Manuscripts for Journal of Ethnic Foods should be submitted online at the online submission system. For editorial questions, please contact us via e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org), telephone (+82 31-780-9171), or fax (+82 31-780-9279).
Articles should be prepared in the simplest form possible and submitted in Microsoft Word (*.doc or *.docx). Manuscripts must be typed in English and double-spaced. All pages must be numbered consecutively starting from the title page. You may use automatic page numbering, but do NOT use other kinds of automatic formatting such as footnotes. Place text, references, figures, tables and legends in one file with each figure or table on a new page.
Please ensure that the following submission documents are also included, where applicable:
- A cover letter. It must include your name, address, telephone and fax numbers, e-mail address, and state that all authors have contributed to the paper and have never submitted the manuscript, in whole or in part, to other journals.
- A conflict of interest disclosure statement (see relevant section below)
- Articles covering the use of human samples in research and human experiments must be approved by the relevant review committee (see relevant section below).
- Articles covering the use of animals in experiments must be approved by the relevant authorities.
- Articles where human subjects can be identified in descriptions, photographs or pedigrees must be accompanied by a signed statement of informed consent to publish (in print and online) the descriptions, photographs and pedigrees from each subject who can be identified (see relevant section below).
- Clinical trials are recommended to be registered at a primary national clinical trial registration site such as www.clinicaltrials.gov, http://ncrc.cdc.go.kr/cris, or other sites accredited by the World Health Organization or the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.
- Where material has been reproduced from other copyrighted sources, letter(s) of permission from the copyright holder(s) to use the copyrighted sources must be supplied.
- Articles should be written in English (using American English spelling) and meet the following basic criteria: the material is original, the information is important, the writing is clear, concise and grammatically correct, the study methods are appropriate, the data are valid, and the conclusions are reasonable and supported by the data. For non-native English-speaking authors, we suggest that manuscripts be checked and edited by a native English speaker.
These describe new developments of significance in the field of traditional food knowledge, culture, health, nutrition and dietetics, ecology and geography. Most reviews are solicited by the editors, but unsolicited submissions may also be considered for publication. Review articles should include Abstract, Introduction, brief main headings and References. The text should be limited to 5000 words (excluding tables, figures and references).
These are expected to present major advances and important new research results. Section headings should include Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgments (if applicable), and References. The text should be limited to 4000 words (excluding tables, figures and references) and 40 references.
These are short peer-reviewed papers presenting novel findings in clinical studies. Case reports are only published if they illustrate a rare occurrence of important clinical importance. Section headings should include Abstract, Introduction, Case, Discussion, and References. The text should be limited to 1500 words (excluding tables, figures and references) and 15 references. A maximum of 4 figures/tables may be included.
As a flexible format, Commentaries are short, opinion articles commissioned by the Editors. The main criteria are that they should be of immediate interest to a broad readership and should be written in an accessible, non-technical style. In some cases, Commentaries accompany a primary research article in Journal of Ethnic Foods to highlight an exceptional advance or to discuss a controversy in the field. They may also focus on article(s) of exceptional significance that are published elsewhere. Commentaries do not normally contain primary research data. Their length is usually limited to 1,000 words and may include one figure or table. References are limited to 10. Commentary authors must provide a competing financial interests statement before publication. Commentaries may be peer reviewed at the editor's discretion.
Letters to the Editor
These are letters about readers' opinions or issues of concern on previously published articles in the journal. Receipt of letters will not be acknowledged nor are authors generally consulted before publication. The text should be limited to 400 words (excluding tables, figures and references) and 5 references. Accepted letters are subject to editing for clarity and space.
In terms of defining Food as a window for pop culture, this category can include creative contents on themes which relate to not only Social Science, and Science but also Food, Culture, and Society in Food area all around the world beyond the studies. It will strengthen the knowledge and understanding toward various academic perspectives on Humanity, Society, Geology, History, Culture, Literature Research, Religion, History of Art, Communication, Environment, etc.
This area prefers the format which expresses freely, even though it doesn't fit for this journal's format;
- Research Papers
- Cuizine Art
- Biographical statements
- Ancient document review
Image, Audio, Video, etc is acceptable if it relates to online.
These are manuscripts that are related to materials within an issue; they raise challenging questions or explore controversies. The editor solicits such opinion pieces. The order of the submitted manuscript includes title page, integrated discussion, conflict of interest, acknowledgments (if applicable) and references. The text should be limited to 1500 words (excluding references) and 10 references. No figures or tables are included.
You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.
