Open access journal

This journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal.
Peer review under the responsibility of China University of Geosciences (Beijing) and Peking University
Open access funded by China University of Geosciences (Beijing) and Peking University

User Rights
All articles published open access will be immediately free for everyone to read, download, copy, and distribute. Permitted third party reuse is defined by your choice of one of the following user licenses/the following user license:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND):
Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work. The full details of the license are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

Open Access Publication Fee
The author does not have any publication charges for open access. China University of Geosciences (Beijing) and Peking University will pay to make the article open access.

Author Rights
For open access publishing, this journal uses a copyright transfer agreement. Authors will transfer copyright to China University of Geosciences (Beijing) and Peking University, but will have the right to reuse the article on the terms of their selected end user license, as well as certain scholarly usage rights. For more information about copyright please find the details on https://www.elsevier.com/copyright.