Open access licenses
We aim to provide the best choice of user license options which define how readers can reuse open access articles published on our platforms.
- Offer a choice between a commercial and noncommercial Creative Commons license in our proprietary titles. The choice is dependent on the journal in which the author chooses to publish. Please refer to the journal's homepage for specific details.
- Use the Elsevier user license for our open archive content
- We support green open access and accepted manuscripts can be self -archived following our sharing guidelines and are required to attach a CC-BY-NC-ND license.
Choosing a license
Once selected, Creative Commons user licenses are non-revocable. We recommend authors check if their funding body requires a specific license. See the Creative Commons website for more details about what to consider before choosing a user license.
Read, print and download
|Redistribute or republish the final article (e.g. display in a repository)||Text and data mine||Translate the article||Reuse portions or extracts from the article in other works||Sell or re-use for commercial purposes|
|CC BY 4.0||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|CC BY-NC-ND 4.0||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
For private use only and not for distribution
|Elsevier user license||Yes||No||Yes||Yes||No||No|