education - Co-operative Problem-Based Learning (CPBL) Approach in Process Control

4 Research and Development in PSE in Malaysia

5 Conclusion

Opportunities for Energy Savings in Azeotropic Separation Processes

1 Introduction

2 Azeotropic Separation Processes via Distillation

3 Two Industrial Examples via Different Separation Methods

4 Further Energy Savings via Heat Integration

5 Conclusions

6 Acknowledgment

Process Systems Engineering Approach to Synthesis of Batch Chemical Processes

1 Introduction

2 A brief description of problems addressed

3 Solution procedure

4 Case study I

5 Case study II

6 Conclusion

The Role of PSE Community in Meeting Sustainable Freshwater Demand of Tomorrow’s World via Desalination

1 Introduction

2 State of the Art: MSF Desalination Process

3 State of the Art: RO Desalination Process

4 State of the Art: Hybrid MSF/RO Desalination Process

5 State of the Art: Use of Renewable Energy in MSF and RO Process

6 State of the Art & Future Challenge: Environmental Impact Modelling

7 Opportunities for the PSE Community

LNG Processing

1 Introduction

2 Natural Gas Liquefaction

3 LNG Storage and Regasification

4 Process systems engineering in LNG processing

5 Future challenges

6 Conclusion

Research Challenges in Alarm Management for Safe and Stable Plant Operations in Chemical Process Industries

1 Introduction

2 Alarm system evaluation by event correlation analysis

3 Alarm system evaluation by a virtual subject

4 Conclusion

Uncertainty propagation in condensate stabilization column

1 Introduction

2 Uncertainty propagation

2.1 Monte Carlo Sampling

2.2 Latin Hypercube Sampling

2.3 Emulator

3 Results

4 Conclusion

A multi-scale model of naphtha pyrolysis process

1 Introduction

2 Establishment of multi-scale model

3 The information communications between different scales

4 Conclusions

Simulation and Optimization of Saponification Process in Propylene Oxide Plant

1 Introduction

2 Process Description

3 Process Optimization

4 Conclusions

Simulation Studies and Sensitivity Analysis of Methyl Tert-butyl Ether Reactive Distillation

1 Introduction

2 Description of the MTBE Column

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusion

Optimal Design of HMX recrystallization process using supercritical carbon dioxide as antisolvent

1 Introduction

2 GAS process

3 Base-case design and optimization of the entire process

4 Concluding Remark

5 Acknowledgement

Thermal integration of a hot process stream on distillation columns through a side-reboiler

1 Introduction

2 Available heat duty of a hot process stream

3 Calculation procedure

4 Conclusions

Forecasting Naphtha Price Crack Using Multiple Regression Analysis

1 Introduction

2 Problem statement

4 Modeling

4 Results

6 Conclusion

Model-based development of optimal reaction concepts for plant wide process intensification

1 Introduction and methodological approach

2 Example process: Oxygen based ethylene oxide synthesis

3 Modeling

4 Results

5 Conclusion

6 Acknowledgments

Hierarchical simulation of integrated chemical processes with a web based modeling tool

1 Introduction into hierarchical simulation

2 Workflow for hierarchical modeling in MOSAIC

3 Case studies

4 Conclusion

Modeling and Simulation of a Catalytic Distillation Process for Production of Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether

1 Introduction

2 Process characteristic

3 Modeling of CD column

4 Results and discussions

5 Conclusion

Use of reactive distillation for triacetin production from crude glycerol

1 Introduction

2 Process Description

3 Simulation Results

4 Conclusions

Dynamic modeling of direct contact membrane distillation processes

1 Introduction

2 Dynamic modeling of a plate-and-frame direct contact MD module

3 Case study

4 Conclusions

2-D Population Balance Modelling of Nucleation and Growth of Needle-shape Crystals

1 Introduction

2 2-D PBE Model Incorporating Crystal Growth and Nucleation Kinetics

3 A Constant Crystal Growth Rate Case

4 A Constant Nucleation and Crystal Growth Rate Case

5 A Nonlinear Crystallization Kinetics Case

6 Conclusions

Dynamic analysis of reaction kinetics of carton packaging pyrolysis

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Results and Discussion

Conclusions

A simultaneous synthesis method for combined heat and mass exchange networks

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Proposed Method

4 Case study

5 Conclusion

6 Acknowledge

A New Method To Determine The Optimum Heat Exchanger Network Approach Temperature

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Case Study 1

4 Conclusion

Product Driven Process Design Method

1 Introduction

2 A Product-driven Process Synthesis (PDPS) Approach in Foods

3 Conclusions

Sensitivity of Process Design due to Uncertainties in Property Estimates

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Case Study: Sensitivity of extractive distillation design

4 Conclusions

An integrated quantitative index of stable steady state points in chemical process design

1 Introduction

2 Process design approach

3 Case study

4 Conclusion

Applicability of product-driven process synthesis to separation processes in food

1 Introduction

2 Applications of PDPS in the food industry

3 Applicability of PDPS for a separation process

4 Case study: Separation of isoflavones from okara

5 Conclusion

Simultaneous optimization of hydrogen network with desulfurization processes embedded

1 Introduction

2 Novel modeling and optimization approach

3 Case study

4 Conclusions

A Systematic Methodology for Design of Emulsion Based Chemical Products

1 Emulsion Based Chemical Product Design – An Introduction

2 A Systematic Methodology for Emulsified Product Design

3 A Conceptual Case Study - A Sunscreen Lotion

4 Conclusions and Future Work

Molecular Design using Three-Dimensional Signature Descriptors

1 Theoretical Background

2 Signature Descriptors for Molecular Design

3 Case Study - Design of Alkyl Substituent for Rice Plant Fungicide

4 Conclusions

Optimization design of RO system for water purification

1 Introduction

2 RO unit model

3 RO network representation

4 Solution methodology

5 Illustrative example

6 Conclusions

Retrofit of Heat Exchanger Networks Including the Detailed Equipment Design

1 Introduction

2 Development

3 Example

4 Conclusions

Production of Cylohexane from Hydrogenation of Benzene using Microreactor Technology

1 Introduction

2 Reactor design for Production of Cyclohexane

3 Process Improvement (i.e Optimization) Studies

4 Results and Discussion

Synthesis Framework of Biorefinery Systems for Lignocellulosic Biorenewables

1 Introduction

2 Literature Review

3 Superstructure for a General Biorefinery

4 Mathematical Formulation

Conclusions

Heat-integrated reactive distillation for biodiesel production from Jatropha oil

1 Introduction

2 Biodiesel production from Jatropha oil

3 Simulation results

4 Conclusions

5 Acknowledgement

Functional modeling applied to HAZOP automation

1 Introduction

2 D-higraphs: merging function and structure

3 D-higraphs environment and HAZOP Assistant

4 Kerosene recovery unit (case study)

5 Comparison with other methodologies

6 Conclusions and further work

Dynamic Flexibility Analysis with Differential Quadratures

1 Introduction

2 Applications

3 Conclusions

A Method of Designing Plant Alarm Systems with Hierarchical Cause-Effect Model

1 Introduction

2 Hierarchical CE Model

3 Design of Plant Alarm System using Hierarchical Cause-Effect Model

4 Conclusion

Computer Aided Assessment of Occupationally Healthier Processes during Research and Development Stage

1 Introduction

2 Occupational Health Assessment Methods

3 The Inherent Occupational Health Index

4 Development of Systematic Computer Aided IOHI Tool

5 Case Study on Methyl Methacrylate

6 Conclusion

A Performance Assessment Method for Feedback Control Loops in Chemical Processes with Distribution Outputs

1 Introduction

2 Modeling of Chemical Processes with Distribution Outputs

3 PDF of the Individual Distribution Values

4 PDF of the Distribution Output

5 Case Study

6 Conclusions

Fault Diagnosis based on DPCA and CA

1 Motivation

2 Fundamentals

3 Experimental Setup

4 Analysis of the Tuning Parameters.

5 Conclusions

Design Method of Alarm System for Identifying Possible Malfunctions in a Plant Based on Cause-Effect Model

