Guide for Authors

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• Your Paper Your Way
• Editorial Policies
• Required Permission for Copyrighted Materials
• Types of Papers
• Contact for Questions
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
• Ethics in publishing
• Informed consent and patient details
• Submission declaration and verification
• Use of inclusive language
• Changes to authorship
• Copyright
• Role of the funding source
• Open access
• Photographic Consent
• Submission Information
• Special Departments/Sections
PREPARATION
• Manuscript Preparation
• NEW SUBMISSIONS
• Preparation of Research Manuscripts
• Preparation of Systematic Reviews, Integrative Reviews, and Meta-analysis
• Preparation of Practice Improvement Manuscripts
• Preparation of Clinical Paper Manuscripts
• Preparation of Clinical Science Translation Review Manuscripts
• Preparation of Case Review Manuscripts
• Peer review
• REVISED SUBMISSIONS
• Essential title page information
• Structured abstract
• Keywords
• Artwork
• Illustrations and Figure Legends
• Tables
• References
• Video
• Supplementary material
• Research data
• Checklist for JEN Authors
• General Information
AFTER ACCEPTANCE
• Proofs
• Offprints
AUTHOR INQUIRIES

Your Paper Your Way

We now differentiate between the requirements for new and revised submissions. You may choose to submit your manuscript as a single Word or PDF file to be used in the refereeing process. Only when your paper is at the revision stage, will you be requested to put your paper in to a 'correct format' for acceptance and provide the items required for the publication of your article.
To find out more, please visit the Preparation section below.

Editorial Policies

The Journal of Emergency Nursing (JEN) welcomes unsolicited articles.

Articles that are published as print articles in the JEN will also be published online in the correlating online issue of JEN.

Articles that are designated by JEN as online-only will not be published in hardcopy, although they will be listed in the hardcopy table of contents. All JEN articles, print or online, are recognized as published articles. When an author is notified via email of the JEN issue to which his/her accepted article is assigned, he/she will also be notified whether his/her article will be published as online-only or in hardcopy.

All submitted manuscripts must be original material that has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration by another journal at the time of submission to JEN.

Required Permission for Copyrighted Materials

It is the author's responsibility to obtain and submit proof of copyright permission for any material from previously published sources, including excerpted text, illustrations, charts, tables, photographs, etc. Proof of permission must be submitted along with the first revision in the form of a letter or document expressly granting permission for re-use of the material from the holder of the copyright.

To determine whether a manuscript includes material(s) requiring copyright permission, authors are instructed to review the Elsevier Permissions Guidelines at the following link: https://www.elsevier.com/about/policies/copyright/permissions.

The information at this site will provide details to assist the author in determining whether permission is required in her/his particular case, as well as simple instructions to follow in order to obtain permission should that be necessary.

Types of Papers

JEN publishes the following full-length and department articles. Submission information is provided below.

Full-Length Articles: Research, Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, Practice Improvement, Clinical topics, Case Review, and Clinical Science Translation Review.

Department/Section Articles: Advanced Practice Spotlight, Clinical Nurses Forum, Danger Zone, Experience Talks, Geriatric Update, Images, Injury Prevention, International Emergency Nursing, Pediatric Update, Pharm/Tox Corner, Trauma Notebook, Triage Decisions, Understanding Research, and On the Other Side of the Rails blog.

Letters to the Editor: JEN invites letters to the editor. While the focus of such letters can be a topic of special interest to the letter writer, all letters must be relevant to emergency nursing practice in order to be considered for publication. Most frequently letters are in response to a recent article published in JEN and provide additional information or discussion.

Contact for Questions

Direct questions to Managing Editor Annie Kelly at: anniewkelly@gmail.com or 413-427-3620.

Ethics in publishing

Please see our information pages on Ethics in publishing and Ethical guidelines for journal publication.

Plagiarism is globally recognized as a serious academic offense. Please read and adhere to the guidelines for Ethics in Publishing. Please accept these guidelines (by checking the box in the last column) before you approve your paper and complete the submission of your paper.

Informed consent and patient details

Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper. Appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include case details or other personal information or images of patients and any other individuals in an Elsevier publication. Written consents must be retained by the author but copies should not be provided to the journal. Only if specifically requested by the journal in exceptional circumstances (for example if a legal issue arises) the author must provide copies of the consents or evidence that such consents have been obtained. For more information, please review the Elsevier Policy on the Use of Images or Personal Information of Patients or other Individuals. Unless you have written permission from the patient (or, where applicable, the next of kin), the personal details of any patient included in any part of the article and in any supplementary materials (including all illustrations and videos) must be removed before submission.

