Procedia CIRP is a product for proposed conference proceedings. It only receives manuscripts submitted to a conference that has an agreement with Elsevier for publication on Procedia CIRP. Procedia CIRP is an open access product focusing entirely on publishing high quality proceedings from CIRP conferences, enabling fast dissemination so that conference delegates can publish their papers in a dedicated online issue on ScienceDirect. Procedia CIRP is indexed in the EI Compendex database.
Procedia CIRP will publish papers from CIRP conferences. Conferences should be relevant to an international audience and cover timely topics. Peer-review is under the responsibility of the conference organizers who according to the international peer-review standards may use single blind, double blind or open peer review. For details specific to the conference peer-review process, please contact the conference organizer or the guest editor of the conference.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
Please note that preprints can be shared anywhere at any time, in line with Elsevier's sharing policy. Sharing your preprints e.g. on a preprint server will not count as prior publication (see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' for more information).
Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities. Articles should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader, should contain nothing which might imply that one individual is superior to another on the grounds of race, sex, culture or any other characteristic, and should use inclusive language throughout. Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, for instance by using 'he or she', 'his/her' instead of 'he' or 'his', and by making use of job titles that are free of stereotyping (e.g. 'chairperson' instead of 'chairman' and 'flight attendant' instead of 'stewardess').
Changes to authorship
Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.
Elsevier requires you to complete the Procedia CC BY-NC-ND licence agreement, which you can do online.
As soon as Elsevier receives the final article, we will send you an acknowledgment letter containing a hyperlink to the Procedia CC BY-NC-ND licence agreement transfer page. Authors are requested to assign their licence within 3 days of receiving the acknowledgement letter.The subject line of the message sent to the author will be in English for all procedia titles. Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (for more information see https://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement). Permitted third party reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license (see https://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses).
As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. For more information on author rights please see https://www.elsevier.com/copyright.
Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.
Funding body agreements and policies
Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some funding bodies will reimburse the author for the gold open access publication fee. Details of existing agreements are available online.
After acceptance, open access papers will be published under a noncommercial license. For authors requiring a commercial CC BY license, you can apply after your manuscript is accepted for publication.
Researcher Academy is a free e-learning platform designed to support early and mid-career researchers throughout their research journey. The "Learn" environment at Researcher Academy offers several interactive modules, webinars, downloadable guides and resources to guide you through the process of writing for research and going through peer review. Feel free to use these free resources to improve your submission and navigate the publication process with ease.
Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop.
This is a camera ready copy (CRC) journal. Please obtain the "MS Word Template/Latex" from the conference organizer. Do not make any changes to the structure of the template as this can lead to production errors.
Files should be in PDF format only, converting the CRC MS Word template provided by the conference organizer. Figures and tables should be embedded and not supplied separately. Please notice that if the file uploaded is not a CRC PDF file, your manuscript will be sent back to you and this may cause delays in the publication process.
Papers should be prepared in the following order:
Introduction: to explain the background work, the practical applications and the nature and purpose of the paper.
Body: to contain the primary message, with clear lines of thought and validation of the techniques described.
Acknowledgements (when appropriate)
Appendices (when appropriate)
Section headings: should be left-justified, with the first letter capitalised and numbered consecutively, starting with the Introduction. Sub-section headings should be in capital and lower-case italic letters, numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc, and left justified, with second and subsequent lines indented.
Please do not alter the formatting and style layouts which have been set up in the template document Procedia CIRP.
As indicated in the template, papers should be prepared in double column format suitable for direct printing onto paper size (A4, 210 mm × 297mm). Do not number pages on the front, as page numbers will be added separately for the preprints and the Proceedings. Leave a line clear between paragraphs.
All the required style templates are provided in the file "MS Word Template" with the appropriate name supplied, e.g. choose 1. Els1st-order-head for your first order heading text, els-abstract-text for the abstract text etc.
Click on the existing text and enter the name of the conference.
Click on the existing text and enter the title of the paper using Sentence case.
• Authors' names: Remember to include the correct superscript linking to the appropriate affiliation details.
• Affiliations: Remember to include the correct superscript linking to the appropriate author details.
Insert an abstract of 50-100 words, giving a brief account of the most relevant aspects of the paper.
Insert 5-10 keywords.
