Nobel tribute

Elsevier congratulates the 2013 Nobel Laureates and their prominent findings in the fields of Medicine, Physics, Chemistry and Economics. We feel honored to have had the opportunity to work with these remarkable scientists, either through publishing their ground-breaking work in our journals and books or in their role as editors, editorial board members and reviewers. In recognition of these extraordinary scholars, we have made a collection of their work, published with Elsevier, freely available.

 

2013 Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology

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Elsevier congratulates Dr. James E. Rothman, Dr. Randy W. Schekman and Dr. Thomas C. Südhof.
 
Dr. Rothman, Dr. Schekman and Dr. Südhof were jointly awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology "for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells".

They discovered how cells organize their transport system, ensuring that the molecules produced in the cell are transported to the correct location at the right time. Their findings further show how the body releases its cargo, from hormones to immune cytokines.

Dr. Schekman was the first of the three to study how cells organize their transport system. Using yeast, he discovered the set of genes that are required for vesicle traffic. Dr. Rothman also studied cells' transport system, but focused his research on mammalian cells. Rothman discovered that cells use a protein complex that allows cells to dock with its target membrane. Comparing their research, Schekman and Rothman discovered that several of the genes they had identified were present in both yeast and mammalian cells. This led them to conclude that the process of cellular transport goes back far and has survived evolution cross organisms. Finally, it was Dr. Südhof who demonstrated when and how cells in fact release their cargo after transport. Focusing his research on calcium ions as the primary source for the release mechanism of cells, he discovered that an influx of calcium ions prompts the neighboring cells to bind vesicles to the cell's outer membrane. Once bound, the cell releases the specific molecules. With this, Südhof demonstrated the final part of the process of molecule movement across and into cells.

With their combined research, they revealed the critical process of the movement of molecules through cells, and can pave the way for targeted medication for a variety of neurological and immunological diseases, such as diabetes.

Dr. Rothman was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, USA, on 3 November 1950, and is affiliated with the Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. James Rothman was a Volume Editor for Methods in Enzymology (1992 edition) and is an Editorial Board Member for FEBS Letters. He has also published in a number of Elsevier journals, including Cell and Current Biology, and was a contributing author to Methods in Enzymology.

Dr. Schekman was born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA, on 30 December 1948, and is affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, Howard Hughes Medical Institute. He has published in a number of Elsevier journals, including Cell, Developmental Cell, Cell Biology and Cell Host & Microbe, and was a contributing author to Methods in Enzymology. He has also been awarded the 2013 Otto Warburg medal by the German Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (GBM) for the discovery of the regulation of protein transport processes in cells.

Dr. Südhof was born in Goettingen, Germany, on 22 December 1955, and is affiliated with Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA, Howard Hughes Medical Institute. He is a Neuron Editorial Board Member, and has published in a number of Elsevier journals, including Cell and Neuron, and was a contributing author to Methods in Enzymology, Handbook of Cell Signaling, Parkinson's Disease, Progress in Brain Research and Methods in Neurosciences.

Access a variety of their articles published with Elsevier for free here.

 

2013 Nobel Prize in Physics

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Elsevier congratulates Dr. François Englert and Dr. Peter W. Higgs.

Dr. Englert and Dr. Higgs were jointly awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for their "theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS team experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider".

In 1964, Dr. Englert and Dr. Higgs, independently of each other, proposed a same theory of how matter acquires mass. They believed it was through an undiscovered particle, now known as the Higgs Boson, that all matter has mass and thus, that all objects exist. In their theory the particle blankets everything in a field, including empty space, forcing all matter to interact with this field, thus acquiring mass.

A half century later, in July 2012, their proposed theory was confirmed at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Switzerland. Two research teams, using two high-energy general purpose detectors ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC Apparatus) and CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid), managed to find conclusive evidence that the Higgs Boson particle exists, by extracting it from billions of particle collisions.

The discovery of the Higgs Boson particle solves one of the largest inconsistencies in modern physics. Prior to confirming Higgs Boson, the Standard Model of particle physics explained all but one remaining element - how mass is acquired. Following the Standard Model, all should be perceived as massless which, evidently, was not the case.

Dr. Englert was born in Etterbeek, Belgium, on 6 November 1932, and is Professor Emeritus at Université Libre de Bruxelles, and is affiliated with the Institute for Quantum Studies at Chapman University in California. He has published in a number of Elsevier journals, including: Physics Letters B and Nuclear Physics B. He was also a contributing author to Recent Developments in Quantum Field Theory.

Dr. Higgs was born in Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, on 29 May 1929, and is Emeritus at the University of Edinburgh School of Astronomy and Physics. He has published in a number of Elsevier journals, including: Physics Letters B and Nuclear Physics B.

Access a variety of their articles published with Elsevier for free here. Included are the two ground-breaking CERN studies that confirmed that the Higgs Boson.

