Bruce H. Thiers, MD
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
Dirk M. Elston, MD
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
SPECIAL NOTE: YOUR PAPER YOUR WAY
We now differentiate between the requirements for new and revised submissions. You may initially submit your manuscript as a single Word or PDF file to be used in the refereeing process. When your paper is at the revision stage, you will be asked to submit the revision in the standard JAAD format described in this Author Guide and provide the ancillary documents (copyright release, authorship declaration, conflict of interest form, patient consent forms, IRB documentation, etc.) required for the potential acceptance and publication of your article. Note that certain information related to these documents is still required on the title page, as delineated later.
To find out more, please click here.INTRODUCTION
The Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology is a refereed journal designed to meet the continuing education needs of the Academy members and the international dermatologic community. The Journal bases its policies on the guidelines set forth by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org).
Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications herein are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Editor(s), Publisher, or Academy. The Editor(s), Publisher, and Academy disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material and do not guarantee, warrant, or endorse any products or services advertised in this publication, nor do they guarantee any claim made by the manufacturer of such products or services.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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For questions about the proof of your accepted paper, contact:Susan M. Clark, Associate Team Leader
E-mail: email@example.com Ethics in publishing
Please see our information pages on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication.
Human and animal rights
If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.
Studies involving live human or animal subjects must have been approved by the authors' Institutional Review Board or its equivalent. A copy of the IRB approval letter must be included with the submission or sent to the Journal office under separate cover. If the IRB has exempted the research from review, a copy of the letter of exemption must accompany the submission. Please indicate that the study has been reviewed or exempted by your IRB on the title page. If applicable, IRB protocol approval number and date must be mentioned in the Methods section of all manuscripts.
Submissions of survey research are also subject to the guidelines stated above.Conflict of interest
All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. If there are no conflicts of interest then please state this: 'Conflicts of interest: none'. See also http://www.elsevier.com/conflictsofinterest. Further information and an example of a Conflict of Interest form can be found at: http://service.elsevier.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/286/supporthub/publishing.
The Journal requires all authors to acknowledge, in the comments section of EES ( http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad), all funding sources that supported their work as well as all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors. The title page must also include a publishable statement disclosing any current or past associations that might pose a conflict of interest. The attestation on the title page is required even if you select the Your Paper Your Way option. These include but are not limited to employment, royalties, consultant arrangements with a commercial entity, stock or other equity ownership, stock options, patent licensing arrangements, payments for conducting or publicizing a product or study, or consulting relationships with investment companies. In addition, authors are required to disclose similar associations with companies that make a competing product. When no conflicting or competing interests are present, this should be indicated in the publishable disclosure statement. If the authors have competing or conflicting interests that cannot be disclosed in publishable statements, authors should list them in the comments section of EES (http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad). They should also explain these interests as well as the reason for the need for confidentiality in a statement to the Editor. The Editor asks each reviewer to disclose any competing interests or conflicts of interest that might interfere with one's objectivity (or to recuse oneself from acting as a reviewer). The Editors and members of the editorial staff will ensure that all conflicts are appropriately resolved. Conflicts that cannot be appropriately resolved will result in rejection of the manuscript. Undisclosed conflicts may result in sanctions to include published statements of retraction or removal of a manuscript from the archived journal table of contents and PubMed database.
The Editors and members of the editorial staff have registered their competing interests, if any, with the officers of the American Academy of Dermatology.
Please save all PDF files (authorship forms, conflict of interest forms, copyright transfer forms, IRB documentation, permissions, etc.) as reduced size PDFs in order to reduce file download times. To do this, please open your PDF files, select "Save As," and then click the "Reduced Size PDF" option. As an alternative you can use the following website: http://compress.smallpdf.com.Submission declaration and verification
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' section of our ethics policy for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck.
All authors must have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted.
The Journal's authorship criteria are adapted from those of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and are delineated on the Authorship Statement, which must be signed by each author.
The involvement, nature of involvement, and affiliation or support of any medical writers, "ghost writers," or other individuals or companies or third parties participating in the development or writing of any papers must be noted and explained in the cover letter and in a publishable statement on the manuscript title page. (This does not include tasks such as typing or photocopying.) This statement will be published as part of the first-page footnotes. All individuals involved in the preparation and writing of each paper who meet the JAAD's authorship criteria (see our Authorship Statement) must be listed as authors. The names, highest academic degree, and affiliations of any persons who contributed to writing the paper or analyzing the data who do not meet authorship criteria must be included in the paper's Acknowledgments along with a disclosure of any pertinent conflicts of interest. Individuals listed in the Acknowledgments because of such contributions to the work should provide written consent. The use of "ghost writers" or any author employed by an entity with a commercial interest in any product discussed is rarely appropriate for any manuscript and is strictly prohibited for any CME-accredited activity.
