Guide for Authors

The content of Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care is based on topics invited by our Editorial Board. The editorial office does not routinely accept unsolicited manuscripts. However, if you have a topic of interest to suggest please contact the Managing Editor, Nancy Nicklas, at Your suggestions will be passed along to the Editorial Board for further consideration.

The requirements for manuscripts submitted for the Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care (CPPAH) conform to the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (Ann Intern Med 1997;126:36-47) Certain requirements unique to the journal are provided below.

Authors are required to acknowledge on the title page of their manuscript all funding sources that supported their work as well as all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors. The title page must also include a publishable statement disclosing any commercial associations, current and within the past five years, that might pose a potential, perceived or real conflict of interest. These include grants, patent licensing arrangements, consultancies, stock or other equity ownership, advisory board memberships, or payments for conducting or publicizing the study. This disclosure will be held in confidence during the peer review process and will not influence any editorial decision. If the paper is accepted for publication, such relationships may be disclosed in the Journal at the discretion of the Editor. When no competing interests are present, the publishable title page disclosure statement should say so. The editor asks each reviewer to disclose any competing interests or to recuse oneself if a competing interest might interfere with one's objectivity.

Manuscripts, including references, tables and illustration legends, should be typed double-spaced with 1" margins. Number pages consecutively. Your submission should include the following; a cover page, table of contents, an abstract (up to 300 words), the manuscript text, tables, figures, callouts and references. Please submit the final version of the manuscript as an electronic (Microsoft Word preferred) file:

  • Do not input special typesetting codes. Elsevier will manage all design considerations for typefaces and page layout after the editorial office transfers an accepted paper to the publisher
  • You may use capabilities for bold, underline, italic, subscript and superscript. Text that will be italic in published form (e.g., genus, species) may be keyboarded as italics or as underlined text.
  • Only use a "hard return"(pressing the enter key on the keyboard) to end a paragraph or for titles, headings, separate items in a list, etc. Rely on the software's word wrap for all other line endings.
  • Do not right justify or center text or heads.
  • Be sure to key the letter "O," the number "0," the letter "I, "and the number "1" correctly.
  • Use only one space after colons or periods.
  • Use default hyphenation. Use two hyphens for long dashes.
  • Key in the reference list at the end of the text. Do not use the footnote of endnote feature to create references. This is crucial to enable Elsevier to access your files.
  • Use the table format or use only tabs, not spaces, to align columns in preparing tables.

Your manuscript should be between 50 and 70 manuscript pages, including tables, figures, and references (based on 250 words per double-spaced, typewritten page). References should not exceed 200 entries. If you have problems regarding the size of your manuscript, contact the inviting editor early in the process.

We request that you submit an abstract (maximum of 300 words) that provides a concise summary of the article focusing on its central theme or main points and implications for clinical practice. The format of your abstract may vary depending upon the structure of the manuscript. The abstract should emphasize the scope of the topic, its epidemiology, pathophysiology, etiology, clinical and laboratory evaluation, therapies and prevention; it should also include a synthesis of the implications for practice and future research. An abstract for a systematic review of the literature should be formatted with the following subheadings: Background, Methods (i.e., a description of study eligibility for inclusion in the review, quality assessment, data extraction, and data analysis), Results and Conclusions. Should an alternative format design seem more appropriate for your abstract, please consult with the Editorial staff.

Each table should be organized logically, supplement the article, and be cited in the text. Each table should have a title and be numbered in Arabic numerals. Make your column headings brief. Place footnotes to the tables at the bottom of the table itself. Type each table on a separate sheet and insert all tables immediately after the reference section. If the table or any part of it is taken from previously published material, its source must be indicated in a footnote with a full credit citation (e.g., "From Palmer HD, Murphy HS Jr. Expanding intracranial lesions in childhood, JAMA 1952;149:220. Reproduced by permission"), and written permission must be obtained (see PERMISSIONS).

Figures must be of professional quality and are encouraged to be submitted in an acceptable electronic format. The preferred electronic formats are as follows: Compuserve GIF (.gif), JPEG (.jpg), Tagged Image File Format (.tif) or Encapsulated PostScript (.eps).