1 Introduction

2 Cause-effect model

3 Alarm variable selection method

4 Case study

5 Conclusion

Real-time application of CAPE-OPEN for PTA process monitoring and optimization

1 Introduction

2 Rigorous Model Validation

3 Online Process Monitoring and Modeling Platform Deployment

4 Conclusion

Towards Holistic Decision Support Systems

1 Introduction

2 Holistic vs reductionist approach — including systematically HOF

3 The importance to move to an experimental approach

4 Performance assessment

5 An industrial use case

6 Conclusions

Sensor Location for water systems

1 Introduction

2 Sensor Network Design Problem

3 Stochastic Approach

4 Application Examples

5 Conclusions

Quantitative Risk Analysis of New Energy Stations by CFD-Based Explosion Simulation

1 Introduction

2 Comparison of explosion simulation models

3 Explosion scenario

4 Results

5 Conclusions

Knowledge-based attributes generation for data-driven fault diagnosis in process systems

1 Introduction

2 Method

3 Case Study

4 Conclusions

5 Acknowledgements

Pattern Recognition using Multivariate Time Series for Fault Detection in a Thermoeletric Unit

1 Introduction

2 Application Scenario

3 The methodology

4 Results

5 Conclusion

Compressive Strength Prediction of Concrete Recycled Aggregates made from Ceramic Tiles using Feedforward Artificial Neural Network (FANN)

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Result and Discussion

4.0 Conclusion

5.0 Acknowledgement

Control of integrated unit operations

1 Main Text

2 Energy integration in distillation

3 Control strategies for Divided-Wall Columns

4 Process studied

5 Conclusions

Nonlinear Control Strategies for a Micro-Aerobic, Fermentation Process

1 Introduction

2 Modeling and Controller Design

3 Simulation Results

4 Conclusion

Real Time Model Predictive Control of a Four Tank Interacting Storage System

1 Introduction

2 Model of Four Tank Liquid Storage System

3 Derivation of DMC controller for Liquid Storage System

4 Derivation of Nonlinear DMC

5 Results and Discussion

6 Conclusion

Approximate Dynamic Programming based control for Water Gas Shift reactor

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical model and simulation of WGS Reactor

3 Online Control using Approximate Dynamic Programming (ADP)

4 Conclusion

Comparison of MIMO MPC and PI Decoupling in Controlling Methyl Tert-butyl Ether Process

1 Introduction

2 MTBE Reactive distillation

3 Control Development

4 Results and Discussion

5 Conclusion

MPC for LPV systems using perturbation on control input strategy

1 Introduction

2 Problem Description

3 The proposed MPC algorithm for LPV systems

4 Example

5 Conclusions

Systematic Specification of a Logic Controller for a Delayed Coking Drum1

1 Introduction

2 Systematic Logic Controller Design

3 Example Process

4 Conclusions

A Mixed Integer Quadratic Reformulation of the Quadratic Assignment Problem with Rank-1 Matrix

1 Introduction

2 Problem formulation

3 Testproblems

4 Results

5 Conclusions

Uncertainty evaluation for multivariate industrial processes

1 Introduction

2 Methods

3 ** Uncertainty** module

4 Case Study: a CSTR

5 Conclusions

Frequency and Identification

1 The issue

2 A simple case to illustrate

3 Discussion

4 Conclusions

Real-time optimization of energy systems in sugar and ethanol facilities

1 Introduction

2 Real-Time Optimization

3 Sugar and ethanol energy system model

4 Results

5 Conclusions

On the Stability and Feasibility of Model Predictive Control

1 Introduction

2 Criteria for feasibility and stability

2.1 Computational Schemes for stability parameter

3.Numerical results

4 Conclusion

Studying Various Optimal Control Problems in Biodiesel Production in a Batch Reactor under Uncertainty

1 Introduction

2 Optimal Control Problem:

3 Result and discussion

4 Conclusions

Neural Network Predictive Control of a Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

1 Introduction

2 Model description

3 Results and discussion

4 Control of the SOFC System

5 Conlusion

Novel MILP-based optimization method for heat exchanger network retrofit considering stream splitting

1 Introduction

2 MILP-based iterative method for HEN retrofit

3 Case study

4 Conclusions

Simulation based Heuristics Approach for Plantwide Control of Propane Precooled Mixed Refrigerant in Natural Gas Liquefaction Process

1 Introduction

2 Description of C3MR Process Plant

3 Dynamic Simulation and Heuristic Methods

Studying the effect of feed composition variation on typical natural gas liquid (NGL) recovery processes

1 Introduction

2 Case study

Conclusion

Techno-Economic Analysis for the Synthesis of Downstream Processes from the Oxidative Coupling of Methane Reaction

1 Introduction

2 Brief description of the processes

3 Results and discussions

4 Conclusions

Targeting industrial heat pump integration in multi-period problems

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Example and conclusions

4 Acknowledgements

Thermodynamic analysis of homogeneous non-isothermal mixing influence on the water-using networks’ energy target

1.Introduction

2 The classification of streams and of stream mixing

3 The influences of homogeneous stream mixings on water-using network's energy target

4 An application example

5 Conclusions

Optimal Process Configurations of Bioethanol Dehydration for Different Ethanol Inlet Concentrations and Throughputs

1 Introduction

2 Process Description

3 Results

4 Conclusion

A comparison between the two balancing regimes of the natural gas market in the Netherlands

1 Introduction into the Dutch gas market and its balancing regime

2 The old and new balancing regime

3 Modeling the two balancing regimes of the natural gas market

4 Model results and insights

5 Final remarks

6 Acknowledgements

Model predictive control for BioPower combined heat and power (CHP) plant

1 Introduction

2 Description of the process and model predictive control strategy for Biopower 5 CHP plant

3 Test results of MPC control strategy of BioGrate boiler

4 Conclusions

Exergetic optimization of a refrigeration cycle for natural gas liquefaction

1 Introduction

2 Materials and Methods

3 Results and Discussion

4 Results and Discussion

Theoretical analysis ofa multi-stage membrane reactor for oxidative coupling of methane

1 Introduction

2 Theory

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusions

5 Acknowledgement

Optimal synthesis for the feed-water-heater network of a Pulverized Coal (PC) power to minimize water consumption

1 Introduction

2 Process Description

3 Optimization under uncertainty

4 Heat Exchange Network synthesis for water management

5 Conclusion

Techno-economic analysis of coal gasification based co-production systems

1 Introduction

2 Conceptual structure of the co-production system

3 Modeling and simulation of the co-production system

4 Analyses of the co-production system

5 Conclusion

A Process Integration Technique for Steam System Synthesis Involving Multiple Levels

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Flowrate Targeting

4 HEN Layout

5 Illustrative Example

6 Conclusion

Modeling the dissolution of carbonate minerals utilized in Flue Gas Desulfurization scrubbers. A stepwise titration technique applied to low Grashof-Reynolds ratio.