Copyright transfer and ownership of data
In accordance with the Copyright Act of 1976, which became effective January 1, 1978, the following statement signed by each author must accompany the manuscript submitted: "I, the undersigned author, transfer all copyright ownership of the manuscript referenced above to the American Academy of Dermatology, in the event the work is published. I warrant that the article is original, does not infringe upon any copyright or other proprietary right of any third party, is not under consideration by another journal, and has not been published previously. I have reviewed and approve the submitted version of the manuscript and agree to its publication in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology." A copyright transfer form may be downloaded from the JAAD Web site ( http://www.jaad.org/content/auth_page). Author(s) will be consulted, whenever possible, regarding republication of material. All authors must have access to the data presented and the authors and sponsor (if applicable) must agree to share original data with the editor if requested.
For open access articles (see below), upon acceptance of the article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (for more information see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement). Permitted reuse of open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license (see http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses). In general, The JAAD requires "CC BY-NC_ND" license except where otherwise mandated by a government funding body: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.Subscription and open access (OA)
The Journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research, Subscription and Open Access:
- Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our access programs ( http://www.elsevier.com/access)
- Articles are immediately and freely available for reading and download to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
- An open access publication fee is payable by authors or their research funder
Your publication choice will have no effect on the peer review process or acceptance of submitted articles.The open access publication fee for this journal is $3,300, excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy: http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing. There is no publication fee for articles accessible only by subscribers.
Special subject repositories
Certain repositories such as PubMed Central ("PMC") are authorized under special arrangement with Elsevier to process and post certain articles, such as those funded by the National Institutes of Health, under its Public Access policy (see elsevier.com for more detail on the policy). Articles accepted for publication in an Elsevier journal from authors who have indicated that the underlying research reported in their articles was supported by an NIH grant will be sent by Elsevier to PMC for public access posting 12 months after final publication. The version of the article provided by Elsevier will include peer-review comments incorporated by the author into the article.
Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some funding bodies will reimburse the author for the Open Access Publication Fee. Details of existing agreements are available online.
After acceptance, open access papers will be published under a noncommercial license. For authors requiring a commercial CC BY license, you can apply after your manuscript is accepted for publication.
Retained author rights
As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights. For more information on author rights for Subscription articles, please see http://www.elsevier.com/journal-authors/author-rights-and-responsibilities. For Open access articles, please see http://www.elsevier.com/OAauthoragreement.
Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our green open access page for further information. Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications. Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public. This is the embargo period and it begins from the date the article is formally published online in its final and fully citable form. Find out more.
This journal has an embargo period of 12 months. Style, language usage, and editing services
Text should be written in correct scientific English (American or British usage is acceptable, but not a mixture of these). Consult the latest edition of The Chicago Manual of Style by The University of Chicago Press or the Manual of Style by the American Medical Association for current usage. Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop ( http://webshop.elsevier.com/languageediting/) or visit our customer support site ( http://support.elsevier.com) for more information. Undocumented claims (eg, "firstedness," "safe and effective")
Please do not claim that yours is the first report. If such a claim is deemed necessary, authors should explain their reasoning in the cover letter and provide a detailed Appendix describing how they came to this conclusion. Describe search strategies, search terms, databases queried, and how far back these were checked. Also list textbooks and monographs that were searched to substantiate the claim. Similarly, the phrase "safe and effective" should be reserved for FDA-approved product labeling based on registered phase III trials. In other settings, the term should be avoided entirely. As an alternative, an example of acceptable terminology would be, "Our patients demonstrated positive responses and the treatment was well tolerated."
Trade names and brand names of drugs and devices may not be used in the title of the paper. They may appear only once in the paper and should be placed in parentheses along with their manufacturer and the manufacturer's location following the first mention of the generic name in the text. Thereafter, only generic names should be used throughout the article.
Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.
