Open access journal

This journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal.

All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute. Permitted reuse is defined by the following user license:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

Open Access Publication Fee

As an open access journal with no subscription charges, a fee is payable by the author or research funder to cover the costs associated with publication. This ensures your article will be immediately and permanently free to access by everyone. The gold open access publication fee for this journal is:

  • High-income country affiliation* - USD 1000
  • Non-high-income country affiliation* - USD 500

* According to the World Bank classifications.

Author rights
For open access publishing this journal uses an exclusive licensing agreement. Authors will retain copyright alongside scholarly usage rights and Elsevier will be granted publishing and distribution rights.

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Contact details
http://service.elsevier.com/app/home/supporthub/publishing/support@elsevier.com