Please follow the template style for all the above features.ii. Tables
All tables should be numbered with Arabic numerals. Headings should be placed above tables, left justified. Leave one line space between the heading and the table. Only horizontal lines should be used within a table, to distinguish the column headings from the body of the table, and immediately above and below the table. Tables must be embedded into the text and not supplied separately.
Lettering and symbols should be clearly defined either in the caption or in a legend provided as part of the figure. Figures should be placed at the top or bottom of a page wherever possible, as close as possible to the first reference to them in the paper.The figure number and caption should be typed below the illustration in 9pt and left justified.
For further guidelines and information to help you submit high quality artwork please visit: https://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.Artwork has no text along the side of it in the main body of the text. However, if two images fit next to each other, these may be placed next to each other to save space.
Equations and formulae should be typed in Mathtype, and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in parentheses on the right hand side of the page (if referred to explicitly in the text). They should also be separated from the surrounding text by one space.
In the text, the number of the reference should be given in square brackets. For references with more than two authors, text citations should be shortened to the first name followed by et al., e.g. Jones  discovered that...; Recent results from Brown and Carter  and Green et al.  indicate that (…).
Only essential references, which are directly referred to in the text, should be included in the reference list.References must be listed in numerical order at the end of the paper. Do not begin them on a new page unless this is absolutely necessary. They should be prepared according to the sequential numeric system making sure that all material mentioned is generally available to the reader.
Journal references should include: author's surname and initials; initials and surnames of remaining authors; article title (where provided); abbreviated journal title (in italics), year of publication, volume number and page numbers.References to books should include: author's surname and initials; surnames and initials of remaining authors; the book title (in italics); the place of publication and the name of the publisher; and year of publication. References to multi-author works should include author's surname(s) and initials, the chapter title (where provided); "In:" followed by book title (in italics); initials and name(s) of editors(s) in brackets; volume number and pages; the place of publication and name of the publisher, followed by the year of publication.
Here is an example of some references listed according to the sequential numeric system: Clark, T., Woodley, R., De Halas, D., 1962. Gas-Graphite Systems, in "Nuclear Graphite" R. Nightingale, Editor. Academic Press, New York, p. 387.
 Deal, B., Grove, A., 1965. General Relationship for the Thermal Oxidation of Silicon, Journal of Applied Physics 36, p. 3770.
Footnotes should be avoided if possible. Necessary footnotes should be denoted in the text by consecutive superscript letters. The footnotes should be typed single spaced, and in smaller type size (8pt), at the foot of the page in which they are mentioned, and separated from the main text by a short line extending at the foot of the column. The .Els-footnote. style is available in the “MS Word Template” for the text of the footnote.
Avoid hyphenation at the end of a line. Symbols denoting vectors and matrices should be indicated in bold type. Scalar variable names should normally be expressed using italics. Weights and measures should be expressed in SI units. All non-standard abbreviations or symbols must be defined when first mentioned, or a glossary provided.
Please proofread your paper carefully before submitting as it will appear in the published volume in exactly the same form. You will receive no proofs.Data references
This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.
Include interactive data visualizations in your publication and let your readers interact and engage more closely with your research. Follow the instructions here to find out about available data visualization options and how to include them with your article.
This journal encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages you to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project.
Below are a number of ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript. If you are sharing data in one of these ways, you are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript and reference list. Please refer to the "References" section for more information about data citation. For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the research data page.Data linking
If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that gives them a better understanding of the research described.
There are different ways to link your datasets to your article. When available, you can directly link your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the submission system. For more information, visit the database linking page.For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect.
In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.g., TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN).Mendeley Data
This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository. Before submitting your article, you can deposit the relevant datasets to Mendeley Data. Please include the DOI of the deposited dataset(s) in your main manuscript file. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online.
For more information, visit the Mendeley Data for journals page.Data in Brief
You have the option of converting any or all parts of your supplementary or additional raw data into one or multiple data articles, a new kind of article that houses and describes your data. Data articles ensure that your data is actively reviewed, curated, formatted, indexed, given a DOI and publicly available to all upon publication. You are encouraged to submit your article for Data in Brief as an additional item directly alongside the revised version of your manuscript. If your research article is accepted, your data article will automatically be transferred over to Data in Brief where it will be editorially reviewed and published in the open access data journal, Data in Brief. Please note an open access fee of 500 USD is payable for publication in Data in Brief. Full details can be found on the Data in Brief website. Please use this template to write your Data in Brief.