Authors are required to disclose to the Editor, in a cover letter and in response to an automatic prompt online at the time of submission, any commercial associations that could pose a conflict of interest or financial bias. Corresponding authors are responsible for submitting co-authors' Conflict of Interest declarations as well. These include consultation fees, patent licensing arrangements, company stock, payments for conducting or publicizing a study, travel, honoraria, gifts, or meals. If the article is accepted for publication, the Editor will determine how any conflict of interest should be disclosed.

Direct quotations, tables, and illustrations that have appeared in copyrighted material must be accompanied by written permission for their use from the copyright owner and original author and complete source information must be cited. Articles appear in both the print and online versions of the journal, and wording of the letter should specify permission in all forms and media. Failure to get electronic permission rights may result in images not appearing in the online version at http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-emergency-nursing/.

Authors are expected to fulfill the requirements of their employer's publication policy before submitting their manuscript.

Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis, see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service Crossref Similarity Check.

Preprints
Please note that preprints can be shared anywhere at any time, in line with Elsevier's sharing policy. Sharing your preprints e.g. on a preprint server will not count as prior publication (see 'Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication' for more information).

The Journal of Emergency Nursing welcomes pre-prints as manuscript submissions. Authors must notify the editor in the cover letter that the paper appears as a pre-print and provide a copy of the pre-print and/or URL link to the pre-print. If accepted for publication, authors are expected to update the pre-print with a link to their formal publication using the DOI (Digital Object Identifier). Pre-prints should not be changed, enhanced, or altered in any way to substitute for the version printed in the Journal of Emergency Nursing.

Use of inclusive language

Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities. Articles should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader, should contain nothing which might imply that one individual is superior to another on the grounds of race, sex, culture or any other characteristic, and should use inclusive language throughout. Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, for instance by using 'he or she', 'his/her' instead of 'he' or 'his', and by making use of job titles that are free of stereotyping (e.g. 'chairperson' instead of 'chairman' and 'flight attendant' instead of 'stewardess').

Changes to authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

Article transfer service
This journal is part of our Article Transfer Service. This means that if the Editor feels your article is more suitable in one of our other participating journals, then you may be asked to consider transferring the article to one of those. If you agree, your article will be transferred automatically on your behalf with no need to reformat. Please note that your article will be reviewed again by the new journal. More information.

Copyright

Articles published in JEN are copyrighted by the Emergency Nurses Association. Authors who wish to republish their work in part or in whole elsewhere must request permission to do so. Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult https://www.elsevier.com/permissions). If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult https://www.elsevier.com/permissions.

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (see more information on this). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Author’s rights As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work (see more information on this).

Elsevier supports responsible sharing
Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.

Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Funding body agreements and policies
Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some funding bodies will reimburse the author for the gold open access publication fee. Details of existing agreements are available online.
After acceptance, open access papers will be published under a noncommercial license. For authors requiring a commercial CC BY license, you can apply after your manuscript is accepted for publication.

Open access

This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:

Subscription
• Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our universal access programs.
• No open access publication fee payable by authors.
• The Author is entitled to post the accepted manuscript in their institution's repository and make this public after an embargo period (known as green Open Access). The published journal article cannot be shared publicly, for example on ResearchGate or Academia.edu, to ensure the sustainability of peer-reviewed research in journal publications. The embargo period for this journal can be found below.
Gold open access
• Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse.
• A gold open access publication fee is payable by authors or on their behalf, e.g. by their research funder or institution.

Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards.

For gold open access articles, permitted third party (re)use is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

The gold open access publication fee for this journal is USD 2500, excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy: https://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing.

Green open access
Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our open access page for further information. Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications. Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public. This is the embargo period and it begins from the date the article is formally published online in its final and fully citable form. Find out more.

This journal has an embargo period of 12 months.

Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's Author Services.

Photographic Consent

Photographs of identifiable persons, whether patients or staff, must be accompanied by signed releases, such as the following: "I hereby give [author's name] permission to use the photograph of [subject's name] in the Journal of Emergency Nursing."

Submission Information

All submitted manuscripts must be original material that has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration by another journal at the time of submission to JEN. The review process customarily requires approximately 8 weeks, though there are exceptions. Enquiry calls or e-mails after 8 weeks to ask about the decision are welcomed.

All new Research, Systematic Review, Integrative Review, Meta-analysis, Practice Improvement, Clinical, and Clinical Science Translation Review full-length manuscripts, as well as Case Reviews and Letters to the Editor, must be submitted through the JEN online submission and review Website (Editorial Manager). The Web site guides authors stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. Authors are to submit the text, tables, and artwork in electronic form to this address. Submission items include a cover letter, the manuscript (including title page, abstract [for research and practice improvement manuscripts only], main text, references, tables, figures, and table/figure legends, permission statement(s) for any copyrighted material [save as a separate file for upload], and electronic copy of the IRB permission letter when applicable [save as a separate file for upload].) Authors are responsible for statistical analysis, which must be reviewed for accuracy prior to article submission. Revised manuscripts should also be accompanied by a cover letter for comments to the editor. The submission order of files is as follows: cover letter, manuscript file(s), table(s), figure(s). Files are to be labeled with appropriate and descriptive file names (e.g., SmithText.doc, Fig1.eps, Table3.doc).

