Guide for Authors

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Important documents

Submission Checklist

General requirements

Original contributions reporting new information pertaining to the science of large lakes of the world and their watersheds will be considered for publication in the Journal. A manuscript should advance knowledge on a subject or promote a better understanding of existing concepts. It cannot have been published elsewhere, nor can it be simultaneously submitted for publication elsewhere.

Types of paper

Full length articles represent original research results.
Reviews are in depth reviews of a particular topic or field.
Short communications are short articles that report on brief but complete projects, significant observations, or are preliminary findings of continuing projects that warrant rapid publication.
Comments, in the form of letters or essays, are informational or opinion papers relevant to large lakes research, or reflections on previously published papers. For commentaries on published papers, the original author will be allowed to reply. Review of commentaries will be at the discretion of the Lead Editor.
Letters to the editor, generally one journal page in length, are published at the beginning of an issue. They represent the opinions or ideas of the author(s). Letters to the editor will be reviewed at the discretion of the Editor.


Ethics in publishing

Please see our information on Ethics in publishing.

Declaration of competing interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Authors should complete the declaration of competing interest statement using this template and upload to the submission system at the Attach/Upload Files step. Note: Please do not convert the .docx template to another file type. Author signatures are not required. If there are no interests to declare, please choose the first option in the template. More information.

Submission declaration and verification

Article submission implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, preprint, published lecture or academic thesis, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service Crossref Similarity Check. Preprints can be shared anywhere at any time, in line with Elsevier's sharing policy. Authors should note in the cover letter if they have placed their submissions on a preprint server and should agree to update the preprint with a link to their JGLR submission if it is accepted and confirm copyright transfer.

Use of inclusive language

Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities. Content should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader; contain nothing which might imply that one individual is superior to another on the grounds of age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability or health condition; and use inclusive language throughout. Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, stereotypes, slang, reference to dominant culture and/or cultural assumptions. We advise to seek gender neutrality by using plural nouns ("clinicians, patients/clients") as default/wherever possible to avoid using "he, she," or "he/she." We recommend avoiding the use of descriptors that refer to personal attributes such as age, gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability or health condition unless they are relevant and valid. When coding terminology is used, we recommend to avoid offensive or exclusionary terms such as "master", "slave", "blacklist" and "whitelist". We suggest using alternatives that are more appropriate and (self-) explanatory such as "primary", "secondary", "blocklist" and "allowlist". These guidelines are meant as a point of reference to help identify appropriate language but are by no means exhaustive or definitive.


Each author is required to declare his or her individual contribution to the article in the cover letter: all authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.

Author contributions

For transparency, we encourage authors to submit an author statement file outlining their individual contributions to the paper using the relevant CRediT roles: Conceptualization; Data curation; Formal analysis; Funding acquisition; Investigation; Methodology; Project administration; Resources; Software; Supervision; Validation; Visualization; Roles/Writing - original draft; Writing - review & editing. Authorship statements should be formatted with the names of authors first and CRediT role(s) following. More details and an example.

Changes to authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

Funding body agreements and policies

Elsevier has established several agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some funding bodies will reimburse the author for the gold open access publication fee. Details of existing agreements are available here.
After acceptance, open access papers will be published under a noncommercial license. For authors requiring a commercial CC BY license, you can apply after your manuscript is accepted for publication.


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (see more information on this). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Papers prepared by government employees from certain countries, including Canada and the US, as part of their official duties need not have the assignment of copyright transferred since this material is automatically considered as part of the public domain (more information). However, the form must be signed. Some organizations have tailored agreements with Elsevier that should be signed in place of the standard agreement. Employees of these organizations will be directed to contact the Oxford copyright team ( at the acceptance stage to obtain the correct form.

Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases.

For gold open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (more information). Permitted third party reuse of gold open access articles is determined by the author's choice of user license.

The JGLR offers authors the choice to publish their article as open access. The International Association for Great Lakes Research (IAGLR) holds the copyright for articles whose authors do not opt to publish via the open access route. Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards.

The open access publication fee for this journal is USD 2750 per article, excluding taxes. Members of IAGLR receive a discounted open access fee of USD 2200 per article. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy: Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our universal access programs.

Author rights
As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. More information.

Elsevier supports responsible sharing
Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.

Open access

For open access articles, permitted third party (re)use is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

Green open access
Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our open access page for further information. Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications. Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public. This is the embargo period and it begins from the date the article is formally published online in its final and fully citable form. Find out more.
This journal has an embargo period of 12 months.


Submitting your article

Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word, LaTeX) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.

Submission address
Please submit your article via


When you submit your manuscript, you will be REQUIRED to list the first name, last name, and email address of four suggested reviewers. You cannot complete the submission process until this information is submitted. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether the suggested reviewers are used.