1 Introduction

Modeling

3 Materials and methods

5 Conclusions

6 Acknowledgements

Optimal Multi-Objective Planning of Distributed Biorefinery Systems Involving Economic, Environmental and Social Aspects

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Model Formulation

4 Case Study

5 Conclusions

Bi-objective MINLP optimization of an industrial water network via benchmarking

1 Introduction

2 Benchmarking in bi-objective optimization

3 Case study

4 Conclusion

A Graphical Approach to Optimal Source-Sink Matching in Carbon Capture and Storage Systems with Reservoir Capacity and Injection Rate Constraints

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Methodology

4 Case Study

5 Conclusion

Fugitive Emission Reduction through Optimization

1 Introduction

2 Development of fugitive emissions mitigation model

3 Results and Discussions

4 Conclusion

Process modeling and economic analysis of microalgal systems for CO2 capture and production of chemicals

1 Introduction

2 Model Development and Analytical Methodology

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusions

Sustainability Assessment of CO2 Capture Process in the Preliminary Process Design

1 Introduction

2 Sustainability Assessments

3 Conclusions

Characterization of moisture and free air space effects and the optimal operation of a composting process for minimal waste and energy use

1 Introduction

2 Process Description

3 Emission of Exhaust Gases

4 Conclusion

Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Process with Aqueous MEA

1 Introduction

2 Typical CO2 Capture Process using Aqueous MEA

3 Advanced MEA Process using a Phases Separation Heat Exchanger

4 Simulation Results

5 Conclusion

6 Acknowledgement

A superstructure model of water-using network synthesis with multiple contaminants for batch processes and its solution

1 Introduction

2.Model Establishment and Solution

3 Case study

4 Conclusions

Effects of greenhouse gas emission on decentralized wastewater treatment and reuse system

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Case Study

4 Conclusions

Nomenclature

Optimal Membrane Desalination Network Synthesis with Detailed Water Quality Information

1 Introduction

2 Synthesis Approach

3 Accounting multiple water quality parameters

4 Accounting for boron removal requirements

5 Enhanced economical assessment considerations

6 Mathematical Formulation & Implementation

7 Case Study

7 Conclusions

Modeling and Simulation of CO2 Absorption with Amine Component Solvent

1.1 Introduction

2 Thermodynamic Model

3 Process simulation

4 Conclusions

Life cycle assessment of coal-based methanol

1 Introduction

2 Goal and scope definition

3 Inventory analysis

4 Impact assessment

5 Conclusion

Information integration

1 Introduction

2 D-higraph functional modeling methodology

3 Information integration tool

4 Application

5 Conclusions

Nonlinear Design of Stimulus Experiments for Optimal Discrimination of Biochemical Systems

1 Introduction

2 Approach

3 Numerical Analysis

4 Conclusion

Multi-scale modeling for prediction of distributed cellular properties in response to substrate spatial gradients in a continuously run microreactor

1 Introduction

2 Case Study

3 Model Description

4 Results and Discussion

5 Conclusions

Development of an integrated model for cobalt solvent extraction using Cyanex 272

1 Solvent Extraction modelling background

2 Experimental

3 Model Construction

4 Future work

Fast simulation of annual optical efficiency of solar tower power plant

1 Introduction

2 The numerical model of the optical efficiency

3 Implementation details

4 Simulation Results

5 Conclusion

A Numerical Analysis for Total Site Sensitivity

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Demonstration **Case Study**

4 Conclusion

Study on a New type of Gas–liquid Cyclone used in COIL

1 Introduction

2 Device structure and simulation conditions

3 Result and discussion

4 Reaction research

5 Conclusion

Trend analysis for studies of knowledge flow in research on polymeric materials

1 Introduction

2 Method

3 Results

4 Summary

Multidimensional Monte Carlo Cell Population Dynamics in Virus Replication Systems

1 Introduction

2 Model Formulation

3 Simulation Results

4 Conclusion

CFD Analysis of Cavitation in a Crude Oil Pipeline to an Oil Tanker

1 Introduction

2 Experiment

3 CFD Analysis

4 Results

5 Conclusions

Utilisation of Computer Science Design Patterns in Chemical Engineering

1 Computational chemical engineering

2 Software considerations

3 Conclusions

NGL Recovery from CO2-EOR Streams

1 Purpose

2 Introdution

3 Methods

4 Results

5 Conclusions

Integrated Platform at ICES Kilo-Lab for Process Quality by Design

1 Introduction

2 Methodological Framework for Integrated Platform

3 Implementing an Integrated Platform at the Kilo-Lab Facility of the Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences (ICES)

Multiphase CFD simulation of an F-T airlift external loop slurry reactor

1 1 Introduction

2 2 Setup and CFD-Approach

3 3 Optimization of gas distribution

4 4 Gas–liquid-solid CFD simulation

5 5 Conclusion

Multi-scale process and supply chain modelling: from feedstock to process and products

1 Introduction

2 Multiscale Process Modelling and the Supply Chain

3 Conclusion

Performance Assessment of Water Gas Shift Membrane Reactors by a Two-dimensional Model

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical Model

3 Results and Comments

4 Conclusions

A Hybrid Meta-heuristic Method for Optimizing Logistic Networks Subject to Operational Conditions in Practice

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statements and Basic Idea for Solution

3 Modified VRP Method with Time Window

4 Numerical Experiment

5 Conclusion

Application of bee colony algorithm for optimization of CCR reforming process

1 Introduction

2 Bee Colony Optimization Algorithm

3 CCR process modeling

4 CCR process optimization

5 Results and discussion

6 Conclusion

A scatter search algorithm for the twin roll caster scheduling problem in aluminum industry

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical model

3 The proposed scatter search algorithm

4 Computational experiments

5 Conclusions

Hydrogen Network Integration with both Pressure and Impurity Constraints

1 Introduction

2 The Method with Pressure Cascade Use and Impurity Diverted Path

3 Case study

4 Conclusion

Modeling and Solving Batch Scheduling Problems with Various Storage Policies and Operational Policies using Timed Automata

1 Introduction

2 Timed Automata Based Modeling

3 Modeling Storage Policies

4 Blocking Reduction

5 Modeling Operational Policies

6 Numerical Results

7 Conclusions

Optimal design of batch-storage network under sporadic operating time loss

1 Introduction

2 Problem Formulation

Steady-state optimization of an industrial high-density polyethylene slurry process based on an equation-oriented molecular weight distribution model

1 Introduction

2 Model development

3 Results and discussion

4.Conclusion

Cyclic Scheduling of Cracking Furnaces System with Real Operational Characters

1 Introduction

2 Problems Statement

3 MINLP Formulations

4 Solution Algorithm

5 Computational Results

6 Conclusions

Thermodynamic analysis and modeling for typical feed-preheating and fractionating processes in delayed cokers

1 Introduction

2 Comparison and thermodynamic analysis of three processes

3 HEN optimization principle through integrating fractionating processes

4 Case study

5 Conclusions

On an Operational Model and a Computer Support Environment for Batch Plants Based on Adaptive Scheduling -Application of simulators to obtain initial conditions for rescheduling-

1 Introduction

2 Basic Concept of the Operational Model

3 Class of Target Production System

4 Operational Method

5 Experiments

6 Conclusions

A Comparison Study of Adjoint-Based Gradient Search Technique and Mathematical Programming for Optimal Well-Placement

1 Introduction and Previous Research

2 Problem Definition

3 Formulation

4 Algorithm

5 Case Study

6 Conclusion

Minimization of storage requirement in a batch process using pinch analysis

1 Introduction

2 Problem definition

3 Minimum storage algorithm (MSA)

4 Mathematical proof

5 Illustrative example: batch water network

6 Conclusion

Targeting Minimum Heat Transfer Fluid Flow for Multiple Heat Demands

1 Introduction

2 Minimum HTF flow rate targeting

3 Illustrative example

4 Conclusions

A Study of Complex Distillation Arrangements for Improved Depropanizing, Debutanizing and Deisobutanizing Fractionation of NGL

1 Introduction

2 Conventional column sequence

3 Proposed base sequence

4 Conclusions

Water condensate collection system by using MINLP model

1 Introduction

2 Water condensate collection with an intermediate heating by using MINLP model

3 Case study

4 Conclusions

Pressure Drop Consideration in Cooling Water Systems with Multiple Cooling Towers

1 Introduction

2 Model development

3 Solution Procedure

4 Case Study

5 Conclusion

New method for large-scale heat exchanger network synthesis

1 Introduction

2 Formulation of the optimization problem

3 New synthesis method

4 Conclusion

Dynamic characteristics of self-heat recuperative distillation process

1 Introduction

2 Self-Heat Recuperative Separation Process

3 Dynamic Characteristics of Self-Heat Recuperative Process

4 Conclusion

Model-Based Optimal Design of Experiments for Determining Reaction Network Structures

