Guide for Authors

Notice to Contributors

The Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (JOMS) publishes articles reflecting a wide range of ideas, results, and techniques, provided they are original, contribute new information, and meet the journal's standards of scientific thought, rational procedure, and literary presentation.

The JOMS uses Editorial Manager, an online, electronic submission system. The Web site, http://ees.elsevier.com/joms, guides authors through the submission process. Authors must specify the article type (full length article, case report, etc.) and select from a set of classifications provided online.

Case reports. Routine case reports add little to our knowledge, but may be published if the report: 1) contains new information; for example, new disease process, diagnostic technique or maneuver, treatment, or operative approach; or 2) contains information that needs to be reinforced periodically; or 3) includes a comprehensive review on a topic requiring an updated review; or 4) is of an extremely unusual case.

Submissions to Perspective Section:Perspective articles represent succinct opinion pieces, survey results and other shorter contributions that address various topics of relevance to oral-maxillofacial surgeons. These topics may include, for example, public policy, patient safety, education, health care or surgical trends, government actions, and commentaries on other subjects. Articles in this section are limited to no more than 1400 words, no more than 3 figures or tables, and no more than 5 references. Articles accepted for publication do not necessarily represent the views of the AAOMS or the editorial staff.

Correspondence. Authors may send queries concerning the submission process, manuscript status, or journal procedures to the Editorial Office at joms@aaoms.org. All correspondence, including the Editor's decision and request for revisions, will be via e-mail.

Letters to the Editor may be directed to the Editor-in-Chief:

Dr James R. Hupp, Professor of Oral-Maxillofacial Surgery East Carolina University School of Dental Medicine and must be submitted via the EES system to be considered (http://ees.elsevier.com/joms).

Letters to the Editor should be in reference to a specific article or editorial that has been published by the JOMS on which you would like to comment; letters must be under 500 words (body of the letter, not including the references). One figure may accompany the letter if it is essential to understanding the subject. Please limit the number of references to fewer than 5.
Letters must be submitted within 8 weeks of the article's print publication or for online-only articles, within 8 weeks of the date they first appeared online.

Original articles are considered and accepted for publication on the condition that they have not been published in another journal or are not currently submitted or accepted for publication elsewhere. The Editor reserves the right to edit manuscripts to fit the space available and to ensure conciseness, clarity, and stylistic consistency.

Contributors to the JOMS must refer to the Consort statement on clinical research design: www.consort-statement.org and are expected to comply with its recommendations when reporting on a randomized clinical trial. When reporting observational studies, e.g. cohort or case-series, case-control, or cross-sectional studies the editors recommend that authors refer to the STROBE guidelines (http://www.strobe-statement.org/).

The JOMS requires compliance with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki on medical research protocols and ethics. The JOMS requires institutional review board (IRB) approval of the study protocol of all prospective studies; retrospective studies and chart reviews may be granted exemption by an IRB by the author's institution or must be approved in accord with local IRB standards. The JOMS requires that a statement of such approval or exemption be provided in the Methods section of manuscripts.

The Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery strongly encourages all interventional clinical trials be registered in a public trials registry that is in conformity with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). It is valuable to researchers hoping to eventually publish the results of their clinical trial to register their project at its inception since many major publications now require such registration in order for articles based on the investigation to be considered for acceptance. The Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is considering implementing such a requirement. Registering a trial is easy, is free of charge, and helps improve scientific transparency among researchers, as well as for readers evaluating the results of clinical trials in peer-reviewed publications.
Trials can be registered in http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ or in one of the registries meeting the ICMJE criteria that can be found listed at http://www.who.int/ictrp/network/primary/en/index.html

For example:
1) "This study was approved by the ___ Hospital IRB and all participants signed an informed consent agreement"; or
2) "This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki on medical protocol and ethics and the regional Ethical Review Board of ___ approved the study"; or
3) "Due to the retrospective nature of this study, it was granted an exemption in writing by the University of ___ IRB."

For authors in private practice, commercial or independent IRBs exist whose services should be sought; private practice does not exempt one from the responsibility to seek ethical approval of study protocols prospectively.

