Skip to main content

Unfortunately we don't fully support your browser. If you have the option to, please upgrade to a newer version or use Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Safari 14 or newer. If you are unable to, and need support, please send us your feedback.

Publish with us

Article sharing


Authors who publish in Elsevier journals can share their research in several ways. Researchers who have subscribed access to articles published by Elsevier can share, too. There are some simple guidelines to follow, which vary depending on the article version you wish to share. Elsevier is a signatory to the STM Voluntary Principlesopens in new tab/window for article sharing on Scholarly Collaboration Networks and a member of the Coalition for Responsible Sharingopens in new tab/window.

Quick definitions


This is the author's own write-up of research results and analysis that has not been peer reviewed, nor had any other value added to it by a publisher (such as formatting, copy-editing, technical enhancements and the like).

Example of a preprint

Example of a preprint.

Accepted manuscript

An accepted manuscript is the manuscript of an article that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and editor-author communications. They do not include other publisher value-added contributions such as copy-editing, formatting, technical enhancements and, if relevant, pagination.

Published journal article

A published journal article (PJA) is the definitive final record of published research that appears or will appear in the journal and embodies all value-adding publisher activities, including peer review co-ordination, copy-editing, formatting, pagination (if relevant) and online enrichment.

Example of a published journal article

Example of a published journal article.


  • Authors can share their preprint anywhere at any time

  • If accepted for publication, we encourage authors to link from the preprint to their formal publication via its Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

    • Millions of researchers have access to the formal publications on ScienceDirect, and those links will help your users to find, access, cite and use the best available version

  • Authors can update their preprints on arXiv or RePEc with their accepted manuscript

Please note:

  • Some society-owned titles and journals that operate double-anonymized peer review have different preprint policies — please check the journals' Guide for Authors for further information

  • Preprints should not be added to or enhanced in any way in order to appear more like, or to substitute for, the final versions of articles

Accepted manuscript

Authors can share their accepted manuscript:


  • Via their non-commercial personal homepage or blog

  • By updating a preprint in arXiv or RePEc with the accepted manuscript

  • Via their research institute or institutional repository for internal institutional uses, or as part of an invitation-only research collaboration work group

  • Directly by providing copies to their students or to research collaborators for their personal use

  • For private scholarly sharing as part of an invitation-only work group on commercial sites with which Elsevier has an agreement

After the embargo periodopens in new tab/window:

  • Via non-commercial hosting platforms, such as their institutional repository

  • Via commercial sites with which Elsevier has an agreement

In all cases accepted manuscripts should:

  • Link to the formal publication via its DOI.

  • Bear a CC-BY-NC-ND license — this is easy to do

  • If aggregated with other manuscripts, for example, in a repository or other site, be shared in alignment with our hosting policy

  • Not be added to or enhanced in any way to appear more like, or to substitute for, the published journal article

Published journal article

Policies for sharing published journal articles differ for subscription and gold open access articles:

Subscription articles:

  • If you are an author, please share a link to your article rather than the full-text

    • Millions of researchers have access to the formal publications on ScienceDirectopens in new tab/window, and those links will help your users to find, access, cite and use the best available version

  • If you are an author, you may also share your Published Journal Article (PJA) privately with known students or colleagues for their personal use

  • Theses and dissertations which contain embedded PJAs as part of the formal submission can be posted publicly by the awarding institution with DOI links back to the formal publications on ScienceDirectopens in new tab/window

  • If you are affiliated with a library that subscribes to ScienceDirectopens in new tab/window, you have additional private sharing rights for others’ research accessed under that agreement — this includes use for classroom teaching and internal training at the institution (including use in course packs and courseware programs), and inclusion of the article for grant funding purposes

  • Otherwise sharing is by agreement only

  • The Published Journal Article cannot be shared publicly, for example, on ResearchGate or 

    Academia.eduopens in new tab/window, to ensure the sustainability of peer-reviewed research in journal publications

Gold open access articles:

How to attach a user license

Elsevier requires authors posting their accepted manuscript to attach a non-commercial Creative Commons user license (CC-BY-NC-ND). This is easy to do. On your accepted manuscript, add the following to the title page, copyright information page or header/footer: © YEAR. Licensed under the Creative Commons [insert license details and URL].

For example:

© <year>. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license in new tab/window

You can also include the license badges available from the Creative Commons websiteopens in new tab/window to provide visual recognition. If you are hosting your manuscript as a webpage, you will also find the correct HTML code to add to your page.

Help and support