Guide for Authors

Guide for Authors

Fungal Ecology
Elsevier Ltd
Bampfylde Street
Exeter, EX1 2AH

Tel: +44 1392 251558
Fax: +44 1865 853132

Fungal Ecology publishes investigations into all aspects of fungal ecology, including the following (not exclusive) population dynamics; adaptation; evolution; role in ecosystem functioning, nutrient cycling, decomposition, carbon allocation; ecophysiology; intra- and inter-specific mycelial interactions, fungus-plant (pathogens, mycorrhizas, lichens, endophytes), fungus-invertebrate and fungus-microbe interaction; genomics and (evolutionary) genetics; conservation and biodiversity; remote sensing; bioremediation and biodegradation; quantitative and computational aspects - modelling, indicators, complexity, informatics. The usual prerequisites for publication will be originality, clarity, and significance as relevant to a better understanding of the ecology of fungi.

Submission of Manuscripts:

There are no submission fees or page charges. Submission to this journal proceeds totally online. Use the following guidelines to prepare your article. Via the homepage of this journal you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. The system automatically converts source files to a single Adobe Acrobat PDF version of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail and via the author's homepage, removing the need for a hard-copy paper trail.

It is a condition of publication that all manuscripts must be written in clear and grammatical English and be submitted to the Fungal Ecology Web site at Text and tables should be submitted as Word documents, and figures should be submitted as TIFF or EPS files (300 dpi). The accompanying cover letter, outlining the basic findings of the paper and their significance, should be addressed to the Editorial Office. Authors are asked to submit the names, addresses, telephone numbers, and e-mail addresses of three to five potential reviewers within their cover letter.

Manuscripts are accepted for review with the understanding that no substantial portion of the study has been published or is under consideration for publication elsewhere and that its submission for publication has been approved by all of the authors and by the institution where the work was carried out. This should be stated in the covering letter. Manuscripts that do not meet the criteria or standards for publication in Fungal Ecology will be immediately returned to the authors, without detailed review.

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to sign a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' (for more information on this and copyright see Acceptance of the agreement will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. An e-mail (or letter) will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or a link to the online version of this agreement.

Elsevier supports responsible sharing. Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.

If material from other copyrighted works is included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases: contact Elsevier Global Rights Department, P.O. Box 800, Oxford OX5 1DX, UK; phone: (+44) 1865 843830, fax: (+44) 1865 853333, e-mail:

Mini Reviews and Commentaries:
Fungal Ecology review articles (about 3500 words) and commentaries are usually solicited by the Senior Editor or Editorial Board members. However, suggestions and proposals will be considered. There is no rigid format for reviews, but they should include an Abstract, an Introduction setting the background to the article, and should finish with a Conclusion section, which mentions future directions.

Methodological Advances:
This section of Fungal Ecology publishes articles that describe the development of tools for studying fungal ecology. Manuscripts submitted to this section will be reviewed as rigorously as our Regular Research Articles. These papers are not "Research Notes" or "Short Communications", but full articles that describe the development and evaluation of tools for analysis of fungi. Such tools include microscopy, molecular, genetic and computational/modeling methods.

Preparation of Manuscript:
Authorities for species are not necessary. It is important to differentiate between genes and proteins. Therefore, all gene names and loci should be typed in italics. Most recommendations of the Council of Biology Editors should be followed; consult the CBE Style Manual, 6th ed. (Council of Biology Editors, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814). Nonstandard abbreviations should be defined at their initial appearance.

Manuscripts should be double-spaced throughout. Do not include line numbering in the manuscript. Pages should be organized as follows:

The title page (p. 1) should contain the article title, authors' names and complete affiliations, footnotes to the title, and the address for manuscript correspondence (including telephone and fax numbers and an e-mail address). Authors' home page addresses (URL) may also be provided at the authors' discretion.

The abstract (p. 2) must be a single paragraph that summarizes the main findings of the paper in less than 150 words. After the abstract a list of up to 10 index descriptors that will be useful for indexing or searching should be included.

The Introduction should be as concise as possible, without subheadings. Materials and methods should be sufficiently detailed to enable the experiments to be reproduced. Results and Discussions may be combined and may be organized into subheadings. Acknowledgments should be brief and should precede the references.

Linking Services Requirements
Discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links within ScienceDirect and to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef or PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent the link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain an error.

Reference Style
There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that incorrect or missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct. If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to Harvard ref. style:

Text: All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by 'et al.' and the year of publication.
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically.
Examples: 'as demonstrated (Allan, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1999). Kramer et al. (2010) have recently shown ....'
List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.
Reference to a journal publication:
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., 2010. The art of writing a scientific article. J. Sci. Commun. 163, 51–59.
Reference to a book:
Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 2000. The Elements of Style, fourth ed. Longman, New York.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 2009. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith , R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304.


Number figures consecutively with Arabic numerals, in order of appearance in the text. Please visit our Web site at for detailed instructions on preparing electronic artwork.Color Figures:

One color plate will be published free of charge in each article, provided that color is deemed scientifically necessary by the reviewers and the Editorial Board. Additional color figures will be charged to the author. However, if together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures, then Elsevier will ensure, at no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color on the Web (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. [Please note: Because of technical complications that can arise in converting color figures to "gray scale" (for the printed version should you not opt for color in print), please submit in addition usable black-and-white files corresponding to all the color illustrations.]

Color figures for exclusive use as cover illustrations may be submitted by authors who are also submitting a manuscript for consideration. These figures do not need to relate to the manuscript being submitted but should relate to the larger scope and focus of Fungal Ecology. Tables:

Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Type each table on a separate page with a short descriptive title typed directly above. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

DNA Sequences and GenBank Accession Numbers. Authors wishing to enable other scientists to use the accession numbers cited in their papers via links to these sources should type this information in the following manner:

For each and every accession number cited in an article, authors should type the accession number in bold, underlined text. Letters in the accession number should always be capitalized. (See example below.) This combination of letters and format will enable the typesetter to recognize the relevant texts as accession numbers and add the required links to GenBank sequences. Example: "GenBank accession nos. AI631510, AI631511, AI632198, and BF223228, a B-cell tumor from a chronic lymphatic leukemia (GenBank accession no. BE675048), and a T-cell lymphoma (GenBank accession no. AA361117)."

Authors are encouraged to check accession numbers used very carefully. An error in a letter or number can result in a dead link. In the final version of the printed article, the accession number will not appear bold or underlined. In the final version of the electronic copy, the accession number text will be linked to the appropriate source in the NCBI databases, enabling readers to go directly to that source from the article.

One set of page proofs in PDF format will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author (if we do not have an e-mail address then paper proofs will be sent by post). Elsevier now sends PDF proofs that can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 or newer available free from Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs. The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site: you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post.

Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to publish your article quickly and accurately. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.


The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at 10 Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.

Research highlights

Research highlights are a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article. Research highlights are mandatory and should be submitted in a separate file in the online submission system. Please use 'Research highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters per bullet point including spaces). See for examples. Distribution of Material:

Authors who publish a research article in Fungal Ecology should be prepared freely to distribute to academic researchers for their own use any strains, cell products, or DNA clones described in the article. Nucleic acid and protein sequences must be deposited in the appropriate databases.

Author Inquiries :

Register for free to receive email updates from the article tracking service at The article tracking service also provides the facility to set up e-mail alerts to inform you of when an article's status has changed, as well as detailed artwork guidelines, copyright information, frequently asked questions, and more. Contact details for questions arising after acceptance of an article, especially those relating to proofs, are provided after registration of an article for publication.


The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use.