1 Problem Statement

2 Methodology

3 Results

4 Conclusion

A continuous hydroformylation process in a miniplant scale

1 Introduction

2 Systematic analysis of the micro emulsion mixture for process and equipment design

3 Mini-plant Design

4 Conclusion

Acknowledgement:

A generic process template for continuous pharmaceutical production

1 Introduction

2 A conceptual generic nitro reduction process template

3 Substrate Adoption Methodology (SAM)

4 Conceptual case study

5 Conclusions

Probabilistic design approach to build the litheness in an integrated process scheme

1 Introduction

2 Case Study

3 Probabilistic Design

4 Conclusions and Path Forward

Integrated optimization of the adsorption of theaflavins from black tea on macroporous resins

1 Introduction

2 Experimental

3 Results and discussion

4 Future work

5 Conclusions

Influence of the organic phase fraction in the biphasic organic-aqueous reactor feed stream on the enzymatic hydrolysis of FAME in a packed bed

1 Introduction

2 Theoretical Approach

3 Experimental Procedure

4 Results and Discussion

5 Conclusions

Statistical Monitoring of Water Systems

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Application Results for the WWTP Benchmark

4 Conclusions

Next-Generation, Integrated Fire Detection and Diagnosis Built Upon the Recent Advances in the Abnormal Situation Management

1 Introduction

2 Fault Detection, Monitoring and Diagnosis System for CNG Stations

3 Fire Detection System Design Based on Multi-sensor Information for Improved Reliability

4 Conclusion: Integrated fire detection and diagnosis

Hierarchical proficiency evaluation system of plant operation for effective operator training

1 Introduction

2 Hierarchical proficiency evaluation

3 Example

4 Conclusions

Simulation study of alternatives for the efficient start-up of dividing-wall distillation column sequences

1 Introduction

2 Dividing-wall distillation column system

3 Simulation of the start-up process

4 Comparison of start-up strategies

5 Conclusion

Model-based system identification and PI controller tuning using closed-loop set-point response

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 New system identification strategy

4 Case Study

5 Conclusions

Optimization and control of polystyrene batch reactor using hybrid based model

1 Introduction

2 Modeling of polystyrene batch reactors.

3 Results & Discussion

4 Conclusion

Modeling and stochastic dynamic optimization for optimal energy resource allocation

1 Introduction

2 Problem description and model formulation

3 ADP-based approach for deriving an optimal policy

4 Concluding Remarks

Seawater Desalination Processes

1 Introduction

2 Optimization Problem

3 Assumptions and mathematical model

4 Results

5 Conclusions and future work

An Inverse Optimization Approach to Inducing Resource Conservation in Eco-Industrial Parks

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

4 Case Study

5 Conclusion

Techno-economic analysis of ethanol production from marine biomass

1 Introduction

2 Process description

3 Materials and methods

4 Results and discussions

Acknowledgement

Modeling and Simulation of Ship Transport of CO2

1 Introduction

2 Description of ship transport chain of CO2

3 Simulation Results and Discussions

4 Concluding Remarks

Design Modification Study on DME direct synthesis technology

1 Introduction

2 Process Simulation Details

3 Result

4 Conclusion

Simulation of an Off-shore Natural Gas Purification Process for CO2 Removal with Gas-Liquid Contactors Employing Aqueous Solutions of Ethanolamines

2 Introduction

3 Model Description

4 Model Performance Evaluation

5 Conclusions

A Comparative Economical Analysis of Technologies for CO2 Removal from Offshore Natural Gas

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusions

6 Acknowledgement

A Systematic Approach for Optimization of an Algal Biorefinery Using Fuzzy Linear Programming

1 Introduction

2 Fuzzy Linear Programming

3 Case Study

Environmental Metrics

4 Case Study Results and Discussion

5 Conclusion

Process Analysis Using Umberto Carbon Footprint Tool

1 Introduction

2 Process simulator approach

3 Chemical Plant Data aproach

4 Conclusions

Efficient configuration/design of solvent-based post-combustion carbon capture

1 Introduction

2 Process simulation

3 Simulation Results

4 Conclusion

Effect of the microfiltration phase on pervaporation of ethanol produced from banana residues

1 Introduction

2 Materials and methods

3 Results and discussion

4 Conclusions

Virtual and Augmented Reality as Viable Tools to Train Industrial Operators

1 Introduction

2 OTS extension to FOPs through virtual reality

3 Accident events simulation in OTS

4 Augmented Virtual Reality

6 Conclusions

Semantic similarity for case-based reasoning in the context of GMP

1 Introduction

2 Semantic similarity

3 Proposed approach

4 Case Study

5 Conclusions

Computational Fluid Dynamics at work - Design and Optimization of Microfluidic Applications

1 Introduction

2 Materials and Methods

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusions

Modeling the Superovulation stage in IVF

1 Introduction

2 In-vitro fertilization:

3 Superovulation:

4 Model details

5 Results:

6 Conclusion

Computational fluid dynamics simulation of the feed distribution system of a falling film distillation device

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Results and Discussions

4 Conclusions

5 Acknowledgements

Author Index

Integration of market dynamics into the design of biofuel processes

1 Introduction

2 Modeling approach

3 Case study: the production of MTHF from deciduous wood

4 Conclusions

Design methodology for bio-based processing

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Case study

4 Conclusions

5 Acknowledgement

Multi-objective Optimization of a Fermentation Process Integrated with Cell Recycling and Inter-stage Extraction

1 Introduction

2 Integrated Fermentation Process and its Model

3 Multi-objective Optimization Problem Formulation

4 Multi-objective Differential Evolution Algorithm

5 Results and Discussion

6 Conclusions

Integrated Design of High Temperature Steam Electrolysis and Biomass to Liquid Fuel Process

1 Introduction

2 Process description

3 Criteria and preliminary results

4 Conclusion

Model-based assessment of algal ponds for biomass production under temperate climates

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical Model

3 Selected Locations and Climate Conditions

4 Simulation Results and Discussion

5 Conclusion

PSE opportunities in biocatalytic process design and development

1 Introduction

2 The development procedure

3 Operating windows

4 Property prediction

5 Micro-scale reactors and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

6 Economic assessment

7 Future perspectives

Optimal Design of an Algae Oil Transesterification Process

1 Introduction

2 Process Analysis

3 Conclusion

Potential for Bio-based Chemicals Production in Singapore’s Petrochemical Cluster

1 Introduction

2 Bio-based chemicals production

3 PLA production

4 PLA supply chain economic and environmental assessment

5 Conclusions

Multi-Objective, Multi-Period Optimization of Renewable Technologies and storage system Using Evolutionary Algorithms and Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP)

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Storage optimisation model

4 Conclusion

5 Acknowledgments

Improved Strains for Biological Treatment of Wastewater

1 Introduction

3 Model Validation

4 Model Analysis

5 Conclusion

In silico Simulation for Enhancing Production of Organic Acids in Zymomonas mobilis

1 Introduction

2 Materials and Methods

3 Results and Discussion

4 Concluding Remarks and Future Work

CFD simulation of cracking tube with internal twisted slices

1 Introduction

2 Modeling Approach

3 Result and discussion

4 Conclusion and prospect

CFD-Based Optimization of a Flooded Bed Bioreactor for Algae Production

1 Introduction

2 Algae Growth Model

3 Optimization Models

4 Nomenclature

5 Acknowledgments

CPFD Simulation for Particle Deposit Formation in Reactor Cyclone of RFCC

1 Introduction

2 CPFD governing equations

3 Simulation conditions

4 Result and discussion

5 Conclusion

CFD-Mass transfer Simulation of an RDC Column

1 Introduction

2 Numerical Background

3 Droplet Size Calculation

4 Mesh Generation and Simulation Setup

5 Simulation Results and Discussion

6 Conclusion and Outlook

Estimation of Primary Variables from Combination of Secondary Measurements

1 Introduction

2 Loss method for estimation

3 Partial Least Square (PLS) Method

4 Kalman filtering

5 Example

6 Conclusions

Validation of an absorber model of carbon dioxide capture in an aqueous amine solvent developed based on the SAFT-VR framework

