Editors-in-Chief

  • Jeffrey M. Bethony

    Department of Microbiology, Immunology & Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ross Hall, Suite 523, 2300 Eye Street NW, 20037, The George Washington University, Washington DC, USA

  • Santiago Mas-Coma

    Departamento de Parasitologia,Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Av. Vicent Andres Estelles s/n, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain

  • Malcolm K. Jones

    School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Science, The University of Queensland, Brisbane St Lucia, QLD 4072, Queensland, Australia

  • Vanessa Steenkamp

    Department of Pharmacology, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X323 Arcadia, 0007, Pretoria, South Africa

  • Nazni Bte Hj. Wasi Ahmad

    Senior Research Officer, Medical Entomology Unit, Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

President Executive Editor-in-Chief

  • ShunHai Qu

    Hainan Medical University Journal Publisher, Hainan Medical University, Room 318, Administration Building, Xueyuan Rd, Haikou 571199, Hainan Province, Haikou, China

Deputy Editors-in-Chief

  • Jong-Yil Chai

    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28, Yongon-Dong, Jongno-Gu, Seoul, Korea

  • Stephen Munga

    Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Mbagathi Rd, P.O. BOX 54840—00200, Nairobi, Kenya

  • Christopher V. Plowe

    University of Maryland School of Medicine, USA

  • Pierre Roques

    ImmunoVirology Division, Institute for Emerging Diseases and Innovative Therapies, CEA, B.P.6, 92 265, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France

  • Alcides Troncoso

    Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Buenos Aires University, Viamonte 430, 1053, Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • Odir Antônio Dellagostin

    Biotechnology Unit, Center for Technology Development, Federal University of Pelotas, CEP 96010-900, Pelotas, Brazil

  • Maria José Ferreira

    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Alameda da Universidade, 1649-004, Lisbon, Portugal

  • Sung-Jong Hong

    Department of Medical Environmental Biology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Dongjak-gu, 156-756, Seoul, Korea

Associate Editors-in-Chief

  • Giuseppe La Torre

    Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5-00185, Rome, Italy

  • Leonard E.G. Mboera

    National Institute for Medical Research, 244 Barack Obama Drive, P.O. Box 9653, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  • Hassan Vatandoost

    Department of Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health and National Institute of Health Research, Teheran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box: 6446-14155 Teheran, Iran

  • Ivàn Darìo Vélez

    Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 No. 51—08, Medellìn, Colombia

  • Laura Bongiovanni

    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Località Piano D'accio, 64100, Teramo, Italy

  • Saravanan Thangamani

    Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, USA

Editorial Directors

  • Viroj Wiwanitkit

    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Phaya Thai Road, Wang Mai, Bangkok, Thailand

Statistic Editors

  • Khaled Khatab

    Health Economics Modelling and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, 32 Collegiate Crescent, Room P105, Sheffield, UK

  • Sarath Chandra Janga

    Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1206 W. Gregory Drive, MC-195, Urbana, IL, 61801, Urbana, USA

  • Autumn Pan

    Editorial Office of Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine Haikou, China

  • Lynn Yan

    Editorial Office of Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine Haikou, China

Executive Editors

  • Salah Akkal

    Department of Chemistry, University of Constantine, 25000, Constantine, Algeria

  • Hervé Hoste

    French National Institute for Agricultural Research, Université de Toulouse, 41 Allée Jules Guesde, Toulouse, France

  • Thomas N. Jr. Tully

    Department Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine, South Stadium Road, 70803, Baton Rouge, USA

  • Barbara R Conway

    Department of Pharmacy, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, HD1 3DH, Huddersfield, UK

  • Suhail Ahmad

    Department of Microbiology, Kuwait University, Jamal Abdul Nasser St, Kuwait City, Kuwait

  • Muhammad Akram

    Department of Eastern Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Poonch, Rawalakot, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan

  • Munir Aktas

    Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey

  • Tarig Mohamed Saad Alnour

    Department of Microbiology, Alzaiem Alazhari University, PO Box 1432, Khartoum, Sudan

  • Herbert Auer

    Department of Medical Parasitology, Medical University of Vienna Spitalgasse 23, 1090 Wien, Vienna, Austria