Authors must submit their articles electronically to this journal at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jen. The system automatically converts source files to a single PDF file of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by via the Editorial Manager (EM) system.

Special Departments/Sections

Contributions to departments/sections are double-blind peer reviewed. Contributing authors work directly with the section editor(s). The section editor reviews manuscripts, edits as necessary, and makes the recommendation to the editor-in-chief regarding acceptance. The editor-in-chief also reviews the manuscript and makes the final decision regarding publication.

Queries and/or manuscripts should be e-mailed directly to the appropriate section editor.

Advanced Practice Spotlight Send to Cindy Kumar at: cindyk.jenap@gmail.com or Darleen Williams at: darleenW.JENAP@gmail.com

Emergency Nursing Review Questions Send to Carrie McCoy at: MCCOY@nku.edu or Benny Marett at bmarett@comporium.net

Experience Talks Send to Charlie Hawknuff at: cfaneuff@gmail.com or Christine Pittenger at: cpitteng@kumc.edu

Geriatric Update Send to Joan Somes at: someswasblackhole@gmail.com.

Images Send to Valerie Aarne Grossman at: valerie210@aol.com.

Injury Prevention Send to Rochelle R. Flayter (Armola) at rochelle.flayter@uchealth.org

International Nursing Send to Pat Clutter at: prclutter@gmail.com or Nancy Bonalumi at: NBonalumi@comcast.net

On the Other Side of the Rails Blog Send to Lynn Visser at: LynnVisserRN@gmail.com or Charlie Hawknuff at: cfaneuff@gmail.com

Pediatric Update Send to Patricia A. Normandin at: pnormandinrn@aol.com

Triage Decisions Send to Andi Foley at: andii42@yahoo.com

Understanding Research Send to Lisa Wolf at: lwolf@ena.org

Manuscript Preparation

'Your Paper, Your Way'

JEN practices Elsevier's 'Your Paper, Your Way.' It is strongly recommended that authors read the full description of this type of submission at https://www.elsevier.com/authors/journal-authors/your-paper-your-way.

Your Paper, Your Way includes the following bullet points:

  • Authors may submit their manuscript (text, figures and tables) as a single file. This can be a Word or PDF file, in any format or layout, and figures and tables can be placed within the text.
  • Figures should be of high enough quality for refereeing.
  • There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to evaluate a manuscript (Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions).
  • References can be in any style or format, as long as the style is consistent. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title (where required), year of publication, volume and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage.
  • When a paper reaches the revision stage, authors will be requested to deliver any items that are still required for publication, for example editable source files.

Authors also are strongly encouraged to include the following on the initial submission to facilitate editor and reviewer evaluation for coherence with journal aims and scope:

  1. Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice (3 bullet points described below),
  2. Implications for Emergency Nursing section between Discussion and Conclusions sections in body of text, and
  3. 'Continuous' line numbering throughout.


Title page The title page should include the manuscript title, full name(s) of author(s), academic degrees, position, institution, city, state, and if applicable the author(s) ENA chapter name and author(s) ORCID number. Designate the corresponding author. Author credentials are to be listed in the following order: highest academic credential (e.g. MSN), licensure (e.g. RN), certifications (e.g. CEN), honorary recognition (e.g. FAEN).Include home address, business, and home telephone numbers, and e-mail address. If there are acknowledgments they are to be placed on the title page. NOTE: The title page should be uploaded as a separate document to ensure peer reviewers are blinded as to the author(s) identity in the case of double-blind reviews.

Body of Text JEN style uses standard abbreviations consistently throughout the article. Unusual or coined abbreviations are spelled out at first mention, followed in parentheses by the abbreviation. The policy of JEN is to abbreviate the term "emergency department" when it modifies a word (eg, "ED procedure") and to spell it out when it is used as a noun (eg, "in the emergency department"). The term "emergency nurse" should be used.

The generic name of a drug is used instead of the proprietary name whenever possible. If it is necessary to use a trade name for a drug, the name is capitalized and inserted parenthetically after the generic name when first mentioned. Product names are treated similarly, and the manufacturer's full name, city, and state are cited in a footnote or in parentheses in the text.

Weights and measurements are expressed in metric units and temperature in degrees centigrade, followed with Fahrenheit degrees in parentheses.

References References are to be to the original sources of information in most instances.

If copyrighted material is used in the manuscript, a permission statement from the copyright holder is to be uploaded. Upon actual submission of the manuscript at Editorial Manager, instructions for concurrent submission of the permission letter(s) will be provided.

