The International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology (IJTST) publishes innovative, high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarly articles that contribute to the advancement of knowledge in transportation systems. The journal's interest is not in the individual technologies or methodologies per se, but is in their broader impacts on the safety, efficiency, reliability, resilience and sustainability of any person and freight transportation system. The journal's interests also include the impacts of transportation science and technology on the quality of life of the end users. Submission of articles in the topics listed under the associate editors are encouraged. Articles associated with emerging topics are equally welcomed.
Types of contributions
Research papers report on new research findings within the scope of IJTST. Each research paper is expected to include: (1) research background, motivation, and justification; (2) a research objective or research question; (3) a comprehensive literature review; (4) an experiment methodology or analytical procedure; (5) data used, their source and quality control; (6) results and discussions; (7) conclusions, scientific contributions, impacts on a transportation system, and suggestions for future research. The description of the experiment methodology or analytical procedure, and the data should be clear enough for scholars to repeat the process and obtain the same outcome. In addition to the abovementioned parts, every research article is also assessed by the editors and peers on the level of innovation, significance of contribution, and the potential of its finding in transforming and revolutionizing a transportation system. For the last assessment criterion, other than the systems performance, this journal is particularly interested in how the finding will impact the engineering practice (such as design, maintenance and operations) and the end users' experience (in terms of safety, cost, level of service, etc.).
Before you begin
Ethics in publishing
Declaration of interest
All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal, or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. More information.
Submission declaration and verification
All authors are strongly encouraged to use this list to carry out a final check of their articles before submitting them to IJTST for review. Please check to ensure that the following items are present:
Full postal address
Section and sub-section numbers
Line and page numbers
All figures (include captions)
All tables (include captions)
All equations (include numbers)
References are listed and cited in Harvard style, not numeric style
All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print
Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)
A competing interest statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interest to declare
Journal policies detailed in this Author Information guide have been reviewed
For further information, visit our Support Center.
Upon acceptance of an article, the authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (see more information on this). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.
Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases.
For open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, the authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (more information). Permitted third party reuse of open access articles is determined by the user license.
This is an open access journal: all articles will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Peer review under responsibility of China Geology.
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.
Permitted third party reuse is defined by the following user license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
For open access publishing, this journal uses a copyright transfer agreement. Authors will transfer copyright to China Geology Editorial Office, China Geological Survey, but will have the right to share their article in the same ways permitted to third parties under the relevant user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights.
Role of the Funding Source
Authors are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies, which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Details of existing agreements are available online.
Usage and editing services
Write the text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop.
Use of inclusive language
Elsevier supports responsible sharing
Find out how authors can share your research published in Elsevier journals.
Elsevier Researcher Academy
Researcher Academy is a free e-learning platform designed to support early and mid-career researchers throughout their research journey. The "Learn" environment at Researcher Academy offers several interactive modules, webinars, downloadable guides and resources to guide the authors through the process of writing for research and going through peer review. Authors should feel free to use these free resources to improve your submission and navigate the publication process with ease.
Use of word processing software
Subdivision - numbered sections
Provide an adequate background, state the objective of the work or research question, and outline of the remaining sections. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods
Describe the experiment in sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks, and also cite the source. Any modification to an existing method should also be described.
A Theory section should extend, but not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
The authors should highlight the significance of the results, and elaborate on the implications of existing practice. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Comparison with past results is encouraged but the authors should avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
General format of manuscript
Manuscripts submitted for review shall follow the general formatting requirements:
Paper size: U.S. letter size (preferred) or A4
Margin: 1 inch or 25mm from all edges
Line spacing: Single space between lines in the same paragraph. Do not leave a blank line between 2 paragraphs. Leave a blank line before and after section and sub-section headers, equations, figures and tables.
Indentation: Begin every paragraph with an indentation
Font size: 12 for standard text
Font type: Times Roman preferred
Paper length: Not more than 22 pages, all inclusive
Layout: Single column (2 column style is not acceptable)
Figures and Tables: Embedded between paragraphs when first cited in the text. Each figure or table, including caption, must not occupy more than 1 page.
Manuscripts not conforming to any of the above requirements may be deemed unresponsive and will be returned to the corresponding author without review.
Section, line and page numbers
Number the sections, from Introduction to Conclusions, by numbers (1, 2, 3,…). If a section is divided into sub-sections, all the sub-sections must be numbered (e.g., 2.1, 2.2, 2.3,…). All submitted manuscripts must have line numbers that appear on every page, along the left margin. The lines should be numbered consecutively from 1 on top of the title page, increase continuously until the last page. Do not start every page with line number 1. All pages must also come with page numbers, starting with 1 on the title page. The page number can appear on either the right top corner or the center bottom or right bottom of every page. The section, line and page numbers are important for the editors and reviewers to refer to specific parts of the manuscript when communicating with th authors. Manuscripts without section, page or line numbers may be returned to the corresponding authors without review
Essential Title Page Information
Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. Each title must not be more than 144 characters including spaces.
Author names and affiliations
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, as well as post-publication, with a superscript asterisk '*' next to the name. This responsibility includes answering any future query. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author. Use a corporate, institution or professional email address, not a personal email address. Only the email address of the corresponding author will appear in the published article.
Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa].It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding. If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Type math equations in equation editors and not paste equations as graphical images. Place every equation in a separate line. The numerator and denominator in an equation should be stacked. When presenting simple formulae in line with normal text, use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively all equations that have to be displayed separately from the text. Enclosed equation numbers in brackets, e.g., (1). When referring to an equation in the text, use Equation (1) or Eq. (1) instead of only the number.