For studies featuring animal subjects, the JOMS requires confirmation that the research was approved by the appropriate animal care and use committee(s), and this information must be stated in the Methods section of the manuscript.

Declaration of Helsinki: http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html

Preparation of manuscripts. Submission of an article is the author's assurance that the article has not been accepted or published and is not under consideration by another publication.

Correct preparation of the manuscript by the author will expedite the reviewing and publication procedures. Authors who are not fluent in American English are strongly advised to seek help in the preparation of their manuscripts, in order to enhance the review process, improve the chance of acceptance, and greatly reduce the time until publication if the article is accepted.

Articles, including all tables, must be formatted in a recent version of Microsoft Word; the manuscript and references must be double-spaced. The use of appropriate subheadings throughout the body of the text (Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections) is required. For ideas and suggestions to aid preparation of clinical research papers, consider this reference: Dodson TB. A guide for preparing a patient-oriented research manuscript. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 104:307, 2007.

Abstracts are required for full-length and review articles. Abstracts should be submitted in the following format and must be limited to 250 words:

Purpose: One sentence background (if necessary) and one sentence purpose stated as a declarative sentence or as a research question:

The investigators hypothesized [insert hypothesis statement].

Given the audience, commonly a background sentence is not necessary as it will be evident from the study purpose or research questions.

Methods: This can be as short as 5 or 6 declarative sentences:

The investigators implemented a [insert type of study design]. The sample was composed of [describe eligible sample]. The predictor variable was... The outcome variable was... Other study variables were... Descriptive and bivariate statistics were computed and the P value was set at .05.

Results: This section can be as short as 2 sentences:The sample was composed of [insert sample size and a few representative descriptive statistics such as age and sex and any key differences between the study groups]. There was a statistically significant association between [insert the predictor and outcome variables and report the key statistics with P values and appropriate confidence intervals] after adjusting for [list other variables].

Conclusion: Example:

The results of this study suggest [insert key conclusion(s)]. Future studies will focus on [insert future research plans as indicated].

Two examples of abstracts follow:
Abstract Example 1--(Hypothesis driven patient-oriented research)-

After Dentoalveolar Surgery, Most Patients Are Satisfied With Telephone Follow-Up

Srinivas M. Susarla, DMD, MD, MPH, Rachel Black, Thomas B. Dodson, DMD, MPH

Purpose
To estimate patient satisfaction with telephone follow-up and compare the frequencies of postoperative complications between patients undergoing telephone and those undergoing clinical follow-up after ambulatory office-based dentoalveolar procedures.

Materials and Methods
Using a retrospective study design, the investigators enrolled a cohort of subjects who had had at least 1 tooth extracted during a 2-year period. The primary study variable was subject self-report of satisfaction with the telephone follow-up. For additional analyses, the predictor variable was follow-up type grouped as telephone versus clinical. The outcome variable was postoperative complications. To measure the relationships between the follow-up type and postoperative complications, bivariate and multiple logistic regression statistics were computed. P <.05 was considered significant.

Results
The sample was composed of 364 subjects, of whom 155 (42.6%) had received telephone follow-up. The sample's mean age was 28.6 ± 11.7 years, included 220 females (60.4%), and had had an average of 3.4 ± 2.1 teeth removed. The self-reported patient satisfaction rate with telephone follow-up was 95.9%. The overall complication frequency was 19.2%, with telephone follow-up subjects having a lower complication frequency (12.9%) than the clinical follow-up subjects (23.4%) (P < .01). After adjusting for differences between the 2 samples, no significant difference was found in the complication frequencies according to the method of follow-up (P = .7).

Conclusion
Patient satisfaction with telephone follow-up was high. The subjects scheduled for telephone follow-up had a complication rate that was similar to that of the clinical follow-up subjects.

Abstract Example 2--(Literature Review)

Do Perioperative Antibiotics Decrease Implant Failure?

Basel Sharaf, DDS, MD, Maher Jandali-Rifai, DMD, Srinivas M. Susarla, DMD, MD, MPH, Thomas B. Dodson, DMD, MPH

Purpose
To execute an evidence-based review answering the following question: "Among patients receiving dental implants, do those who receive perioperative antibiotic therapy, compared with those who do not, have a decreased likelihood of implant failure?"