As part of the Your Paper Your Way option, you may choose to submit your manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process. This can be a PDF file or a Word document, in any format or lay-out that can be used by referees to evaluate your manuscript. It should contain high enough quality figures for refereeing. If you prefer to do so, you may still provide all or some of the source files at the initial submission. Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be uploaded separately.Sections/article type guidelines
Authors, please note: JAAD is contractually limited in the number of pages that can be published each month. Inclusion of textbook-type material is strongly discouraged, as is repetition of the same statements in the Introduction and Discussion. The Introduction and Discussion should pertain directly to the study being reported, and not contain a lengthy review of a disease entity or its treatment.
The following table is for your guidance in formatting your manuscript, with the various article types outlined more fully in the text that follows. Note that "maximums" are just that; less is preferred. Our readers have told us on multiple occasions that they prefer manuscripts with a message that is delivered in a clear and concise manner.
|Article Type||Maximum Word Count||Requires Structured Abstract/Capsule Summary||References||Maximum Number of Figures/Tables**|
|CME*||3,500 (each part)||Abstract: Yes; Capsule Summary: No||No limit||No limit|
|Original Articles, From the Dermatology Foundation, Dermatologic Surgery, Dermatopathology, Reviews*||2,500||Yes||No limit||No limit|
|Research Letters||500||No||5||2 (total)|
|Editorials/Commentaries||750||Optional||No limit||No limit|
|Letters: Notes & Comments***||500||No||5||2 (total)|
|Images in Dermatology***||100/history; 250/question||No||5||3|
|Dermoscopy Case of the Month***||250||No||2||4|
*Abstracts for CMEs should be unstructured and for Reviews may be structured or unstructured. Word count limit for abstract is 200 words and for Capsule Summary is 50 words.**Each part of a multi-part figure is counted toward the maximum allotment, eg, a figure 1A and 1B are considered 2 figures.
***Online only.Continuing Medical Education (CME)
In-depth, substantiated, educational articles presenting core information for the continuing professional development of the practicing dermatologist. CME articles should not be simply reviews but should present new information not readily available in textbooks.
To have manuscripts considered for publication in the JAAD as certified CME activities, authors must first complete and submit proposal worksheets and manuscript outlines for approval by the CME Planning Workgroup and Deputy Editor (available at http://www.jaad.org/content/auth_page). Submit this proposal along with a proposed outline of the manuscript to JAAD@aad.org.Unless a specific exemption is granted by the Deputy Editor, all CME submissions should be written in 2 articles (Part I and Part II). A proposal and outline must be submitted for each part, as these will also be submitted as individual manuscripts. Should the proposals be accepted, the author will be granted permission to move forward and submit the manuscripts. An accepted proposal does not guarantee that the written manuscript will be accepted for publication. An approved proposal only provides authority to have a manuscript considered for the CME section. Authors will be required to include their Education Director-approved proposal forms with their CME submissions, which will be provided to them at the time the proposal is accepted.
Each manuscript should: 1) contain bulleted key points preceding each major section; 2) include summary tables when possible, as well as separate algorithms for evaluation and management when appropriate. Please note that the key points are intended as a substitute for the capsule summary, which is not a part of the CME article format. Any unique pediatric or geriatric manifestations should be included in the text. Recommended tests should have an impact on therapy and should be supported by outcomes data. The word count for each part of the CME article should not exceed 3500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables. Authors who submit an article they wish to be considered for CME certification may not recommend peer reviewers. Only manuscripts submitted with an approved proposal and outline will be considered.
The level of evidence should be cited whenever recommendations are made. Level IA evidence includes evidence from meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials; level IB evidence includes evidence from at least one randomized controlled trial; level IIA evidence includes evidence from at least one controlled study without randomization; level IIB evidence includes evidence from at least one other type of experimental study; level III evidence includes evidence from nonexperimental descriptive studies, such as comparative studies, correlation studies, and case-control studies; and level IV evidence includes evidence from expert committee reports or opinions or clinical experience of respected authorities, or both. All therapeutic recommendations should be accompanied by a table indicating their level of evidence, with a definition of the different levels included as a footnote.
The AAD offers short educational modules on CME planning free of charge. To learn more about CME planning, visit http://www.abcsofcme.org.Original Articles
Original, in-depth clinical and investigative laboratory research papers. A description of the type of study that was done (case series, case-control, cohort, cross-sectional, randomized controlled trial, ecologic, etc) should be included in the title and in the Methods section. Submissions of research articles should be accompanied by a supplementary document that includes the protocol and statistical analysis plan; this is for the editors'/reviewers' reference and is not for publication. Authors of randomized controlled trials must follow the guidelines presented in the CONSORT statement (http://www.consort-statement.org/), and submit a completed CONSORT manuscript checklist with their manuscript. A copy of the "CONSORT Checklist for Authors Submitting Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials" may be downloaded from the JAAD Web site ( http://www.jaad.org/content/auth_page). Similar guidelines for authors of observational and epidemiologic studies are included in the STROBE statement (http://www.strobe-statement.org/Checklist.html) and the related RECORD checklist (http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001885.t001), for observational comparative effectiveness studies in the GRACE principles (http://www.graceprinciples.org/), and for studies of diagnostic accuracy in the STARD statement (http://www.stard-statement.org/). The PRISMA statement (http://www.prisma-statement.org/ can be a useful resource for authors reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses.