1 Introduction

2 Proposed model of a CO2 absorber

3 Model Validation

4 Results

5 Conclusions

EM Algorithm for Parameter Estimation in Batch Process

1 Introduction

2 Maximum likelihood estimation

3 Implementation of EM algorithm for parameter estimation

4 Simulation

5 Conclusion

6 Acknowledgements

Continuous Discrete Unscented Kalman Filtering for Nonlinear Differential Algebraic Equations Systems

1 Introduction

2 Continuous Discrete Unscented Kalman Filter

3 Results and Discussions

4 Conclusion

Systematic identification of crystallization kinetics within a generic modelling framework

1 Introduction

2 Systematic identification of crystallization kinetics

3 Application of the systematic identification framework

4 Conclusions

Generation of first and higher order derivative information out of the documentation level

1 Introduction

2 Modeling in the documentation level with MOSAIC and derivatives

3 Some numerical results

Dynamic Model Identification with Uncertain Process Variables using Fuzzy Inference System

1 Introduction

2 Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) and dynamic uncertainty

3 Results

4 Conclusion

Coalescence Parameter Estimation in Liquid Extraction Column using OPOSPM

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical Model and Parameter Estimation

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusions

Constraint Programming based Input Signal Design for System Identification

1 Introduction

2 Constraint Programming

3 Input signal Design - Problem Formulation:

4 Results & Discussion

Industry Embedded Training in (Bio)Process Systems

1 Introduction

2 Programme Objectives

3 Programme Design

4 Programme Recruitment

5 Concluding Comments

Chemical Engineering Education and Industry Megatrends

1 Introduction to Paradigms and Megatrends in Chemical Engineering

2 Predicting the Future Megatrends and Paradigms

3 Profile of the Future Chemical Engineering Professional

4 Teaching Chemical Engineers to Face the Challenges of the Future

5 Conclusion and discussions

Use of Podcasts for Teaching Process Control

1 Introduction

2 Development of Podcasts

3 Classroom Implementation

4 Assessment

5 Conclusions

6 Acknowledgment

Synthesis of Heat-Integrated Resource Conservation Networks

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Model Formulation

4 Case Study

5 Conclusion

Impacts of equipment off-design characteristics on the optimal design and operation of combined cooling, heating and power systems

1 Introduction

2 System configuration of a CCHP system

3 Mathematical formulation of the optimization models

4 Case study

5 Results and discussions

6 Conclusions

Storage of Renewable Energies via Chemical Conversion using CO2

1 Introduction

2 Methanation Process

3 Modeling

4 Optimization

5 Results

6 Outlook

Integrated Biomass Power Plant and Storage for Peak Load Management

1 Introduction

2 Distributed Energy System

3 Mathematical Model

4 Results and Discussions

5 Conclusion

An optimization procedure for retrofitting process energy systems in refineries

1 Introduction

2 The procedure of total site optimization

3 Example

4 Conclusions

Optimization of Performance of Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) Stack using Reduced Order Model with Integrated Space Marching and Electrolyte Concentration Inferencing

1 Introduction

2 Pafc – Working Principle

3 Hierarchical Optimizer for Pafc Stack

4 Structural Blocks for Optimization

5 Optimization Results

Conclusions

Platform development for studying integrated energy conversion processes

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Application: Power plant with CO2 capture

4 Conclusion

Robust Optimization of Microgrids - An Application to Taichung Industrial Park

1 Introduction

2 Proposed Microgrid Model

3 Taichung Industrial Park, Taiwan

4 Results and Conclusion

An optimization of the food quality products throughout the supply chain

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical Model

3 Sample Results

4 Conclusion

Single- & Multi-site Production & Distribution Planning in Food Processing Industries

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical Formulation

3 Case Study

4 Concluding Remarks

Hybrid Approach for Multi-stage Logistics Network Optimization under Disruption Risk

1 Introduction

2 Problem Formulation

3 Hybrid Approach for Solution

4 Numerical Experiment

5 Conclusion

Supply Chain Optimization of Biomass Production Improvement

1 Introduction

2 Model Development

3 Result Analysis

4 Conclusion

Modular Optimization Approach for Process Synthesis and Integration of an Integrated Biorefinery

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Study Case

4.Result and Discussion

5.Conclusion

Integrated production and distribution management with cross docking in supply chains

1 Introduction

2 Problem Description

3 Problem Formulation

4 Computational Results

5 Conclusions

6 Acknowledgements

Semantically-enabled Formalisation to Support and Automate the Application of Industrial Symbiosis

1 Introduction

2 Use Case Validation

3 Conclusions and Future Work

Modeling and Optimization of Superstructure-based Stochastic Programs for Risk-aware Decision Support

1 Introduction

2 Modeling Approach

3 Case Study: Electric Grid Operation and Planning

4 Summary

Accessing Direct and Indirect Effects within a LCA Based Multiobjective Synthesis of Bioproducts Supply Chains

1 Introduction

2 Direct, Indirect and Total Effects

3 Industrial Case Study of Biogas Processes

4 Conclusion

Mitigating Supply Disruption for a Global Chemical Supply Chain-Application of Agent-based Modeling

1 Introduction

2 Simulation-based Risk Analysis Approach

Generating disruption scenarios:

Defining possible mitigation actions:

Evaluating SC performance with Agent-based Model:

Analysing the simulation results:

3 An Illustrative Case

4 Concluding Remarks

A Novel Multi-Grid Formulation for Scheduling Semi-Continuous Plants

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 MILP Formulation

4 Numerical Evaluation

5 Conclusion

A Continuous-Time Approach for Scheduling Bidirectional Pipeline Operations

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical Formulation

3 Case study

4 Conclusions

An iterative MILP-based approach to automated multi-product multi-stage manufacturing systems

1 Introduction

2 Flow shop MILP-based model

3 Two-Stage MILP-based solution approach

4 Application example

5 Conclusions

6 Acknowledgments

Integrated Scheduling and Control of Continuous-Time Blending Processes

1 Introduction

2 Problem class

3 Problem formulation

4 Case Study

5 Conclusions

De-risking Scale-up of a High Shear Wet Granulation Process Using Latent Variable Modeling and Near Infrared Spectroscopy

1 Introduction

2 Modeling methodology

3 Experimental

4 Results

5 Conclusion

Performance Assessment and Benchmarking of Desalination Plants

1 Introduction

2 Energy Assessment and Benchmarking - Methodology

3 MSF Desalination Plant

4 Case Study Results

5 Conclusions

Process Modeling of Bio-Based Production on Interdisciplinary Analysis across Agriculture and Engineering

1 Introduction

2 Specification of modeling requirement

3 Case study: Sugarcane-derived ethanol production

4 Discussion and conclusion

Planning and Scheduling as a Part of a Control System - Implementation Aspects

1 Introduction

2 Production environment

3 Example cases

4 Conclusions

Advances in Procedural Automation in the Chemical Industry

The Chemical Industry- The tale of two business drivers and production systems.

