- ABOUT VALUE IN HEALTH
- VALUE IN HEALTH MISSION
- VALUE IN HEALTH SCOPE
- Economic Evaluations
- Patient Reported Outcomes
- Preference-based Assessments
- Comparative Effectiveness Research/Health Technology Assessment
- Health Policy Analyses
- COUNTRY ADAPTATIONS IN VALUE IN HEALTH
- ARTICLE CATEGORIES IN VALUE IN HEALTH
- Original Research
- Methodological Articles
- Policy Perspectives
- Systematic reviews
- Brief Reports
- Good Outcomes Research Practices Task Force Reports
- Letters to the Editor
- DETAILS OF THE SUBMISSION AND PUBLICATION PROCESS
- CONFLICT OF INTEREST
- Manuscript Submission and Specifications
- Data, Models, and Methodology
- The Review Process
As the official journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR), Value in Health provides a forum for researchers, health care decision makers, and policy makers to translate pharmacoeconomics and outcomes research into health care decisions. The goal of Value in Health is to advance scholarly and public dialogue about the assessment of value in health and health care.
Increasingly, health care decision makers and policy makers are seeking outcomes research information (ie, comparative treatment effectiveness, economic costs and benefits, and patient-reported outcomes) that can guide them in health care resource allocation, and in evaluating alternative treatments and health services interventions. Value in Health contains original research articles in the areas of economic evaluation (including drugs and other medical technologies), outcomes research ("real world" treatment effectiveness, and patient-reported outcomes research), and conceptual, methodological, and health policy articles. All published articles must be conducted in a rigorous manner and must reflect valid and reliable theory and methods. Empirical analyses and conceptual models must reflect ethical research practices and provide valuable information for health care decision making as well as the research community as a whole.Value in Health welcomes papers that make substantial contributions to the existing literature by providing new evidence or ideas that extend the current knowledge base. As such, manuscripts should describe the unique contribution of the article and place the current paper in context with prior publications. Value in Health does not consider papers reporting data series or data sets that do not include appropriate statistical analyses. The journal uses the peer review process to assure rigorous and transparent use of statistical methods. Value in Health also requires that papers reporting modeling results include sensitivity analysis of key and influential model parameters.
Authors are invited to submit research articles that are based on coherent models, empirical studies, and theoretical work having pragmatic or policy-relevant implications. Appropriate valuation of health care interventions requires multidisciplinary perspectives and assessment of economic and outcomes data. Therefore, the journal welcomes theoretical and empirical articles about health effects and health costs that strive to improve the quality and reliability of outcome evaluations of health care interventions--contributed not only by economists, but also from behavioral psychologists, sociologists, clinicians, ethicists, and others.Value in Health is particularly interested in articles in the following areas:Country Adaptations' below.)Country Adaptations' below.) click here. http://www.ispor.org/workpaper/practices_index.asp). These Task Force reports provide guidance for best practices across a variety of research areas, including methods related to articles relevant to the scope of Value in Health. These include comparative effectiveness research, economic evaluation, observational studies, patient-reported outcomes, modelling, preference-based methods and the use of outcomes research in decision-making.
Although Value in Health does not prescribe any particular research methods, the Editors strongly encourage authors to review the ISPOR Good Practices for Outcomes Research reports relating to the methods or topics covered by their paper. The reports are written by thought leaders in the various fields of research and are extensively peer-reviewed by members of the Society.Some of the Task Force reports address the reporting of research studies. Irrespective of the methods used in a particular study, Value in Health feels that adherence to accepted standards of reporting is important. Therefore, if your paper reports an economic evaluation, we recommend that you follow the CHEERS guidelines. If your analysis is based on a model, we recommend that you follow the guidance in the ISPOR-SMDM Task Force report on model transparency and validation. Other reporting standards of particular relevance of authors of papers in Value in Health are the PRISMA guidelines for the reporting of systematic reviews and the CONSORT guidelines for reporting the results of studies assessing health-related quality of life/patient-reported outcomes.
Value in Health uses a web-based submission system. To submit a manuscript, please create an account and log on here: http://ees.elsevier.com/jval. For assistance, authors may contact the Value in Health editorial office at: firstname.lastname@example.org.If submissions are larger than 500 KB, they should be compressed using PKZIP or WINZIP.