Ensure that the following items are present:One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
• E-mail address
• Full postal address
All necessary files have been uploaded:
• Include keywords
• All figures (include relevant captions)
• All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
• Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
• Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print
Graphical Abstracts / Highlights files (where applicable)
Supplemental files (where applicable)
• Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)
• A competing interests statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare
• Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed
• Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements
For further information, visit our Support Center.Declaration of interest
All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Authors must disclose any interests in two places: 1. A summary declaration of interest statement in the title page file (if double-blind) or the manuscript file (if single-blind). If there are no interests to declare then please state this: 'Declarations of interest: none'. This summary statement will be ultimately published if the article is accepted. 2. Detailed disclosures as part of a separate Declaration of Interest form, which forms part of the journal's official records. It is important for potential interests to be declared in both places and that the information matches. More information.
Submission declaration and verification
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service Crossref Similarity Check.
All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted.
Changes to authorship
Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.
Published manuscripts become the permanent property of the Korea Food Research Institute, and must not be published elsewhere in any form without written permission. A copyright transfer form should be submitted with signs of all authors by fax upon acceptance of the article. The form is available on the journal's homepage at http://journalofethnicfoods.net.
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You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.
Every peer-reviewed article appearing in this journal will be published open access. This means that the article is universally and freely accessible via the internet in perpetuity, in an easily readable format immediately after publication. The author does not have any publication charges for open access. The Korea Food Research Institute will pay to make the article open access. A CC user license manages the reuse of the article (see http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesslicenses). All articles will be published under the following license:
Elsevier Researcher Academy
Researcher Academy is a free e-learning platform designed to support early and mid-career researchers throughout their research journey. The "Learn" environment at Researcher Academy offers several interactive modules, webinars, downloadable guides and resources to guide you through the process of writing for research and going through peer review. Feel free to use these free resources to improve your submission and navigate the publication process with ease.
Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the double blind peer-review process. Editable files (e.g., Word, LaTeX) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail. Peer review
This journal operates a double blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final. More information on types of peer review.
This journal uses double-blind review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. More information is available on our website. To facilitate this, please include the following separately:
Title page (with author details): This should include the title, authors' names, affiliations, acknowledgements and any Declaration of Interest statement, and a complete address for the corresponding author including an e-mail address.
Blinded manuscript (no author details): The main body of the paper (including the references, figures, tables and any acknowledgements) should not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names or affiliations.
It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier). Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. See also the section on Electronic artwork.
To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.
Main TextThe text for original articles, for example, should include the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. The Introduction should be as concise as possible, without subheadings. The Methods section should be sufficiently detailed. Subheadings may be used to organize the Results and Discussion. Each section should begin on a new page.
Essential title page information• Title
Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
• Author names and affiliations
Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
• Present/permanent address
If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes. Abstract
Abstract should not exceed 250 words in original or review articles and 150 words in case reports. It must be written for easy reading with no abbreviations. The abstract of the original article should be divided into four subsections: Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions.Keywords
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.Abbreviations
Where a term/definition is continually referred to (3 times or more in the text), it is written in full when it first appears, followed by the subsequent abbreviation in parentheses (even if it was previously defined in the abstract); thereafter, the abbreviation is used.Acknowledgments
General acknowledgments for consultations, statistical analysis and so on should be listed after main body of text, before the References section, including the names of the individuals involved. All financial and material support for the research and the work should be stated here clearly explicitly.
UnitsSystème International (SI) units must be used, with the exception of blood pressure values which are to be reported in mmHg. Please use the metric system for the expression of length, area, mass and volume.
Traditional food termsRegarding the description of traditional food terms, it should be italicized and the first letter does not need to be capitalized.
Figure LegendsFigure legend should follow the title closely and provide enough information to make the figures understandable without frequently referring to the text. Do not describe methods in figure legends unless they are necessary to interpret the results conveyed by the figure. All symbols and abbreviations that are used in the figure should be defined in the legends.