  • Kingsley Badu

    Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, College of Health Science, Accra, Ghana

  • Mamadou C. Baldé

    Institut Pasteur de Guinée, Cheikh Anta Diop University, B. P. 5005, FANN-DAKAR, Kindia, Guinée

  • Giovanni Benelli

    Insect Behaviour Group, Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment University of Pisa, Via del Borghetto 80, 56124, Pisa, Italy

  • Cyrille Bisseye

    Centre de Recherche Biomoléculaire Pietro Annigoni (CERBA)/LABIOGENE, UFR/SVT, Université de Ouagadougou, 01 BP 364 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

  • Liwang Cui

    Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University (PSU), 201 Old Main, Pennsylvania, USA

  • Samath D. Dharmaratne

    Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

  • Thomas Dorlo

    Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences, Uppsala University, Box 591751 24, Uppsala, Sweden

  • Veasna Duong

    Virology Unit, Insitut Pasteur du Cambodge, 5, Monivong blvd, PO Box 983, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

  • Weaam N.E. Ebrahim

    Department of Pharmacognosy and Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

  • Nahid Einollahi

    Department of Lab Medical Sciences, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, No 4 Bldg. College of Medicine, Poursina St. Ghods St. Enghelab Ave., Tehran, Iran

  • Farouk El Allaki

    Epidemiology and Surveillance Section, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Room 1102-14, 3200 Sicotte St., CP 5000 Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, J2S 7C6, Quebec, Canada

  • Wael Mohamed Abou EL-Makarem EL-Deeb

    Department of Clinical Studies, College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Resources, King Faisal University, P.O. 380, Ahsaa 31982, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

  • Milkyas Endale

    Department of Chemistry, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia

  • Yuki Eshita

    Department of Infectious Disease Control, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, 1-1 Idaigaoka, Hasama-machi, Oita, Japan

  • Chia-Kwung Fan

    Department of Parasitology, Taipei Medical University College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University College of Medicine, 250 Wuxing Street, Taipei City 11031, R.O.C., Taipei, Taiwan

  • Jean-François Faucher

    Praticien hospitalier en maladies infectieuses et tropicales, CHU de Besançon, Service des maladies infectieuses et tropicales, Hôpital Minjoz, 3, bd Alexandre Fleming, 25030, Besançon cedex, France

  • Rebuma Firdessa

    Institute for Molecular Infection Biology, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany

  • Song Gao

    Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Houston, 1441 Moursund Houston, TX 77030, Houston, USA

  • Vania Giacomet

    Department of Paediatrics, University of Milan, Luigi Sacco Hospital,Via GB Grassi 74, Milano, Italy

  • Tohru Gonoi

    Medical Mycology Research Center, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan

  • Luis Ignacio González Granado

    Teaching assistant, Immunodefíciencies Unit, Hospital 12 de Octubre Av Andalucia Km 5.4. 28041, Madrid, Spain

  • Mochammad Hatta

    Molecular Biology and Immunology Laboratory for Infectious Diseases, Department Microbiology, Faculty Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan Km 10, Makassar, Indonesia

  • Qiushui He

    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Turku, 20014, Turku, Finland

  • Bing Huang

    Department of Animal Parasitology, Shanghai Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, 518 Ziyue RD, Minhang District, Shanghai, China

  • Kalman Imre

    Department of Animal Production and Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Timisoara, Calea Aradului no. 119, Timisoara, Romania

  • Ahmed Ismail

    Consultant Clinical Pathologist & Chief Lab Services, Supreme Council of Health, Doha, Qatar

  • Ben Slama Karim

    Département de Biotechnologie,Universitéde Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia

  • Irma Khachidze

    Department of Behavior, Cognition Functions and Human Psychophysiology, Beritashvili Institute of Physiology, 14 Gotua Str., Tbilisi 0160, Tbilisi, Georgia

  • Arun Kumar 

    Department of Biochemistry, Shri Shankaracharya Institute of Medical Sciences, Distt. Durg Chattisgarh Pin Code: 490 020,Bhilai, India

  • Dongmi Kwak

    College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea

  • Nguyen Hoang Loc

    Department of Biotechnology, College of Sciences, Hue University, "77 Nguyen Hue Street, Hue 47000, Hue, Vietnam