Each submission should contain separate documents as follows:
- Cover Letter
The cover letter should include: 1) title of the manuscript; 2) name of the document file(s) containing the manuscript and the software (and version) used; 3) name and all contact information for the corresponding author and a statement as to whether the data, models, or methodology used in the research are proprietary; 4) names of all sponsors of the research and a statement of all direct or indirect financial relationships the authors have with the sponsors; and 5) if applicable, a statement that the publication of study results was not contingent on the sponsor's approval or censorship of the manuscript.
- Title Page
The title page should contain the following: 1) title; 2) full names (first and surname) of all authors including academic degrees and affiliation(s); 3) name, mailing and email addresses, telephone and fax numbers of corresponding author (with whom all correspondence will take place unless other arrangements are made); 4) all sources of financial or other support for the manuscript (if no funding was received, this should be noted on the title page); 5) at least four key words for indexing purposes; 6) a running title of not more than 45 characters including spaces; and 7) acknowledgements (if applicable).
Manuscripts must be written in English, typed in Microsoft Word (2003 or later; .doc or .docx file formats). Manuscripts should be in 8.5x11-inch page format, double-spaced with 1-inch margins on all sides and size 10 font (Arial or Times New Roman fonts are preferred). Minimal formatting should be used (ie, no justification, italics, bold, indenting, etc). There should be no hard returns at the end of lines. Double-spacing after each element is requested (eg, headings, titles, paragraphs, legends). The Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations) should be consulted for specific style issues not addressed here.
Value in Health publishes papers that add to the literature in a substantive way to inform health care decision making. Therefore, during the submission process, authors are asked to identify several "Highlights" that illustrate the paper's contribution to the field. Highlights should not summarize the article, but rather should highlight the novel insights related to value in health care delivery that the paper provides.
- What is already known about the topic?
- What does the paper add to existing knowledge?
- What insights does the paper provide for informing health care-related decision making? (optional)
An abstract of 250 words or less is required that summarizes the work reported in the manuscript. Original research manuscripts should use a structured format for the abstract (eg, Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusions).
The body of the manuscript should be divided into sections that facilitate reading and comprehension of the material. This should normally include sections with the major headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Conclusions, and References. Acknowledgments (if applicable) should be included in the title page and not in the body of the manuscript. There should be no footnotes. Figures (inclusive of figure legends) and tables must be submitted as separate files, independent of the main manuscript file. Section headers (first, second, third, etc.) should also be included.
References should be listed in a separate section and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text. Referencing software, superscripts, or any other electronic format should not be used when referencing, neither in the text nor the reference list. Citing unpublished or non-peer-reviewed work such as abstracts and presented papers is discouraged. Personal communications may be indicated in the text as long as written acknowledgment from the authors of the communications accompanies the manuscript. Reference style should follow the AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors (10th ed). Boston: Oxford University Press, 2007. If there are six or more authors, use only the names of the first three, followed by et al. The four most common types of references are illustrated below for example.Journal article: Surname and initials of author(s), title of article, name of journal, year, volume number, first and last page.
Vassall A, Mangham-Jefferies L, Gomez GB, Pitt C, Foster N. Incorporating demand and supply constraints into economic evaluations in low-income and middle-income countries. Health Econ 2016;25(Suppl 1):95-115.
Book: Surname and initials of author(s)/editor(s), title and subtitle, volume, edition (other than first), city, publisher, year.Chapter in Book: Surname and initials of author(s), title of chapter, author(s)/editor(s) of book, title of book, volume, edition (other than first), city, publisher, year.
Drummond MF, Sculpher MJ, Claxton K, Stoddart GL, Torrance GW. Methods for the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Programmes (4th ed). New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.
Schulman KA, Glick HA, Polsky D. Pharmacoeconomics: Economic Evaluation of Pharmaceuticals. In: Strom BL and Kimmel SE eds, Textbook of Pharmacoepidemiology, West Sussex, England: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd, published online May 2013.
Website: WWW Document. Available from: http://www. . . [Accessed Month Day, year].
International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). ISPOR Good Practices for Outcomes Research Index. Available from: http://www.ispor.org/workpaper/practices_index.asp. [Accessed January 1, 2016].
Tables should be clearly labeled, neatly typed, and easy to understand without reference to the text. Each should be double-spaced and presented on a separate page. Statistical estimates should indicate parameter estimates and, as appropriate, t ratios or standard error, statistical significance, sample size, and other relevant information. All abbreviations must be explained below each table. Each table should be numbered and have a self-explanatory title.
