Guide for Authors

Always check on-line for the latest version of the Guide for Authors for updates and for additional information regarding changing requirements for video submission. Go to https://www.elsevier.com/journals/journal-of-veterinary-cardiology/1760-2734/guide-for-authors for the Guide for Authors.

MISSION
The Journal of Veterinary Cardiology (JVC) publishes peer-reviewed articles of the highest quality involving research and clinical practice that promote greater understanding of cardiovascular diseases, and enhance the health and well-being of animals. The JVC presents original contributions that cover the spectrum of cardiology including prospective and retrospective studies, clinical trials, epidemiology, observational studies, interventional imaging, cardiovascular techniques, and advances in applied research in animals. In addition to scientific investigations we will publish manuscripts that will advance veterinary cardiology through exceptional illustrations of clinical and research endeavors that provide teaching of clinical material, descriptions of cardiovascular techniques/analysis, and application of fundamental knowledge to clinical understanding.

A unique aspect of the JVC is the integration of multimedia and graphic files that add considerable value to manuscripts. The JVC accepts video and sound files which permits the detailing of clinical procedures, diagnostics, and techniques. (See details under Supplementary Material).

GENERAL INFORMATION

Ethical Policy
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, has approval from all authors and by responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher.

Ethical Use of Animals
Submitted manuscripts involving the use of animals must contain a statement that the work was approved by an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Where national or institutional guidelines do not exist, the international guidelines followed for humane animal care must be indicated, (e.g., National Institutes of Health (NIH) or Euroguide). For prospective studies using client-owned animals, highest standard (best practice) of veterinary care must have been conducted and informed client consent must be indicated.

Conflicts of interest
A "Conflict of Interest" statement must be included at the end of the main body of the manuscript. Each author must disclose if they have any financial or personal relationships with people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) the submitted work. To assist authors with an understanding of the types of conflict of interests they are encouraged to review the Conflict of Interest statement prepared by the American Heart Association (AHA) or the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Editors of the JVC have a completed conflict of interest statement on file.

Authorship
Guidelines from the ICMJE regarding authorship (http://www.icmje.org) are followed. For an individual to be included as an author of a manuscript, the individual should have made substantial contributions to the ideas, study conception or design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data. In addition, the individual must have been involved in drafting and revising the manuscript and must have approved the final version. The corresponding author accepts responsibility for all authors with regards to the ethics policy, ethical treatment of animals, and conflict of interest.

Peer Review
The editorial board will evaluate manuscripts for scientific content, originality, and suitability for the JVC; manuscripts deemed suitable by the editorial board will go through a peer review process. All manuscripts that present evaluation of data will undergo a statistical review. Reviewers must disclose any conflict of interest prior to submitting their review of the manuscript.

HOW TO FORMAT A MANUSCRIPT

Manuscripts submitted to the JVC must conform to the style and format of the JVC. Manuscripts which have format problems or contain extensive faulty English syntax or composition issues will be returned to the authors prior to consideration for publication. For guidance on language editing, including available Elsevier language editing services, please visit http://www.elsevier.com/languageediting. The JVC will not publish poor quality images or illustrations. When such images or illustrations are central or critical to a manuscript, this could result in rejection of the manuscript.

The JVC publishes several types of manuscripts including Original Research and Clinical Studies, Cardiovascular Methods, Cardiovascular Images, and Case Reports. Authors are advised to consult the most recently published issue for examples of formatting specific manuscript types. Authors who are conducting clinical trials, observational studies, and association studies are encouraged to review the guidelines for such investigations which include STREGA (http://www.strega-statement.org - genetic association studies), STROBE (http://www.strobe-statement.org - observational studies), STARD (http://www.stard-statement.org - studies evaluating diagnostic tests, history and physical examination), CONSORT (http://www.consort-statement.org - randomized trials), and PRISMA (http://www.prisma-statement.org - for systematic reviews).

