Guide for Authors

All journal information and instructions compiled in one document (PDF) in just one mouse-click Author information pack

• Your Paper Your Way
Introduction
• Types of paper
• Contact details for submission
• Submission checklist
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
• Ethics in publishing
• Declaration of interest
• Submission declaration and verification
• Changes to authorship
• Copyright
• Role of the funding source
• Open access
PREPARATION
• New Submission
• Article structure
• Essential title page information
• Abstract
• Keywords
• Artwork
AFTER ACCEPTANCE
• Proof correction
• Offprints
AUTHOR INQUIRIES

Your Paper Your Way

We now differentiate between the requirements for new and revised submissions. You may choose to submit your manuscript as a single Word or PDF file to be used in the refereeing process. Only when your paper is at the revision stage, will you be requested to put your paper in to a 'correct format' for acceptance and provide the items required for the publication of your article.
To find out more, please visit the Preparation section below.



PEDOSPHERE is a peer-reviewed international journal of soil science. It welcomes submissions from scientists around the world under a broad scope of topics relevant to timely, high quality original research findings, especially up-to-date achievements and advances in the entire field of soil science studies dealing with environmental science, ecology, agriculture, bioscience, geoscience, forestry, etc. PEDOSPHERE publishes mainly original research articles as well as some reviews, mini reviews, short communications, letters to the Editor and special issues. Its areas of particular interest include soil physics; soil chemistry; soil biology and biochemistry; soil fertility and plant nutrition; soil resources and use; soil mineralogy; soil environment and ecology; soil and water conservation; forest, range, and wetland soils; soil salinity and management; soil and plant analysis and technology; and soil gases and global change.

Types of paper

PEDOSPHERE accepts full-length research papers, review or mini review papers, short communications, letters to the Editor and special issues. Authors should indicate the type of manuscript when they submit it. The Editorial Committee may, however, request the authors to change the type of the contribution after review. The manuscript must be written in English and should have been neither published nor submitted for publication elsewhere. All articles will undergo double-blind peer review prior to acceptance. The Editorial Committee reserves the right to make the final decision on the acceptance or rejection of the contribution.

The Editors generally encourage brevity for all papers. A full-length research paper is generally limited to 10 printed pages, a review paper should not exceed 16 printed pages and a short communication and a letter to the Editor must not exceed 4 printed pages, including text, illustrations, tables and references. The total number of illustrations and/or tables should not exceed ten. Editors may allow longer papers if of extraordinary significance and originality.

Contact details for submission

All manuscripts should be submitted electronically via PEDOSPHERE Online Editorial System (POES)---The web-based online manuscript submission, tracking, peer-review, and editorial management system of PEDOSPHERE---which can be accessed at http://pedosphere.issas.ac.cn, https://mc03.manuscriptcentral.com/pedosphere, or https://cn.manuscriptcentral.com/pedosphere. Please refrain from submitting your manuscript by e-mail attachment.

The first thing you need to do, if you have not done so already, is to register for an account. After this, please consult the instructions below to enable you to submit your article through PEDOSPHERE Online Editorial System (POES).

The manuscript submission process starts by pressing the "Submit Manuscript" link on your "Home" page. Please make sure you have gathered all the required four aspects of information about your manuscript listed below BEFORE commencing online submission.

For questions on the submission and reviewing process, please contact the Editorial Office at pedosphereadm@issas.ac.cn.

Submission checklist

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.

Ensure that the following items are present:

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
• E-mail address
• Full postal address

All necessary files have been uploaded:
Manuscript:
• Include keywords
• All figures (include relevant captions)
• All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
• Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
• Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print
Graphical Abstracts / Highlights files (where applicable)
Supplemental files (where applicable)

Further considerations
• Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)
• Relevant declarations of interest have been made
• Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed
• Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements

For further information, visit our Support Center.

Ethics in publishing

Please see our information pages on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication.

Declaration of interest

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. More information.

Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' section of our ethics policy for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck.

Changes to authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

Copyright

When articles are provisionally accepted, the corresponding author will be asked to return a signed Copyright Transfer Agreement (including signature(s) of the corresponding author or all co-authors) stating that all contributors have seen and approved the article and that the work has not been, and will not be, published elsewhere; and copyright to the article is hereby transferred to the Editorial Committee of PEDOSPHERE, if and when the article is accepted for publication.

Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and c redit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases.

For open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (more information). Permitted third party reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license.

Author rights
As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. More information.

Elsevier supports responsible sharing
Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Funding body agreements and policies
Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some funding bodies will reimburse the author for the Open Access Publication Fee. Details of existing agreements are available online.

Open access

This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:

Open access
• Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse.
• An open access publication fee is payable by authors or on their behalf, e.g. by their research funder or institution.
Subscription
• Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our universal access programs.
• No open access publication fee payable by authors.

Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards.

For open access articles, permitted third party (re)use is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses:

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)
Lets others distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), include in a collective work (such as an anthology), text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

Green open access
Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our green open access page for further information. Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications. Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public. This is the embargo period and it begins from the date the article is formally published online in its final and fully citable form. Find out more.

Elsevier Publishing Campus
The Elsevier Publishing Campus (www.publishingcampus.com) is an online platform offering free lectures, interactive training and professional advice to support you in publishing your research. The College of Skills training offers modules on how to prepare, write and structure your article and explains how editors will look at your paper when it is submitted for publication. Use these resources, and more, to ensure that your submission will be the best that you can make it.

Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop.

Referees
Please submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential referees. For more details, visit our Support site. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.

New Submission

Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.

References
All publications referred to in the text should be presented in a list of references and arranged alphabetically by authors' names. The reference list must not contain unpublished observations, personal communications, personal correspondences, unarchived materials obtained from the World Wide Web, etc. "Anonymous" is not acceptable as an author. The author's name (without initials)-year of publication system is used in the text. Please follow the chronological order. The spelling of authors' names and the years of publication must be checked carefully and should be exactly the same in the text as in the reference list. Two or more publications by the same author(s) are listed chronologically; two or more in the same year are indicated by the letter a, b, c, etc. For three or more authors use the first author followed by "et al." in the text. Use international abbreviations such as ISI Journal Title Abbreviations for abbreviations of journal names, and when in doubt give full name of the periodical. The publications in non-Latin alphabets should be translated into English, and for the publications in languages other than English a notation such as "(in German)", "(in Chinese)", "(in Japanese)" and "(in Russian)" must be added behind the name of the periodical, proceedings or book. The name of journal should be given in italic type, and the volume number in bold type.

Formatting requirements
There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions.
If your article includes any Videos and/or other Supplementary material, this should be included in your initial submission for peer review purposes.
Divide the article into clearly defined sections.

Revised Submission
The authors will be requested, before final acceptance, to revise and return their manuscripts according to the referees' suggestions, comments or criticisms for improvement of the quality. Failure to return the manuscript revised strictly following the editor's requirements in time will significantly delay processing of the manuscript. Any queries should be answered in full. If not returned within 2 months, the manuscript will be released, and it must then be resubmitted as a new paper.

Article structure

Introduction
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

An informative, self-explanatory abstract, less than 250 words, must be supplied. It should be specific, telling why and how the study was made, what the major results were, and why they were important. Use quantitative terms where possible. Should not contain full references

Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Results
Results should be clear and concise.

The authors are requested to pay particular attention to the use of appropriate statistics throughout the text. A detailed description of all statistical methods should be included in the MATERIALS AND METHODS section. The Journal strongly encourages authors to seek expert statistical advice prior to submitting any manuscript that has a statistical content.

Discussion
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Conclusions
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Essential title page information

Title. A brief and informative title less than 12 words is required. It must accurately identify and describe the manuscript contents. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Chinese title.Required in case the 1st or corresponding author is Chinese.
Running title.It is a shortened title used as a running head and should be less than 50 letters including space between words.
Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Number of pages, Number of figures, Number of color figures, Number of black and white figures, Number of tables.

Abstract

A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Highlights
Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). You can view example Highlights on our information site.

Keywords

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6-8 key words and arrange them in alphabetical order, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These key words will be used for indexing purposes. To optimize searching, avoid key words already used in the title.

Abbreviations
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

Acknowledgements
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

Formatting of funding sources
List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements:

Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa].

It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.