NEW SUBMISSIONS

Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.
As part of the Your Paper Your Way service, you may choose to submit your manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process. This can be a PDF file or a Word document, in any format or lay-out that can be used by referees to evaluate your manuscript. It should contain high enough quality figures for refereeing. If you prefer to do so, you may still provide all or some of the source files at the initial submission. Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be uploaded separately.

Preparation of Research Manuscripts

  • Authors may submit their manuscript (text, figures and tables) as a single file. This can be a Word or PDF file, in any format or layout, and figures and tables can be placed within the text. Author names and identifying information may be placed in the body of the text as research papers are single-blind peer reviewed.
  • Figures should be of high enough quality for refereeing.
  • There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to evaluate a manuscript (Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions).
  • References can be in any style or format, as long as the style is consistent. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title (where required), year of publication, volume and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage.
  • When a paper reaches the revision stage, authors will be requested to deliver any items that are still required for publication, for example editable source files.

Authors also are strongly encouraged to include the following on the initial submission to facilitate editor and reviewer evaluation for coherence with journal aims and scope:

  1. Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice (3 bullet points described below),
  2. Implications for Emergency Nursing section between Discussion and Conclusions sections in body of text, and
  3. 'Continuous' line numbering throughout.

Research manuscripts are encouraged to begin with the heading "Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice" followed by three bullet points using the format provided below. Limit this section to 120 words or less.

  • The current state of scientific knowledge on _________________ [insert topic] indicates ________________.
  • The main finding of this research is _________________.
  • Key implications for emergency nursing practice from this research are __________________.

The total recommended length of the manuscript is 15 double-spaced pages, including all references, tables, charts, and figures.

Reports of randomized controlled trials address all items in the CONSORT checklist (http://www.consort-statement.org). Reports of qualitative studies follow the COREQ checklist (http://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/coreq).

An electronic copy of the Ethical Statement (also called the IRB permission letter) from the institution that granted permission to conduct the study must accompany the first revision. If the Ethical Statement is not in English, an English translation must also be submitted. The Ethical Statement is to be uploaded to the "Ethical Statement" section of the manuscript in the EM submission system at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jen.

If copyrighted material is used in the manuscript, a permission statement from the copyright holder must be uploaded with the first revision. Upon actual submission of the manuscript at Editorial Manager, instructions for concurrent submission of the permission letter(s) will be provided.

Preparation of Systematic Reviews, Integrative Reviews, and Meta-analysis

  • Authors may submit their manuscript (text, figures and tables) as a single file. This can be a Word or PDF file, in any format or layout, and figures and tables can be placed within the text. To facilitate double-blind review, author names and identifying information should be on the title page separate from the body of the text.
  • Figures should be of high enough quality for refereeing.
  • There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to evaluate a manuscript (Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions).
  • References can be in any style or format, as long as the style is consistent. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title (where required), year of publication, volume and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage.
  • When a paper reaches the revision stage, authors will be requested to deliver any items that are still required for publication, for example editable source files.

Authors also are strongly encouraged to include the following on the initial submission to facilitate editor and reviewer evaluation for coherence with journal aims and scope:

  1. Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice (3 bullet points described below),
  2. Implications for Emergency Nursing section between Discussion and Conclusions sections in body of text, and
  3. 'Continuous' line numbering throughout.

Manuscripts that are Systematic Reviews, Integrative Reviews, and Meta-analysis are encouraged to begin with the heading "Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice," followed by three bullet points using the format provided below. Limit this section to 120 words or less.

  • The current state of scientific knowledge on _________________ [insert topic] indicates ________________.
  • The main finding of this paper is _________________.
  • Key implications for emergency nursing practice from this study are __________________.

The recommended length of the manuscript is 15 double-spaced pages, including all references, tables, charts, and figures.

If appropriate, an electronic copy of the Ethical Statement (also called the IRB permission letter) from the institution that granted permission to conduct the study is to accompany the first revision. If the Ethical Statement is not in English, an English translation must also be submitted. The Ethical Statement is to be uploaded to the "Ethical Statement" section of the manuscript in the EM submission system at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jen.

Authors are encouraged to use the PRISMA reporting guidelines (http://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/prisma/) to prepare the manuscript. Please be advised that while much of the content in the PRISMA Guidelines is appropriate for inclusion, every numbered subject headings (1-27) might not be applicable to every manuscript.

References
There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the article number or pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct.

Preparation of Practice Improvement Manuscripts

  • Authors may submit their manuscript (text, figures and tables) as a single file. This can be a Word or PDF file, in any format or layout, and figures and tables can be placed within the text. To facilitate double-blind review, author names and identifying information should be on the title page separate from the body of the text.
  • Figures should be of high enough quality for refereeing.
  • There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to evaluate a manuscript (Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions).
  • References can be in any style or format, as long as the style is consistent. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title (where required), year of publication, volume and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage.
  • When a paper reaches the revision stage, authors will be requested to deliver any items that are still required for publication, for example editable source files.