Figures should each be submitted as a separate image file; not embedded in the manuscript document or in a slide presentation. Cite figures consecutively as they appear in the text using Arabic numbers (eg, Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3A, etc.). Each figure must be assigned a brief title (as few words as possible, and reserving abbreviations for the legend) as well as a legend. The corresponding legend should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. All symbols, arrows, and abbreviations must be explained in the legend. If authors provide usable color figures with their accepted article, the journal will ensure (at no additional charge) that these figures will appear in color on the Web (eg, ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. However, there is a charge for color reproduction in the print version of the journal. Authors will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for color in print or on the Web only. Please submit image files with a resolution of at least 300 DPI. Line artwork should contain a resolution of least 1000 DPI. Elsevier recommends submitting figures in the following formats: TIFF, JPG, EPS, and PDF. Please be sure to delete any identifying patient information such as name, social security number, etc. Photographs in which a person's face is recognizable must be accompanied by a letter of release from that person explicitly granting permission for publication in the journal. For any previously published material, written permission for both print and electronic reprint rights must be obtained from the copyright holder. For further explanation and examples of artwork preparation, see Elsevier's Author Artwork Instructions at www.elsevier.com/artwork.
- Supplementary Material or Supplementary Data
Authors may submit appendices that describe either methods or results in more detail if these are needed for clarity of understanding by either peer reviewers or readers. If appropriate, materials suitable for Web publication but not print publication (eg, audio or video files, see below) can also be submitted. If you do so, indicate the particular reasons for the appendix and whether you are submitting it for possible Web publication or simply for peer review purposes. Value in Health accepts audio and video files as ancillaries to the main article. Audio files should be in .mp3 format; the recommended upper limit for the size of a single file is 10 Mb. Video files should be submitted in .mpg or .mp4 format, the recommended upper limit for the size of a single file is 10Mb. Any alternative format supplied may be subject to conversion (if technically possible) prior to online publication.
- Survey Instrument
For papers analyzing preferences, Value in Health requires the submission of a copy of the survey instrument (translated into English in case of different original language) used to generate the preference data. This is to help facilitate the review process and the survey instrument need not appear in a final publication. If the authors wish the questionnaire to be published with the paper, it should be submitted through the journal's online submission system as part of the paper. If the questionnaire is not intended to be published with the paper, it should be uploaded as "Supporting Information" so that reviewers can view it as a supplemental appendix.
All authors must agree to make their data available at the Editor's request for examination and re-analysis by referees or other persons designated by the Editor. All models and methodologies must be presented in sufficient detail to be fully comprehensible to readers.
III. Author Anonymity
It is the policy of Value in Health that peer review of submitted manuscripts is double blinded (ie, the reviewers do not know the names of the authors of manuscripts and the authors do not know the names of the reviewers). As such, the journal requires that all identifying information (author names, acknowledgements, etc) be removed from the manuscript file and strictly limited to the unblinded title page and cover letter (which are not accessible to peer reviewers).
For information on Ethics in Publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see http://www.elsevier.com/publishingethics and http://www.elsevier.com/ethicalguidelines.
V. Conflict of Interest and Copyright Assignment Forms
All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. As part of the online submission process, all authors are required to complete and submit the ICJME Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. See also http://www.elsevier.com/conflictsofinterest.
If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult http://www.elsevier.com/permissions.VI. Submission Declaration
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere (either in whole or in part, in print or electronic form, in English or in any other language, etc) without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
VII. Retained Author Rights
As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights; for details you are referred to: http://www.elsevier.com/authorsrights.
Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit http://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies.
IX. The Review Process
The journal has witnessed more than a 50% increase in submissions over the past 5 years. As a result, we now find it necessary to reject many more papers without peer review, including ones that may be suitable for publication in other leading journals. Although we recognize that authors never want to hear that their papers are rejected, we also know that they value a fast response time. That said, the Editors strive to return decisions on papers that not sent out for peer review within 2 weeks.
Value in Health expects the highest ethical standards from their authors, reviewers, and editors when conducting research, submitting papers, and throughout the entire peer-review process. Value in Health subscribes to the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE) and supports COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers.X. Author Tracking Services
Authors may track accepted articles at http://www.elsevier.com/trackarticle and set up e-mail alerts to inform them when an article's status has changed. Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, will be provided by the publisher.
Proofs will be sent electronically to the Authors to be carefully checked for printer's errors. Substantive changes or additions to the edited manuscript cannot be allowed at this stage. Corrected proofs should be returned to the publisher within 48 hours.
The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use.