Guide for Authors

Injury was founded in 1969 and is an International Journal dealing with all aspects of trauma care. Our primary aim is to facilitate the exchange of ideas, techniques and information between all members of the trauma team.

Topics covered include: trauma systems and management; surgical procedures, epidemiological studies, surgery (of all tissues) resuscitation; biomechanics, rehabilitation, anaesthesia; radiology, basic science of local and systemic response to trauma and tissue healing.

The Journal also publishes a series of scientific supplements, all of which undergo peer-review prior to publication.

The language of the journal is English (UK), for example, stabilisation, haematology, anaesthetic, centre, paediatric, mobilise.

Open Access

This journal offers authors two choices to publish their research;
1. Open Access
• Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse
• An Open Access publication fee is payable by authors or their research funder

2. Subscription
• Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our access programs (
• No Open Access publication fee

All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download. Permitted reuse is defined by your choice of one of the following Creative Commons user licenses:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC-BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.

Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY): available only for authors funded by organizations with which Elsevier has established an agreement. For a full list please see

Elsevier has established agreements with funding bodies. This ensures authors can comply with funding body Open Access requirements, including specific user licenses, such as CC-BY. Some authors may also be reimbursed for associated publication fees.

To provide Open Access, this journal has a publication fee which needs to be met by the authors or their research funders for each article published Open Access. Your publication choice will have no effect on the peer review process or acceptance of submitted articles. The Open Access publication fee for this journal is $2500 USD, excluding taxes.

Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy

Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our green open access page for further information ( Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from their institution's repository after an embargo period. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in editor-author communications. Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to the public. This is the embargo period and begins from the publication date of the issue your article appears in. This journal has an embargo period of 12 months.

Preparation of Manuscripts

Title page: The first page must include the title of the article, names, initials and appointment of each author, name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed and name, address, phone/fax and e-mail details of the author for correspondence and to whom reprints should be sent. Please note that it is essential to include the email address of the corresponding author, as proofs will be sent by email as attached PDF files.

Keywords: up to 10 keywords must be included.

Abstract: This should start on the second page of the manuscript and be not more than 350 words in length. It should be easy to read and where appropriate should be structured. The structure may follow the same format as the structure of the paper itself.

Text: This should start on the third page, and will normally be divided into the following sections: Introduction, Materials (or Patients) and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusions, but other descriptive headings and subheadings may be used if they are felt to be more appropriate.

Introduction should explain the purpose of the study or investigation, the clinical relevance and the background provided by previous research, or publications, in this area and, where appropriate, a statement of approval by an Ethical Committee.

Materials (or Patients) and Methods should give details of inclusion and exclusion criteria for patients in clinical trials, research methodology, systems of assessment, or measurement, with appropriate references and the statistical analyses used. Any proprietary equipment or apparatus used should be named, along with the manufacturer's name and address. Sufficient detail should be given to allow other investigators to repeat the study. Where relevant, tables or figures may be included to provide information more clearly. No data should normally be presented in this section.

Unnecessary experimental detail should be avoided, but appropriate references should be cited.

Results should give all the relevant data, presented in a concise and meaningful way, with tables or figures to present data more clearly or concisely, where appropriate. In studies with well under 100 subjects, percentages are not accepted.

Discussion should consider the results and possible confounding factors, sources of bias, weaknesses in the study and a review of the relevant literature, putting the results of the study in the context of previous work in this area.

Conclusions must be based on the results presented.


References should be listed in numerical sequence as they are cited in the text. Names of the first six authors are to be provided. The reference style is based on the 'Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals' ( Both journal and book references should contain inclusive page numbers.

Personal communications and unpublished data should be cited in parentheses in the text, and not included in the numbered reference listed at the end of the article. Such citations from someone other than the authors (e. g., personal communication) can only be published if a signed letter of permission if provided.

References to abstracts should be included only when essential, and then only if the abstract is from a readily accessible periodical (e.g., Federation Proceedings: FEBS Abstracts). Such references must contain the word (Abstract) after the title.

References in the text should be identified by superscript numbers, inside punctuation at the end of the sentence, and numbered in order of appearance. Along with the entire manuscript, references should be double spaced.

Data references

This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. This identifier will not appear in your published article.

Examples of References

Journal Articles

1. Standard Journal Articles (List all authors when six or less; when seven or more, list the first six and add et al. Do not repeat page numbers).
Frame JD, Frame JE. Modifying integra as a regeneration template in deep tissue planes. J Plast Reconstruct Aesthet Surg 2006;59: 460-4.