Any reports of clinical trials must be registered before the first person is enrolled. The registry must meet ICMJE criteria (available at http://www.icmje.org). The registry at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov meets such requirements. When submitting a manuscript that reports a clinical trial, authors are asked to provide the date the first patient enrolled, the date the study was registered, and the registration number.Citation of levels of evidence is encouraged when appropriate. Information on rating levels of evidence can be found in the instructions to authors of CME articles.
If the manuscript is based on a survey that was used to collect data, please describe how the survey instrument was developed and piloted, and whether/how the survey was validated. The manuscript's Methods section must attest that the use of any proprietary sampling contact information (eg, mailing list) was approved by its owner. Include the survey instrument as a supplementary document; this will be for the editors'/reviewers' reference and is not for publication. Please note that it has been the Journal's experience that most survey-based research can be adequately reported in research letter, rather than original article, format.A structured abstract and capsule summary should be included with each original article. The word count should not exceed 2500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.
An up-to-date review of a disease or treatment. A good review does not simply present the results of a literature search. The manuscript should take evidence-based data, analyze it, and present a bottom-line, take-home message to the reader. An abstract (which may be structured or free text) and capsule summary should be included. The word count should not exceed 2500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.
Articles emphasizing the surgical aspect of dermatology. If applicable, a description of the type of study that was done (case series, case-control, cohort, cross-sectional, randomized controlled trial, ecologic, etc) should be included in the title and in the Methods section. A structured abstract and capsule summary should be included. The word count should not exceed 2500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.
Articles emphasizing the histopathologic changes in skin disease. If applicable, a description of the type of study that was done (case series, case-control, cohort, cross-sectional, randomized controlled trial, ecologic, etc) should be included in the title and in the Methods section. A structured abstract and capsule summary should be included. The word count should not exceed 2500 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.
These articles examine ethical controversies faced by the practicing dermatologist. Two types of submissions are welcomed: 1) Short case-based articles (up to 1500 words and 5 references). Each submission should begin with a case scenario illustrating the ethical or professionalism issue to be discussed, accompanied by a multiple choice question offering four possible actions to deal with the problem. This is followed by a balanced discussion of the subject, with special focus on the ethical issues, and an analysis of the case based on the multiple choice options presented with the author's recommended resolution. 2) Dermatoethics consultation requests, in which readers can submit short cases or scenarios for commentary and analysis. These will be selected for print or online commentary written by the editors or invited experts.
Brief, provocative, opinionated communications, not necessarily documented, on a limited subject. The word count should not exceed 750 words excluding the abstract, references, figures, and tables.
The Letters department has two sections, Notes & Comments and Research Letters.
Notes & Comments
Letters commenting on material previously published in the Journal will be considered for the Notes & Comments section. These will be sent for response to the authors of the article being commented upon. This response may be published or sent directly to the commentator at the discretion of the editor. Questions or comments that could be addressed directly by the authors (including complaints about missed citations) should be sent directly to them, rather than involving the Journal as an intermediary. Notes & Comments are designated for online-only publication.
New or preliminary research findings and early reports of therapeutic trials in a cohort of patients may be considered for publication as Research Letters. Research Letters should not be subdivided into sections, eg, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, etc. The type of study that was done (case series, case-control, cohort, cross-sectional, randomized controlled trial, ecologic, etc) should be noted in the title and in the text. Conclusions based on uncontrolled trials and/or limited experience should be stated in appropriately tentative terms. For survey-based research, include the survey instrument as a supplementary document; this will be for the editors'/reviewers' reference and is not for publication. Most Research Letters are published both in print and online.
Letters must not exceed 500 words and should not cite more than five references. Up to two figures or tables may be included. Each part of a multi-part figure is counted toward the maximum allotment, eg, a figure 1A and 1B are considered 2 figures.JAAD no longer publishes Case Letters. All individual case studies or small case series should now be submitted to our new open access journal, JAAD Case Reports, at http://ees.elsevier.com/jdcr.
