Guide for Authors



Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details on the requirements for submitting your paper to Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine. The guidelines described in this document should be adhered to carefully, to ensure high-quality and rapid publication of your manuscript.

Aims and scope

Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine provides practitioners with a convenient, comprehensive, “must have” resource to enhance and elevate their practice with exotic pet medicine. Each issue contains wide ranging peer-reviewed articles that cover many of the current and novel topics important to clinicians caring for exotic pets. Current industry news, diagnostic challenges, literature and therapeutic reviews, and editorially selected review articles are also included to help keep veterinarians up to date on issues affecting their practice. In addition, the Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine serves as the official publication of both the Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians (AEMV) and European Association of Avian Veterinarians (EAAV). Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine is the most complete resource for practitioners who treat exotic pets.

Peer review

All submissions will be reviewed by at least 2 anonymous reviewers and evaluated for originality, a clear statement of a hypothesis, experimental design, completeness of methods, thoughtfulness of the discussion, and conclusions that are supported by data. Authors may name up to 5 potential reviewers; however, the Editors retain the right to assign different reviewers as deemed appropriate.

Types of article
1. Original Research Papers
2. Review Articles
3. Case Report or Case Series
4. Clinical Technique
5. Brief Communications
6. Diagnostic Challenge
7. Practice Management

Original Research Papers should report the results of original research. The material should not have been previously published elsewhere, except in a preliminary form (≤250 word Abstract). If the authors are uncertain of whether prior presentation or publication in abstract form poses a potential conflict, they should contact the Editors prior to submission. Research papers are required to be organized as follows:

1. Introduction: the introduction should acquaint the reader with the subject and justify the objective(s) of the research. There should be three parts to the introduction: first, a clear description of the nature and extent of the problem to be studied; second, a presentation of the pertinent research by others in the field of the study; and third, a statement of how the authors’ study challenges, expands or improves the known material. The hypothesis or objective(s) addressed in the study must be clearly stated in the final paragraph.

2. Materials and Methods: the materials and methods must contain enough information to allow another scientist to duplicate the study. Materials should be named specifically, including the manufacturer, city, state, and country where the equipment or supplies were obtained. Descriptions of animals should include species or breed, sex, weight and age. Husbandry methods, climate, photoperiod and geographic location of the study should also be included. A logical description of the experimental methods should follow and include an explanation of the experimental design. It may be useful to prepare a table or schematic diagram to explain the procedures, such as how the animals were divided into groups or how samples were obtained. The method of statistical evaluation must be stated, the treatment and response variables identified, and assignment of experimental units into groups specified.

3. Results: the results must contain sufficient information to fully describe the outcome of the research. The use of tables and figures is encouraged, but text should be used to emphasize important points, connect results, and to restate the trend of the idea (the objective already mentioned in the INTRODUCTION). Tables and figures must contain enough information within them and in their respective titles or legends to be understandable without referring to the text. Statistical test results and probabilities (p values) must be provided.

4. Discussion: the discussion must contain an explanation of the meaning of the results. The principles, relationships, and general truths shown by the results should be presented without retelling the results. Exceptions or lack of correlation should be pointed out and unsettled points defined. Agreement or disagreement with previous work should be shown. The theoretical or practical implications of the work should be discussed. Finally, the major conclusions and implications should be stated in a brief paragraph.

Review Articles should be current, in-depth articles or discussions focusing on topic-specific diseases or areas in a way that relate to the practicing veterinarian; current review of literature relating to a specific topic; clinical data and research concerning specific diseases or species if there is a practical understanding and application, or if it adds clarity to the article. Images and tables are encouraged to clarify understanding of procedures, techniques, or disease processes.

Case Reports or Case Series describe a specific case or cases, respectively, in more detail than a brief communication. Case reports should represent new information that is relevant to the exotic animal practitioner. Simple descriptions of novel disease presentations (e.g., a neoplasm) where there is no additional clinical information such as treatment or long term survival are not appropriate for this journal.

Case reports should be no longer than 2,200 words (200 word abstract and 2000 word manuscript). There is no specific limit for figures, tables, or references, but these may be modified at the discretion of the editor. It is up to the author to confirm that the submission is unique through a thorough literature search. The statement "To the best of the author's knowledge..." is not acceptable.

Clinical Technique is a 3- to 5-page description of a clinical technique related to the assigned topic that includes an overview and a description of the technique followed by a detailed series of images and descriptive text describing each step of the procedure. Included should also be a detailed description of the materials needed to perform the technique including trade name and address of manufacturer if applicable.