If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Footnotes
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article.

Artwork

General
Illustrations should be limited to the number necessary for clarity and must not duplicate data given in tables or in the text. All illustrations should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred in the text and should be arranged at the end of the manuscript. The preferred position of each illustration should be indicated in the text. Photographs, charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as "Figure (abbreviated to '(Fig)'. Colour figures can be accepted if necessary, but the authors will be charged for the extra color printing costs at US$ 150.00/printed page with color figure(s). Apply to the Editorial Office for details of the cost after acceptance of your paper. Please note that the printed and online versions must be the same, and it is not possible to have colour figures online only.

Image manipulation
Whilst it is accepted that authors sometimes need to manipulate images for clarity, manipulation for purposes of deception or fraud will be seen as scientific ethical abuse and will be dealt with accordingly. For graphical images, this journal is applying the following policy: no specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if and as long as they do not obscure or eliminate any information present in the original. Nonlinear adjustments (e.g. changes to gamma settings) must be disclosed in the figure legend.

Electronic artwork
Any illustration should be no larger than a width of 81 mm (half-width figure) or 171 mm (full-width figure) and should be prepared at publication quality resolution. Lines should be black, with an adequate thickness (around 1 pt) and curves should be smooth. Particularly, lines of spectra should be of sufficient thickness. Photographs should be of sufficiently high quality with respect to detail, contrast and fineness of grain to withstand the inevitable loss of contrast and detail inherent during the printing process. If necessary, a scale should be marked on the photograph. Please note that photocopies of photographs are not acceptable. A legend for identifying graph lines should not be included in the figure caption, and it should be in the drawing itself.

• Supply files that are too low in resolution.
• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Reference management software
Most Elsevier journals have their reference template available in many of the most popular reference management software products. These include all products that support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley and Zotero, as well as EndNote. Using the word processor plug-ins from these products, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the journal's style. If no template is yet available for this journal, please follow the format of the sample references and citations as shown in this Guide.

Users of EndNote can easily install the reference style for this journal by clicking the following link: http://endnote.com/downloads/style/pedosphere When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using EndNote for Microsoft Word.

Reference formatting
References should be arranged as follows:

For journal article: Sato E, Toyota K. 2006. Application of PCR-DGGE into community structure analysis of soil nematodes. Jpn J Soil Sci Plant Nutr (in Japanese). 77: 157-163.

For book: Van Meurs A P H. 1971. Petroleum Economics and Offshore Mining Legislation. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

For article or chapter in edited books or symposium proceedings: Chen J F, He Q. 1985. Chemical distribution of oxide mineral in soil colloid. In Hseung Y et al. (eds.) Methods for Soil Colloid Research (in Chinese). Science Press, Beijing. pp. 241-303.

For dissertation: Cairn R B. 1964. Infrared spectroscopic studies of solid oxygen. Ph.D. Dissertation, Beijing University.

For web reference: Ohio Department of Development. 1997. Ohio county profiles: Tuscarawas county. Available online at http://www.odod.ohio.gov/osr/profiles/pdf/tuscaraw.pdf (verified on June 12, 2003).

Edited version checking
Before preparation of proofs, all authors will be asked to check the edited version for errors produced in our editing process and typographical or some other possible errors.

Proof correction

All authors will be asked to check the proofs thoroughly for any possible layout or typographical errors before publication. Because of the high cost of alterations, only typographical or data errors of fact can be corrected in proof and no major changes can be included at this stage. Authors will be billed for excessive changes (not due to the printer's errors) on proofs. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return, since the inclusion of late corrections can not be guaranteed. All proofs should be returned to the Editorial Office of PEDOSPHERE within 48 hours of receipt. Failure to do so may result in a delay to publication.

Offprints

The corresponding author will, at no cost, receive a customized Share Link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. The Share Link can be used for sharing the article via any communication channel, including email and social media. Two copies of the issue containing the article will also be supplied free of charge to the authors for each article following publication. Additional copies of the issue may be ordered at extra cost when returning proofs.



Visit the Elsevier Support Center to find the answers you need. Here you will find everything from Frequently Asked Questions to ways to get in touch.
You can also check the status of your submitted article or find out when your accepted article will be published.