Original Research and Clinical Studies Original research and clinical studies must include at least six animals and can include studies that establish normal breed or species-specific echocardiographic, electrocardiographic, radiographic, and biochemical data for animals. Original Research and Clinical Studies manuscripts must include the following sections identified by headings: Abstract; Introduction; Animals, Materials and Methods; Results; Discussion; and Conclusions. Manuscripts must not exceed 5000 words (excluding references, table, or figure legends). Typical manuscripts will not exceed 50 references and 6 figures.

Abstract. Structured abstract that includes the headings Objectives, Animals, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. The abstract must not exceed 250 words.
Introduction. The introduction should provide a brief and concise description of the background and reason for the study citing relevant literature overview, and a clear statement of hypothesis, and study objectives. The introduction should not be an exhaustive review of the literature.
Animals, Materials and Methods. This section provides a concise description of the study population including exclusion and inclusion criteria (demographic data should not be reported here but in the Results section), procedural, experimental, and statistical methods in sufficient detail to allow other investigators to reproduce the study.
Results. State concisely the results of the study. Present data in the body of the text or within graphs, tables, or figures, but not both. If the authors have large tables or multiple tables or figures that they wish to include but are not critical for the printed version, they are encouraged to include these as supplemental data for on-line viewing.
Discussion. Provide a concise discussion of the investigation beginning with the results of the study. Emphasize new and important implications of the findings, how these observations relate to other relevant studies, and relevance to the literature. Limitations of the study must be mentioned. Excessively long discussions are strongly discouraged.
Conclusions. Briefly summarize the major conclusions of the investigation.

Cardiovascular Methods
This type of manuscript is to provide an avenue for those with extensive experience in performing or analyzing cardiovascular procedures. Such manuscripts should be the constellation of experience and not a single case report. Manuscripts should include images or videos of the procedures and/or the generated data. Manuscripts must not exceed 2500 words (excluding figures, tables, and references) and must include an unstructured abstract less than 250 words. Typical manuscripts will not exceed 25 references and 4 figures. If the authors have large tables or multiple tables or figures that they wish to include but are not critical for the printed version, they are encouraged to include these as supplemental data for on-line viewing.

Cardiovascular Images
Manuscripts for this section will be considered for publication if the images provide insight into clinical medicine. Only high quality still or video images will be considered. Images may be of electrocardiograms (ECG), echocardiograms electrophysiological studies, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), radiographs, pathology, or others. Submissions to this section should begin with an untitled brief description of the case followed by the headings Image Interpretation and Discussion. The discussion should focus on the assessment of the image and its meaning. Manuscripts must not exceed 1500 words (excluding figures, tables, and references) and must include an unstructured abstract less than 250 words. Typical manuscripts will not exceed 10 references and 6 figures. If the authors have figures that they wish to include but are not critical for the printed version, they are encouraged to include these as supplemental data for on-line viewing.

Case Reports/Case Series
Case reports will be considered for publication if they contain information not previously reported, if they have sufficient merit to lead to future studies, expand the understanding of disease, or provide insights to more effective therapies. Case series comprising 5 or fewer animals should also be reported as a case report. The manuscript should be formatted where the manuscript begins with an untitled description of the case(s) followed by a section titled Discussion that contains a concise review of the pertinent literature and clinical impact of the case. Please report institutional or laboratory reference ranges for data when first presented. Manuscripts must not exceed 2500 words (excluding figures, tables, and references) and must include an unstructured abstract less than 250 words. Typical manuscripts will not exceed 25 references and 4 figures. If the authors have figures or tables that they wish to include but are not critical for the printed version, they are encouraged to include these as supplemental data for on-line viewing.

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

All types of manuscripts must be double-spaced with margins of 2.5 cm (1 in.) using Arial font at 12 font size. The text should be in single-column format. Do not embed "graphically designed" equations, but prepare these using Microsoft Word. Pages are to be numbered consecutively in the lower center, beginning with the title page. Use consecutive line numbers starting from the beginning of the title page. Format manuscripts and tables in Microsoft Word. Save your files using the default extension of the program used.