1. Book chapter
Lister GD. Skin flaps. In Green DP, editor. Operative Hand Surgery. 3rd ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1993, p. 1741-1823.
2. Book
Book: Mathes SJ, Nahai F. Reconstructive Surgery: principles, anatomy, and technique. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1997.

Uebersax J. A practical guide to local dependence in latent class models.


[dataset] Oguro M, Imahiro S, Saito S, Nakashizuka T. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1; 2015.

Authors are strongly encouraged to check the accuracy of each reference against its original source.

Abbreviations: In general abbreviations should be spelt out in full the first time they are used, but this does not apply to the very common abbreviations listed below: A&E: accident and emergency; CT: computed tomography; DVT: deep vein thrombosis; EUA: examination under anaesthetic; GA: general anaesthetic; ICU: intensive care unit; IM: intramedullary; ISS: injury severity score; ITU: intensive therapy unit; IV: intravenous; LA: local anaesthetic; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging; MUA: manipulation under anaesthetic; OR: operating room; ORIF: open reduction and internal fixation; XR: X-ray (examination).

Units of measurement should all be in SI units, except for measurements of blood pressure, where mm Hg is preferred. For more detailed recommendations authors should consult Baron D.N. (ed.) (1977) Units Symbols and Abbreviations: A Guide for Biological and Medical Editors and Authors, 3rd Ed. London, Royal Society of Medicine.

For drugs and chemicals, the generic name should be used, but trade names may follow in brackets.

Tables: Each Table, with an appropriately brief title, should be numbered and printed on a separate page. No vertical lines should be used. All tables should be referred to by number in the text.

Figures: Figures should be limited to those considered essential. Colour illustrations incur an additional cost to the author and should only be used if they illustrate important points not demonstrable in black and white. Line drawings should be professionally drawn, with lettering large enough to remain legible after reduction. A list of figure legends must be supplied on a separate sheet of the manuscript. All illustrations should be referred to in the text.

Accepted Manuscripts Copyright Information

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to sign a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright see Acceptance of the agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. An e-mail (or letter) will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations (please consult

If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: please consult

Elsevier supports responsible sharing

Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.

Preparation of electronic illustrations

When submitting via the online system, authors are required to provide electronic versions of their illustrations. When an article has been accepted, authors must be prepared to provide all illustrations in electronic and camera-ready format. Information relating to the preferred formats for artwork may be found at and also on the online submission homepage

Submitting your artwork in an electronic format helps us to produce your work to the best possible standards, ensuring accuracy, clarity and a high level of detail.
* Make sure that you use uniform lettering and sizing in the original artwork.
* Save text in illustrations as "graphics", or enclose the font.
* Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Helvetica, Times, Symbol.
* Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
* Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files, supplying a separate listing of the files.
* Provide all illustrations as separate files and as hardcopy printouts on separate sheets.
* Provide captions to illustrations separately.
* Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version. * ZIP-disk or CDs may be used.

A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website:

Author enquiries

For enquiries relating to the submission of articles (including electronic submission where available) please visit this journal's homepage at You can track accepted articles at and set up e-mail alerts to inform you of when an article's status has changed. Also accessible from here is information on copyright, frequently asked questions and more.

Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, will be provided by the publisher.

Illustration services

Elsevier's WebShop ( offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier's expert illustrators can produce scientific, technical and medical-style images, as well as a full range of charts, tables and graphs. Image 'polishing' is also available, where our illustrators take your image(s) and improve them to a professional standard. Please visit the website to find out more.

Colour Reproduction

Submit colour illustrations via the online submission system. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable colour figures, then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in colour on the web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites), regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For colour reproduction in print, you will receive information from Elsevier regarding the costs, after receipt of your accepted article.

Please note: Because of technical complications which can arise by converting colour figures to 'grey scale' (for the printed version, should you not opt for colour in print) please submit additionally usable black and white prints corresponding to all the colour illustrations.

Supplementary data

We accept supplementary electronic material to support and enhance the paper. Supplementary files offer additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, animation sequences, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. These will be published online, alongside the electronic version of your article in Elsevier web products, including ScienceDirect: Please ensure that data is provided in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format, together with the article, and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. For more detailed instructions please go to


This journal encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages you to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project.

Below are a number of ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript. If you are sharing data in one of these ways, you are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript and reference list. Please refer to the "References" section for more information about data citation. For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the research data page.