Footnotes should only be used when it is necessary and cannot be avoided. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors can build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Otherwise, please indicate the position of footnotes in the text and list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.
A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available. Authors are urged to visit this site
Elsevier's WebShop offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier's expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, tables and graphs. Image 'polishing' is also available, where our illustrators take your image(s) and improve them to a professional standard. Please visit the website to find out more.
Figures should be placed next to the relevant text in the article, between 2 paragraphs. Each figure should not occupy more than one page. Ensure that each figure has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself). Figure caption should be placed below each figure, centered between the left and right margins. Begin each caption with 'Fig' followed by a period '.', the figure number, and another period '.' before the description. Type the description like an English sentence that begins with an upper case letter and ends with a period. For example, Fig. 1. Fundamental diagram of traffic flow.
Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables should be placed next to the relevant text in the article, between 2 paragraphs. Each table should not occupy more than one page. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them does not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells. Each table must be accompanied by a table caption. Table captions should be place above each table, in two lines of text, left justified. The first line begins with "Table", followed by the table number. The second line is the description. Type the description like an English sentence that begins with an upper case alphabet and ends with a period. For example
Level of service criteria for roundabouts.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list, they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
VanDecar J.C., Russo R.M., James D.E., Ambeh W.B., Franke M. (2003). Aseismic continuation of the Lesser Antilles slab beneath northeastern Venezuela. Journal of Geophysical Research, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JB000884.
Format of such citations should be in the same style as all other references in the paper.
This journal encourages authors to cite underlying or relevant datasets by including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.
References in a special issue
Ben-Akiva, M., de Palma, A., Kanaroglou, P., 1986. Dynamic model of peak period traffic congestion with elastic arrival rates. Transportation Science 20(2), 164-181.Fischer, G.W., Nagin, D., 1981. Random versus coefficient quantal choice models. In: Manski, C.F., McFadden, D. (Eds.), Structural Analysis of Discrete Data with Econometric Applications, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 273-304.
Brilon, W. (Ed.), 1988. Intersections Without Traffic Signals, Proceedings of an International Workshop. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Daganzo, C., 1996. Two paradoxes of traffic flow on networks with physical queues. II Symposium Ingenieria de los Transportes, Madrid, 22-24 May 1996, pp. 55-62.
[dataset] Oguro, M., Imahiro, S., Saito, S., Nakashizuka, T., 2015. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions. Mendeley Data, v1. http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/xwj98nb39r.1
This journal encourages and enables authors to share data that supports research publication where appropriate, and enables authors to interlink the data with the published articles. Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages authors to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project. Below are a number of ways in which authors can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript. If authors are sharing data in one of these ways, they are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript and reference list. Please refer to the "References" section for more information about data citation. For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the research data page.
This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling the authors to deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository. During the submission process, after uploading your manuscript, authors will have the opportunity to upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online. For more information, visit the Mendeley Data for journals page.
Submission to this journal proceeds totally online. The EDITORIAL MANAGER online submission system guides the authors stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The authors will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. Prepare at least the following files in Word document format:
- Cover letter
- Title page (may be copied from page 1 of the manuscript file)
- Manuscript file (maximum 22 pages, use of the template is strongly recommended)
- Conflict of Interest statement (Acknowledgements and Declarations, may be copied from the manuscript file)
The submitting author is required to answer a series of questions to confirm that:
- Funding source has been acknowledged.
- The materials have not been published or being considered for publication elsewhere.
- All authors have read and approved the manuscript.
- The manuscript has section, page and line numbers.
- A4 of letter size paper has been used with 25 mm or 1 inch margins on all edges.
- The texts are types in single space, with font Times Roman font size 12 or equivalent.
- The lines are numbered from 1 at the top of the title page and increased continuously to the end.
- The full name and affiliation of all the authors have been provided in the title page.
- Only the email address of the corresponding author is will be published and it must be a professional mail box.
The online submission system automatically converts and combines all source files to a single Adobe Acrobat PDF version of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor-in-Chief's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail.
Peer Review Policy
This journal operates a single blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by an Editor-in-Chief and an Associate Editor for suitability to the journal. This suitability determination includes contents, language, format and plagiarism checks. Contributions found to be unsuitable will be returned to the corresponding author without review. A suitable submission is then sent by an Associate Editor to a minimum of two independent reviewers. Upon receiving the review comments, the Associate Editor recommends the publication decision (reject, revise, or accept) to the Editor-in-Chief. The Editor-in-Chief makes the final decision.
Authors of manuscripts that have received the "revise" publication decisions are invited to re-submit the revised manuscripts for further consideration. The revised manuscript should be accompanied by an Author Response Statement, which contains (1) the point-by-point replies to all the review comments; and (2) all the changes that have been made between the original and the revised versions of the manuscript. The authors are strongly encouraged to use the template provided by this journal when typing the Author Response Statements. They are not expected to agree with all comments. Quite often, the review comments are contradictory. If an author disagrees with a review comment, he/she should provide a good explanation supported with data, evidence, or a reference. The decision to send the revised submission for another round of review, and the selection of the reviewers will be made by the Editor-in-Chief and the Associate Editor. For external re-review cases, the Associate Editor recommends the publication decision (reject, revise or accept) to the Editor-in-Chief. The Editor-in-Chief makes the final decision. For manuscripts that have minor revisions, the Editor-in-Chief and the Associate Editor may make publication decisions (reject, revise, or accept) without an external review.
Errors in published works
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