1 Advances in Procedural Operations in Specialty and Fine Chemicals

2 Safety, Operational efficiency, and aging workforce - Bulk Chemicals emerging focus on procedural operations

3 The emergence of a procedural automation standard for the continuous process industries

4 Application of Procedural Automation & Case Example

5 Conclusion

Retrofit design of a pharmaceutical batch process improving green process chemistry & engineering principles

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Case study

4 Results

Parallel design of pharmacodynamic experiments for the identification of antimicrobial-resistant bacterial population models

1 Introduction

2 The methodology

3 Case study

4 Final remarks

Integral Formulation of the Smoluchowski Coagulation Equation using the Cumulative Quadrature Method of Moments (CQMOM)

1 Introduction

2 The Cumulative Quadrature Method Of Moments (CQMOM)

3 Integral formulation of the Continuous Smoluchowski Equation

4 Numerical Results and Discussion

5 Conclusions

Capacity Planning for Continuous Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Facilities

1 Introduction

2 Problem Description

3 Mathematical Formulation

4 Solution Method

5 Results and Discussion

6 Conclusion

Multivariate Analysis of API Particle Size Distribution Variation in a Manufacturing Environment

1 Introduction

2 PSD Baseline Study

3 Principal Component Analysis

4 Conclusions

Long-term Scheduling of a Multi-stage Multi-product Bio-pharmaceutical Process

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Mathematical Model

4 Example

5 Conclusion

An advanced model for controlled oral drug delivery

1 Introduction

2 ACAT Model

3 Dissolution Model

4 Results and Discussions

5 Conclusions

Model and analysis of pharmaceutical manufacturing system with government intervention and emergency supply

1 Introduction

2 System model

3 Risk measure

4 Simulation results and analysis

5 Conclusions

Optimization and Control of Crystal Shape and Size in Protein Crystallisation Process

1 Introduction

2 Morphological PB model and the optimisation problem

3 Results and discussion

4 Concluding remarks

Intelligent Decision-Support Tools for Effective and Integrated Operational Planning in Pharmaceutical Plants

1 Introduction

2 Motivation and Challenges

3 Decision Support Framework

4 Principal Features: PlanPerfect

5 Performance Demonstration: PlanPerfect

6 Conclusion

Embedding Methane Steam Reformer and Methanol Reactor into a Single Reactor

1 Introduction

2 Hybrid Reactor Concept

3 Model Development

4 Results And Discussions

5 Conclusion

Characterization and design of a new crystallization process using a model-based approach

1 Introduction

2 Crystallization Modeling and Experiments

3 Parameter Fitting and Model Validation

4 Process Simulations and Simple Optimization

5 Combining hydrodynamics and crystallization kinetics for scale-up

6 Concluding Remarks

A new graphical representation of exergy applied to low temperature process design

1 Introduction

2 Exergy of material streams

3 Exergetic Temperatures

4 New graphical representation of exergy

5 Illustrative example of using the new diagram

6 Remarks

Model based optimal reactor design applied to a free radical polymerization process

1 Indroduction

2 Model Formulation

3 Reaction mechanism

4 Results and Discussion

5 Conclusions

Optimization of carbon dioxide-assisted nanoparticle deposition process with uncertain design space

1 Introduction

2 Materials and methods

3 Results

4 Discussion

5 Conclusion

Modeling and Simulation of Multi-stream Heat Exchanger Using Artificial Neural Network

Introduction

1 First Principal MSHE Model

2 Artificial Neural Network Model Development

3 Results & Discussion

4 Conclusions

Modeling and Analysis of Novel Reactive HiGee Distillation

1 Introduction

2 Design and Simulation of Novel RHD Process

3 Results and Discussion

4.Conclusions

Simulation and Analysis of Carbon-in-Leach (CIL) Circuits

1 Introduction

2 Kinetics of leaching and adsorption

3 CIL model and kinetics

4 Results and Discussion

5 Conclusion

The Numerical Simulation of Pneumatic Drying of Polycarbonate in Vertical Tube

1 Introduction

2 Experimental Setup

3 Description of Model

4 Results and discussion

5 Conclusions

The OPOSPM as a Nonlinear Autocorrelation Population Balance Model for Dynamic Simulation of Liquid Extraction Columns

1 Introduction

2 The OPOSPM as a nonlinear autocorrelation PBM

3 Experimental setup and particle image processing

4 Results and Discussion

5 Conclusions

The Simulation and Analysis of Coal to Liquids Processes

1 Introduction

2 Process configurations

3 Process simulation

4 Process analysis

5 Conclusions

Agent-Based Simulation Framework for Public Bus Fleet Electrification Investment Analysis

1 Introduction

2 Background

3 Methodology

4 Applications

5 Conclusion

Modeling and Control Challenges in the development of Discrete Microfluidic Devices

1 Introduction

2 Modeling opportunities

3 Control opportunities

4 Conclusions

Simulation of Hydrodynamics and Heat Transfer in Confined Jet Reactors of Different Size Scales for Nanomaterial Production

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical formulation

3 Experimental study

4 Simulation of confined jet reactors

5 Results and discussion

6 Concluding remarks

Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Investigation of a Reactive Hybrid Process for the Production of Dimethyl Carbonate

1 Introduction

2 Process analysis tool for the design of reactive hybrid systems

3 Case-Study

4 Conclusion and Outlook

Estimation of Predictive Accuracy of Soft Sensor Models Based on One-Class Support Vector Machine

1 Introduction

2 Method

3 Case Study

4 Conclusion

Methodology for Emergency Shut-Down of Multi-Megawatt Wind Turbine Generators

1 Introduction

2 Low-Order Model for Wind Turbine Generators

3 Emergency Shut-Down Optimization formulation

4 Optimal EST Procedures: Case Study

5 Conclusions and Future Directions

Data-driven causal inference based on a modified transfer entropy

1 Introduction

2.Introduction to transfer entropy and proposed midification

3 Causal inference based on the modified transfer entropy

4 Case study

Conclusion

Data-based Method for Diagnosing Multiple Blockage Locations in a Microreactor with Parallelized Microchannels

1 Introduction

2 Microreactor

3 Identification method of blockage locations

4 Case study

5 Conclusion

Conceptual Framework for Security Hazard Management in Critical Infrastructures

1 Introduction

2 Characteristics of ICS security problem

3 Fault Tree Analysis for threats of cyber terrorism

4 Effects of manipulation and concealment in a zone

5 Conclusion

A simulation based engineering method to support HAZOP studies

1 Introduction

2 Dynamic simulations based Methodology for HAZOP studies

3 Results and discussions Case study of gas re-injection process

4 Conclusion and perspectives

Optimal layout of chemical process using risk index approach to minimize risk to human

1 Introduction

2 Individual Risk

3 Process Layout Optimization based on Risk Analysis

4 Case Study

5 Conclusion

Optimal channel design and sensor placement in flow distributors for detecting blockage of parallelized microreactors

1 Introduction

2 Flow Distribution in Parallelized Microreactors

3 Blockage Detection in Parallelized Microreactors

4 Conclusions

Batch process analysis and monitoring based on an automatic phase identification method utilizing process dynamic information

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Application results

4 Conclusions

Data driven fault detection using multi-block PLS based path modeling approach

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Case studies

4 Results and discussions

5 Conclusions

Optimisation of a Power Plant Utility System Using Process Integration

1 Introduction

2 Mathematical model formulation

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusion

*Simplified MFE with power-change adaption strategy for the dynamic optimization of HTR-PM *

1 Introduction

2 Opportunity: Observation of element meshes for the optimization of HTR-PM load transition

3 Simplified MFE with power change adaption strategy

4 Numerical results

5 Conclusion

A methodology to forecast the price of commodities

1 Introduction

2 The Methodology

Conclusions

Numerical study of mixed-feedstock pyrolysis

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Methodology

4 Result & discussion

5 Conclusion

Generating operating procedures using a micro genetic algorithm

1 Introduction

2 Problem definition

3 Methodology

4 Numeric experiments

5 Conclusions

Optimal Operation of a Membrane Reactor Network

1 Motivation and Problem Statement

2 Model for the CPBMR

3 Stand-alone Operation of the CPBMR

4 Simulation of the Membrane Reactor Network

5 Conclusions and Outlook

Dynamic Optimization of Solution Polymerization Process of Methyl Methacrylate in Batch Reactors