Books and monographs (domestic and foreign) will be reviewed depending on their interest and value to subscribers. Send books to the Editorial Assistant, Anna Krueger, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 903 E. Woodfield Rd., Schaumburg, IL 60173. No books will be returned. Journal guidelines for writing book reviews are available online ( http://www.jaad.org/article/S0190-9622(08)00647-6/fulltext). Book reviews are limited to 375 words and are designated for online-only publication.
A tribute to a departed colleague who has contributed significantly to the field of dermatology. In Memoriam submissions are limited to 500 words and are designated for online-only publication.
Images in Dermatology
Submissions to the Images in Dermatology section are no longer accepted in JAAD. Please direct submissions to our companion Open Access journal, JAAD Case Reports, at http://ees.elsevier.com/jdcr. Please consult that website for information on article format and publication fees.
Submissions to the Dermoscopy Case of the Month section are no longer accepted in JAAD. Please direct submissions to our companion Open Access journal, JAAD Case Reports, at http://ees.elsevier.com/jdcr. Please consult that website for information on article format and publication fees.
This online-only feature allows clinicians to communicate the "tricks of the trade" that help them practice more effectively and efficiently. A Case Report is NOT a Pearl. Three types of pearls will be published: (1) Clinical Pearls, (2) Therapeutic Pearls, and (3) Surgical Pearls. Submissions should be structured as follows:
- Clinical (or Therapeutic, or Surgical) challenge
Manuscripts should be no longer than 250 words. Figures (no more than 2) and references (no more than 2) are optional. Please indicate whether your Pearl is Clinical, Therapeutic, or Surgical within the cover letter for the submission.Supplements
The Journal follows the guidelines for supplements established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. These guidelines are included in the document entitled "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals," which can be found at http://www.icmje.org. Supplements undergo peer review and are processed in the same fashion as regular submissions to the Journal. All manuscript submission requirements, including clear disclosure of authorship contributions, must be satisfied for each paper. Inquiries about proposed supplements should be directed to the Editor before submitting the supplement. Please note Journal policy on the use of the word "unrestricted" in the description of educational grants: The use of the term "unrestricted" will be limited to situations in which the granting institution has no influence on the selection of the subject, speakers, or authors. In circumstances in which the granting institution has had such influence (as, for example, in organizing a symposium or supplement on a particular subject), it is nonetheless required that the granting organization have no influence over the content of the articles. It is also understood that the authors assume full responsibility for the content of the articles and for complete disclosure of all funding sources, potential conflicts of interest, role of any sponsor, and role of any third parties involved in the preparation or writing of the manuscripts. Formatting requirements
There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example Abstract, Keywords, Capsule Summary (for major articles), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions. If your article includes any Videos and/or other Supplementary material, these should be included in your initial submission for peer review purposes. With the exception of Research Letters, divide the article into clearly defined sections.
- The title, authors' full names, highest earned academic degrees, and institutional affiliations and locations.
- A separate word count for the abstract, capsule summary, and text (excluding references, figures, and tables), as well as a figure and table count.
- A statement whether your IRB has approved the study or exempted it from review.
- Clinical trials registration information (if applicable), including name of registry and registration number.
- A list of attachments (if applicable), eg. CONSORT checklist, research protocol/statistical analysis plan, survey instrument, and any other supporting materials.
The title page must also include a statement of all funding sources for the work as well as a publishable conflict of interest statement. Designate one author as correspondent (provide address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address) to receive communications from the Editorial Office and galley proofs from the publisher. The name and address of the author who will receive reprint requests should be noted if different from the correspondent. The corresponding author should promptly inform the managing editor (JAAD@aad.org) of any change in e-mail or mailing address.Abstract
Unless otherwise stated, all articles must be accompanied by a typed, double-spaced abstract not exceeding 200 words. Abstracts of papers submitted for publication in the Original Articles, Dermatopathology, and Dermatologic Surgery sections should be structured as follows:
- Background: What is the major problem that prompted the study?
- Objective: What is the purpose of the study?
- Methods: What type of study was done (case series, case-control, cohort, cross-sectional, randomized controlled trial, ecologic, etc)? How was the study done?
- Results: What are the most important findings?
- Limitations: What are the limitations of the study?
- Conclusion: What is the single most important conclusion?
