Guide for Authors

All journal information and instructions compiled in one document (PDF) in just one mouse-click Author information pack

INTRODUCTION
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
• Declaration of interest
• Submission declaration
• Contributors
• Authorship
• Changes to authorship
• Role of the funding source
• Submission
• EVISE
PREPARATION
• Artwork
• References
• Non-standard reference style
• AudioSlides
AFTER ACCEPTANCE



The Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual is a companion to Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. The Annual focuses on the most significant developments in pediatric cardiac surgery, providing coverage of new procedural and technological advances. Each annual volume contains submissions by prominent surgeons who presented their findings during the Post-Graduate Course of the AATS Annual Meeting from the previous year.



2017 Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual

Editor's Contact Information

Charles D. Fraser, MD

Texas Children's Hospital

Congenital Heart Surgery

6621 Fannin, WT19345H

Houston, TX 77030

cdfraser@texaschildrens.org

Ethics in publishing

Please visit our Publishing Ethics and Policies and Ethics pages for additional information. Human and animal rights

If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans; Directive 2010/63/EU) for animal experiments; or the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed. Declaration of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. If there are no conflicts of interest then please state this: 'Conflicts of interest: none'. More information.

Submission declaration

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' section of our ethics policy for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

Submission of an article implies the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, please review our Policies for additional information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

Contributors

Each author is required to declare his or her individual contribution to the article: all authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.

Authorship

All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted.

Changes to authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

Elsevier supports responsible sharing
Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Funding body agreements and policies
Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some funding bodies will reimburse the author for the Open Access Publication Fee. Details of existing agreements are available online.

Elsevier Publishing Campus
The Elsevier Publishing Campus (www.publishingcampus.com) is an online platform offering free lectures, interactive training and professional advice to support you in publishing your research. The College of Skills training offers modules on how to prepare, write and structure your article and explains how editors will look at your paper when it is submitted for publication. Use these resources, and more, to ensure that your submission will be the best that you can make it.

Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop.

Submission

Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word, LaTeX) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.

EVISE

Please submit your article here through our new EVISE site where you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts source files to a single PDF file of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail through EVISE.

Please note: Even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF files at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. Referees
Please submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential referees. For more details, visit our Support site. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.

Use of word processing software
It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier). Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic artwork.
To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

Essential Title Page Information

  • Title: Provide a concise, informative title with no unnecessary words. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  • Author Names and Affiliations: Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
  • Corresponding Author: Please provide the complete name, address, telephone number, and e-mail address of the corresponding author that will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
  • Present/Permanent Address: If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
  • Conflict of Interest Statement: All possible conflicts of interest(s) for the work must be listed on the title page, including a statement that there is no conflict if that is the case.

Abstract

A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, references should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. Central Picture

The authors should submit only one picture which can be a separate illustration or one of their figures that summarizes an important component of their manuscript to be used as the central picture. The central picture should be only one panel of multi-paneled figure. The purpose of the illustration is to provide a snapshot of the paper with a single memorable visual image.

This figure will appear on the first page of the manuscript and in both the print and electronic tables of contents. The central picture and legend are required. For the best central picture results, please consider the following criteria:

  • Color is required for all figures
  • The size of the central picture is approximately 2" high by 1.5" wide
  • Select only a single frame from a multi-section figure
  • Author photo(s) are acceptable central pictures; provide author name as figure legend
  • Text pictures are discouraged and if submitted should have a minimum number of words because text is not legible at thumbnail size
  • If the central picture is also submitted as a figure, then it must be cited in your manuscript text and a full length figure legend should be included

Central Picture Legend

The central picture should be accompanied by an abbreviated legend; the legend has an absolute limit of 90 characters including spaces. Provide the abbreviated legend in the legend section of the paper. If a photo of the author(s) is used as the central picture, please provide the author name(s) as the legend.

Central Message

The central message contains the essence of the manuscript; the message of the paper. There is an absolute limit of 200 characters including spaces. It is often identical to the conclusions of the abstract. Once the essence is written, the entire manuscript - tables, figures and text - should be sharply focused on those results that are supportive of the paper's message. Other information should be either included in appendices (electronic only) or eliminated altogether. The central message will be included immediately beneath the title of the paper in the table of contents and on the first page of accepted manuscripts.