1 Introduction

2 Reaction Kinetics and Dynamic Model

3 Dynamic Optimization Problem Formulation

4 Results and Discussions

5 Conclusions

Optimization of multi-refinery hydrogen networks

1 Introduction

2 Problem statement

3 Model Formulation

4 Case Study

5 Conclusion

Optimizing the PSA process of propylene/propane using Neuro-Fuzzy modeling

1 Introduction

2 PSA Modeling and Simulation

3 PSA Optimization Using Neuro-Fuzzy

4 Optimization Results

5 Conclusion

Rigorous Generation and Model-Based Selection of Future Biofuel Candidates

1 Introduction

2 Fuel requirements and proposed fuel design process

3 Application of the fuel design framework to the gasoline fuel range

4 Conclusions

Reducing drying energy consumption by adsorbent property optimization in multistage systems

1 Introduction

2 Process description, superstructure modeling and optimization

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusion

Optimizing Protein-Excipient Interactions for the Development of Aggregation-Reducing Lyophilized Formulations

1 Introduction

2 Methods

3 Results and Discussion

Signature Descriptors for Process and Molecular Design in Reactive Systems

1 Theoretical background

2 Signature descriptors for molecular design

3 Proof of Concept Example

4 Conclusions

5 Acknowledgements

Optimization of Product Formulation through Multivariate Statistical Analysis

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Proof of Concept Example - Polymer Blending

4 Conclusions

Control strategies for flexible operation of power plant integrated with CO2 capture plant

1 Introduction

2 2 Process description

A framework for water footprint optimisation in the bioethanol supply chain

1 Introduction

2 Assumptions and methods

3 Mathematical features

4 Case study

5 Results and discussion

6 Final remarks

Steady-state multiplicity of a biogas production system based on anaerobic digestion

1 Introduction

2 Model based approach

3 Results

4 Conclusions

A Unified Approach for the Optimization of Energy and Water in Multipurpose Batch Plants

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Mathematical Formulation

4 Case Study

5 Conclusions

Evaluation of coal-based dimethyl ether production system using life cycle assessment in South Korea

1 Introduction

2 LCA of DME production processes

3 Results of impact assessment and its interpretation

4 Conclusion

Analysis and Modeling of Information Required for Process Assessment on Environment, Health, and Safety by IDEF0 and UML

1 Introduction

2 Method

3 Results and discussion

4 Conclusion

Correlations among Footprints within Biomass Energy Supply-Chains

1 Introduction

2 Description of the Proposed Methodology

3 Case Study of Biomass Energy Supply-Chains

4 Conclusions

Energy Generation and Carbon Footprint of Waste to Energy

1 Introduction

2 Problem Description

3 Utilisation of the waste energy potential

4 Illustrative Example

5 Conclusions and Further Work

Assessing the environmental potential of carbon dioxide utilization

1 Introduction

2 Graphical Targeting Approach

3 Results

4 Conclusions

Simultaneous Water and Energy Minimization for Brown Stock Washing System

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Mathematical Model for Brown Stock Washing System

4 Case Study

5 Conclusion

A heuristic approach to design batch water-using networks with multiple contaminants

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Concentration Potentials

4 Allocation Principles

5 A Case study

6 Conclusions

7 Acknowledgement

Synthesis of Sustainable Property-Based Water Networks

1 Introduction

2 Model Formulation

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusions

Modeling and optimization of water-based polygeneration system

1 Introduction

2 Superstructure Representation

3 Model Formulation

4 Case Study: Water-based polygeneration system in ethylene glycol production

5 Conclusion

Multi-objective Optimization for Integrated Water Network Synthesis

1 Introduction

2 Integrated water network model

3 Multi-objective Genetic Algorithm

4 Case study

5 Conclusions

Synthesis of water networks for processes with mixed batch and continuous units

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Solution Approach

4 Superstructure and Model

5 Illustrative Example

6 Concluding Remarks

Optimal operation of reverse osmosis plant driven by solar power without batteries

1 Introduction

2 RO membrane Model

3 Parameter estimation and validation

4 Optimization

5 Conclusion

Optimization of the scheduling and water integration in batch processes based on the Timed Petri net

1 Introduction

2 Optimization of the scheduling and water integration

3 Example

4 Conclusion

A method to find an optimal draw solute for cost-effective FO(forward osmosis) desalination process

1 Introduction

2 Screening method

3 Mathematical models

4 System optimization

5 Case study

6 Conclusions

Optimal water network synthesis with detailed membrane-based regenerator models

1 Introduction

2 Optimization-Based Model Formulation for Water Network Synthesis

3 Detailed Nonlinear First-Principles Model Formulation for Membrane Regenerators

4 Case Study: Water Network in a Petroleum Refinery

A Stochastic Programming Formulation for Disinfectant Booster Station Placement to Protect Large-Scale Water Distribution Systems

1 Introduction

2 Problem Formulation

3 Numerical Results

4 Summary and Conclusions

Incorporating Complex Fiscal Rules in Strategic Planning of Offshore Oil and Gas Fields

1 Introduction

2 Background

3 Model

4 Example

5 Conclusions

Optimization of Pure-Refrigerant Cycle Compressing Ratio on C3-MR Process

1 Introduction

2 Characteristics of C3-MR Process

3 Mathematical Model

4 Simulation results

5 Conclusion

6 Acknowledgement

Monitoring and fault diagnosis system for LNG fractionation process

1 Introduction

2 Backgrounds

3 Case study

4 Results

5 Conclusions

Simultaneous Optimal Placement of Injector and Producer Wells Using Mathematical Programming

1 Introduction

2 Previous works

3 Problem Definition

4 Model

5 Case Study

6 Discussion

7 Conclusion

8 Acknowledgements

Contract selection under uncertainty

1 Introduction

2 Problem Statement

3 Formulation

4 Example

5 Conclusion

A Novel Global Optimization Approach to the Multiperiod Blending Problem

1 Introduction

2 Multiperiod Blending Problem

3 Radix-based Discretization

4 Computational Results

5 Conclusion

Finding an optimized set of transformations for convexifying nonconvex MINLP problems

1 Introduction to the *α*SGO-algorithm

2 The optimization method for transformations

3 An example

4 Results and discussion

5 Acknowledgements

Structured regularization in barrier NLP for optimization models with dependent constraints

1 Introduction

2 Barrier Method Background

3 Constraint regularization and inertia correction

4 Numerical results

5 Conclusions

A Progressive Hedging Approach for Parameter Estimation via Stochastic Nonlinear Programming

1 Introduction

2 Model Formulation

3 Estimation Approach

4 Results & Conclusions

Performance Analysis of Shooting Algorithms in Chance-Constrained Optimization

1 Introduction

2 Chance Constraint Optimization

3 Result recycling for initial estimations

3.1 Nearest neighbour approach

3.2 Affine hull approach

3.3 Derivative approach

4 Enhanced root-finding using Halley's method

5 Numerical tests

6 Conclusion

Multiple Sensor Fault Isolation Using Contribution Plots without Smearing Effect to Non-Faulty Variables

1 Introduction

2 Proposed Approach

4 Conclusions

Integrated Sensor Network Design

1 Introduction

2 Problem Formulation

3 Case study: Evaporator system

4 Conclusion

Reallocation Index Based Sensor Network Designfor Efficient Fault Diagnosis

1 Introduction

2 Previous Related Work

3 Reallocation Index Based Sensor Network

4 Case Study: Tennessee Eastman Process

5 Conclusions

A Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) Algorithm for Improved Variable Selection in Multivariate Process Monitoring

1 Introduction

2 Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) Computing

3 GPU implementation of GA-PCA

4 Application to Tennessee Eastman Challenge Process

5 Conclusions

Proactive Alarms Monitoring using Predictive Technologies

1 Introduction

2 Proactive Alarms Monitoring Scheme

3 Case Study: A Depropanizer Unit

4 Conclusion

Synthesis of Large-scale Multi-stream Heat Exchanger Network Based on Pseudo-temperature Enthalpy Diagram Method Combined with Superstructure Method