Although a graphical abstract is optional, its use is encouraged as it draws more attention to the online article. The graphical abstract should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. You can view Example Graphical Abstracts on our information site.
Authors can make use of Elsevier's Illustration and Enhancement service to ensure the best presentation of their images and in accordance with all technical requirements: Illustration Service.
Papers submitted for publication in the Original Article, Review, Dermatologic Surgery, and Dermatopathology sections must include a capsule summary of up to 50 words. The capsule summary should not contain abbreviations, and should be composed of 3 bulleted statements which address the following:
- (First bullet) What is already known on this topic.
- (Second bullet) What this article adds to our knowledge.
- (Third bullet) How this information impacts clinical practice and/or changes patient care. Please note that this bullet point will run independently in the table of contents and should be phrased to emphasize the key message and importance of your work.
Select at least 6 classifications to facilitate matching the manuscript with reviewers. You can do this in EES by clicking 'Select Document Classifications' to open a window containing a list of the classifications pertaining to the Journal. Then click the check-box next to any classification you wish to select. Click 'Submit' when you are done.
Abbreviations and acronyms
Abbreviations must be limited primarily to those in general usage. Only standard abbreviations are to be used. Weights and measurements must be expressed in metric units. Temperatures must be expressed in degrees centigrade. Consult Scientific Style and Format by the Council of Biology Editors or the Manual of Style by the American Medical Association. Abbreviations in the title are not acceptable and they should be avoided in the abstract whenever possible. A laboratory or chemical term or a disease process must be spelled out at first mention, with the acronym or abbreviation following in parentheses. List all abbreviations and acronyms on a separate page within the manuscript document before the references.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
For specific information about how to format your artwork, please visit http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.
Although authors may need to manipulate images for clarity, manipulation for purposes of deception or fraud constitutes scientific and ethical abuse and will be dealt with accordingly. For graphical images, JAAD's policy is that no specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if and as long as they do not obscure or eliminate any information present in the original. Nonlinear adjustments (e.g. changes to gamma settings) must be disclosed in the figure legend.
Black and white graphs must be legible and clearly printed. The fill for bar graphs or pie charts should be distinctive; avoid shading or dotted patterns. Use thick, solid lines and bold, solid type. Place lettering on a white background; avoid reverse type (white lettering on a dark background). All lettering must be done professionally and should be in proportion to the drawing, graph, or photograph. Typewritten or freehand lettering is unacceptable. Consistency in size within the article is strongly recommended. Any special instructions regarding sizing should be clearly notedFigures and tables
Tables, figures, and legends should supplement, not duplicate, the text. Clinical photographs should be of high quality without distracting backgrounds. A reasonable number of halftone photographs and line drawings will be published at no extra charge to the author. Color illustrations will be reviewed by the Editor and those considered appropriate will be published free of charge to the authors. Figures and tables must be cited in the text and numbered in order of mention. Figures must have an arrow marking the top edge and must be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals (ie, 1, 2, 3). Multi-part figures must be marked clearly (ie, 1A, 1B, 1C).
Figure legends should begin with the name of the condition or disease being depicted. They should be as brief as possible. Any symbols and abbreviations used should be explained. Legends should be typed double-spaced and inserted after the references within the manuscript document. If an illustration has been published previously, full credit to the original source must be given in the legend and permission to reprint must have been obtained from the copyright holder. For histologic/microscopic figures, the legend must specify stain. Arrows and arrowheads should be used freely to clarify findings. Please note that online-only figures also require legends.If they have not already done so, authors will be contacted to provide print-quality figures after their articles have been accepted.
Tables should be self-explanatory and numbered sequentially in Roman numerals in order of their mention in the text. A brief title should be provided for each. Any symbols and abbreviations used should be explained using a footnote. If a table, or any data therein, has been published previously, full credit to the original source must be given in a footnote. Please note that online-only tables should follow these specifications as well.Electronic artwork
- Use uniform lettering and sizing.
- Preferred fonts: Arial (or Helvetica), Times New Roman (or Times), Symbol, Courier.
- Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
- Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
- Indicate per figure if it is a single, 1.5 or 2-column fitting image.
- For Word submissions only, you may still provide figures and their captions, and tables within a single file at the revision stage.
- Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be provided in separate source files.
Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below:
- EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as 'graphics'.
- TIFF (or JPG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.
- TIFF (or JPG): Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.
- TIFF (or JPG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.
Please do not:
- Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low.
- Supply files that are too low in resolution.
- Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.
