Guide for Authors

JACR instructions for Authors

The Editor-in-Chief of JACR recommends that all authors consult these instructions prior to submitting a manuscript for publication in JACR, whether or not they have previously submitted a manuscript to the journal.

For all types of submissions listed below, JACR seeks manuscripts pertinent to the interests of the Journal. These include: health services research and policy, clinical practice management, data science, training and education, and leadership.

JACR does not publish clinical research, clinical review articles, case studies, or case reports.

All submissions to JACR will be screened by the editors for their pertinence to the journal's purview, as well as the significance and quality of the work. The editors may choose to send the manuscript for external peer review or determine its disposition based on their own review.

Please note that JACR operates a double-blind peer review process, in which both authors and reviewers are anonymous. As such, please be sure that your manuscript file does not contain any information that could reveal the identities of the authors or their institutions.

Types of Submissions
Original Articles
Manuscripts submitted as Original Articles should represent either original research or a critical review of the literature. The Journal prioritizes data-driven original research and evidence-based systematic reviews of the literature. Submissions should be less than 3,000 words in length, not counting references. The manuscript must contain a formal limitations section if it is original research. The following standards for reporting original research are used by the Journal to assign priority to the manuscripts:

  • for randomized trials: CONSORT
  • for observational studies: STROBE
  • for systematic reviews: PRISMA
  • for quality improvement studies: SQUIRE
  • for applications of artificial intelligence and machine learning:CLAIM

The manuscript must be accompanied by:

  • An abstract no longer than 250 words formatted either as a research abstract (Objective, Methods, Results, Discussion) or as appropriate for a review.
  • 3-8 key words
  • A summary sentence that best represents the purpose or main conclusion to be derived from the article, taken word-for-word from the manuscript, limited to 35 words or 250 characters.
  • A take-home points section that lists 3-5 principal conclusions of the manuscript in bulleted fashion. This takes the place of a conclusions section or paragraph at the end of the discussion.

Case Studies
As of June 1, 2019, Case Studies are by editor invitation only and the cover letter must reference this invitation. Unsolicited Case Studies will be returned to the author. Data-driven articles or reviews should be submitted as original articles. Commentaries expressing author opinion or discussing hot topics should be submitted as Opinions.

For invited Case Studies, submissions are brief communications of no greater than 1400 words, including references. In addition, submissions as Case Studies must comply with the following formatting requirements:

  • The manuscript should be formatted into three sections: a brief description of the problem; what the authors did; and outcomes and limitations. No conclusion section is allowed.
  • Only the most significant references should be included.
  • The text should be accompanied by no more than three tables or figures.
  • References are limited to 8 or fewer.

JACR encourages the submission of commentary regarding aspects of radiology or health care that are within its purview of subject material and address topics of contemporary interest. The length of these manuscripts should be no more than 1400 words including references which should number no more than 8.

The Editors welcome letters commenting on previously published articles of no more than 500 words. Accepted manuscripts in this category will be forwarded to the primary author of the article discussed in the letter. Letters and replies will be published back-to-back in the same issue of the journal. Manuscripts engaging in inappropriate language or ad hominems will not be considered for publication.

Titles of Articles
Authors are encouraged to title their articles with an eye to brevity. Under no circumstances may the title of an article exceed 129 characters, including spaces. JACR does not permit titles in the form of questions. The editor reserves the right to edit the title for clarity and brevity.

JACR takes seriously its role in safeguarding the meaning of authorship. Complementary authorship cheapens the value of authorship to those deserving of the name. Inclusion of an author of any of the above categories of submissions must be based on the guidelines of the international Congress of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME). To summarize requirements of these guidelines, authors should have participated in the following:

  • substantially contributed to the conception or design of the work, and
  • the writing and/or revision of the manuscript, and
  • approved the final version of the manuscript, and
  • be accountable for the manuscript's contents

The title page must enumerate the participation of each of the co-authors in each of the above activities. These qualifications are explained in detail at

As a rule, Original Article submissions should include no more than 7 authors. Any plan to list more than 7 authors should seek the agreement of the JACR Editor-in-Chief prior to submission.

In addition, Opinion papers should include no more than 5 authors, and Letters should include no more than 3 authors. These limits are without exceptions.

Individuals participating in the research - including those whose main role has been to gather data - but who fall short of qualifying as authors under the ICJME guidelines, should be listed in a separate Acknowledgments section as part of the title page (see below).

The journal adheres to the ICJME guidelines on declaration of conflict of interest, available at The ICJME form provides a section "to report other relationships or activities that readers could perceive to have influenced, or that give the appearance of potentially influencing, what you wrote in the submitted work." Due to the nature of the work published in JACR, authors' employment status can give the appearance of potentially influencing the submitted work. We believe further transparency in a changing environment is warranted. Therefore, the journal now requires that all authors disclose employment status as 1 of 3 categories regardless of academic or non-academic affiliation: partner; partnership track; or non-partner/non-partnership track/employee.

In addition, authors will list any leadership roles in their practices in the ICMJE form. As the specialty and practice environment evolve, the JACR is committed to providing clarity and transparency regarding the employment status of our authors to ensure our readers' continued trust.

Manuscript Assembly
Manuscript Preparation
JACR uses as a guide the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals available online at, as well as the American Medical Association Manual of Style.

Manuscripts must be submitted in Word format. Manuscripts should be formatted for 8.5" x 11" (215 x 280 mm) pages with margins of at least 1" (25 mm) on all four sides, double-spaced throughout. The manuscript should be organized in the following sequence:

  • Cover letter
  • Title page (separate from the manuscript) with the following information:
    _Corresponding author's institutional affiliation, mailing address, e-mail address, telephone, fax number, and Twitter handle;
    _Co-authors' institutional affiliation (include city and state), and Twitter handles;
    _The role played by each listed author on the title page;
    _Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or other assistance, whether from public or privates sources;
    _Statement of data access and integrity. Please state that "The author(s) declare(s) that they had full access to all of the data in this study and the author(s) take(s) complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
    _Conflict of interest information for all authors. If there are no conflicts of interest, please state that The author(s) declare(s) no conflict of interest;
    _Acknowledgments, if there are any;
  • Main text with references;
  • Figure legends, to be included in the manuscript file;
  • Tables either at the end of the manuscript file or as separate .docx files;
  • Appendix, uploaded under the Supplemental File for Review designation;
  • Figures - images must be uploaded separately in TIFF, JPG, or EPS format
  • A completed ICMJE form for conflict of interest for EACH author.

Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement. Units of measurement should be reported in the metric system in terms of the International System of Units (SI).

Every reference cited in the text should match a complete citation in the reference list and vice versa. Avoid citations in the abstract of original articles. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text.