1 Introduction

2 Method representation

3 Case Study

4 Conclusion

A New Tool For Simultaneous Targeting And Design Of Heat Exchanger Networks

1 Introduction

2 SePTA for simultaneous targeting and design

3.Conclusion

Heat Exchanger Network Synthesis Using a Hyperstructure of Stagewise Stream Superstructures

1 Introduction

2 MINLP Formulation

3 Examples

4 Conclusion

Improvement in Strategy for Design of Heat Exchanger Networks using Multiagent Framework

1 Introduction

2 Multiagent Framework

3 Simulations and Results

4 Conclusion

Process Heat Exchanger Network Integration and Decomposition via Clustering Approach

1 Introduction

2 Model formulation

3 Case study

4 Conclusions and Future Work

Controllability of three types of dividing wall columns

1 Introduction

2 Model development and column design

3 Results

4 Conclusions

A systematic procedure for synthesis of intensified simple column configurations for multicomponent distillations

1 Introduction

2 The systematic synthesis procedure

3 Synthesis of the ISCs for a five-component mixture

4 Discussion and Conclusion

Design and Control of a Reactive-Distillation Process for Esteriflcation of an Alcohol Mixture Containing Ethanol and n-Butanol

1 Introduction

2 Conceptual Design of the Process Flowsheet

3 Control Strategy Design

4 Conclusions

Design and Control of Reactive Divided Wall Column for Esterification with Mixed n-Amyl alcohol and n-Hexanol Feed

1 Introduction

2 Conceptual Design of the Process Flowsheet

Results and Discussion

3 Control Strategy Development

4 Conclusions

Aggregate models based on the wave propagation theory for high-purity distillation columns

1 Introduction

2 Aggregate model of distillation column

3 Modification of recovery factors in the group method

4 Results and discussion

5 Conclusion

An exergy grand composite curve based procedure for arranging side exchangers on distillation columns

1 Introduction

2 EGCC and AEDC

3 Criterion of modifying the column stage number

4 Calculation procedure

5 Conclusions

Optimization of Complex Column Networks with Hybrid Genetic Algorithm

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Case Study

4 Conclusions

Using PSE to develop innovative cryogenic air separation processes

1 Introduction

2 An innovative vapor recompression air distillation scheme

3 Plant performance comparison

4 Conclusion

Heterogeneous batch distillation with variable decanter hold-up

1 Introduction

2 Model description

3 Operational policies

4 Rigorous simulation results

5 Conclusions

Economic NMPC for energy intensive applications with electricity price prediction

1 Introduction

2 Economically-oriented NMPC formulation

3 Volatile electricity pricing schemes

4 Simulation results

5 Conclusion

A Multivariable Nonlinear Model Predictive Control Framework for a PEM Fuel Cell System

1 Introduction

2 Experimental Unit Setup and Automation System

3 Nonlinear Model Predictive Control Framework

4 Results and Discussion

5 Conclusions

Online Model Predictive Control of Municipal Water Distribution Networks

1 Introduction

2 Modelling Water Distribution Networks

3 Control Problem Description

4 Demonstration

5 Conclusions

Multi-fidelity models for model predictive control

1 Introduction

2 Analysis of the effect of using multi-fidelity models in optimal control

3 Example

4 Conclusion

A Frequency Domain Approach for MPC Tuning

1 Introduction

2 Frequency Domain Interpretation of MPC Tuning

3 MPC Tuning Method

4 Conclusion

Control Strategy for Thermal Budget and Temperature Uniformity in Spike Rapid Thermal Processing Systems

1 Introduction

2 RTP System

3 Thermal Budget Control

4 Simulation Results

5 Conclusions

Systematic Formalization of Control Requirements using Hierarchical Cause-Effect Charts1

1 Introduction

2 The Formalization Procedure

3 Formal Specification

4 Conclusions

Self-optimizing control for hydrogen optimization in a diesel hydrodesulfurization plant

1 Introduction

2 Hydrodesulfurization plant description

3 Self-optimizing control structure

4 Discussion

Reconfigurable stabilizing control applied to a neutralization process

1 Introduction

2 Neutralization Process

3 Control Reconfiguration Procedure

4 Simulation Results

5 Conclusions

Robust IMC-PID Design for Optimal Closed-loop Response with Specified Gain and Phase Margins for SOPTD Systems

1 Introduction

2 System Frequency Analysis

3 IMC-PID Design Based on Gain and Phase Margins

4 Simulation Examples

5 Conclusion

A New Strategy of Locality Enhancement for Justin-Time Learning Method

1 Introduction

2 Conventional Just-in-Time Learning Techniques

3 Locality-enhanced Just-in-Time Learning

4 Case Study: van de Vusse CSTR

Hybrid Dynamic Modeling of 4-CBA Hydrogenation Fixed-Bed Catalytic Reactor of PTA Production Plant

1 Introduction

2 Hybrid Modeling of PTA Hydrogenation Reactor

3 Hybrid Model

4 Results and Discussions

5 Conclusion

Abbreviations

Integrated Model-Based Support for the Design of Complex Controlled Systems

1 Introduction

2 The Pipeless Plant

3 **The** *Design Framework*

4 Model-based Design of the Pipeless Plant

5 Conclusions and Future Work

Design and modeling of a new periodical-steady state process for the oxidation of sulfur dioxide in the context of an emission free sulfuric acid plant

1 Introduction

2 Emission free sulfuric acid process

3 Model and numerical methods

4 Experimental set up and process synthesis

5 Results and discussion

6 Acknowledgement

Thinking Ontologies

1 Structure is the Key

2 Ontologies are models

3 Discussion

The impact of radiation on gas combustion modeling for a Kraft recovery boiler

1 Introduction

2 Methods

3 Simulation

4 Results

5 Conclusions

Process development in a miniplant scale - A multilevel - multiscale PSE approach for developing an improved Oxidative Coupling of Methane process

1 Introduction

2 Catalyst selection - laboratory scale

3 Reactor concepts - mini-plant scale

4 Downstream concept - miniplant scale

5 Conclusion

6 Acknowledgment

Phenomena-based Process Synthesis and Design to achieve Process Intensification

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Case study

Conclusions

Three-layer solution strategy for multi-objective process synthesis

1 Introduction

2 Three-layer Solution Strategy

3 Case Study

4 Conclusions

Conceptual process synthesis for isolation and purification of natural products from plants - A case study of artemisinin from Artemisia annua

1 Introduction

2 The methodology

3 Case study of artemisinin from *Artemisia annua*

4.Conclusion

Synthesis and Optimization of Distributed Energy Supply Systems using Automated Superstructure and Model Generation

1 Introduction

2 Automated superstructure and model generation

3 Case study: Retrofit extension of an industrial site

4 Summary and conclusions

Design of optimal disease and patient-specific chemotherapy protocols for the treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML)

1 Framework for the design of optimal disease and patient-specific chemotherapy protocols

2 Mathematical Modeling

3 Patient case study

4 Concluding Remark

A Control Engineering Perspective of Calcium Homeostasis

1 Introduction

2 Model Development

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusions

Hemodynamics of cerebral micro vasculature

1 Introduction

2 Methods

3 Results

4 Discussion and Conclusions

Medical Image-based Systematic Design of Human Gene Silencing Therapies

1 Introduction

2 Methodology

3 Results and Discussion

4 Conclusions

Author Index

## Details

- No. of pages:
- 1800

- Language:
- English

- Copyright:
- © Elsevier 2012

- Published:
- 10th July 2012

- Imprint:
- Elsevier

- eBook ISBN:
- 9780444595089

- Hardcover ISBN:
- 9780444595058

## About the Series Volume Editor

### Iftekhar Karimi

### Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Iftekhar A. Karimi, National University of Singapore

### Rajagopalan Srinivasan

### Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Rajagopalan Srinivasan, National University of Singapore