Figures may also be black and white line art, graphs, halftones (photographs), or color. Line art should have a minimum resolution of 1000 dpi, halftone art a minimum of 300 dpi, and combination art (line/tone) a minimum of 500 dpi. MS Office files (Word, PowerPoint, and Excel) are also accepted if they meet certain standards.

On occasion, original artwork is submitted. In this case, artwork must be prepared using professional standards and should be submitted as camera-ready hardcopy prints. On the back of each figure of every set submitted to the Editorial Office, indicate in pen the figure number, first author, short manuscript title, and the top of the figure. Enclose each set of prints in a separate envelope. Publication of color illustrations in the print Journal will be charged to the author at a cost of $650 for the first illustration and $100 for each additional illustration.

For help with preparing electronic artwork for both on-screen review and eventual publication, visit the artwork instructions page at:

Elsevier accepts video material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have video or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the video or animation content and noting in the body text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be properly labeled so that they directly relate to the video file's content. In order to ensure that your video or animation material is directly usable, please provide the files in one of our recommended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 50 MB. Video and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect: Please supply 'stills' with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or animation or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your video data. For more detailed instructions please visit our video instruction pages at Note: since video and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.

The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the opportunity to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available at Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.

Authors should identify 3-5 key locations in the body of the article where it would be appropriate to insert a "callout". This is a short phrase that appears in a larger font than the text of the article itself and stands out in order to highlight the importance of a particular section, or to call attention to the existence of supplemental materials that may be available only in the journal's on-line edition (see callout sample). The author may wish to discuss the appropriate use and placement of callouts with the inviting editor.

The reference style used by this journal is AMA. If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to the following examples for journal, book, and book chapter:

1. Parkin DM, Clayton D, Black RJ, Masuyer E, Friedl HP, Ivanov E, et al. Childhood leukaemia in Europe after Chernobyl: 5 year follow-up. Br J Cancer 1996;73:1006-12.

2. Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996.

Book Chapter
3. Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78.

There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume and issue/book chapter and the pagination must be present. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that incorrect or missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct.

Discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links within ScienceDirect and to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef or PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent the link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain an error.
Following are sample reference listings

You must obtain permission from the copyright holder for all tables, illustrations or long quotations borrowed from another source. You may use the enclosed permission request form for each of your requests. Attach a copy of the material you intend to use to the completed request form before sending it to the copyright holder. Submit copies of letters granting permission with your manuscript. (All quotations should be checked against the original for absolute accuracy). Waivers must be obtained for the publication of photographs showing persons; eyes may be masked to prevent identification. Any and all fees for the reproduction of materials are the responsibility of the author and must be paid prior to publication.

Please upload your final, complete manuscript to the Managing Editor at Elsevier on or before the contracted due date at After first contact by an editor you will be registered onto the system and sent a username and password. You will then be able to upload your manuscript, tables, figures and any completed forms or documents that were included in your proposal or any permission letters.

A copyright transfer form must be completed and signed by each author after acceptance. This will be sent to you separately after your paper has been sent to production.

Proofs of your article, in pdf format, will be forwarded to you via email. Review the proofs carefully, and answer all queries addressed to "au." We ask that you only make changes to correct factual errors (e.g., dosages, drug names). Return the proofs by the date indicated in the letter accompanying the proofs. Authors will be charged for corrections in excess of 10%.

Should you have any questions please contact the Managing Editor by email at or by phone at 212-633-3957.


This journal encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages you to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project. Below are a number of ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript. If you are sharing data in one of these ways, you are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript and reference list. Please refer to the "References" section for more information about data citation. For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the research data page.

Data linking

If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that give them a better understanding of the research described.

There are different ways to link your datasets to your article.

When available, you can directly link your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the submission system. For more information, visit the database linking page .

For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect.

In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.g., TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN).

Mendeley Data

This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository. During the submission process, after uploading your manuscript, you will have the opportunity to upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online.

For more information, visit the Mendeley Data for journals page.

Data statement

To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution. If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is confidential. The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data statement page.