Open access journal

This journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal. To provide open access, an article processing charge (APC) of 1000 USD (excluding taxes) needs to be paid by the authors or on their behalf e.g. by their research funder or institution. This applies to accepted manuscript that submitted after July 1, 2019. From August 1, 2020, APC will be adjusted to 150 USD per print page (excluding taxes). This applies to accepted manuscript that submitted after this date.

Research4Life Article Publishing Charge waiver and discount options
We automatically apply Article Publishing Charge waivers or discounts to those articles in gold open access journals for which all authors are based in a country eligible for the Research4Life program.
Find out more about the APC waiver and discount eligibility.

Peer review under the responsibility of the Chinese Nursing Association.

Access Rights
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.

User Rights
Permitted third party reuse is defined by the following user license:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND):
Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at

Author Rights
For open access publishing this journal uses an exclusive licensing agreement. Authors will retain copyright alongside scholarly usage rights and Elsevier will be granted publishing and distribution rights.

Publishing Schedule
This journal is published quarterly; January, April, July, and October.

Learn More about:

Contact details