You have the option of converting relevant protocols and methods into one or multiple MethodsX articles, a new kind of article that describes the details of customized research methods. Many researchers spend a significant amount of time on developing methods to fit their specific needs or setting, but often without getting credit for this part of their work. MethodsX, an open access journal, now publishes this information in order to make it searchable, peer reviewed, citable and reproducible. Authors are encouraged to submit their MethodsX article as an additional item directly alongside the revised version of their manuscript. If your research article is accepted, your methods article will automatically be transferred over to MethodsX where it will be editorially reviewed. Please note an open access fee is payable for publication in MethodsX. Full details can be found on the MethodsX website. Please use this template to prepare your MethodsX article.
To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution. If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is confidential. The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data Statement page. Submission guidelines for abstracts in EES
A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the Procedia for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.• Submit New Manuscript, http://ees.elsevier.com/procir/
• Choose the conference from the drop down menu
• Type in the title in the blank title box
• Please add the first and the last name of the author and tick the box if corresponding author
• Please select the conference name provided in the drop down menu
• Enter the abstract of your article and click on next
• Enter the keywords of your article and click on next
• Please choose the editor for your conference and click on next
• Click on the drop down menu and choose abstract. Attach the file (abstract) and click on next.
• Click on build PDF and submit the abstract to the Journal
Once the abstract is accepted, please proceed with the following steps to submit the full PDF along with the source file. Please make sure that the right conference template is used to upload both files.Submission guidelines of Final CRC PDF and source file post acceptance of Abstract
Once the guest editor accepts the Abstract, the author will submit the final camera ready PDF and source file for review.
Your paper should not exceed the number of pages specified by the Guest Editor.Your original, final, file, should arrive not later than the deadline set by the Conference Organizers or Guest Editor.The review process will begin once the files are submitted. The review process would take 3 months which includes review and author revision. The accepted paper is then transmitted to the production system for processing and ScienceDirect hosting. Any revisions before acceptance will be dealt within EES based on the decision letter sent by the guest editor.
The PDF generated by EES is not suitable for production. To convert the MS Word template file to a suitable PDF file follow these steps:
While creating PDF from Word template the below given steps should be followed to avoid difference in trim size and margins and to avoid decrease in resolution and size of the figure images of the Word template and the PDF created.
Steps in Word 2007 and 2010:
•Click the File tab
•Under Printer tab, select Adobe PDF
•Click Printer Properties link
•Under Adobe PDF Settings tab, click on Edit button
•Click on Images folder under Standard
•Make Downsample and Compression fields under Color Images and Grayscale Images "Off". And in Monochrome Images field make only Downsample "Off'
•Then click on OK and given name of the setting in File name tab and click on save
•Then again Under Adobe PDF Settings tab, click on Edit button
•Then click on Color folder
•Choose Leave Color Unchanged option under Color Management Policies tab then click on OK
•Lastly click on OK in Adobe PDF Settings tab
•Click Save As
•Under Save as type, click the arrow next to PDF (*.pdf)
In Word 2003 the PDF can be created by using “Convert to Adobe PDF” symbol in tool bar or the required paper size can be adjusted in the Adobe PDF settings given in the Properties tab on the Print option. Please follow the above steps to avoid decrease in resolution and size of the figure images.
The following steps will help you to submit the files:
• Submit the final CRC PDF and the MS Word file (or LaTeX) by selecting Article type. Choose the conference proceedings from the drop down list
• Type in the title in the blank title box
• Enter the keywords of your article and click on next
• Please choose the editor for your conference and click on next
• Attach the files and click on next.
Please note that the source file should be in .docx/.doc or LaTeX format where applies. Docm files are not suitable for further processing and need to be converted to the appropriate format, the guidelines to convert the files is provided in the template file.
For inquiries relating to the submission of articles (including electronic submission where available) please visit this journal's homepage. You can track accepted articles at https://www.elsevier.com/trackarticle and set up e-mail alerts to inform you of when an article's status has changed. Also accessible from here is information on copyright, frequently asked questions and more. Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, will be provided by the publisher.All queries relating to the scientific content, submission date and/or page limit should be referred to the Guest Editor. Any technical questions regarding the preparation of your paper may be directed to the Journal Manager.