Brief Communications are intended to provide information on clinical cases or pilot research studies. Examples of clinical cases for consideration as Brief Communications include formerly described diseases or medical/surgical procedures being described in a new species. Brief communications are intended for works that are more concise than full Case Reports or research studies. Brief communications should be no longer than 1700 words (200 word abstract and 1500 word manuscript). No more than 4 figures or tables should be used for a brief communications. Literature citations for brief communications are limited to 20 references.

Diagnostic Challenge describes a case using images and/or diagnostic test results from exotic or wildlife patients. Each Challenge will include an Introduction describing the clinical presentation and test results, Diagnosis, Discussion, Review, and References (at least 5). No more than 4 printed pages (See Estimating Manuscript Length below).

Practice Management offers practical advice for the veterinarian/hospital administrator that can be easily understood and utilized to practice better medicine and run an efficient veterinary hospital. All issues involving practice management, equipment, and trends are potential topics for these articles. No more than 5-6 printed pages (See Estimating Manuscript Length below). All questions regarding the organization of article content should be directed to the Editorial Office.

All questions regarding the organization of article content should be directed to the Editorial Office.


Ethics in publishing

For information on Ethics in Publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication see and

Policy and ethics

The work described in your article must have been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans; EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals This must be stated at an appropriate point in the article.

Unnecessary cruelty in animal experimentation is not acceptable to the Editors of Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine.

Conflict of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. See also

Submission declaration

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere including electronically in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.


Each author is required to declare his or her individual contribution to the article: all authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.


All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted.

Changes to authorship

This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts:

Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Journal Manager from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Manager to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Note that: (1) Journal Managers will inform the Journal Editors of any such requests and (2) publication of the accepted manuscript in an online issue is suspended until authorship has been agreed.

After the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue: Any requests to add, delete, or rearrange author names in an article published in an online issue will follow the same policies as noted above and result in a corrigendum.


Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright see ). Acceptance of the agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult

Retained author rights

As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights; for details you are referred to:

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated. Please see

Open Access

This journal offers authors two choices to publish their research;
1. Open Access

  • Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
  • An Open Access publication fee is payable by authors or their research funder

2. Subscription

  • Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our access programs (
  • No Open Access publication fee

All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Permitted reuse is defined by your choice of one of the following Creative Commons user licenses:

Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, to create extracts, abstracts and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text and data mine the article, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, do not modify the article in such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation, and license their new adaptations or creations under identical terms (CC BY NC SA).

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY): available only for authors funded by organizations with which we have established an agreement with. For a full list please see

Elsevier has established agreements with funding bodies. This ensures authors can comply with funding body Open Access requirements, including specific user licenses, such as CC-BY. Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees.

To provide Open Access, this journal has a publication fee which needs to be met by the authors or their research funders for each article published Open Access. Your publication choice will have no effect on the peer review process or acceptance of submitted articles.

The Open Access publication fee for this journal is $USD 2,500, excluding taxes.

Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy

Funding body agreements and policies

Elsevier has established agreements and developed policies to allow authors whose articles appear in journals published by Elsevier, to comply with potential manuscript archiving requirements as specified as conditions of their grant awards. To learn more about existing agreements and policies please visit

Elsevier supports responsible sharing Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.

Language and language services

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who require information about language editing and copyediting services pre- and post-submission please visit or our customer support site at for more information.


Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts source files to a single PDF file of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF files at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail removing the need for a paper trail.

Submit your article
Please submit your article via


Please submit, as part of the covering letter with the manuscript, the names, full affiliation (department, institution, city and country) and email addresses of up to 5 potential Referees. Appropriate Referees should be knowledgeable about the subject but have no close connection with any of the authors. In addition, Referees should be from institutions other than (and preferably countries other than) those of any of the Authors. You may also suggest reviewers you do not want to review your manuscript, but please state your reasons for doing so. The Editors retain the right to choose reviewers as deemed appropriate. All submissions will be reviewed by at least two anonymous reviewers to evaluate them for originality, clear statement of a hypothesis, appropriate experimental design, completeness of methods, a logical and comprehensive discussion, and conclusions that are supported by data.


Use of word-processing software

It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. Do not embed "graphically designed" equations or tables, but prepare these using the word processor's facility. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier: Do not import the figures into the text file but, instead, indicate their approximate locations directly in the electronic text and on the manuscript. See also the section on Electronic illustrations. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the "spell-check" and "grammar-check" functions of your word processor.