Title Page
The first page should include the title of the manuscript (do not include abbreviations), the first and last names of the authors, their highest degrees, institutions or affiliations, and a short title for use as running head. Diplomat status should not be included. Following the list of authors, present the addresses of the authors' affiliations at the time the actual work was done. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address if authors are from different departments or institutions. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name. Corresponding author: specify the name and email address of the author who will handle correspondence at all stages of peer review, publication, and post-publication. Please state when and where data was presented, if applicable. Only indicate current addresses (if different) of first or corresponding author at the bottom of the page; do not use a footnote.

Acknowledgements: Specify all sources of research support and list all individuals who made meaningful contributions to the manuscript that are not authors.

Abstract, Key Words, Abbreviation Table
Include the abstract and key words on a separate sheet that follows the Title Page. For the abstract see specific instructions under the appropriate manuscript category.

Key words
Provide 3 to 5 key words (no abbreviations) that are not in the manuscript title, which will assist identifying your article in literature searches.

Abbreviation Table
authors are encouraged to limit abbreviations to a number necessary to facilitate ease of reading; do not begin sentences with an abbreviation. An abbreviation should only be used if it appears three or more times in the manuscript, and if more than two abbreviations are used, the authors must include an abbreviations table. The authors should use standard abbreviations for echocardiographic parameters (link), established by the JVC. The abbreviation table should include the abbreviations in alphabetical order in the left hand column (left justified) and the definition for the abbreviations in the right hand column (left justified); definitions should begin with lowercase letters unless it is a proper noun. Please find a link to the table of echocardiographic abbreviations https://www.elsevier.com/__data/promis_misc/JVCabbreviations.pdf

Footnotes
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Cite footnotes by superscript, lowercase letters in the order in which they appear in the text. Indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves on a separate sheet after the end of the main body of the manuscript, listing footnotes alphabetically. If there are authors with different affiliations, present the different affiliations with a footnote immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name. Do not use a footnote for the affiliation address if all authors have the same affiliation. For products and equipment, provide complete information in the footnote, including manufacturer's name and location (i.e., city, state, and country). Footnotes are not necessary for drugs that are available in generic form. Abstracts and personal communications should also be cited as footnotes.

References
Indicate references by numbers in square brackets in line with the text in the order in which they appear in the manuscript. In line reference- example"...measured according to the Smith method[4]." This referencing format is Vancouver Numbered. References must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished observations, personal communications, abstracts, and submitted papers not yet accepted should be included as footnotes. Please follow the formatting guidelines below carefully.

Journal article- example [1] Santilli RA, Spadacini G, Moretti P, Perego M, Perini A, Tarducci A, Crosara S, Salerno-Uriarte JA. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of concealed accessory pathways in two dogs with symptomatic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia. J Vet Cardiol 2006;8:157-65.

Chapter in a Book- example [1] Sisson D. Medical management of refractory congestive heart failure in dogs. In: Bonagura JD, editor. Kirk's Current Veterinary Therapy XIII. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2000, p. 752-6.

Data references This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. This identifier will not appear in your published article.

Reference Style
[dataset] [5] Oguro M, Imahiro S, Saito S, Nakashizuka T. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1; 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/xwj98nb39r.1.

Tables
Data in tables should be complementary to the text; data presented in the text should not be presented again in a table and vice versa. Put Tables on separate pages after the References. Tables must be prepared using Microsoft Word; tables prepared with Excel are not accepted. Use Arial font (at least 10 point); center all data under each column heading. All abbreviations used in a table must be defined in the table legend. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.

Figures
Figures must be of high quality in order to meet publication standards. Each figure should be provided as a separate file. Number figures consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Acceptable figure formats include:

  • EPS: Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as "graphics".
  • TIFF: Color or grey scale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.
  • TIFF: Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.
  • TIFF: Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grey scale): use a minimum of 500 dpi.
  • Save text and graphics in separate layers.
  • Use Arial font (at least 10 point) when text is included.

Supply Figure captions on a separate page at the end of the manuscript. A caption should comprise a brief title followed by a description of the figure. All symbols and abbreviations must be defined in the figure legend. Information concerning the preparation of figures can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.