Elsevier's WebShop offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier's expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, tables and graphs. Image 'polishing' is also available, where our illustrators take your image(s) and improve them to a professional standard. Please visit the website to find out more.
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many wordprocessors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.
Personal communications should not be cited in the reference list but may appear parenthetically in the text. References must be identified in the text by superscript Arabic numerals in order of their mention. References should not be formatted as footnotes, but should appear in a list at the end of the text. The reference list should be typed double-spaced and in numeric sequence.
Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors.
The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. Example of a correctly given DOI (in URL format; here an article in the journal Physics Letters B): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2010.09.059.When you use a DOI to create links to documents on the web, the DOIs are guaranteed never to change.
This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.
There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent and the references are cited in order. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that missing data will be highlighted at the proof stage for the author to correct. If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to the examples below.
Text: Indicate references by (consecutive) superscript Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. Numerals are to be placed outside periods and commas, inside colons and semicolons. List the first 3 authors, then "et al". For further detail concerning journal title abbreviations and other reference formatting issues, please consult the AMA Manual of Style, A Guide for Authors and Editors, Tenth Edition, ISBN 0-978-0-19-517633-9 (see http://www.amanualofstyle.com).
List: Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text. For example,Reference to a journal publication:
1. Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. J Sci Commun. 2010;163(1):51-59.Reference to a book:
2. Strunk W Jr, White EB. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York, NY: Longman; 2000.Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
3. Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, eds. Introduction to the Electronic Age. New York, NY: E-Publishing Inc; 2009:281-304.Reference to a dataset:
4. [dataset] 5. Oguro, M, Imahiro, S, Saito, S, Nakashizuka, T. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1; 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/xwj98nb39r.1.Video
Elsevier accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the video or animation content and noting in the body text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate to the video file's content. In order to ensure that your video or animation material is directly usable, please provide the files in one of our recommended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 150 MB. Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect. Please supply 'stills' with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your video data. For more detailed instructions please visit our video instruction pages. Note: since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.
Supplementary data may be included with the submission and is meant to support the scientific thesis embodied in the manuscript. It may be uploaded at the time of submission or later at the request of reviewers. It is generally not meant for publication but may be published online at the discretion of the editor. Please upload any supplementary text in document format (eg, .doc). Please upload each supplementary figure as a separate file in .tif or .jpg format. Please upload each supplementary table as a separate file in document format (eg, .doc). Please include a supplementary figure legend. On the title page, please include a supplementary figure and supplementary table count.
The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.
The journal encourages authors to supplement in-article microscopic images with corresponding high resolution versions for use with the Virtual Microscope viewer. The Virtual Microscope is a web based viewer that enables users to view microscopic images at the highest level of detail and provides features such as zoom and pan. This feature for the first time gives authors the opportunity to share true high resolution microscopic images with their readers. More information and examples. Authors of this journal will receive an invitation e-mail to create microscope images for use with the Virtual Microscope when their manuscript is first reviewed. If you opt to use the feature, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for instructions on how to prepare and upload the required high resolution images.
Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals in an Elsevier publication.Patients should be identified by numbers and must not be identified by name, initials, or hospital record number. No other information, including clinical photos or family trees, from which a patient could be identified is permitted unless express written permission from the patient/family is provided at the time of manuscript submission. Note that blocking the eyes is generally not sufficient; please crop the photo in such a manner that the patient cannot be recognized. Descriptive information in the text (such as details of a case or genetic pedigree) must be deidentified to protect patient confidentiality unless patient consent has been documented.
Written consents must be retained by the author and copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained must be provided to Elsevier on request. For more information, please review the Elsevier Policy on the Use of Images or Personal Information of Patients or other Individuals, http://www.elsevier.com/patient-consent-policy. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.The Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (JAAD) seeks to ensure that patient privacy is protected under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA).
While JAAD accepts institution and private entity HIPAA patient sign-off for photo/image use, it also provides this document as a template for use by JAAD manuscript authors.It is important to disclose to patients that images submitted to JAAD may be utilized in various forms of publication and mediums by the Journal, including but not limited teaching, research, scientific meetings, other professional journals, medical books, broadcasts, advertising, and other similar purposes. These materials may appear in print and online and the public may have access to them.
Care must be taken by authors submitting images to ensure that images are de-identified to the greatest extent possible, while preserving the teaching nature of the image/s.Permissions
Direct quotations, tables, or illustrations that have appeared in copyrighted material must be accompanied upon submission by written permission for their use from the copyright owner and the original author along with complete information as to their source.
Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word, LaTeX) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.