Authors also are strongly encouraged to include the following on the initial submission to facilitate editor and reviewer evaluation for coherence with journal aims and scope:

  1. Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice (3 bullet points described below),
  2. Implications for Emergency Nursing section between Discussion and Conclusions sections in body of text, and
  3. 'Continuous' line numbering throughout.

Practice Improvement manuscripts begin with the heading "Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice," followed by three bullet points using the format provided below. Limit this section to 120 words or less.

  • The purpose of this practice improvement project was _________________.
  • The primary outcome of this practice improvement project was _________________.
  • Key implications for emergency nursing practice based on this project are __________________.

Authors are encouraged to use the SQUIRE guidelines (http://www.squire-statement.org) to prepare the manuscript. Please be advised that while much of the content in the Squire Guidelines is appropriate for inclusion, every numbered subject headings (1-19) may not be applicable to every manuscript.

Reports of projects involving human participants must include a statement explaining what type of oversight is required, or the ethical standards followed, at the author's organization to conduct QI or EBP projects. This may or may not include Institutional Review Board (IRB) review. If IRB review is required, an electronic copy of the Ethical Statement (also called the IRB permission letter) from the institution that granted permission to conduct the study must accompany the submission. If the IRB approval is not in English, an English translation must also be submitted. The Ethical Statement is to be uploaded to the "Ethical Statement" section of the manuscript in the EM submission system at https://www.editorialmanager.com/jen.

Practice Improvement manuscripts are written in the first person according to JEN style.

References are to be the original sources of information in most instances.

If copyrighted material is used in the manuscript, a permission statement from the copyright holder is to be uploaded with the first revision. Upon actual submission of the manuscript at Editorial Manager, instructions for concurrent submission of the permission letter(s) will be provided.

The recommended length of the manuscript is 15 double-spaced pages, including all references, tables, charts, and figures.

Preparation of Clinical Paper Manuscripts

  • Authors may submit their manuscript (text, figures and tables) as a single file. This can be a Word or PDF file, in any format or layout, and figures and tables can be placed within the text. To facilitate double-blind review, author names and identifying information should be on the title page separate from the body of the text.
  • Figures should be of high enough quality for refereeing.
  • There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to evaluate a manuscript (Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions).
  • References can be in any style or format, as long as the style is consistent. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title (where required), year of publication, volume and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage.
  • When a paper reaches the revision stage, authors will be requested to deliver any items that are still required for publication, for example editable source files.

Authors also are strongly encouraged to include the following on the initial submission to facilitate editor and reviewer evaluation for coherence with journal aims and scope:

  1. Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice (3 bullet points described below),
  2. Implications for Emergency Nursing section between Discussion and Conclusions sections in body of text, and
  3. 'Continuous' line numbering throughout.

Clinical manuscripts are encouraged to begin with the heading "Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice," followed by three bullet points using the format provided below. Limit this section to 120 words or less.

  • The current literature on _________________ [insert topic] indicates _______________________.
  • This article contributes___________________________.
  • Key implications for emergency nursing practice found in this article are __________________________.

Clinical papers are timely, clinically-oriented manuscripts and should be well organized in presenting information that summarizes up-to-date current knowledge on a topic relevant to emergency nursing. Clinical papers need not include an exhaustive literature review nor must they include a rigorous evaluation of the level of evidence of the articles cited. Rather, they should provide a broad overview of a selected topic. Cited references should be within the past 5 years with the exception of seminal articles. A section detailing the implications for emergency nursing practice as presented in the paper must be included prior to the papers concluding summary. The manuscript is not to exceed 15 pages, including references, tables, and figures.

References are to be the original sources of information in most instances.

If copyrighted material is used in the manuscript, a permission statement from the copyright holder is to be uploaded with the first revision. Upon actual submission of the manuscript at Editorial Manager, instructions for concurrent submission of the permission letter(s) will be provided.

The recommended length of the manuscript is 15 double-spaced pages, including all references, tables, charts, and figures.

Preparation of Clinical Science Translation Review Manuscripts

  • Authors may submit their manuscript (text, figures and tables) as a single file. This can be a Word or PDF file, in any format or layout, and figures and tables can be placed within the text. To facilitate double-blind review, author names and identifying information should be on the title page separate from the body of the text.
  • Figures should be of high enough quality for refereeing.
  • There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to evaluate a manuscript (Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions).
  • References can be in any style or format, as long as the style is consistent. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title (where required), year of publication, volume and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage.
  • When a paper reaches the revision stage, authors will be requested to deliver any items that are still required for publication, for example editable source files.