  • Gordana J. Dragovic Lukic

    Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Dr Subotica 1/III; P.O. Box 38, Belgrade, Serbia

  • M. Fawzi Mahomoodally

    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

  • Juraj Majtáan

    Section of Molecular and Applied Zoology, Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, Bratislava, Slovakia

  • Hanspeter Marti

    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute Socinstr, Socinstr 57 4002, Basel, Switzerland

  • Abhishek Mathur

    Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Haridwar Road, Tampa, USA

  • Donovan Anthony McGrowder

    Chemical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University Hospital of The West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, Kingston, Jamaica

  • Rinaldo Poncio Mendes

    Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, R. Moreira e Costa, 361 - Ipiranga, Botucatu, Brazil

  • Pius Tshimankinda Mpiana

    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Kinshasa, B.P 190, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Musso Munyeme

    Department of Disease Control, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zambia, Central Administration Block Great East Road Campus P.O. Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia

  • Hetron Mweemba Munang'andu

    Department of Basic Sciences and Aquatic Medicine, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Ullevâlsveien 72, P.O. Box 8146 Dep, Oslo, Norway

  • Robin A.J. Nicholas

    Mycoplasma Consultant, Mycoplasma Group, Department of Statutory and Exotic Bacteria, Veterinary Laboratories Agency (Weybridge), Surrey, UK

  • Obembe Olawole

    Department of Biological Sciences, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria

  • José A. Oteo

    Infectious Diseases Department, Center of Rickettsioses and Vector-borne Diseases, Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, C/Piqueras 98. 26006 Logroño (La Rioja), Logroño, Spain

  • Yu Pang

    National Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No.155, Chang Bai Road, Changping District, Beijing,China

  • Américo David Rodríguez Ramírez

    Centro Regional de Investigación en Salud Pública, Cuarta Norte y 19 Calle Poniente Col. Centro Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico

  • Lala Ravaomanarivo

    Département d'Entomologie, de la Facultés des Sciences d'Antananarivo, University of Antananarivo, Antananarivo, Madagascar

  • José Manuel Lorenzo RodrÍguez

    Researcher in Meat Technology Centre of Galicia, Meat Technology Centre of Galicia, Rúa Galicia No. 4- Parque Tecnológico de Galicia, Ourense, 32900, Galicia, Spain

Executive Members of Editorial Board

  • Vittorio Sambri

    Unit of Microbiology, Department of Specialistic, Diagnostic and Experimental Medicine, University of Bologna, 40138, Bologna, Italy

  • Moses Samje

    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bamenda, Bambili, Cameroon

  • Xuanming Shi

    Department of Physiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX, USA

  • Jeong Hwan Shin

    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, 75 Bokji-ro, Busan, Korea

  • Pravin Malla Shrestha

    Energy Biosciences Institute, University of California, Berkeley, USA

  • Muftah A.M. Shushni

    Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya

  • Luís R. Silva

    Laboratory for Process Engineering, Environment, Biotechnology and Energy (LEPABE), Faculty of Engineering (FEUP), University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, s/n 4200-465 Porto, Portugal

  • Yong Song

    Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway 6009, CRAWLEY WA, Australia

  • Bindu Sukumaran

    Emerging Infectious Diseases Programme, Duke-NUS Medical School, 8 College Road Singapore 169857, Singapore

  • Tashi Tobgay

    Vector-Borne Disease Control Programme, Ministry of Health Royal Government of Bhutan "Post Box 191, Gelephu", Thimphu, Bhutan

  • Gabriel Trueba

    Ciencias Biológicas y Ambientales, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Diego de Robles y Vía Interoceánica, Quito, Ecuador

  • Indra Vythilingam

    Department of Parasitology, University of Malaya, Blk 312 Bukit Batok ST 32 No. 05-67, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

  • Polrat Wilairatana

    Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, 999 Phuttamonthon 4 Road, Bangkok, Thailand

  • Xue-Jie Yu

    Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 1.136D Keiller Building, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, Texas, USA

  • Xiao-Nong Zhou

    National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 207 Rui Jin Er Road, Shanghai, China