2010 Nobel Prize Laureates
Elsevier congratulates the 2010 Nobel Laureates and their prominent findings in the fields of Medicine, Physics, Chemistry and Economics. We feel privileged to have had the opportunity to work with several of these remarkable scientists in the creation and publication of their award-winning research. To celebrate and salute these outstanding scholars, we are pleased to make the articles they have published with Elsevier freely available to the scientific community.
2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Elsevier congratulates Cambridge scientist Robert G. Edwards, Editor Emeritus of Reproductive BioMedicine Online, who has been awarded with the 2010 Nobel Prize in Medicine for the development of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), a breakthrough that has helped millions of infertile couples worldwide to have children.
Along with former research partner Dr Patrick Steptoe, their ground breaking research led to the first live birth of an IVF baby in July 1978. The success of their pioneering work was modestly announced in a letter to the Editor of the Lancet in August of that year.
According a statement released by the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine committee in Stockholm, Robert G. Edwards’s achievements have made it possible to treat infertility, a medical condition afflicting a large proportion of humanity - more than 10% of all couples… Approximately four million individuals have been born thanks to IVF... Today, Robert Edwards’ vision is a reality and brings joy to infertile people all over the world.
Access a variety of freely available articles published throughout Professor Edwards’ career
2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Elsevier congratulates Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki for being awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis".
The scientists were honored for discovering more efficient ways of linking carbon atoms together to build the complex molecules that are improving our everyday lives. Palladium catalysts in general have higher chemical yields and higher functional group tolerance. Palladium-catalyzed cross couplings are an investigative chemical tool that has vastly improved the opportunities for chemists to create sophisticated chemicals, directly enhancing product development in pharmaceutical and electronics industries, for example.
The Reactions in brief:
The Heck coupling is the palladium catalysed carbon-carbon coupling between halides and activated alkenes in the presence of a base.
The Negishi coupling is the palladium cross coupling reaction which uses an organozinc compound, and an organic halide to produce a new carbon-carbon covalent bond.
Ei-ichi Negishi, Professor at Purdue University has published in Heterocycles, Inorganica Chimica Acta, the Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, the Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Polyhedron, Tetrahedron, Tetrahedron Asymmetry and Tetrahedron Letters.
The Suzuki coupling is the palladium-catalysed cross coupling between organoboronic acids and halides.
Akira Suzuki, Professor at Hokkaido University published one of his first papers on Pd coupling, in Tetrahedron Letters. He has also published in the Journal of Organometallic Chemistry and Tetrahedron. <link to product pages>
In 1987 Richard F. Heck published the book Palladium Reagents in Organic Syntheses (Best Synthetic Methods) (out of print) with Academic Press. Heck, also contributed a chapter, Vinyl Substitutions with Organopalladium Intermediates to the 1991 book Comprehensive Organic Synthesis, Volume 4.
Ei-Ichi Negishi contributed a chapter, “Zirconium-promoted Bicyclization of Enzymes” to the title Comprehensive Organic Synthesis, Volume 9. In 1982; he also contributed several chapters to Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry, Volume 7. More recently, the author wrote a chapter, “Vinyl- and Arylmetals” for the 2005 book, Comprehensive Organic Functional Group Transformation and “C–C Bond Formation (Part 1) by Addition Reactions: through Carbometallation Mediated by Group 4-7 Metals” for the 2007 title Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry III, Vol. 10. These chapters are only a few of his several contributions.
Access freely available articles to learn more.
2010 Nobel Prize in Physics
Elsevier congratulates Andre Geim, Advisory Board Member to Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, former Editorial Board Member of the same publication and Professor of Physics and Royal Society 2010 Anniversary Research Professor at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom, and Konstantin Novoselov, Professor and Royal Society Research Fellow at University of Manchester, United Kingdom, for being awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize 2010 in Physics "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene".
This year the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for the discovery of graphene, a simple yet remarkable material with very unusual properties. The use of graphene is expected to have a major impact on the development of new computers, electronics, materials and solar cells.
Besides publishing many of their own papers with Elsevier, Andre Geim has served as Guest Editor, organizing several topical issues on graphene for Solid State Communications.
Konstantin Novoselov, contributed a chapter, “Graphene: Electronic Properties”, to the 2008 title Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology.
Access their freely available articles to learn more.
The 2010 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel
This year the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded for two scientific achievements that have lead to practical innovations in everyday life and have enhanced the means for scientific and technological exploration. Elsevier would like to congratulate the winners with their impressive achievements.
Charles K. Kao was awarded one half of the prize "for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication." His interest and enthousiasm inspired and innovated researchers to engage with the potential that was to be found in the field of fiber optics.
Williard S. Boyle and George E. Smith received the other half of the prize "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit- the CCD sensor."
In recognition of the importance of their work,
we are pleased to make the laureates' key articles published by Elsevier freely available.
Charles K. Kao
Infra-Red Optical Communication Systems
Infrared Physics, 1968, Vol. 8, pp. 123-129, J. Lytollis, C. K. Kao and G.I. Turner.
Willard S. Boyle
Transition to the High Field Limit in the Zeeman Spectra of Germanium Donors
J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1961). Vol. 19, Nos 3/4, pp. 181-188, Pergamon Press, W.S. Boyle and R. E. Howard.
George E. Smith
The Invention of the CCD
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A 471 (2001) 1-5.
George E. Smith
Note on Negative resistance of silicon p-n junctions at 4'2K
Solid-State Electronics, 1962. Vol. 5, pp. 177-178. Pergamon Press.