Authors also are strongly encouraged to include the following on the initial submission to facilitate editor and reviewer evaluation for coherence with journal aims and scope:

  1. Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice (3 bullet points described below),
  2. Implications for Emergency Nursing section between Discussion and Conclusions sections in body of text, and
  3. 'Continuous' line numbering throughout.

Clinical Science Translation Reviews are to begin with the heading "Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice," followed by three bullet points using the format provided below. Limit this section to 120 words or less.

  • This review synthesizes the current state of scientific knowledge on _________________ [insert topic].
  • The main recent advances address _________________.
  • Key implications for emergency nursing practice are __________________.

Clinical Science Translation Reviews are timely, authoritative and clinically-oriented manuscripts with an evidenced-based synthesis of current knowledge on a topic that is fundamental to the practice of emergency nursing and emergency care (including advanced practice nursing in the emergency setting). Many Clinical Science Translation Reviews will be by invitation to authors who are recognized experts in the field and who also have substantive prior publications on the topic. While it is expected that the author's previously published work may be succinctly summarized with proper citation, the manuscript must differ from previous publication and be sufficiently tailored to the emergency nursing audience with elaboration on portions of the work most relevant to emergency clinical practice. Thus, it is expected that the work is not reiterated, repetitive, or duplicated. The paper will include:

  1. a synthesis of the evidence along one or more clinically pertinent themes,
  2. implications for emergency care, and
  3. scrutiny of overall evidence quality and gaps with future directions for research that informs clinical practice in the emergency care setting.


Methodology and search strategy are not required as Clinical Science Translation Reviews are a venue for leading experts and researchers engaged in active programs of research to communicate timely updates and recent advances relevant to the clinical reader. Infographics, illustrations, and figures are strongly encouraged.

Unsolicited proposals for Clinical Science Translation Reviews are welcome with an outline submitted to the Editor-in-Chief at jcastner@castnerincorp.com. Please include "Clinical Science Translational Reviews Editor Inquiry" in the subject line of the email.

All submitted manuscripts, including invited, will undergo peer review. Invited manuscripts will undergo expedited peer review. Even invited manuscripts may be declined for publication in JEN.

Most Clinical Science Translational Reviews will be 5-10 pages in length, with a limit of 15 pages of text with 4-6 figures and 50-75 references. An abstract of no more than 100 words should briefly summarize the main ideas and themes of the manuscript. Three to five key words, prioritizing the use of MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) terms will be included.

Formatting requirements
There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions.
If your article includes any Videos and/or other Supplementary material, this should be included in your initial submission for peer review purposes.
Divide the article into clearly defined sections.

Preparation of Case Review Manuscripts

  • Authors may submit their manuscript (text, figures and tables) as a single file. This can be a Word or PDF file, in any format or layout, and figures and tables can be placed within the text. To facilitate double-blind review, author names and identifying information should be on the title page separate from the body of the text.
  • Figures should be of high enough quality for refereeing.
  • There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to evaluate a manuscript (Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions).
  • References can be in any style or format, as long as the style is consistent. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, article title (where required), year of publication, volume and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage.
  • When a paper reaches the revision stage, authors will be requested to deliver any items that are still required for publication, for example editable source files.

Authors also are strongly encouraged to include the following on the initial submission to facilitate editor and reviewer evaluation for coherence with journal aims and scope:

  1. Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice (3 bullet points described below),
  2. Implications for Emergency Nursing section between Discussion and Conclusions sections in body of text, and
  3. 'Continuous' line numbering throughout.

Case Review manuscripts are encouraged to begin with the heading "Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice," followed by three bullet points using the format provided below. Limit this section to 120 words or less.

  • The current literature on _________________ [insert topic] indicates _______________________.
  • This article contributes___________________________.
  • Key implications for emergency nursing practice found in this article are __________________________.

Case Review presentations should include new, unusual, or complex clinical problems, new therapies that were utilized, aspects that inspired improvements in care, and/or cases where emergency nurses/nursing were instrumental to the outcome. The disease or condition and the patient's outcome should be briefly discussed. The review summary should focus on the emergency care phase and may include pre-hospital events, initial assessment, diagnostic process, interventions, and follow-up. The teaching message of the paper is to be supported by recent definitive references from original sources of information, such as published studies. Discussion should include how clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment relates to the current literature. Patients' names are not included nor are patient descriptors that are not integral to the case.

The recommended length of the manuscript is 3-5 double-spaced pages, including references, tables, charts, and figures.

If copyrighted material is used in the manuscript, a permission statement from the copyright holder is to be uploaded with the first revision. Upon actual submission of the manuscript at Editorial Manager, instructions for concurrent submission of the permission letter(s) will be provided.

Figures and tables embedded in text
Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom or the top of the file. The corresponding caption should be placed directly below the figure or table.

Peer review

This journal operates a double-blind review process and is currently testing single-blind review for research papers only. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final. More information on types of peer review.

