This journal is a peer reviewed, subsidized open access journal where Chinese Academy of Sciences pays the OA fee. Authors do not have to pay any open access publication fee.
Peer review under the responsibility of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.
Permitted third party reuse is defined by the following user license:
Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
Note: If you need to comply with your funding body policy, you can apply for the CC BY license after your manuscript is accepted for publication.
For open access publishing, this journal uses an exclusive licensing agreement. Authors will transfer copyright to Chinese Academy of Sciences, but will have the right to share their article in the same way permitted to third parties under the relevant user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights.
This journal is published bimonthly.
Elsevier supports responsible sharing
Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.