This journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal.
All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute. Permitted reuse is defined by the following user license:
- Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND): for non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.
If you need to comply with your funding body policy you can apply for a CC BY license after your manuscript is accepted for publication.
Article Publishing ChargeAs an open access journal with no subscription charges, a fee (Article Publishing Charge, APC) is payable by the author or research funder to cover the costs associated with publication. This ensures your article will be immediately and permanently free to access by everyone.The Article Publishing Charge for this journal is USD 1750, excluding taxes.
Discounts to the charges mentioned above:
- For articles submitted between 9 August 2019 and 8 August 2020 there is a 50% introduction discount;
- For articles submitted between 9 August 2020 and 9 August 2021 there is a 25% introduction discount;
- In case a society member discount applies, it is in addition to the introduction discount.
Research4Life Article Publishing Charge waiver and discount options
We automatically apply Article Publishing Charge waivers or discounts to those articles in gold open access journals for which all authors are based in a country eligible for the Research4Life program.
Find out more about the APC waiver and discount eligibility.
Funding Body AgreementsElsevier has established agreements with funding bodies, including Wellcome Trust and Research Councils UK. This ensures authors can comply with funding body open access policies and may also be reimbursed for their publication fees.
For open access publishing this journal uses an exclusive licensing agreement. Authors will retain copyright alongside scholarly usage rights and Elsevier will be granted publishing and distribution rights.
Elsevier supports responsible sharingFind out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.
Learn More about
Contact DetailsJournal Article Publishing Support Center