Supplementary Material
Elsevier accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish background datasets, high-resolution images, videos, animation sequences, sound clips, and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in Elsevier web products, including ScienceDirect: http://www.sciencedirect.com.

Tables and Figures
Background data or data the authors which to present that is not critical to be in printed form can be presented as Supplemental tables which are identified within the text by use of upper case letters (e.g. A, B, C) in the order that they appear in the body of the text. In the text of the manuscript, and placed in parentheses, a statement identifying the table as being available in the on-line version should be made (e.g. data available in Supplemental Material on-line). The Editorial Board may request some tables be moved to supplementary material.

Supplemental figures should follow the same format guidelines as indicated for figures and be identified with Roman numerals (e.g. I, II, III) in the order that they appear in the body of the text. In the text of the manuscript, and placed in parentheses, a statement identifying the figure as being available in the on-line version should be made (e.g. figures available in Supplemental Material on-line).

Videos and Sound Files

  • Videos should be of high quality and submitted in .mov or .avi format.
    Sound files should be submitted in .wav or mp3 format.
  • A Table for the videos and/or sounds must be included and this will appear in the published manuscript.The table must include the video or sound number in the first column, a brief title in the second column, and a brief description in the third column.
  • Number the videos or sounds consecutively as they appear in the text.

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS

Manuscripts submitted to the JVC are processed via the Elsevier Editorial System (https://www.evise.com/evise/jrnl/JVC) which will guide the authors on the process for uploading the manuscript and figure files. Authors may send queries concerning the submission process or procedures to: AuthorSupport@elsevier.com. Authors can check the status of their manuscript within the review procedure using Elsevier Editorial System. Upon acceptance of the article by the journal, the author(s) will be asked to transfer the copyright of the article to the publisher. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. Special arrangements can be made with the publisher on a case by case basis concerning original artwork.

OPEN ACCESS
This journal offers authors Open Access publishing. All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Permitted reuse is defined by the Creative Commons user license (Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs, CC BY-NC-ND). For non-commercial purposes this lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article. To provide Open Access, this journal has a publication fee of $3000, excluding taxes, which needs to be met by the authors or their research funders for each article published Open Access. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy: http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing

Under traditional Subscription Access, articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our access programs (https://www.elsevier.com/access) and there is no Open Access publication fee.

Elsevier has established agreements with funding bodies (https://www.elsevier.com/fundingbodies). This ensures authors can comply with funding body Open Access requirements, including specific user licenses such as CC BY. Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees. If you need to comply with your funding body policy, you can apply for the CC BY license after your manuscript is accepted for publication.

Your publication choice will have no effect on the peer review process or acceptance of submitted manuscripts.

AFTER ACCEPTANCE

Use of the Digital Object Identifier
The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.09.059. When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.

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Proof Correction
Corresponding authors and the Editor in Chief will receive an e-mail with a link to the PDF version of your manuscript, allowing you an opportunity to annotate any amendments. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.

Offprints
The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a personalized link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. This link can also be used for sharing via email and social networks. In addition, the corresponding authorwill be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail or, alternatively, 25 free paper offprints. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use. For an extra charge, more paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's WebShop http://webshop.elsevier.com/myarticleservices/offprints. Authors requiring printed copies of multiple articles may use Elsevier WebShop's 'Create Your Own Book' service to collate multiple articles within a single cover http://webshop.elsevier.com/myarticleservices/booklets

Additional information
Authors can also keep track of the progress of their accepted article, and set up e-mail alerts informing them of changes to their manuscript's status, by using the "Track your accepted article" option on the journal's homepage http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-veterinary-cardiology. For privacy, information on each article is password-protected. The author should key in the "Our Reference" code (which is in the letter of acknowledgement sent by the Publisher on receipt of the accepted article) and the name of the corresponding author.

AUTHOR INQUIRIES

You can track your submitted article at https://www.elsevier.com/track-submission. You can track your accepted article at https://www.elsevier.com/trackarticle. You are also welcome to contact Customer Support via http://support.elsevier.com.