Guide for Authors

The Journal of the American College of Radiology (JACR) publishes high-quality, in-depth material on diagnostic radiology, interventional radiology, nuclear medicine, and radiation oncology. The Journal's principal interests are clinical practice, practice management, health services research and policy, and education and training. JACR does not publish basic, translational, or clinical research, case studies, or clinical reviews as this material is well served by numerous other imaging journals.

Submit your manuscript at contact the editorial office at, 919-650-1459, ext. 213, if you have any questions.

For questions concerning particular submissions, authors are encouraged to discuss their ideas with the Editor-in Chief, Dr. Bruce Hillman and/or the appropriate Associate Editor as listed on the JACR masthead.

General Information

  • Manuscripts that do not conform to these Instructions for Authors will be returned to the author without review and put on hold until they are in compliance with all submission requirements.
  • Manuscript decisions are at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. Manuscripts submitted as Original Articles will undergo peer review to provide expert input prior to the Editor-in-Chief's decision. All manuscripts will have the author and affiliation information blinded to ensure an unbiased review process.
Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published previously (except as an abstract or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright holder, the American College of Radiology (ACR).

Conflicts of Interest
Along with the manuscript submission, the corresponding author (and all co-authors) must complete the ICMJE form for disclosure of potential conflicts of interest and submit these along with the other manuscript files. The ICMJE form may be accessed at The form can be downloaded, saved, filled out, and then submitted, along with the other manuscript files. Visit the ICMJE website for an explanation of what constitutes a conflict. The corresponding author is responsible for communicating this information to all co-authors and uploading the forms along with all other submission files. All conflicts of interest also must be detailed on the title page.

Upon acceptance of a manuscript, authors will be asked to transfer copyright to the ACR. A letter will be sent to the corresponding author confirming acceptance of the manuscript, and a form facilitating transfer of copyright will be provided. If excerpts or images from other copyright works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the articles. Copies of letters granting such permission must be submitted with the manuscript.

Authorship credit should be based only on significant contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, drafting the article or revising it critically, and final approval of the version to be published. The sequence of the author byline should be agreed upon by all the coauthors. Any changes in authorship following submission of a manuscript must be explained in a letter to the Editor-in-Chief that is signed by all coauthors to indicate their consent to the change. This includes the deletion and addition of authors as well as any change in the order of authors.

Self-Assessment-CME (SA-CME)
The journal selects at least one original article each issue as a SA-CME offering for readers. The journal staff will contact the corresponding author of the selected article and request his/her assistance in generating questions and answers about the article content for online SA-CME participation.

Page proofs in PDF format will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author to be checked for typesetting/editing. No changes in, or additions to, the accepted (and subsequently edited) manuscripts will be allowed at this stage. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.

Types of Submissions
Original Articles
Original articles representing either a review of a topic or new research should be approximately 12 to 20 double-spaced manuscript pages (12-point typeface) plus essential graphs and figures, broken up by subheads. Authors should take a critical approach to their sources of information rather than simply relate what their sources say. Some opinion is allowed as long as it clearly is identified as opinion.

Original articles require a free-form or structured abstract of up to 250 words; a summary sentence either from the article or written in addition that summarizes the article; three to five key words for indexing purposes; and references to support contentions appearing in the text.

Take-Home Points. The concluding section of all manuscripts submitted as original articles should comprise 3 to 6 bulleted statements under the subhead "Take-Home Points." These should be short, declarative statements indicating the most important conclusions from your manuscript. This information should be inserted at the end of the manuscript file (before acknowledgments or references).

JACR encourages the submission of commentary regarding aspects of radiology or health care that is part of the journal's purview. Generally, these will be shorter writings, with a word count between 750 and 2200 (12-point type).

The Editor-in-Chief welcomes letters commenting on previously published articles of no more than 500 words. Accepted letters will be forwarded to the primary author of the article discussed in the letter to allow a reply. Letters and replies will be published together. The Editor-in-Chief encourages the authors of letters and those replying to adopt a civil style.

Brief Communications
Brief communications should have a maximum word count of 2000. Brief communications are of three types. When submitting a brief communication, indicate the type of manuscript in the article title.

  • oJACRpublishes Case Studies in the following four categories: Clinical Management, Health Services Reseach & Policy, Training & Education, and Leadership. Case Studies should relate an institutional experience addressing a specific issue or problem and have three sections: 1. Description of the problem; 2. What was done; 3. Any outcomes to support the success or failure of the effort.
  • oA View from Abroad (VFA) manuscripts should detail topics reflective of medical or radiological practice in countries other than the United States. The objective is to encourage comparative assessment.
  • oThe Resident and Fellows' Column (RFC) submissions should comment on particular aspects of training or how training relates to practice.

Manuscript Assembly
Manuscript Preparation
JACR uses as a guide the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" (, as well as the American Medical Association Manual of Style.

Manuscripts must be submitted in Word format. Manuscripts should be formatted for 8.5" x 11" (215 x 280 mm) pages with margins of at least 1" (25 mm) on all four sides, double-spaced throughout. The manuscript should be organized in the following sequence:

  • Cover letter
  • A title page (separate from the manuscript) with the following information:
  • Corresponding author's institutional affiliation, mailing address, e-mail address, telephone, and fax number
  • Co-authors' institutional affiliation (include city and state)
  • Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or or other assistance, whether from public or privates sources.
  • Conflict of interest information for all authors
  • Text with references (see specific instructions about article type length)
  • Figure legends
  • Tables
  • Appendix (if a text document); if a multimedia file, upload separately
  • Acknowledgments, if applicable
  • Figures - images must be uploaded separately
  • ICMJE completed form

In addition, original articles must include the following elements:

  • Abstract (maximum of 250 words)
  • 3 to 5 key words
  • Summary sentence, directly from text, summarizing the article, maximum of 250 characters
  • Conclusion section consisting of 3 to 6 bulleted summary points.