Materials and Methods
We performed a literature review. The primary predictor variable was an antibiotic regimen, which was grouped into 3 categories: a single preoperative dose, a single preoperative dose and multiday postoperative therapy, and no antibiotic therapy. The primary and secondary outcome variables were implant failure and postoperative infection, respectively.

Results
Eight studies meeting the inclusion criteria were reviewed. Two studies assessed the effect of a single preoperative antibiotic dose and reported a reduction in implant failure by 1.3% to 2% compared with no antibiotics use. Two studies compared the effect of pre- and postoperative antibiotics and no antibiotic use and found a 4.2% decrease to 1.1% increase in the failure rates when antibiotics were used. Four studies considered the effect of different antibiotic regimens. Only 2 studies found a statistically significant reduction in implant failure (2.5% to 5.4%) when a single preoperative antibiotic dose was used in conjunction with multiday treatment, compared with postoperative multiday treatment only.

Conclusion
A single dose of preoperative antibiotic therapy may slightly decrease the failure rate of dental implants. However, the current data do not support the routine use of postoperative antibiotics, which can be tailored by the clinician to the patient's specific needs.

A Title Page must be included with each article that lists the title; the authors' names, degrees and affiliations, and complete mailing address and telephone number, fax number and e-mail address for the corresponding author. Titles of articles should be descriptive and concise.
Authors listed on the title page must have made substantive intellectual contributions to the manuscript and be prepared to accept responsibility for the manuscript. No more than 4 authors may be listed for case reports, brief communications or technical reports; and no more than 6 authors may be listed for full-length or review articles. If a greater number of authors are listed, a detailed description of each author's substantive contribution must be provided in the article's cover letter. Generally, editing a manuscript or permitting access to patients or their records will not be considered substantive intellectual contributions to qualify as a co-author.

References. (type with double spacing). References must be cited in numerical order in the text. Bibliographies and reading lists may not be submitted. For journal references, give the author's name, article title, journal name as abbreviated in Index Medicus, volume, pagination, and year, for example:

Susarla SM, Abramson ZR, Dodson TB: Cephalometric measurement of upper airway length correlates with the presence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:2846, 2010

For books, give the author's name, book title, location and name of publisher, and year of publication (exact page numbers are required for direct quotations), for example:

Abrahams OH, Boon JM, Sprat JD: McMinn's Clinical Atlas of Human Anatomy. Philadelphia, PA, Mosby, 2008, pp12, 16, 29

Figures/Illustrations. Color art and color photography submissions are strongly encouraged. Figures must be submitted electronically as separate files (not embedded in the manuscript file).
Use arrows or other indicators to point out key findings in images or photomicrographs.
Images must be high-resolution digital illustrations (EPS or TIFF files): line artwork = minimum of 1,000 dpi; halftone artwork (photographic/continuous tone) = minimum of 300 dpi; combination artwork (line/tone) = minimum of 500 dpi; recommended dimensional size is a minimum of 5 x 7 inches. PowerPoint or other presentation software are not of sufficient quality for publication.

Authors may contact Elsevier for more information or should download a copy of the Specifications for Supplying Digital Artwork from http://www.elsevier.com/artwork. This provides detailed information on file formats, artwork guidelines, and color.

Informed Consent and Patient DetailsFigures must be numbered and cited in the text in order, and all patient-identifying information must be removed or masked. Signed patient releases must accompany manuscripts in which there are photos of identifiable patients. Formal consents are not required for the use of entirely anonymized images from which the individual cannot be identified - for example, x-rays, ultrasound images, pathology slides or laparoscopic images - provided that these do not contain any identifying marks and are not accompanied by text that might identify the individual concerned. If consent has not been obtained, it is generally not sufficient to anonymize a photograph simply by using eye bars or blurring the face of the individual concerned. Release forms can be downloaded here.

Legends. All figures require a legend. For photomicrographs, magnification and stain must be specified. Please use arrows or some other indicator to point out the key findings in the figures. A list of figure legends must appear after the References and Tables, in Microsoft Word.