Please write your text in clear and correct English. Authors who require information about language editing and copyediting services pre- and post-submission please visit or customer support at

General points
• Define all abbreviations at first use.
• Do not use footnotes.
• Italics are not to be used for expressions of Latin origin (in vivo, et al., per se, etc.).
• Use decimal points rather than commas.
• Use commas for thousands (10,000 and above).

Nomenclature and units
• Use the international system of units (SI). If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI.
• Molar units (e.g., mM) should be used whenever possible and appropriate rather than mass units (e.g., mg/L) for reporting concentrations.
Do not capitalize common names of fish or other organisms. Scientific names should follow the first use of the common name.

• Present simple equations in the line of normal text where possible and avoid placing a comma or period after the equation.
• Use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y.
• Present variables in italics.
• Denote powers of the Euler constant e (~2.7128) by exp to avoid confusion. E.g., use exp(-4) not e-4.
• Equations displayed separately from text, if referred to explicitly in the text, should be numbered, and these numbers should each be surrounded by parentheses.

Cover letter

Include a cover letter that includes the following components:
• Manuscript title
• Article type of manuscript (e.g., Full length article, Review, Short Communication) and Special Section name if appropriate
• Statement of contribution for each author
• A brief statement regarding how the submission is important to large lakes
• Information on whether the preprint has been made available, noting that the authors agree to update the preprint with a link to the submission and confirm copyright transfer should the submission be accepted
• Statement that:
A. The material has not been previously published,
B. is not under consideration for publication elsewhere,
C. its publication is approved by all authors and the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and
D. if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere, in English or in any other language, including electronically, without the written consent of the copyright-holder
• Declarations of any conflicts of interest
• Any special considerations that should be given to the paper (if any)

Article structure

Manuscript text with line numbers should be submitted in Microsoft Word or LaTex format. All text should be contained in a single left justified column and have 1.5 line spacing. Each section heading should appear on a separate line in bold typeface. Subsections should be used as needed and appear on a separate line in italics. While there is no formal page limit for submissions, the average number of journal pages per article is 10, and authors are reminded that lengthy papers can result in reviewer and reader fatigue.

Title Page
The title page should be the first page of the manuscript and include the following:
Author names and affiliations
Include the first name and full last name for all authors. Identify the authors' affiliation address (where the actual work was done) with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name. Include the e-mail address for the corresponding author (see below).

If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address"' (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author conducted the work must be retained as the main affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Corresponding author
Clearly indicate with an "*" which author is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Note the corresponding author will be responsible for all correspondence regarding the submission throughout the review, revision and acceptance stage. The corresponding author cannot be changed.

The abstract should appear on the second page of the manuscript and be 250 words or less. A graphical abstract may also be uploaded as an additional file, but a text abstract is required. Elsevier guidelines on graphical abstracts can be found here.

List between 2 and 6 keywords immediately following the abstract. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Main text
The main text of your submission must have line numbers and should include the following sections:
• Introduction
• Methods
• Results
• Discussion
• Conclusions

Note that a combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate for shorter papers and short communications. Conclusions may be included as a subsection.

Include acknowledgements in a separate titled section at the end of the article before the references.

Acknowledge funding using the following format: "This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa]."

It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.

If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:

"This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors."


Reference management software
Most Elsevier journals have their reference template available in many of the most popular reference management software products. Using citation plug-ins from these products, authors can choose to have their citations and bibliographies automatically formatted in the journal's style. If you use reference management software, please ensure that you remove all field codes before submitting the electronic manuscript. More information on how to remove field codes from different reference management software.

References within the text
Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication; Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication; Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication. Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed alphabetically. If there are multiple references with the same authors, these should be listed in reverse chronological order, such as (Allan, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1999).

References to other articles within a Special Section should be cited as "this issue" rather than the year.

References that are "in prep", "in review", "submitted" or "abstracts" should be cited as "personal communications". Unpublished results and personal communications are not permitted in the reference list, but must be mentioned in the text, citing names, affiliation and date. Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

List of References
Create a separate Reference section and place it after Acknowledgments and before Tables and Figure Captions. References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication. Titles of non-English references should be translated to English.

Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations.
Each reference should be listed on a separate line in the following formats:

Reference to a journal publication:
Authors, Year. Title. Journal. volume, pages.

Journal References in a special issue:
Authors (this issue). Title. Journal. (this issue).

Reference to a book:
Authors, Year. Title. Publisher, Location.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Authors, Year. Chapter title, in: Editors (Eds.), Book title. Publisher, Location, pages.

Reference to a thesis:
Author, Year. Title (level of thesis). University, City, Country.

Reference to a report:
With organization as author:
Organization, Year. Title. Report number (if available). Retrieval information including website and retrieval date.
With specific author(s):
Authors, Year. Title. Report number (if available). Retrieval information including full organization name for website, website address, and retrieval date.

Reference to a website:
Website references should not be included as a reference unless the website is maintained by an institution committed to maintaining the website in perpetuity (e.g., the State of Michigan). When this requirement is met, format website references as:

Website name, Year. Place: Publisher; [accessed date]. URL.