Figures are numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals in the order of their citation in the text. Figures should be uploaded as separate files, not embedded in the manuscript file. Figures that are line drawing or photographs must be submitted separately in high-resolution EPS or TIFF format (or alternatively in high-resolution JPEG format). Please ensure that files are supplied at the correct resolution (1,200 dpi for line drawings and 600 dpi for images such as gels or blots, and 300 dpi for color and half-tone artwork). The files are to be named according to the figure number and format (e.g. Fig1.tif). Figures that are reproduced from other published sources require written permission from the authors and copyright holders. The first color figure charges $600, and $100 of each additional one. Authors must bear all costs associated with printed color figures. If authors elect not to print in color, in most cases, authors will be able to have their color figures produced in black and white for the printed version of the journals, but the figures will appear in color online.Tables
Tables are numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals in the order of their citation in text. Tables should be typed double-spaced on separate pages in as simple a form as possible. Table titles should be short and descriptive (e.g. Table 1. Demographic characteristics of patients). Information requiring extra explanatory footnotes should be denoted using these symbols (in order of appearance): *, †, ‡, §, #, **, ††, ‡‡ When there are more than 10 footnotes, use superscript lowercase letters. Abbreviations used in the table must be defined and placed after the footnotes as shown here: CT, computed tomography; MRI, magnetic resonance imaging. Certain words can be abbreviated in tables as follows: years to yr, months to mo, days to d, hours to hr, minutes to min, seconds to sec, and to &. Use en dash for empty entries.References
Citing references in text
References should be cited with Arabic numerals in square brackets. References are numbered consecutively in order of appearance in text. Multiple references are separated by closed-up commas and ranges are indicated with en dash. References cited in tables or figure legends should be included in sequence at the point where the table or figure is first mentioned in text. Abstracts should not be cited unless it is the only available reference to an important concept. Uncompleted work or work that has not yet been accepted for publication (i.e. unpublished observation, personal communication) should not be cited as references. When referring to a study, if the reference has only 1 author, then list the author name directly (e.g. Hawkins  reported that...); if the reference has 2 authors, both surnames are listed (e.g. Hawkins and Price  reported that…); if the reference has 3 authors or more, then list the surname of the first author only followed by "et al" (e.g. Hawkins et al  reported that…). Note that "et al" has not end period and is not in italics.
References are limited to those cited in text and listed in numerical order, NOT alphabetical order. They should include, in order, author names, article title, journal name, volume, inclusive page numbers and year. If there is only one page, state if the article is an abstract or letter. Names of all authors should be listed, and should include the last name and initials of the first name and middle name. Journal names should be in italics and abbreviations for journal titles should conform to those used in MEDLINE. If citing a website, author information, article title, website address and the date the site was accessed should be provided. For an article in press, the journal name and, if possible, the volume and year, must be provided.
Note the use of italics, semi-colons, colons, en dashes, word capitalization, and page range.
Reference to a journal publication:
 Petitti DB, Crooks VC, Buckwalter JG and Chiu V. Blood pressure levels before dementia. Arch Neurol 2005;132:429-34.
 Belitz HD, Grosch W and Schieberle P. Food chemistry. 3rd rev. ed. Burghagen MM, translator. Berlin: Springer; 2004. 1070 p.
Reference to a report:
 Page E and Harney JM. Health hazard evaluation report. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2001. Report No.: HETA2000-0139-2824. 24 p.
 PeriStats [Internet]. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Perinatal Data Center. 2007 [cited 2007 Feb 1]. Available from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/peristats/.
Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of title word abbreviations: http://www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php.
Authors can submit supplemental digital content to supplement the information provided in the print version of the manuscript. Supplemental materials will be published online-only. When uploading supplemental files through the online system, please use the "supplemental" file designation. Supplemental materials must be cited consecutively in the main body of the submitted manuscript and include the type of material submitted (e.g., "Suppl. Table 1"; "Suppl. Fig. 1").
Subdivision - numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods
Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis. Discussion
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. Appendices
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Essential title page information
• Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
• Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
• Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
• Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Although a graphical abstract is optional, its use is encouraged as it draws more attention to the online article. The graphical abstract should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. You can view Example Graphical Abstracts on our information site.
Authors can make use of Elsevier's Illustration Services to ensure the best presentation of their images and in accordance with all technical requirements.
Highlights are a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article. Highlights are optional and should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). You can view example Highlights on our information site.
It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.Data references
This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.
This journal encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages you to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project.
If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that gives them a better understanding of the research described.
For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect.In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.g., TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN).
This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository. During the submission process, after uploading your manuscript, you will have the opportunity to upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online.
To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution. If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is confidential. The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data Statement page.
Online proof correction
Corresponding authors will receive an e-mail with a link to our online proofing system, allowing annotation and correction of proofs online. The environment is similar to MS Word: in addition to editing text, you can also comment on figures/tables and answer questions from the Copy Editor. Web-based proofing provides a faster and less error-prone process by allowing you to directly type your corrections, eliminating the potential introduction of errors.
If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and upload your edits on the PDF version. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods to the online version and PDF.
We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.
The corresponding author will be notified and receive a link to the published version of the open access article on ScienceDirect. This link is in the form of an article DOI link which can be shared via email and social networks. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's Webshop. Authors requiring printed copies of multiple articles may use Elsevier Webshop's 'Create Your Own Book' service to collate multiple articles within a single cover.
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