Guide for Authors

Instructions to Authors

General Information
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas is an open access online free journal. A paper is accepted for publication on the understanding that it has not been submitted simultaneously to another journal in any language. Authors are permitted to submit the paper only in English Language. The Editors reserve the right to make editorial and literary corrections. Any opinions expressed or policies advocated do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of the Editors. Papers should be set out as follows, with each section beginning on a separate sheet: title page, summary, text, acknowledgements, references, tables, and illustrations. Authors are highly recommended to visit previously published papers of this journal to get enough idea how to format their submission before trying to submit. Authors are requested to submit their manuscript online via For submission only a single Word file containing all figures or tables is needed. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revisions, will be managed via this system. The corresponding author should sign the copyright and the publication agreement form before publication. Written permission is needed to reproduce published material (illustrations and tables) from the original publishers. Accepted papers will be rapidly published online with no charge of authors.
Before you Begin:

Ethics in publishing
For information on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see and .

Conflict of interest
All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. See also .
Please complete and upload the Conflict of Interest and Author Declaration form with your manuscript. Inclusion of this form is mandatory. Copyright
Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright, see An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Author rights
As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. For more information on author rights please see

Changes in authorship
This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:
Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.
After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.

Double-blind Peer Review Guidelines
This journal operates a double blind review process, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed throughout the review process.
To facilitate this, authors need to ensure that their manuscripts are prepared in a way that does not disclose their identity. To help with this preparation, please ensure the following when submitting to J Med Hypotheses Ideas:
Submit the Title Page containing the Authors' details and Blinded Manuscript with no author details as 2 separate files.
All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final. For more information on the types of peer review, please visit:

The title page should give title of article; complete names of authors with highest academic degree(s); affiliations (the name of the department (if any), institution, city, and state or county where the work was done); and corresponding author address (the name, address, E-Mail Address, FAX number, and telephone number of the author to whom reprint requests are to be sent). Avoid abbreviations in the title.

The abstract should contain details of the idea or hypotheses and the most important supporting evidences and implications. Great care should be taken to provide an informative abstract, which summarizes the main argument of the paper. The abstract must be a concise representative of whole article with a maximum length of 300 words.

Graphical abstract
A Graphical abstract is mandatory for this journal. It should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Image size: please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. See for examples.
Authors can make use of Elsevier's Illustration and Enhancement service to ensure the best presentation of their images also in accordance with all technical requirements: Illustration Service.

Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate file in the online submission system. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). See for examples.

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Authors are asked to subdivide their paper into different sections to enhance the reader's comprehension, but the length of the paper should not be higher than 40 pages of double spaced 12 point type including tables, illustrations and references. The text of paper must include Introduction, The Hypotheses/Ideas, Evaluation of the Hypotheses/Ideas, Preliminary experimental data (if exist), and Discussion/conclusion sections. The introduction should clear the scene for the hypotheses/idea. The hypotheses/idea needs to be clear why and how it differs from current thoughts, how the hypotheses/idea has evolved, and why it is important. The proposed hypotheses/idea should be evaluated in the light of known and published information. Authors should clarify how the new hypotheses/idea can be examined. Authors are allowed to indicate their own pilot data with brief describing of methods used and results found with as minimum as possible figures or tables. The importance of new hypotheses/idea in different fields should be indicated and discussed. It should be also discussed how much new hypotheses/idea if confirmed will change the current medicine.

Overview box:
Authors are requested to complete the overview box for the article. This box will appear at the end of the article and before the references. The answers should not exceed 4 lines. This box contains three questions:

First Question: What do we already know about the subject?
The author should briefly describe the current situation of the topic under study.

Second Question: What does your proposed theory add to the current knowledge available, and what benefits does it have?
The authors are expected to briefly describe what the study adds to the current knowledge available, and what benefits will it have in basic, clinical and applied sciences (e.g. does it reduce the cost and time of diagnostic tests or treatment methods? Does it make the earlier studies' results applicable? or etc.)

Third question: Among numerous available studies, what special further study is proposed for testing the idea?
The author should clearly state which further studies are required to test the idea, and which questions need to be answered.

Only relevant references should be cited. The accuracy of references is the responsibility of the author. References should be entered consecutively by Arabic numerals in parentheses in the text. The references should be listed in numerical order in double spacing. References to journals should include the authors' names and initials, full title of paper, abbreviated journal title on the basis of Index Medicus abbreviations, year of publication, volume number, and page numbers. References to books should include the authors' names and initials, full title of book, publication number, the publication's name, place of publication, year of publication, and page numbers. Internet references should include authors' name, title, web address, date of publication (if known), and the date on which the website was accessed. This journal adheres the Vancouver style of reference lists (Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, Automated formatting for in-text references and the reference list is not allowed on any types of manuscripts submitted to this journal. Authors are encouraged to consider the latest paper published in J Med Hypotheses Ideas for the general format of presentation. Examples are as follows:

Vafaei M, Derakhashani S, Elahi B. Modified retention enema, possible cure for solitary rectal ulcer. J Med Hypotheses Ideas 2007;1:5.


Nikfar S. A new model for decision analysis in economic evaluations of switchable health interventions. J Med Hypotheses Ideas 2012; 6(1): 12-15.

Book (written or edited):


Abdollahi M. Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Poisonings by Pesticides. Eshraghieh Publications, Tehran, 1994.


Koren G. Medication Safety in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding, McGraw-Hill Professional, New York, 2007.

Chapter in book:

Abdollahi M. Iran. In: Information Resources in Toxicology, 4th Edition. Ed. Wexler PJ, San Diego, Academic Press (Elsevier), 2009, pp: 935-946. 500.


Abdollahi M. Epidemiological studies; IRAN. In: Anticholinesterase Pesticides: Metabolism, Neurotoxicity, and Epidemiology. Ed. Satoh T and Gupta R, Hoboken, NJ, Wiley, 2011, pp:433-444.

Authors should disclose at the time of submission information on any conflict of interest that may influence the manuscript.

Figures and Tables
Authors are encouraged to indicate the hypothesis or idea by providing informative diagrams, schemes, drawings, tables, or figures. Providing previously-known information about the topic in a table is highly recommended.

Tables, diagrams, schemes, and figures should better be designed by the Microsoft Office processor. Images should be in JPEG format. All figures or images or tables must be embedded in manuscript body and not uploaded as a separate file.