Guide for Authors

Submission of papers

Please submit your contribution online at Hard-copy submission will not be accepted. Authors of submissions in High Energy Physics are encouraged to provide the number of their preprint article at the moment of submission.

Original material. By submitting a paper for publication in Physics Letters B the authors imply that the material has not been published previously nor has been submitted for publication elsewhere and that the authors have obtained the necessary authority for publication.
Refereeing. Submitted papers will be refereed and, if necessary, authors may be invited to revise their manuscript.

Physics Letters B aims at publising material that is important and will influence research of readers

Types of contributions
Letters. The total length of the paper should preferably not exceed six journal pages, equivalent to ten typewritten pages with double spacing, excluding the list of authors, abstract, references, figure captions and three figures. In the case that more figures are required, the text should be shortened accordingly. Authors should check their papers carefully before submission, because there is no proofreading possibility for the author once the paper is submitted. It should be noted that papers submitted to Physics Letters B should be interesting and likely significantly to influence the research of the physics community.

Manuscript preparation.
All manuscripts should be written in good English. Information on Language Editing Services can be found on The paper copies of the text should be prepared with double line spacing and wide margins, on numbered sheets. See notes relating to the submission of electronic version of manuscripts further on.
Structure. Please adhere to the following order of presentation: Article title, Author(s), Affiliation(s), Abstract, Classification codes and keywords, Main text, Acknowledgements, Appendices, References, Figure captions, Tables.
Corresponding author. The name, complete postal address, telephone and fax numbers and the e-mail address of the corresponding author should be given on the first page of the manuscript.
Classification codes/keywords. Please supply one to four classification codes (PACS-2006 and/or MSC) and up to six keywords of your own choice that describe the content of your article in more detail.
References. References to other work should be consecutively numbered in the text using square brackets and listed by number in the Reference list. Please refer to the more detailed instructions for examples.

DOI citations. The digital object identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly "Articles in press", because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. The correct format for citing a DOI is shown as follows:


For Articles in Press, please do not include an "In Press" denotation to your citation. When you use the DOI to create URL hyperlinks to documents on the web, they are guaranteed never to change.

Preparation of supplementary data. Elsevier now accepts electronic supplementary material (e-components) to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the Author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, movies, animation sequences, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please ensure that data is provided in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. For more detailed instructions please visit our artwork instruction pages at

Preparation of electronic illustrations
Submitting your artwork in an electronic format helps us to produce your work to the best possible standards, ensuring accuracy, clarity and a high level of detail.

General Points
• Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
• Save text in illustrations as "graphics" or enclose the font.
• Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Helvetica, Times, Symbol.
• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
• Provide captions to illustrations separately.
• Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version.

A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website:

You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.

Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalised, please "save as" or convert the images to one of the following formats (Note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below.):

EPS: Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as "graphics". TIFF: Colour or greyscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi. TIFF: Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi. TIFF: Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (colour or greyscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required. DOC, XLS or PPT: If your electronic artwork is created in any of these Microsoft Office applications please supply "as is".

Colour illustrations. Figures may be published in colour, if this is judged essential by the Editor. The Publisher and the author will each bear part of the extra costs involved. If you submit usable colour figures together with your accepted article, then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in colour on the web regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article.

Please do not:
• Supply files that are optimised for screen use (like GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low;
• Supply files that are too low in resolution;
• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

After acceptance
Notification. You will be notified by the Editor of the journal of the acceptance of your article.
Copyright transfer. You will be asked to transfer the copyright of the article to the Publisher. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information.
Proofs. Authors will receive proofs when an e-mail address is available, and are requested to correct and return them within 24 hours. Authors should answer clearly any question in the proofs. No new material may be inserted in the text at the time of proofreading.Author enquiries
Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, are provided when an article is accepted for publication. Visit the web site for the facility to track accepted articles and set up e-mail alerts to inform you of when an article's status has changed. See for detailed artwork guidelines, copyright information, frequently asked questions and more.

Sponsored Articles
Physics Letters B offers authors or their institutions the option to sponsor non-subscriber access to their articles on Science Direct. For more information please click here.

Author Benefits

No page charges: Publishing in Physics Letters B is free.

Fast online publication: Accepted articles will be published online in their untypeset version within five days after acceptance. These articles can be cited by doi.

Free offprints: The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail or, alternatively, 25 free paper offprints. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use. Additional paper offprints can be ordered by the authors. An order form with prices will be sent to the corresponding author.

Discount: Contributors to Elsevier journals are entitled to a 30% discount on all Elsevier books. See