Data references:
This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List as follows:

[dataset] Author(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier.

Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.


Tables should be submitted one per page at the end of the manuscript (before figures) and should be in a format that can be edited by type setters such as MS Word format or MS Excel. Footnotes should not be used to explain the contents of the table however footnotes can be used to explain an exceptional entry in the table.

Horizontal lines should be used to distinguish top and bottom of the table and column titles. Do not use vertical lines.

Table Captions
Table number and captions should appear at the top of the table. Give enough information in table captions that each table is understandable without reference to the text. However, if the table caption becomes excessively lengthy with descriptions of how numbers were derived, refer to the text for additional information.

Figure captions

Provide a list of figure captions separate from the figures.


Submit numbered figures without captions preferably as a separate file(s) from the text file. Figures should be created in a high-resolution format (recommended formats are TIFF, EPS or PDF) with a minimum of 300 dpi. Microsoft DOC, XLS or PPT may be acceptable if the resolution is sufficient to allow figures to be reduced in size for publication. A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available at

Color artwork
Color figures will appear at no additional charge in the electronic version of your manuscript. Color reproduction in print costs $400 per unit. During the closing process, you will be asked to indicate your preference for color in print or on the Web only. If you do not want color figures in the print version, please ensure that your color figures will be legible when printed in grayscale and if appropriate upload separate color and grayscale versions of each figure.

Electronic Supplementary Material

Electronic Supplementary Material can be used to include tables or descriptions of methods/ results generally too large or detailed to put into a manuscript, as well as providing access to files that cannot be printed (e.g., video files).

Electronic Supplementary Material
• Must be referred to in the manuscript text
• Included in electronic version only
• Submit Supplementary Material as one file if possible, ordered as cited in the text
• Supplementary Material tables and figures should be identified as Table S1, Table S2, Figure S1, Figure S2, etc., and equations should be given separate numbering: Eq. (S1), etc.
• Supplementary text files should be referred to as Appendix S1, Appendix S2, etc.
• May be longer or include high resolution images, background datasets, video or sound clips, etc. For more information on multimedia ESM see: and

Cover Photos
Authors can upload a photo to be considered for the cover photography by uploading one or two photos to the Supplementary Online Information category with the file names clearly identifying them as photo/s for consideration.


If you include excerpts or figures from other copyrighted works, you must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases (

Preprint references
Where a preprint has subsequently become available as a peer-reviewed publication, the formal publication should be used as the reference. If there are preprints that are central to your work or that cover crucial developments in the topic, but are not yet formally published, these may be referenced. Preprints should be clearly marked as such, for example by including the word preprint, or the name of the preprint server, as part of the reference. The preprint DOI should also be provided.

Submission Checklist

A submission checklist will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.


Authors receive an "Acceptance letter" from the JGLR Editor when the article has been accepted and the chain of custody for the article is transferred to the Publisher. Once this has happened authors receive an "Acknowledgement" email from Elsevier when their article is logged into the production system. This email includes information on colour figures and instructions on how to make payments.

Online proof correction

To ensure a fast publication process of the article, we kindly ask authors to provide us with their proof corrections within two days. Corresponding authors will receive an e-mail with a link to our online proofing system, allowing annotation and correction of proofs online. The environment is similar to MS Word: in addition to editing text, you can also comment on figures/tables and answer questions from the Copy Editor. Web-based proofing provides a faster and less error-prone process by allowing you to directly type your corrections, eliminating the potential introduction of errors.
If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and upload your edits on the PDF version. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods to the online version and PDF.
We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.


Once the article has been published in the print version of the journal issue with page numbers, the corresponding author will receive a Share Link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. The Share Link can be used for sharing the article via any communication channel, including email and social media. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication, or via Elsevier's Webshop. Corresponding authors who have published their article gold open access do not receive a Share Link as their final published version of the article is available open access on ScienceDirect and can be shared through the article DOI link.


Requesting permission to use material from JGLR publications that appear in Science Direct

Authors wishing to use JGLR material available on Science Direct are requested to log in to Science Direct, locate the article and click on the link to the lower right of the abstract labelled "Get rights and content". This leads to the "Rights Link" where the author can make their specific request. Depending on the request the author will be informed if they are required to pay for the copyright permission.

Click "Get rights and content", select your request from the "I would like to" box. Complete the form that appears and click "Quick Price". Click "Continue". You will be asked to login or create an account. Enter any additional data requested for your specific copyright needs. If you have any issues, contact the Elsevier Support Center directly.


Visit the Elsevier Support Center to find everything from Frequently Asked Questions to ways to get in touch, or reach out to the Editorial Office at Note that JGLR uses Editorial Manager, but some FAQs deal specifically with a different system called Editorial Manager. You can also check the status of your submitted article or find out when your accepted article will be published.