This journal uses double-blind review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, and, for research papers only, is currently testing single-blind review, in which author name(s) and affiliation(s) are revealed to the reviewers while the identity of the reviewers remains blinded to the author. More information on blind review is available on our website. Research papers may include author information in the body of the text. To facilitate double-blind review for all other papers, please include the following separately:
Title page (with author details): This should include the title, authors' names, affiliations, acknowledgements and any Declaration of Interest statement, and a complete address for the corresponding author including an e-mail address.
Blinded manuscript (no author details): The main body of the paper (including the references, figures, tables and any acknowledgements) should not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names or affiliations.

REVISED SUBMISSIONS

Use of word processing software
Regardless of the file format of the original submission, at revision you must provide us with an editable file of the entire article. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier). See also the section on Electronic artwork.
To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.

Essential title page information

Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Structured abstract

A structured abstract, by means of appropriate headings, should provide the context or background for the research and should state its purpose, basic procedures (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods), main findings (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible), and principal conclusions. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations.

Keywords

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Abbreviations
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

Formatting of funding sources
List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements:

Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa].

It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.

If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Footnotes
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article.

Artwork

Illustrations and Figure Legends

All images should be at least 5-inches wide. Graphics software such as Photoshop and Illustrator, not presentation software such as PowerPoint, CorelDraw, or Harvard Graphics, should be used in the creation of the art. Grayscale images are to be at least 300 DPI. Combinations of grayscale and line art should be at least 1200 DPI.

If copyrighted material is used in the manuscript, a permission statement from the copyright holder must be uploaded with the first revision. Upon actual submission of the manuscript at Editorial Manager, instructions for concurrent submission of the permission letter(s) will be provided.

References used only in a figure but not in text must be listed in chronological order in the references cited section. Refer to the AMA Manual of Style, 10th Edition for more information (http://www.amamanualofstyle.com).

Further instructions can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/authors.

Electronic artwork
General points
• Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
• Preferred fonts: Arial (or Helvetica), Times New Roman (or Times), Symbol, Courier.
• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
• Indicate per figure if it is a single, 1.5 or 2-column fitting image.
• For Word submissions only, you may still provide figures and their captions, and tables within a single file at the revision stage.
• Please note that individual figure files larger than 10 MB must be provided in separate source files.
A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available.
You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.
Formats
Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as 'graphics'.
TIFF (or JPG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.
TIFF (or JPG): Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.
TIFF (or JPG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.
Please do not:
• Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low.
• Supply files that are too low in resolution.
• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.

Color Artwork
Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF [or JPEG], EPS [or PDF], or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For color reproduction in print, please indicate at the time of submission if there is a strong reason your figures should also print in color. JEN has a small budget of print color pages per issue and the editor-in-chief will decide what artwork will print in color free of charge when articles are selected for issues. If you are willing to pay for your artwork to print in color, please also let the editor know at submission, or let the Journal Manager know during the production process and a color art estimate can be sent to you. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please see https://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.
Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting color figures to 'gray scale' (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print) you may be asked to submit usable black and white versions of all the color illustrations.

Illustration services
Elsevier's Author Services offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier's expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, tables and graphs. Image 'polishing' is also available, where our illustrators take your image(s) and improve them to a professional standard. Please visit the website to find out more.

Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Tables

Tables are to be typed double-spaced in separate files. They should be numbered in order of their mention in the text. Be sure that a title is included for each table and that full credit is given (in the form of a footnote to the table) to the original source of previously published material. Complete instructions for submitting tables can be found on the JEN online submission and review Web site (https://www.editorialmanager.com/jen).

References

Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference links
Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article. Use DOIs whenever possible.

Data references
This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. This identifier will not appear in your published article.

Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Data references
This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.

Reference management software
Most Elsevier journals have their reference template available in many of the most popular reference management software products. These include all products that support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley. Using citation plug-ins from these products, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the journal's style. If no template is yet available for this journal, please follow the format of the sample references and citations as shown in this Guide. If you use reference management software, please ensure that you remove all field codes before submitting the electronic manuscript. More information on how to remove field codes from different reference management software.

Users of Mendeley Desktop can easily install the reference style for this journal by clicking the following link:
http://open.mendeley.com/use-citation-style/journal-of-emergency-nursing
When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Mendeley plug-ins for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice.