Subdivision - Numbered Sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and Methods

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Theory/calculation

A theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Results

Results should be clear and concise.

Discussion

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined results and discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. Conclusions

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a discussion or results and discussion section.

Appendices

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc. Footnotes
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors can build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Otherwise, please indicate the position of footnotes in the text and list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.

Artwork

Electronic artwork

A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website.

General Points

  • Use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
  • Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option.
  • Use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use similar looking fonts.
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
  • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
  • Provide captions to illustrations separately.
  • Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version.
  • Submit each illustration as a separate file.
Formats

If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format.

Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats:

EPS or PDF

  • Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
TIFF or JPEG
  • Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
  • Bitmapped (pure black and white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
  • Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.

Please DO NOT:

  • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors.
  • Supply files that are too low in resolution.
  • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.
Color artwork

Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF or JPEG, EPS or PDF, or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge that these figures will appear in color on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version.

For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for color: in print or on the Web only. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please review the Artwork and Media Instructions.

Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting color figures to 'grey scale' (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) please submit additional usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations. Illustration Services

Elsevier's WebShop offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript concerned about the quality of the images. Elsevier's expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, tables and graphs. Image 'polishing' is also available, where our illustrators take your image(s) and improve them to a professional standard. Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Figure captions
Ensure each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should include a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum, but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Tables

Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure the data presented in tables does not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Tables must be submitted in a Microsoft Word file.



Permission to Reproduce Published Material

If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. Permission requests from third party publications may incur costs, which will be made evident in the Copyright Clearance Center; the associated costs are the responsibility of the author.

References

Non-standard reference style

Reference numbers in the text must follow numerical order and should be consistently enclosed in parentheses or superscripted. References are listed in the order in which they are referred to in the text, not in alphabetical order; they must follow the style of the samples below.

Please note: Manuscripts in press may be referenced; however, manuscripts that have been submitted for publication, but not yet accepted, should not be referenced. All references must be complete when the manuscript is submitted. Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.

Journal article, one author:

1. Doty DB: Aortic valve replacement with homograft and autograft. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 8:249-258, 1996

Journal article, two or three authors:

2. Cooper JD, Patterson GA, Trulock EP: Results single and bilateral lung transplantation in 131 consecutive patients. J. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 107:460-471, 1994

Journal article, more than three authors:

3. Elkins RC, Knott-Craig CJ, Ward KE, et al: Pulmonary autograft in children: Realized growth potential Ann Thorac Surg 57:1387-1394, 1994

Journal article in press:

4. Alvarez JM, Quiney NF, McMillan D., et al: The use of ultra -low dose aprotinin to reduce blood loss in cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vas Anesth (in press)

Complete book:

5. Kirklin JW, Barratt-Boyce BJ: Cardiac Surgery (ed 2). New York, NY, Churchill Livingstone, 1993

Chapter of book:

6. Castenada AR, Jonas RA, Mayer JE Jr, et al: Pediatric valve replacement, in Doe JE (ed): Cardiac Surgery of the Neonate and Infant. Philadelphia, PA, Saunders, 1994, pp 387-395

Book that is a new edition and is in volumes:

7. Sabiston DC Jr, Spencer FC: Surgery of the Chest, vol 1 (ed 6). Philadelphia, PA, Saunders, 1995

Chapter of book that is part of published meeting:

8. Poirier VL, Frazier OH: Portable electric systems for long - term use, in Akutsu T, Koyangi H (eds): Heart Replacement, Artificial Hearts. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Artificial Heart and Assist Devices, August 7-8, 1992, Tokyo. New York, NY, Sprinter-Verlag, 1993, pp 103-114

Paper presented at a meeting:

9. Bachet JE, Termignon J-L, Dreyfus G, et al: Aortic dissection: Prevalence, cause, and results of late reoperations. Presented at the Seventy-third Annual Meeting of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery

Journal article in journal that is a supplement:

10. Mavroudis C, Zales VR, Backer CL, et al: Fenestrated Fontan with delayed catheter closure: Effects of volume loading and baffle fenestration on cardiac index and oxygen delivery. Circulation 86:85-89, 1992 (suppl 2)

Abstracts:

11. Kendall K, Sharp JW, McCarthy PM: Quality of life for hospitalized implantable LVAD patients J Heart Lung Transplant 13:S72, 1994 (abstr 123) Editorials 12. Cox JL: Anatomy of the posterior septal space. Am J Cardiol 68:675-677, 1991 (editorial)



Ensure every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list, they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'unpublished results' or 'personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication. Reference links
Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.

A DOI can be used to cite and link to electronic articles where an article is in-press and full citation details are not yet known, but the article is available online. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article. An example of a citation using DOI for an article not yet in an issue is: VanDecar J.C., Russo R.M., James D.E., Ambeh W.B., Franke M. (2003). Aseismic continuation of the Lesser Antilles slab beneath northeastern Venezuela. Journal of Geophysical Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2001JB000884i. Please note the format of such citations should be in the same style as all other references in the paper.

Reference Links

Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct.

Please note:

Incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.

Web References

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list. References in a special issue
Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.

Reference style
Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.
Example: '..... as demonstrated [3,6]. Barnaby and Jones [8] obtained a different result ....'
List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
Examples:
Reference to a journal publication:
[1] J. van der Geer, J.A.J. Hanraads, R.A. Lupton, The art of writing a scientific article, J. Sci. Commun. 163 (2010) 51–59.
Reference to a book:
[2] W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White, The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, 2000.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
[3] G.R. Mettam, L.B. Adams, How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: B.S. Jones, R.Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age, E-Publishing Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 281–304.
Reference to a website:
[4] Cancer Research UK, Cancer statistics reports for the UK. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/, 2003 (accessed 13.03.03).

Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations.

Video

Elsevier accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have video or animation files they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the video or animation content and noting in the body text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be properly labelled so they directly relate to the video file's content.

In order to ensure that your video or animation material is directly usable, please make sure all video files meet the Elsevier preferred media specifications. Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect.

Please supply 'stills' with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your video data.

Please note: Since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content. AudioSlides

The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.

SUBMISSION CHECKLIST

The following Submission Checklist will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.


Submission Checklist
• Title Page
• Article Title
• Author Information: full name(s), academic degrees, and affiliation(s) of authors including their department and/or institution
• Corresponding Author Complete Contact Information (E-mail address, full postal address, phone number(s)
• Conflict of Interest Statement
• Abstract
• Central Picture and Central Picture Legend
• Central Message
• Manuscript Word Document File (spell-checked and grammar-checked)
• Double-spaced Text
• Page Numbers
• References List in the correct format (double-spaced; separate page; cited in text)
• Tables including title, description, and footnotes (double-spaced; separate pages for each table; Microsoft Word file only)
• Figure legends (double-spaced; separate page)
• Color Figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print (at a cost), or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print. If only color on the Web is required, black-and-white versions of the figures should also be supplied for printing purposes (separate files; properly identified; .TIF files preferred)
• Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest (one for each author)
Permission to Reproduce Published Material or to Cite Unpublished Data (if applicable)
• Informed Consent Statement (in Methods)
• Humane Animal Care Statement (in Methods)
• For any further information please visit our EVISE.

Proofs

One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent via e-mail to the corresponding author or a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs. For this,you will need to download download the free Adobe Reader version 9 (or higher) available free. The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe Reader Helppage.

If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post.

Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables, and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately - please submit all your corrections within 48 hours. It is important to ensure all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.

Please note: Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received. OFFPRINTS

The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail (the PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use).

For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's WebShop. Authors requiring printed copies of multiple articles may use Elsevier WebShop's 'Create Your Own Book' service to collate multiple articles within a single cover. AUTHOR INQUIRIES

If you need help checking the status of your submitted article visit our Elsevier Support Center
or contact Customer Support. Authors can also http://www.elsevier.com/trackarticleTrack your accepted article.