 

2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

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Elsevier congratulates Dr. Martin Karplus, Dr. Michael Levitt and Dr. Arieh Warshel.

Dr. Karplus, Dr. Levitt and Dr. Warshel were jointly awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems."

They developed new computer models combining quantum and Newtonian physics. Quantum physics allows for the mapping of chemical reactions on a small scale; Newtonian physics allows for mapping of molecules in a resting state on a large scale, without depicting the chemical reactions. The importance of their discovery lies in using both in one program. It uses quantum physics to display the chemical reactions, obscuring anything else that is not of relevance to reduce the required computing power, and uses Newtonian physics to model the rest of the molecule. This method of modeling has widespread applications in that it can be used to model virtually every chemical reaction, making it a universal method for computerized modeling.

Dr. Karplus was born in Vienna on March 15, 1930, and is affiliated with Harvard University and Université de Strasbourg. He is an editorial board member of Structure and has published in a number of other Elsevier journals including Chemical Physics Letters, Structure, Biophysical Chemistry, Biophysical Journal and the Journal of Molecular Biology, and was a contributing author to Advances in Protein Chemistry, Biochemical and Clinical Aspects of Hemoglobin Abnormalities, Methods in Enzymology and Modern Methods for Theoretical Physical Chemistry of Biopolymers.

Dr. Levitt was born in Pretoria, South Africa, on May 9, 1947, and is Professor and Chair of Computational Structural Biology at Stanford University. He is an Editorial Board Member of Current Opinion in Structural Biology and has published in a number of Elsevier journals, including Journal of Molecular Biology, Current Opinion in Structural Biology,Structure, and Biophysical Journal.

Dr. Warshel was born in Kibbutz Sde-Nahum, Israel, on November 20, 1940, and is affiliated with the University of Southern California. He has published in the Elsevier journals, including Biophysical Journal, BBA – Bioenergetics, Chemical Physics Letters, and FEBS Letters, and was a contributing author to Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry, Time-resolved Vibrational Spectroscopy and Methods in Enzymology.

Access a variety of their articles published with Elsevier for free here.

 

The 2013 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel

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Elsevier congratulates Dr. Eugene F. Fama, Dr. Lars Peter Hansen and Dr. Robert J. Shiller.

Dr. Fama, Dr. Hansen and Dr. Shiller were jointly awarded the 2013 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel for "their empirical analysis of asset prices."

They developed a method of analyzing stock and bond prices over the course of longer periods.

Dr. Fama's 1970 paper is associated with the "efficient market hypothesis" which explains why prices fluctuate strongly; new information is incorporated into prices at such speed that no accurate prediction can be made. Dr. Hansen contributed by creating an econometric method that helps to improve the understanding of how a variable (variables are responsible for the price fluctuations) is affected by another variable. Dr. Shiller discovered that stock prices fluctuate much more than corporate dividends, and his work focuses on what determines asset prices, and how to best save and invest.

With their combined research, they have created a method to make accurate assumptions about asset prices, allowing investors and individuals to make informed decisions on how to use their savings. While this is not yet a complete method, the research done by the laureates has revealed a number of important regularities that can be used to develop better methods.

Dr. Fama was born in Boston, on February 14, 1939, and is affiliated with the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. He is an Advisory Editor for the Journal of Financial Economics, and has published in a number of Elsevier journals, including Journal of Financial Economics and Journal of Monetary Economics.

Lars Peter Hansen was born in Champaign, IL, USA, on October 26, 1952, and is currently affiliated with the University of Chicago. He is a co-editor for Handbook of Financial Econometrics: Tools and Techniques and has published in a number of Elsevier journals, including Journal of Economic Theory, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Journal of Econometrics, Review of Economic Dynamics, Journal of Monetary Economics and Economics Letters. He was also a contributing author to Handbook of Financial Econometrics: Tools and Techniques, Handbook of the Equity Risk Premium, Handbook of Monetary Economics, Handbook of the Economics of Finance, Handbook of Econometrics, Handbook of MacroeconomicsHandbook of Computational Economics and Modelling Stock Market Volatility.

Dr. Shiller was born in Detroit, MI, on March 29, 1946, and is affiliated with Yale University. He has published in a number of Elsevier journals, including: Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Economics Letters, Journal of Econometrics, Journal of Monetary Economics, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Research in Economics, Journal of Housing Economics, Journal of Policy Modeling and Journal of Financial Economics. He was also a contributing author to Handbook of Monetary Economics and Handbook of Macroeconomics.
 
Access a variety of their articles published with Elsevier for free here.

 

Read about the 2012 Nobel Prize Laureates.

Read about the 2011 Nobel Prize Laureates.

Read about the 2010 Nobel Prize Laureates.

Read about the 2009 Nobel Prize Laureates.

Read about the 2008 Nobel Prize Laureates.