Reference formatting
There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the article number or pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct. If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to the following examples:

Reference style
Text: Indicate references by (consecutive) superscript arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the text. The numerals are to be used outside periods and commas, inside colons and semicolons. For further detail and examples you are referred to the AMA Manual of Style, A Guide for Authors and Editors, Tenth Edition, ISBN 0-978-0-19-517633-9.
List: Number the references in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
Examples:
Reference to a journal publication:
1. Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. J Sci Commun. 2010;163:51–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.Sc.2010.00372.
Reference to a journal publication with an article number:
2. Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. Heliyon. 2018;19:e00205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00205.
Reference to a book:
3. Strunk W Jr, White EB. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York, NY: Longman; 2000.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
4. Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, eds. Introduction to the Electronic Age. New York, NY: E-Publishing Inc; 2009:281–304.
Reference to a website:
5. Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/; 2003 Accessed 13 March 2003.
Reference to a dataset:
[dataset] 6. Oguro, M, Imahiro, S, Saito, S, Nakashizuka, T. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1; 2015. https://doi.org/10.17632/xwj98nb39r.1.

Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations.

Video

Elsevier accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the video or animation content and noting in the body text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate to the video file's content. . In order to ensure that your video or animation material is directly usable, please provide the file in one of our recommended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 150 MB per file, 1 GB in total. Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect. Please supply 'stills' with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your video data. For more detailed instructions please visit our video instruction pages. Note: since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material such as applications, images and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received (Excel or PowerPoint files will appear as such online). Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file. If you wish to make changes to supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure to provide an updated file. Do not annotate any corrections on a previous version. Please switch off the 'Track Changes' option in Microsoft Office files as these will appear in the published version.

Research data

This journal encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages you to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project.

Below are a number of ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript. If you are sharing data in one of these ways, you are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript and reference list. Please refer to the "References" section for more information about data citation. For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the research data page.

Data linking
If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that gives them a better understanding of the research described.

There are different ways to link your datasets to your article. When available, you can directly link your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the submission system. For more information, visit the database linking page.

For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect.

In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.g., TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN).

Mendeley Data
This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository. During the submission process, after uploading your manuscript, you will have the opportunity to upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online.

For more information, visit the Mendeley Data for journals page.

Data statement
To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution. If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is confidential. The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data Statement page.

Checklist for JEN Authors

The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

The following items are to comprise the final JEN paper that has completed the peer review and revision process and is ready for acceptance:

  • One author has been designated as the corresponding author, with contact details
  • Author credentials are in the following order: highest academic credential (e.g. MSN), licensure (e.g. RN), certification(s) (e.g. CEN), honorary recognition (e.g. FAEN)
  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Phone numbers
  • Submission cover letter (including home and work addresses/phone numbers of corresponding author)
  • Title page
  • Structured abstract if abstract is required
  • 3 to 6 Key Words
  • "Contribution to Emergency Nursing Practice" bullet points
  • All text pages numbered along with "continuous" line numbering
  • Original artwork (high-resolution images) as appropriate
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
  • Manuscript has been "spell-checked" and "grammar-checked"
  • IRB Letter (or equivalent) is included if required
  • A statement on the title page declaring either "The authors report no conflict or interest" or "The authors report a conflict of interest." Corresponding authors are responsible for submitting co-authors' Conflicts of Interest declarations as well.
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web) and the permission statement from the copyright holder has been uploaded
  • Patient consent letters (photographic and informed consent)
  • Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web and in print (for a fee) or to be reproduced in color on the Web and black-in-white in print (free of charge)

For any further information, please visit our customer support site at: https://service.elsevier.com.

General Information

The editor(s) and publisher of JEN believe that there are fundamental principles underlying scholarly or professional publishing. While this may not amount to a formal "code of conduct," these fundamental principles with respect to the authors' paper are that the paper should:

A) be the authors' own original work, which has not been previously published elsewhere

B) reflect the authors' own research and analysis and do so in a truthful and complete manner

C) properly credit the meaningful contributions of coauthors and co-researchers

D) not be submitted to more than one journal for consideration (ensuring it is not under redundant simultaneous peer review)

E) be appropriately placed in the context of prior and existing research. For a full description of the standards of expected ethical behavior by all parties involved in the publishing process (the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society for society-owned or sponsored journals) please see www.elsevier.com.

Of equal importance are ethical guidelines dealing with research methods and research funding, including issues dealing with informed consent, research subject privacy rights, conflicts of interest, and sources of funding.

While it may not be possible to draft a "code" that applies adequately to all instances and circumstances, we believe it useful to outline our expectations of authors and procedures that JEN will employ in the event of questions concerning author conduct. Relevant conflicts of interest should be disclosed (see www.elsevier.com).

Proofs

One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author (if we do not have an e-mail address then paper proofs will be sent by post) or, a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download the free Adobe Reader, version 9 (or higher). Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site.
If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and scan the pages and return via e-mail. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.

Offprints

The corresponding author will, at no cost, receive a customized Share Link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. The Share Link can be used for sharing the article via any communication channel, including email and social media. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier's Author Services. Corresponding authors who have published their article gold open access do not receive a Share Link as their final published version of the article is available open access on ScienceDirect and can be shared through the article DOI link.



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