Article Titles
Titles of articles, regardless of type of submission, will be restricted to a maximum of 129 characters.

Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. Units of measurement should be reported in the metric system in terms of the International System of Units (SI).

Every reference cited in the text should match a complete citation in the reference list and vice versa. Avoid citations in the abstract of original articles.. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the item has been accepted for publication. Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in text. Abbreviations for periodicals cited in the references should follow the style of Index Medicus and can also be accessed at The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents. References must follow the Vancouver style. If there are more than six authors, list the first three followed by et al.

This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. This identifier will not appear in your published article.Examples of complete references are:

Journal reference: [1] Hibbard CT, Campbell S, Sabbagha RE, et al. Demonstration of tissue interfaces within the body by ultrasonic echo sounding. Br J Radiol 1961;34:539-49.
Book reference: [2] Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996.
Chapter in book: [3] Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78.
Web Site Material. Include the following elements, if available, in the order shown.

  • Author(s) - if given
  • Title of the specific item cited (if none, use the name of the organization responsible for the site)
  • Name of web site
  • Available at: (give URL)
  • Accessed (give date accessed)
Dataset: [4] Oguro M, Imahiro S, Saito S, Nakashizuka T. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1; 2015.

American Medical Association. Medicare & Medicaid statistical supplement annual reports. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Available at: Accessed June 30, 2013.
Smith JP, Jones PO, White DP, et al. ACR Forum. American College of Radiology. Available at: Accessed June 30, 2013.

For complete information on graphic requirements, please click this link,


  • Each table must have a title and short or abbreviated headings over the columns.
  • Explanatory matter should be placed in footnotes, not in the headings. Explain in footnotes all nonstandard abbreviations that are used in each table. Use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ∥, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡.
  • Tables should be numbered consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text.
  • Each table should be double spaced and supplied on a separate page.
  • All data within the tables should be double-checked for accuracy by the author(s).
  • Horizontal or vertical rules should not be used within the table.
  • Include statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean within the table
  • If data are used from another published or unpublished source, the author is responsible for obtaining permission. Sources must be fully acknowledged.
  • Tables must be submitted as part of the text file at the end of the manuscript and not as illustrations.

A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on the Elsevier website at Submit figures as detailed below:

  • Provided electronically
  • Numbered consecutively in the order in which they are referred to in the text
  • Submitted as separate files from the manuscript
  • Lettering (horizontal and vertical axis and legends) should be uniform in font and size. It is preferable to use Arial or Helvetica font, 8 to 12 point, initial caps.

Line Art

  • Black and white images usually depict data as charts or graphs. If created in Excel or Word, submit that file.
  • Minimum resolution of 1,200 dpi; no larger than 7x7 inches or smaller than 3x3 inches
  • Preferred line width of 1 point
  • Lettering (horizontal and vertical axis and legends) should be uniform in font and size. It is preferable to use Arial or Helvetica font, 8 to 12 point, initial caps.

Grayscale Images

  • Minimum resolution of 300 dpi without lettering; 500 dpi with lettering; no larger than 7x7 inches or smaller than 3x3 inches, with a preferred line width of 1 pt.
  • TIFF format (or as JPEG, submitted in maximum quality.
  • Lettering (horizontal and vertical axis and legends) should be uniform in font and size. It is preferable to use Arial or Helvetica font, 8 to 12 point, initial caps.

Color Images

  • Submit as CMYK-encoded TIFF images.
  • Lettering (horizontal and vertical axis and legends) should be uniform in font and size. It is preferable to use Arial or Helvetica font, 8 to 12 point, initial caps.

If you submit usable color figures with your article, the figures will appear in color on the web regardless of whether these figures are reproduced in color in the print version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs, if any, from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article.

Figure Legends
A caption must be supplied for each illustration including drawings and graphs. All captions must be listed on one or more pages at the end of the document. The caption must describe all labels (symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters) placed on the illustration. JACR style for figure captions is as follows:

  • For the actual figure caption - Fig 1. Reported MRI statistics.
  • Reference in text - Figure 1 depicts . . ; In this example, figure 2 shows . . .
  • If referenced in parenthesis - (as depicted in Fig. 1); (Fig. 2a); (Fig. 1a-c).

If previously published, the author is responsible for obtaining permission to use the figure in both print and electronic media. An appropriate credit line should be given in the legend.

Supplemental Material
Online-only publication of supplemental material or original video articles can include:

  • Multimedia (audio or video files)
  • Relevant images, tables, or appendices that could not be accommodated in the print edition

Multimedia Files
For complete information on multimedia requirements, please click this link,

MP3: MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 format required; highest possible quality required; audio bit rate at least 128 kbps

•MP4: Preferred video format; H.264+AAC, max target 720p
o Frame rate: 15 frames per second minimum
o Video codec: H.264 (+AAC) preferred
o Video Bit rate: 750 kbps preferred
o Recommended frame size: 492 x 276
o Duration: no more than 5 minutes

Also, please note the following:

  • Each movie requires a legend, and the movie and legend text should be part of the submission.
  • If patient(s) are identifiable in the video, authors must submit with the manuscript the Patient Permission form completed and signed by the patient.
  • If the author does not hold copyright to the video, the author must obtain permission for the video.

Updated August 2013