Article structure

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. In most cases, this section should not exceed approximately 2 double-spaced pages.

Materials and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Results should be clear and concise, and should correspond to data collection as described in Materials and Methods.

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Essential title page information
Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address"' (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.


A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

Nomenclature and units

Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI. You are urged to consult IUB: Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents: for further information.

Math formulae

Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).


Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.

Table footnotes
Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.


Image manipulation
Whilst it is accepted that authors sometimes need to manipulate images for clarity, manipulation for purposes of deception or fraud will be seen as scientific ethical abuse and will be dealt with accordingly. For graphical images, this journal is applying the following policy: no specific feature within an image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if and as long as they do not obscure or eliminate any information present in the original. Nonlinear adjustments (e.g. changes to gamma settings) must be disclosed in the figure legend.

Electronic artwork
General points
• Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
• Save text in illustrations as 'graphics' or enclose the font.
• Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times, Symbol.
• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
• Provide captions to illustrations separately.
• Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version.
• Submit each figure as a separate file.

A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website:

You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.

Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
EPS: Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as 'graphics'.
TIFF: Color or grayscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.
TIFF: Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.
TIFF: Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.
If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is'.

Please do not:
• Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low;
• Supply files that are too low in resolution;
• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Color artwork
Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF, EPS or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for color: in print or on the Web only. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see

Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting color figures to 'gray scale' (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) please submit in addition usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations.

Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Text graphics
Present incidental graphics not suitable for mention as figures, plates or schemes at the end of the article and number them "Graphic 1", etc. Their precise position in the text can then be indicated. See further under Electronic artwork. If you are working with LaTeX and have such features embedded in the text, these can be left, but such embedding should not be done specifically for publishing purposes. Further, high-resolution graphics files must be provided separately.


Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.


Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either "Unpublished results" or "Personal communication" Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

References in a special issue
Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.

Reference style
Text: Indicate references by (consecutive) superscript arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. The numerals are to be used outside periods and commas, inside colons and semicolons (with multiple citations separated by a comma with no space between comma an next citation, and three or more consecutive citations separated by a hyphen).

List: Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text


For periodicals
Palmeiro B, Rosenthal K, Lewbart G, et al: Plasma biochemical reference intervals for koi. J Am Vet Med Assoc 230:708-712, 2007.

For books
Carpenter JW (ed): Exotic Animal Formulary Avian and Exotic Pets. (ed 3). St. Louis, MO, Saunders/Elsevier, 2005

For chapter of a book
O'Malley B: Tortoises and turtles, in O'Malley B (ed): Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of Exotic Species. Philadelphia, PA, Elsevier/Saunders, pp 41-56, 2005

Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus journal abbreviations:; List of serial title word abbreviations:; CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service):

Supplementary material

Elsevier accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please provide the data in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. For more detailed instructions please visit our artwork instruction pages at Files can be stored on diskette, ZIP-disk or CD (either MS-DOS or Macintosh).

Submission checklist

The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

Ensure that the following items are present:
• One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
• E-mail address
• Full postal address
• Telephone and fax numbers

All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
• Keywords
• All figure captions
• All tables (including title, description, footnotes)

Further considerations
• Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
• References are in the correct format for this journal
• All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
• Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and
• in print, or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
• If only color on the Web is required, black-and-white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes

For any further information please visit our customer support site at


Use of the digital object identifier

The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information.

The correct format for citing a DOI is shown as follows (example taken from a document in the journal Physics Letters B):


When you use the DOI to create URL hyperlinks to documents on the web, they are guaranteed never to change.


One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author (if we do not have an e-mail address then paper proofs will be sent by post) or, a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 (or higher) available free from Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site:

If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately - please let us have all your corrections within 48 hours. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.


The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use.


For inquiries relating to the submission of articles (including electronic submission) please visit this journal's homepage. Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, will be provided by the publisher. You can track accepted articles at You can also check our Author FAQs ( and/or contact Customer Support via

Editorial Office:

Thomas N. Tully, Jr., DVM, MS, Dip. ABVP (Avian), Dip. ECZM (Avian)
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences
School of Veterinary Medicine
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, LA 70803

Mark A. Mitchell, DVM, MS, PhD, Dip. ECZM (Herpetology)
University of Illinois
College of Veterinary Medicine
Dept. VCM, 270 SAC
1008 W. Hazelwood
Urbana, IL 61802
Email: mmitch@illinois.eduUpdated April 2012