The site provides instructions for manuscript submission as well as a tutorial for authors. Word, WordPerfect, RTF, and Text files will be accepted; Word and WordPerfect are preferred. Please note that online-only materials should be provided in the same format. Questions about the program may be addressed to JAAD@aad.org. If not using the Your Paper Your Way option, all manuscript submissions must include the copyright release, the authorship declaration, the conflict of interest form, patient consent forms, IRB documentation, as well as the manuscript submission checklist. These forms can be downloaded from either our Web site (http://www.jaad.org/content/auth_page) or EES (http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad). Please scan the completed forms and upload them to EES with your submission. If this presents a problem, please visit our Support Center.Original manuscripts will be considered for publication. Correct preparation of the manuscript will expedite the review and publication procedures. Please note the following requirements.
The original page-numbered copy of the manuscript must be double-spaced. The title page should be numbered page 1. Please line number all submissions before creating the PDF. This continuous line numbering will help our reviewers with writing their comments and should speed the peer-review process. To add line numbers to your Word manuscript file, select File/Page Setup/Layout/Line Numbering/Add line numbering/Continuous, and save the changes.Submission checklist
The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item. Ensure that the following items are present:
Before uploading, please assure that PDF files (authorship forms, conflict of interest forms, copyright transfer forms, IRB documentation, permissions, etc) are saved as reduced size PDFs in order to reduce file download times. To do this, please open your PDF files, select "Save As," and then click the "Reduced Size PDF" option. As an alternative you can use the following website: http://compress.smallpdf.com. Files larger than 15 MB may be returned to the corresponding author to be compressed.One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
- E-mail address
- Full postal address
- A title page with all the requested information
- Figures and artwork with a minimum of 300 dpi to allow for quality reproduction
- All figure captions
- Ancillary documents (copyright release, authorship declaration, conflict of interest form, patient consent forms, IRB documentation, etc.) if not using the Your Paper Your Way option
- For research studies, a copy of the research protocol, statistical analysis plan and, for randomized clinical trials, the CONSORT checklist
- For survey-based research, a copy of the survey instrument
- Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
- All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
- Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
- All .pdf files have been reduced in size
PROCEDURE FOR REVIEW
The Journal employs a confidential and anonymous peer review process to evaluate submitted papers for possible publication. A small number of papers are rejected after in-house editorial review when editors deem that the paper is not appropriate for the Journal or is not of sufficient quality to warrant further evaluation. The overall acceptance rate is less than 50%.
Expedited review and publication
Our goal is to have all manuscripts reviewed as rapidly as possible. Authors who feel that their paper should receive expedited review and/or priority publication should request it and explain their rationale in the Comments section of EES (http://ees.elsevier.com/jaad/). They should also send a separate explanatory e-mail to the managing editor: JAAD@aad.org. The time frame for rapid review is ordinarily 2 to 3 weeks; for expedited online publication, 3 to 6 weeks from the date of acceptance of the final revision. Authors are reminded that as a monthly clinical journal, we do not operate on the time frame of a weekly and do not ordinarily publish "news" items.
Although a request to revise is not a guarantee of acceptance, authors should pay strict attention to detail when revising their manuscript to assure that it is "publication ready" should a favorable decision be granted. A cover letter detailing the authors' point-by-point response to the reviewers' comments should accompany every revision
Regardless of the file format of the original submission, at revision you must provide us with an editable file of the entire article structured as described below. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier: http://www.elsevier.com/guidepublication). See also the section on Electronic artwork. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processing software. Proofs
One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author (if we do not have an e-mail address then paper proofs will be sent by post) or, a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download the free Adobe Reader, version 9 (or higher). Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site.
If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and scan the pages and return via e-mail. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.
The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at http://www.elsevier.com/audioslides. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.
Articles in Press: As previously noted, most articles destined for the print JAAD are now initially published "online ahead of print" in the Articles in Press section at http://www.jaad.org. Some articles are published online only in our JAAD Online section ("online-only publication"). Please note that online publication is considered a bonafide form of publication and can be cited using the DOI number located in the footnotes on the first page of each article.
The full content of each regular monthly issue is routinely posted online at http://jaad.org.Reprints
Reprint order forms will be sent to authors after the manuscript has been accepted. The provision of reprints by the author is optional.
Visit the Elsevier Support Center to find the answers you need. Here you will find everything from Frequently Asked Questions to ways to get in touch.
You can also check the status of your submitted article or find out when your accepted article will be published.