Data linking

If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that gives them a better understanding of the research described.

There are different ways to link your datasets to your article.

When available, you can directly link your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the submission system. For more information, visit the database linking page .For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect.

In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.g., TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN).

Mendeley Data

This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository. Before submitting your article, you can deposit the relevant datasets to Mendeley Data. Please include the DOI of the deposited dataset(s) in your main manuscript file. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online.

For more information, visit the Mendeley Data for journals page.

Data statement

To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution.

If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is confidential. The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data statement page.

Use of the Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

The digital object identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly 'Articles in press' because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information.

The correct format for citing a DOI is shown as follows (example taken from a document in the journal Physics Letters B):


When you use the DOI to create URL hyperlinks to documents on the web, they are guaranteed never to change.

Types of submission
1. Full length articles.

Original, full-length, research papers, which have not been published previously, except in a preliminary form, may be submitted as regular papers.

2. Case Reports.
The Editors recommend submitting case reports to the open access journal, Trauma Case Reports, which has the same editorial team as Injury (accepted authors will be charged a fee). To submit a case report to Trauma Case Reports, please go to

3. Letters to the Editor.
Letters to the Editor are encouraged, particularly those that comment on an article previously published in the journal. These should be submitted via the online submission system.

Authors are requested to submit their original manuscript and figures online, via Full instructions are located on this site.

If you have any problems submitting your paper through this system, please contact the Editorial Office on: e-mail:

A PDF proof is generated from the uploaded files and this is then sent to at least two reviewers. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revisions, will be managed via this system.

If you do not receive any response within 8 weeks after the acknowledgement that your paper has been successfully uploaded, you may contact the Editorial Office, preferably by e-mail ( Authors may also track the progress of their paper using this system to final decision.

Your manuscript should be submitted together with a covering letter which should be signed by the corresponding author on behalf of all authors and should include:
* A statement that all authors have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, (3) final approval of the version to be submitted. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship as defined above should be listed in an acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or is the chair of the department who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the source of payment for this assistance.

* A statement that the manuscript, including related data, figures and tables has not been previously published and is not under consideration elsewhere.

* The names and contact addresses (including e-mail) of 2 potential reviewers that have not been involved in the design, performance and discussion of the data and are not a co-worker. These may or may not be used at the Editor's discretion. You may also mention persons who you would prefer not to review your paper.

Conflict of Interest All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organisations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. The Conflict of Interest statement should be uploaded as a separate file.

Role of the funding source All sources of funding should be acknowledged at the end of the text. Authors should declare any involvement of study sponsors in the study design; collection, analysis and interpretation of data; the writing of the manuscript; the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. If the study sponsors had no such involvement, this should be stated. Please see

Randomised controlled trials All randomised controlled trials submitted for publication in Injury should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart. Please refer to the CONSORT statement website at for more information.

Ethics Work on human beings that is submitted to Injury should comply with the principles laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki; Recommendations guiding physicians in biomedical research involving human subjects. Adopted by the 18th World Medical Assembly, Helsinki, Finland, June 1964, amended by the 29th World Medical Assembly, Tokyo, Japan, October 1975, the 35th World Medical Assembly, Venice, Italy, October 1983, and the 41st World Medical Assembly, Hong Kong, September 1989. The manuscript should contain a statement that the work has been approved by the appropriate ethical committees related to the institution(s) in which it was performed and that subjects gave informed consent to the work. Studies involving experiments with animals must state that their care was in accordance with institution guidelines. Patients' and volunteers' names, initials, and hospital numbers should not be used. The statement should be uploaded as a separate file.

Authors' rights

As an author you (or your employer or institution) retain certain rights; for details you are referred to:

Revisions should be completed and resubmitted within 3 months, and the changes made should be highlighted or listed in the resubmitted article.

Upon acceptance of an article, an e-mail (or letter) will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form which the authors will be asked to sign (for more information see

The Editor reserves the right to make editorial and literary corrections. No major alterations, or corrections, will be made without the knowledge and consent of the authors.


After final acceptance, one set of page proofs in PDF format will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author (if we do not have an e-mail address then paper proofs will be sent by post). Elsevier now sends PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 available free from Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs. System requirements are given at the Adobe site:

If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post.

Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.


The corresponding author will be provided with a free PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use. Paper offprints can be ordered by the authors. An order form with prices will be sent to the corresponding author.


The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.