Tables. Each table in the manuscript should stand alone and be interpreted without referencing the text of the manuscript. As such, tables must be logically organized and supplement the article. Where possible, consider summarizing the information as text in the manuscript rather than using a table. Tables should include descriptive titles. Tables must be numbered consecutively and cited in the text in order. Title and footnotes must be on the same page with the table. Use of footnotes is encouraged to explain abbreviations and symbols used in the table. Do not draw vertical rules in tables. Tables must follow the references in the manuscript document and be in Microsoft Word.

Statistical Guidelines: For reporting outcomes for clinical trials or observational studies, p-values (significance tests) should include confidence intervals when reporting estimated effect sizes, measures of association, or other parameters of interest. The confidence intervals should be adjusted to match any adjustment made to significance levels in the corresponding test.Video and Computer Graphics. Authors are encouraged to submit videos and computer-generated graphics; eg, a slide presentation with or without animation and sound. Authors who wish to supply such material should notify the editors in the Cover Letter and in the Author Comments of the online submission. Although the publisher will not edit any video or computer graphic, editors and reviewers may suggest changes. All patient-identifying information must be removed or masked.
The maximum length of a video or computer graphic is 8 minutes. Longer submissions may be divided into smaller clips, each of which should be identified at the beginning of the section (eg Video Clip 1, graphic 10). A concise legend for each videoclip or computer graphic presentation must be included with the manuscript. Videos are to be submitted in MGEG-1 or MPEG-2 (*mpg) or QuickTime (*mov) format. More detailed instruction can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/artwork.

AAOMS Disclosure Statement Regarding Dual Commitment The JOMS requires that a completed AAOMS disclosure statement signed by ALL authors be submitted with the article. Disclosure Form may be downloaded here.AudioSlides The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at http://www.elsevier.com/audioslides. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.

Acknowledgments. Only persons who have made significant contributions to an article may be acknowledged.

Permissions and Waivers. Formal consents are not required for the use of entirely anonymized images from which the individual cannot be identified - for example, x-rays, ultrasound images, pathology slides or laparoscopic images - provided that these do not contain any identifying marks and are not accompanied by text that might identify the individual concerned. If consent has not been obtained, it is generally not sufficient to anonymize a photograph simply by using eye bars or blurring the face of the individual concerned. The policy on patient consent can be found here: https://www.elsevier.com/about/company-information/policies/patient-consentIt is the responsibility of the author to ensure that the form of written consent complies with each requirement of all applicable Data Protection and Privacy Laws. Waivers (Signed Patient Release Forms) must be obtained for full-face photographs. Please click here for waiver forms.

The following statements MUST be included in the Cover Letter:

"In consideration of the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery taking action in reviewing and editing my (our) submission, the author(s) undersigned hereby transfer(s), assign(s), or otherwise convey(s) all copyright ownership to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons in the event that such work is published in the JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY. The undersigned author(s) understands that if the manuscript is accepted, the Editors reserve the right to determine whether it will be published in the print edition or solely in the Internet edition of the Journal. Articles accepted for publication are subject to editorial revision."


Permission of original author and publisher must be obtained for direct use of material (text, photos, drawings) under copyright that is not your own. (Up to 100 words of prose material usually may be quoted without obtaining permission, provided the material quoted is not the essence of the complete work.) Authors are responsible for applying for permission for both print and electronic rights for all borrowed materials and are responsible for paying any fees related to the applications of these permissions.

Financial Interests. As specified in the AAOMS disclosure statement regarding duality of interest, any commercial associations that might create a conflict of interest in connection with a submitted manuscript must be disclosed. All sources of external funds supporting the work and all corporate affiliations of the authors must be indicated in a footnote, if the manuscript is accepted.

AAOMS Disclosure Statement Regarding Dual Commitment. The JOMS requires that a completed AAOMS disclosure statement signed by ALL authors be submitted with the article.

Checklist for authors:
_Cover letter (including copyright statements, disclosures).
_Title page (including authors' information).
_Manuscript (including abstract, article, references, tables and figures legends---all in Microsoft Word format).
_Statement of IRB in the Methods and Materials section.
_Figures (individually submitted as separate files).
_AAOMS Disclosure Statement_Figures (individually submitted as separate files).
_Patient release forms for photographs. Updated September 2020