Key definitions explained

Please find below a list of key terminology used in our Elsevier policies:

Article types:

Commercial use/purpose means: the use or posting for commercial gain, whether for a fee or for free, or to substitute for the services provided directly by the journal including:

The posting by companies of their employee - authored works for use by customers of such companies (e.g. pharmaceutical companies and physician - prescribers)

Commercial exploitation such as directly associating advertising with such posting or the charging of fees for document delivery or access.

Systematic distribution means: policies or other mechanisms designed to aggregate and openly disseminate, or to substitute for journal-provided services, including: